Neasden

Underground station, existing between the 1880s and now

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Underground station · Neasden · NW10 · Contributed by The Underground Map
JANUARY
20
2018

Neasden was first recorded as ’Neasdun’ in AD 939, derived from the Old English neos = ’nose’ and dun = ’hill’.

Neasden could be seen for afar as a ’nose-shaped hill’ in its rural past as it had been a countryside hamlet on the western end of the Dollis Hill ridge. The land was owned by St. Paul’s Cathedral. In medieval times, the village consisted only of several small buildings around the green near the site of the present Neasden roundabout.

In the 15th–17th century the Roberts family were the major landowners in the area. Thomas Roberts erected Neasden House (on the site of the modern Clifford Court) in the reign of Henry VIII. In 1651 Sir William Roberts bought confiscated church lands. After the Restoration the estates were returned to the ownership of the Church but were leased out to the Roberts family. Sir William improved Neasden House and by 1664 it was one of the largest houses in the Willesden parish.

During the 18th century the Nicoll family replaced the Roberts as the dominant family in Neasden. In the 19th century these farmers and moneyers at the Royal Mint wholly owned Neasden House and much of the land in the area.

Neasden was no more than a ‘retired hamlet’ when enclosure was completed in 1823. At this time there were six cottages, four larger houses or farms, a public house and a smithy, grouped around the green. The dwellings include The Grove, which had been bought by a London solicitor named James Hall, and its former outbuilding, which Hall had converted into a house that became known as The Grange.

The Welsh Harp reservoir was completed in 1835 and breached in 1841 with fatalities. It had a dramatic effect on the landscape as the damming of the River Brent put many fields and meadows underwater.

In the early 1850s, Neasden had a population of about 110. In the Victorian times the horse was the main form of transport, and as London grew, the demand for horses in the capital soared in the second half of the 19th century. Neasden farms concentrated on rearing and providing horses for the city. Town work was exhausting and unhealthy for the horses, and in 1886 the RSPCA formed a committee to set up the Home of Rest for Horses with grounds in Sudbury and Neasden, where for a small fee town horses were allowed to graze in the open for a few weeks.

The urbanisation of Neasden began with the arrival of the railway. The first railway running through Neasden — Hendon-Acton and Bedford — St. Pancras was opened for goods traffic in October 1868, with passenger services following soon. In 1875, Dudding Hill, the first station in the area, was opened, and the Metropolitan Railway was extended through Neasden shortly afterwards. Neasden station was opened on Neasden Lane in 1880. New housing, initially for railway workers, was built in the village (particularly around Village Way) with all the streets named after Metropolitan Railway stations in Buckinghamshire.

In 1883, an Anglican mission chapel, St Saviour’s, was set up in the village. Its priest, the Reverend James Mills, became an important and popular figure in late 19th century Neasden. In 1885 Mills took over St Andrew’s, Kingsbury and became vicar of a new parish, Neasden-cum-Kingsbury, created because of the area’s rising population.

Before Mill’s arrival, the only sporting facilities in Neasden had been two packs of foxhounds, both of which had disbanded by 1857. Mills became founder president of Neasden Cricket Club and encouraged musical societies. In 1893 a golf club was founded at Neasden House, however only 10% of its members came from Neasden.

In the 1890s change led to a conscious effort to create a village atmosphere. At this time, the Spotted Dog became a social centre for local people. By 1891 Neasden had a population of 930, half of whom lived in the village. Despite the presence of the village in the west, it was the London end that grew fastest.

In 1893 the Great Central Railway got permission to join up its main line from Nottingham with the Metropolitan. Trains ran on or alongside the Metropolitan track to a terminus at Marylebone (this is now the modern day Chiltern Main Line). The Great Central set up a depot south of the line at Neasden and built houses for its workers (Gresham and Woodheyes roads). The Great Central village was a "singularly isolated and self-contained community" with its own school and single shop, Branch No. 1 of the North West London Co-operative Society. It is now part of a conservation area. There was considerable sporting rivalry between the two railway estates and a football match was played every Good Friday. By the 1930s the two railways employed over 1000 men.

