London Lock Hospital

Hospital in/near Victoria, existed between 1747 and 1842

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG  CONTACT 
3.85.10.62 
MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302019Fullscreen map
Hospital · Victoria · SW1X ·
MAY
18
2012

The London Lock Hospital was the first venereal disease clinic.


The London Lock Hospital, which opened on 31 January 1747, was the most famous and first of the Lock Hospitals which were developed for the treatment of syphilis following the end of the use of lazar hospitals, as leprosy declined. The hospital later developed maternity and gynaecology services before being incorporated into the National Health Service in 1948, and finally closed in 1952.

A charitable society had been working to establish this hospital since July 1746. In November of that year a house was bought for this purpose in Grosvenor Place, London, near Hyde Park Corner. The founder of the hospital was William Bromfeild. After opening in January 1747, the hospital treated almost 300 patients during its first year; the demand for its services stemmed from the unfounded belief that the treatments then available could be effective.

Thomas Scott was a hospital chaplain here from 1785–1803. During this time he published his Commentary On The Whole Bible and became the founding Secretary of the Church Missionary Society.

The hospital moved in 1842 to 283 Harrow Road in Westbourne Grove. It was renamed The Female Hospital when a new site in Dean Street, Soho, opened for male outpatients in 1862; that was later expanded in 1867, as a result of the Contagious Diseases Act 1864.

The Lock Asylum for the Reception of Penitent Female Patients (also known as the Lock Rescue Home) was proposed in 1787 and opened in 1792 as a refuge for women who had been treated at the Lock Hospital. It was originally sited in Osnaburg Row and moved, first to Knightsbridge in 1812, and then to Lower Eaton Street in 1816. However this address was felt to be too far from the chapel at Grosvenor Square that might provide guidance and support for "fallen" women, so the Home moved again in 1849 to adjoin The Female Hospital in Harrow Road. By 1890 Harrow Road consisted of 140 inpatient beds and 40 asylum places for women.

The asylum changed its name in 1893, becoming known as a ’Rescue Home’. The full name of the hospital became the London Lock Hospital and Rescue Home.

A maternity unit opened in 1917 at The Female Hospital, followed by an ophthalmology unit and a genitourinary unit that treated venereal and non-venereal gynaecological disorders. During the Second World War it was used as a Military Isolation Hospital, with Dean Street treating both sexes. A new maternity centre opened at 283A Harrow Road in 1938 and with the formation of the National Health Service it became a part of Paddington Hospital until 1952.

The name dates back to the earlier leprosy hospitals, which came to be known as lock hospitals after the "locks", or rags, which covered the lepers’ lesions. This name was used as far back as medieval times, and was used by lock hospitals including those in Kingsland (established during the reign of Henry VIII) and Kent Street, Southwark as well as the one in Hyde Park Corner.

The memory of the hospital continues with the London Lock Hospital Memorial Prize in Sexually Transmitted Diseases at the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, which was established by bequest in 1965 by an old student and staff member of the school. With subsequent mergers of London medical schools, it is now part of the awards in communicable diseases for final year medical students at UCL Medical School.

xxx

http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2542972

Main source

The free encyclopedia

Citations and sources

Gillian Bebbington's 1972 work on street name derivations

Links and further reading

Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page
Facebook Page


LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Jun 2019 17:30 GMT   
IP:
3:1:2776
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
Sadiq Khan criticised after just 35 out of 75,000 employees take up scheme to help with childcare costs
Sadiq Khan’s record has been criticised after it emerged that only 35 parents had taken up a childcare deposit scheme out of more than 75,000 employees.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/sadiq-khan-criticised-after-just-35-out-of-75000-employees-take-up-scheme-to-help-with-childcare-a4168411.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Jun 2019 14:30 GMT   
IP:
3:2:2776
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Plumstead shooting: Two 16-year-old boys arrested on suspicion of murder
More details have come to light regarding the people arrested for gunning down a teenager in Plumstead.

