Borough High Street, SE1

Road in/near Borough, existing until now

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Road · Borough · SE1 ·

Borough High Street was the Roman ’Stane Street’.

Tt has always been one of London’s major streets as it leads to London Bridge, the only bridge across the Thames until 1750.

The earliest recorded name for the street is simply ’The Borough’. The southernmost part was called St Margaret’s Hill but by the Tudor period all of it was called ’Longe Southwark’ (’Short Southwark’ is now Tooley Street). The northern section from the junction with Duke Street Hill was renamed Wellington Street to commemorate the Duke of Wellington. From the 1890s the London County Council started to rename duplicate roads and ’Borough High Street’ became the name.

Borough High Street had many coaching inns - twenty three in total at their peak. These included the Bear, the Catherine Wheel, the George, the King’s Head, the Queen’s Head, the Tabard and the White Hart. Many of them were in use as coaching inns up to the mid nineteenth century and the railway age. These inns featured in literature such as in Chaucer, Shakespeare and Dickens. All are gone apart from the George.

On the west side, the modern office block opposite Borough tube station marks the site of a mansion called Suffolk Place, demolished in 1557. It is depicted in Anthony van den Wyngaerde’s sixteenth century ’Panorama of London’, in which the street features prominently in the foreground.

After demolition, the immediate area to the west of Borough High Street here became notorious as the criminal enclave of The Mint.

The Marshalsea and King’s Bench Prisons were located on the east side of Borough High Street between Newcomen Street and Tabard Street.

Borough Market was once held on the street, but has been moved to the west with its main entrance on Southwark Street.

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Borough tube station is a London Underground station in the London Borough of Southwark. It is on the Northern Line, between Elephant and Castle and London Bridge stations.

The Borough (of Southwark) is an area of the London Borough of Southwark situated 1.5 miles east south-east of Charing Cross.

The area has been called The Borough since the 1550s, to contrast it with the neighbouring City, in later years to distinguish it from the larger Metropolitan Borough of Southwark and now to distinguish it from the much larger London Borough of Southwark.

Much of the area around the Tate Modern gallery and the Globe Theatre is now referred to by the historic name of Bankside.

In common with much of the South Bank, The Borough has seen extensive regeneration in the last decade. Declining light industry and factories have given way to residential development, shops, restaurants, galleries and bars. The area is in easy walking distance of the City and the West End.

The Borough is generally an area of mixed development, with council estates, office developments, social housing and gated communities side by side with each other.

Borough station was opened on 18 December 1890 as part of the first deep-level tube railway, the City and South London Railway, and was rebuilt in the 1920s when the tunnels were enlarged.
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