Neasden Hospital was built in 1894 and closed in 1986.

Apart from the railways, Neasden was dominated by agriculture until just before the First World War. In 1911, Neasden’s population had swelled to 2,074. By 1913, light industry at Church End had spread up Neasden Lane as far as the station.

In the 1920s, the building of the North Circular Road, a main arterial route round London, brought another wave of development; it opened in 1922–23. The 1924–25 British Empire Exhibition led to road improvements and the introduction of new bus services. Together with the North Circular Road, it paved the way for a new residential suburb at Neasden. In 1930 Neasden House was part demolished. The last farm in Neasden (covering The Rise, Elm Way and Vicarage Way) was built over in 1935. The Ritz cinema opened in 1935 and Neasden Shopping Parade was opened in 1936, and was considered the most up-to-date in the area. All of Neasden’s older houses were demolished during this period, except for The Grange, and the Spotted Dog was rebuilt in mock-Tudor style. Industries sprung up in the south of the area, and by 1949, Neasden’s population was over 13,000.

The post-war history of Neasden is one of steady decline; local traffic congestion problems necessitated the building of an underpass on the North Circular Road that effectively cut Neasden in half and had a disastrous effect on the shopping centre by making pedestrian access to it difficult. The decline in industry through the 1970s also contributed to the area’s decline. But nonetheless Neasden has survived, largely due to a succession of vibrant immigrant communities keeping the local economy afloat. Neasden Depot continues to be the main storage and maintenance depot for the London Underground’s Metropolitan line (and is also used by trains of the Jubilee line); it is London Underground’s largest depot and as such it is a major local employer.

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Ian Gammons
Ian Gammons   
Added: 3 Apr 2018 08:08 GMT   
IP: 81.131.100.203
2:1:207
Post by Ian Gammons: Pamber Street, W10

Born in Pamber Street but moved to Harlow, Essex in 1958 when I was three years old. The air wasn?t clean in London and we had to move to cleaner air in Harlow - a new town with very clean air!


Norman Norrington
Norman Norrington   
Added: 19 Jan 2018 14:49 GMT   
IP: 90.194.159.199
2:2:207
Post by Norman Norrington: Blechynden Street, W10

In the photo of Blechynden St on the right hand side the young man in the doorway could be me. That is the doorway of 40 Blechynden St.

I lived there with My Mum Eileen and Dad Bert and Brothers Ron & Peter. I was Born in Du Cane Rd Hosp. Now Hammersmith Hosp.

Left there with my Wife Margaret and Daughter Helen and moved to Stevenage. Mum and Dad are sadly gone.

I now live on my own in Bedfordshire, Ron in Willesden and Pete in Hayling Island.

Have many happy memories of the area and go back 3/4 times a year now 75 but it pulls back me still.

Paul Shepherd
Paul Shepherd   
Added: 16 Jan 2018 15:21 GMT   
IP: 90.255.234.91
2:3:207
Post by Paul Shepherd: Chamberlayne Road, NW10

i lived in Rainham Rd in the 1960?s. my best friends were John McCollough and Rosalind Beevor. it was a good time to be there but local schools were not good and i got out before it went to a real slum. i gather it?s ok now.

Maria Russ
Maria Russ   
Added: 7 Dec 2017 09:46 GMT   
IP: 47.72.255.177
2:4:207
Post by Maria Russ: Middle Row Bus Garage

My mum worked as a Clippie out from Middle Row Bus Garage and was conductress to George Marsh Driver. They travel the City and out to Ruislip and Acton duiring the 1950’s and 1960’s. We moved to Langley and she joined Windsor Bus Garage and was on the Greenline buses after that. It was a real family of workers from Middle Row and it formed a part of my early years in London. I now live in New Zealand, but have happy memories of the early years of London Transport and Middle Row Garage.
Still have mum’s bus badge.

Happy times they were.