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17709573.plumstead-shooting-two-16-year-old-boys-arrested-on-suspicion-of-murder/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Jun 2019 14:20 GMT   
IP:
3:3:2776
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Next Chelsea manager odds: Favourites to replace Maurizio Sarri after Juventus move
Maurizio Sarri has left Chelsea - with attention now turning to who will replace the Italian at Stamford Bridge next season.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/next-chelsea-manager-odds-favourites-to-replace-maurizio-sarri-following-departure-to-juventus-a4167791.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 16 Jun 2019 04:40 GMT   
IP:
3:4:2776
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Donald Trump hits out again at Sadiq Khan over London violence
The US president’s comments come after five separate attacks in London leave three men dead.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-48651131

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Jun 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:5:2776
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
Ping Pong Parlour to open at Uxbridge shopping centre

SHOPPERS at intu Uxbridge will be able to play for free when the shopping centre opens a pop-up Ping Pong Parlour from Tuesday, July 30.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17708712.ping-pong-parlour-to-open-at-uxbridge-shopping-centre/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Jun 2019 13:20 GMT   
IP:
3:6:2776
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Scarecrow Festival contestant wins with Roald Dahl-themed design

The winner of a town’s first ever scarecrow festival was presented with a foot-tall trophy yesterday afternoon.


https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17707936.scarecrow-festival-contestant-from-epping-wins-with-roald-dahl-themed-design/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Jun 2019 04:20 GMT   
IP:
3:7:2776
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Watch What I Can Do: Basketball film breaking down barriers
"Watch What I Can Do" was created with a female-led cast and has had almost one million online views in two weeks.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-48638656

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 15 Jun 2019 00:20 GMT   
IP:
3:8:2776
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
A-Level maths exam paper leaked online sparking investigation
An investigation has been launched after questions from an A-Level exam paper were leaked online.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/uk/alevel-maths-exam-paper-leaked-online-sparking-investigation-a4168001.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Jun 2019 23:30 GMT   
IP:
3:9:2776
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park



https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/westham/west-ham-complete-24million-deal-for-pablo-fornals-as-midfielder-joins-from-villarreal-a4167246.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Jun 2019 23:30 GMT   
IP:
3:10:2776
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Fifa Women's World Cup 2019: England vs Argentina prediction, TV, lineups, odds, live stream, tickets
England come up against another old international rival in Argentina in the second match of the Fifa Women’s World Cup.

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/fifa-womens-world-cup-2019-england-vs-argentina-prediction-tv-lineups-odds-live-stream-tickets-a4167161.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Jun 2019 05:30 GMT   
IP:
3:11:2776
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Man stabbed and robbed at home in Hackney
A man was stabbed by a gang who broke into his house to steal watches in a terrifying raid at a property in north-east London.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/crime/man-stabbed-and-robbed-at-home-in-hackney-a4166536.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 14 Jun 2019 05:20 GMT   
IP:
3:12:2776
Post by LDNnews: Sloane Square
Maurizio Sarri: Chelsea agree deal for manager to join Juventus
Chelsea agree a deal in principle for their Italian manager Maurizio Sarri to join Serie A club Juventus.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/football/48632052

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Jun 2019 14:20 GMT   
IP:
3:13:2776
Post by LDNnews: St. Jamess Park
Live updates as Herts and north London Tory MPs vote for new party leader
Live updates as Herts and north London Tory MPs vote for new party leader

https://www.thisislocallondon.co.uk/news/17703584.conservative-mps-vote-for-new-party-leader/?ref=rss

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Jun 2019 13:40 GMT   
IP:
3:14:2776
Post by LDNnews: Bond Street
Liverpool transfer news LIVE: Nabil Fekir, Dejan Lovren latest - Thursday's targets, rumours and gossip
Reds line up summer reinforcements

https://www.standard.co.uk/sport/football/liverpool/liverpool-fc-transfer-news-live-now-today-latest-gossip-targets-rumours-2019-summer-window-done-deal-a4165101.html

LDNnews
LDNnews   
Added: 13 Jun 2019 05:30 GMT   
IP:
3:15:2776
Post by LDNnews: Piccadilly Circus
Mayor of London
Reality Check looks at Boris Johnson’s claims about his time as Mayor of London.