John Dye
John Dye   
Added: 1 Dec 2017 14:50 GMT   
IP: 86.131.134.236
2:5:207
Post by John Dye: Cool Oak Lane, NW9

I lived at Queensbury Road, Kingsbury during World War II and used to play regularly along the edge of the Welsh Harp. About halfway along Cool Oak Lane on the south side was a pond we used to call Froggy Pond. It was the only place I ever saw a water scorpion, Nepa cinerea.
At the end of the war, all the street air raid shelters were knocked down and the rubble was piled up on the ground south of the Cool Oak Lane bridge, on the Hendon side. I remember that this heap of rubble became infested with rats and I used to watch them from the bridge. I was told that an old house on the south side of Cool Oak Lane (Woodfield House?) was once owned by the wife of Horatio Nelson. I think it later became the nurseries for plants grown for the Hendon parks.

Ron
Ron   
Added: 24 Sep 2017 22:22 GMT   
IP: 92.6.6.10
2:6:207
Post by Ron: Colindale

The leather business and ’Leatherville’ was set up by Arthur Garstin, not GARSTON.
:o)

Debbie hobbs
Debbie hobbs    
Added: 19 Sep 2017 09:08 GMT   
IP: 92.40.89.28
2:7:207
Post by Debbie hobbs : Raymede Street, W10

I SUPPLIED THE PICTURE ABOVE GIVEN TO TOM VAGUE TO PASS ON... ITS DATE IS C1906 ..IN THE DISTANCE IS RACKHAM STREET WITH ITS MISSION HALL, HEWER STREET TO THE RIGHT

Susan Wright
Susan Wright   
Added: 16 Sep 2017 22:42 GMT   
IP: 120.154.67.244
2:8:207
Post by Susan Wright: Bramley Mews, W10

My Great Grandmother Ada Crowe was born in 9 Bramley Mews in 1876.

Martina
Martina   
Added: 13 Jul 2017 21:22 GMT   
IP: 146.198.174.6
2:9:207
Post by Martina: Schweppes Factory

The site is now a car shop and Angels Fancy Dress shop and various bread factories are there.

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Jan 2019 10:40 GMT   
IP:
3:10:207
Post by LDNnews: Latimer Road
First Acts Announced for This Year’s Bushstock Festival
Find out who will be headlining at annual music festival on 15 June

http://www.shepherdsbushw12.com/default.asp?section=info&page=hfbushstock001.htm

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Jan 2019 10:40 GMT   
IP:
3:11:207
Post by LDNnews: Ladbroke Grove
Little Lyric’s Spring Season is Also Underway
Shows set to delight young audiences on Saturdays and through half term

http://www.shepherdsbushw12.com/default.asp?section=info&link=http://neighbournet.com/server/common/littlelyric002.htm

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Jan 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:12:207
Post by LDNnews: Willesden Junction
Is your Patisserie Valerie branch closing?
A number of loss-making Patisserie Valerie stores and concession stands will be closing across the country.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-46974727

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Jan 2019 06:20 GMT   
IP:
3:13:207
Post by LDNnews: Colindale
Teaching how to care for afro hair
Hairstylist Charlotte Mensah is passing her knowledge to younger generations to keep skills alive.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-46974760

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 24 Jan 2019 00:30 GMT   
IP:
3:14:207
Post by LDNnews: Hendon Central
Air quality measures could hit drivers with hefty bills, warn councillors
Councillors have raised concerns that the roll-out of tougher air quality standards could hit some drivers with hefty travel bills.

https://www.times-series.co.uk/news/17379165.drivers-in-barnet-could-be-punished-by-air-quality-rules/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Jan 2019 22:20 GMT   
IP:
3:15:207
Post by LDNnews: Dollis Hill
Sadiq Khan makes rent control key plank of mayor re-election bid
Sadiq Khan makes rent control key plank of mayor re-election bid

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/jan/23/sadiq-khan-makes-rent-control-key-plank-of-mayor-re-election-bid

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 23 Jan 2019 21:30 GMT   
IP:
3:16:207
Post by LDNnews: Hendon
Named and shamed: Boroughs where a quarter of residents do less than 30 minutes of exercise a week
Boroughs have been named and shamed for their large inactive populations.

https://www.times-series.co.uk/news/17375400.barnet-has-topped-the-list-of-least-active-boroughs/?ref=rss

VIEW THE NEASDEN AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE NEASDEN AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE NEASDEN AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE NEASDEN AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE NEASDEN AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

The Underground Map

The Underground Map is a project which is creating a history website for the areas of London and surrounding counties lying inside the M25.

The Underground Map project is creating a decade-by-decade series of historical maps of the area which lies within London's M25 ring.

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OTHER LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
Abbeydale Road · Aboyne Road · Agate Close · Alderton Close · Annesley Close · Ardley Close · Armstrong Road · Barrs Road · Barry Road · Baskerville Gardens · Beames Road · Beckett Close · Beresford Avenue · Bermans Way · Beveridge Road · Birchen Grove · Blackmore Drive · Bramshill Road · Brendon Avenue · Brentfield Close · Brentfield Primary School · Brentfield · Brett Crescent · Broadfields Way · Bruce Road · Butler Road · Cambridge Close · Casselden Road · Cecil Road · Challenge House · Chantry Crescent · Chapel Close · Church Path · Connaught Road · Craven Road · Crawford Street · Creukhorne Road · Crouch Road · Curzon Crescent Children’s Centre · Cygnet Close · Dog Lane · Dollis Hill Lane · Durand Way · Edith Kay Independent School · Elgar Avenue · Elm Way · Energen Close · Fairlight Avenue · Farm Road · Fawood Children’s Centre · Field Way · First Drive · Fortunegate Road · Foxholt Gardens · Frogmore Estate · Garden Way · Gibbons Road · Gifford Road · Great Central Way · Greenwood Terrace · Gresham Road · Handel Place · Hardie Close · Harmony Children’s Centre · Harp Island Close · Harrison Road · Hawkins Road · Hazeldean Road · Henderson Close · Heron Close · Highmead Crescent · Hilltop Avenue · Homefield Close · Ilex Road · Inman Road · Iron Bridge · James Dudson Court · Johnson Road · Jubilee Close · Kelly Close · Kingthorpe Road · Knapp Close · Langdon Court · Lansbury Close · Lawrence Avenue · Lawrence Way · Leicester Road · Leopold Primary School · London Road · Lyndhurst Close · Lynton Close · Mandela Close · Marquis Close · Mead Plat · Milton Avenue · Mitchell Brook Primary School · Mitchell Way · Mitchellbrook Way · Neasden Lane North · Neasden Lane North · Neasden Lane · Neasden Underpass · Norfolk Road · Normans Close · Normansmead · Northview Junior and Infant School · Outgate Road · Overton Close · Overton Close · Owen Way · Panther Drive · Park Road · Paulet Way · Pendolino Way · Pendolino Way · Phoenix Arch School · Poplar Grove · Press Road · Priory Gardens · Queensbury Road · Redfern Road · Ruby Street · Russell Close · Saint Thomas’s Road · Selbie Avenue · Selwyn Road · Severn Way · Shelley Road · St Joseph’s Roman Catholic Primary School · St Margaret Clitherow RC Primary School · St Mary’s CofE Primary School · St Raphael’s Way · St Raphaels Children’s Centre · Tallis View · Tatum Road · Taylors Lane · The Rise · The Stonebridge School · The Swaminarayan School · Tillett Close · Tokyngton Avenue · Tunley Road · Tynsdale Road · Vicarage Way · Vivian Avenue · Walton Drive · West Way · Western Avenue · Westview Close · Wharton Close · Wood Road · Woodheyes Road · Woodmans Grove · Wyborne Way · Wycombe Road · Wykeham Primary School ·
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Links

Dollis Hill
Facebook Page
Neasden
Facebook Page
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.
Time Out
Listings magazine

Maps


Land ownership in Willesden (1823) FREE DOWNLOAD
Map of land ownership in the Willesden area in 1823
City of London Corporation

John Rocque Map of Wembley, Kingsbury, Willesden and Harlesden (1762)
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers an area from Harrow in the northwest to Harlesden in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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