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-48610813

VIEW THE VICTORIA AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE VICTORIA AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE VICTORIA AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE VICTORIA AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE VICTORIA AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Victoria

The railways largely replaced the canals as a means of transport. Uniquely for a main line station, Victoria station was built on top of one.

Before the railway arrived in 1862, this area - like the area immediately south of it - was known as Pimlico. The Grosvenor Canal ended in a large basin here.

Victoria station’s origins lie with the Great Exhibition of 1851, when a railway called the West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway came into existence, serving the site of the exhibition halls which had been transferred to Sydenham from Hyde Park. The terminus of that railway was at Stewarts Lane in Battersea on the south side of the river. In 1858 a joint enterprise was set up to take trains over the river: it was entitled the Victoria Station and Pimlico Railway; and was a mile and a quarter in length. The railway was owned by four railway companies: the Great Western (GWR); London & North Western (LNWR); the London, Brighton and South Coast (LBSCR); and the London Chatham and Dover Railways (LCDR). It was incorporated by Act of Parliament in 1858.

The station was built in two parts: those on the western side, opened in 1862, with six platforms, ten tracks and an hotel (the 300-bedroom Grosvenor) were occupied by the Brighton company; whilst adjacent, and in the same year, the Chatham company were to occupy a less imposing wooden-fronted building. The latter’s station had nine tracks and was shared by broad-gauge trains of the GWR, whose trains arrived from Southall via the West London Extension Joint Railway through Chelsea. The GWR remained part owner of the station until 1932, although its trains had long since ceased to use it. Each side of the station had its own entrance and a separate station master; a wall between the two sections effectively emphasised that fact.

At the start of the twentieth century both parts of the station were rebuilt. It now had a decent frontage and forecourt, but not as yet a unified existence. Work on the Brighton side was completed in 1908 and was carried out in red brick; the Grosvenor Hotel was rebuilt at the same time. The Chatham side, in a Edwardian style with baroque elements, designed by Alfred Bloomfield, was completed a year later. The two sections were eventually connected in 1924 by removing part of a screen wall, when the platforms were renumbered as an entity. The station was redeveloped internally in the 1980s, with the addition of shops within the concourse, and above the western platforms.

The station was now serving boat trains, and during WWI it became the hub of trains carrying soldiers to and from France, many of them wounded. After the war the Continental steamer traffic became concentrated there, including the most famous of those trains, the Golden Arrow. The area around the station also became a site for other other forms of transport: a bus station in the forecourt; a coach terminal to the south; and it is now the terminal for trains serving Gatwick Airport.

Victoria is also well-served by London underground. The sub-surface Circle and District Lines opened on December 24, 1868; and the Victoria Line line came to Victoria Station with the third phase of construction of the line - the station’s platforms were opened on March 7, 1969, six months after the Victoria line had started running in outer London.
Print-friendly version of this page

Maps


Central London, south west (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Central London, south west.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)

Cruchley's New Plan of London (1848) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cruchley's New Plan of London Shewing all the new and intended improvements to the Present Time. - Cruchley's Superior Map of London, with references to upwards of 500 Streets, Squares, Public Places & C. improved to 1848: with a compendium of all Place of Public Amusements also shewing the Railways & Stations.
G. F. Cruchley

Cary's New And Accurate Plan of London and Westminster (1818) FREE DOWNLOAD
Cary's map provides a detailed view of London. With print date of 1 January 1818, Cary's map has 27 panels arranged in 3 rows of 9 panels, each measuring approximately 6 1/2 by 10 5/8 inches. The complete map measures 32 1/8 by 59 1/2 inches. Digitising this map has involved aligning the panels into one contiguous map.
John Cary

John Rocque Map of London (1762) FREE DOWNLOAD
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map covers central London at a reduced level of detail compared with his 1745-6 map.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1843) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured.
Chapman and Hall, London

Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
Chapman and Hall, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
1 



COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or - from the available evidence - are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.