Old Kent Road, SE1

Road in/near Walworth, existing until now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Road · Walworth · SE1 · Contributed by The Underground Map
August
5
2018
Old Kent Road (2009)
Credit: Flickr/Highstone

The Old Kent Road is famous as the cheapest property on the London Monopoly board.

The route of Old Kent Road is one of the oldest trackways in England and was first metalled by the Romans as the road from Dover to Londinium. The Saxons later called this Watling Street. Chaucer’s pilgrims travelled along this route from London and Southwark on their way to Canterbury.

Although the name appears as simply Old Kent Road on maps, it is usually referred to by Londoners as The Old Kent Road. The Old Kent Road runs from the Bricklayers’ Arms roundabout, where it meets the New Kent Road, Tower Bridge Road, and Great Dover Street, to New Cross Road, which begins a little to the east of the mainline railway bridge - the change in street-name is coincident with the border with Lewisham borough. Before the county of London was created this would have been the boundary between Surrey and Kent, hence the change in name.

At the junction with the presently named Shornecliff Road (previously Thomas Street) was the bridge crossing of St Thomas-a-Watering over a small brook, which marked a boundary in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s authority of the nearby manors in Southwark and Walworth. The landmark pub nearby, the Thomas a Becket, derives its name from this connection. It was a place of execution for criminals whose bodies were left in gibbets at this spot, the principal route from the southeast to the City of London. The burning to death or hanging, drawing and quartering of religious dissenters, both Catholic and Protestant, also occurred here. In 1540 a priest ’Sir’ (ie ’father’) Godson was executed here for denying Henry VIII’s supremacy. The Welsh Protestant martyr John Penry was also executed here in 1593 and a small side street nearby, named after him, commemorates this. The Catholics John Jones in 1598 and John Rigby met their end here in 1600.

The same point was regarded as the limit of the City of London’s authority from 1550, there being a boundary stone set into the wall of the old fire station indicating this.

Following from the sale of local monastic properties in the Reformation period the Crown let out many long-leases which were acquired by local people. Most prominently was those held by the Rolls family along the route from Bricklayers Arms to New Cross Road. With the urban expansion of the metropolis these holdings were in turn let out on building licences or shorter leases to others by the Rolls family at considerable profit to them, notably the desirable residencial development in the 1750s in the area of what is now Surrey Square and the Paragon which were designed by their Surveyor Michael Searles (a road near this is named after him). Their family tomb is in the St Mary Magdalen Bermondsey churchyard.

By the third quarter of the nineteenth Century the family had accumulated so much wealth that they acquired a home at The Hendre (another local street name to show their connection) and a castle at Llangattock-Vibon-Avel in Wales and then through politics in Monmouth as MPs and High Sheriffs for that county, acquired a Peerage of the same name. Locally. they started to support the local communities by letting or granting for free some of their lands for social purposes:- the Library at Wells Way Burgess Park now a youth club, the Peabody Estate (Dover Flats) and the St Saviour’s Grammar School for Girls site being the most obvious. This is why the road parallel to the main route is named ’Rolls Road’. The last real local remnant of their involvement is the large detached ’White House’ between the Peabody Estate buildings, of the 1750s which was their home, then Searle’s and then the management office of their trust estates. These were vacated in 1990 and the building has seen use as a Pentecostalist Church centre since then. The last of the male Llangatocks was the Hon Charles Stewart Rolls who was the pioneer motorist and aviator who formed the partnership with Henry Royce.

Apart from piecemeal residential schemes very little change along this route was made until the late 1960s with the London County Council plan of ’Lungs for Londoners’ led to the creation of new open spaces and public parks by demolition of heavily urbanised areas; the eastern entrance to one of these, Burgess Park, is also located here at the junction with Albany Road.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence



ADD A STORY TO OLD KENT ROAD
VIEW THE WALWORTH AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE WALWORTH AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE WALWORTH AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE WALWORTH AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE WALWORTH AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Walworth

Walworth is an inner-city district in the London Borough of Southwark. Walworth probably derives its name from the Old English Wealhworth, meaning 'farm'. It is located 2 miles south east of Charing Cross and near to Camberwell and Elephant and Castle.

The major streets in Walworth are the Old Kent Road and Walworth Road. It once had a common surrounded by streets with houses on one side, the Common on the other. This whole area is now covered by housing.

St. Peter's Church, Walworth's altar
St. Peter's Church, Walworth, built circa 1825, is an excellent example of the neo-classical style of church built by Sir John Soane. It is an indication of the wealth of the middle-class merchants who then lived in the vicinity that they could afford an architect of such prominence. Charles Upfold was born at Walworth Common and baptised at St. Peters. The church is home to the Monkey Park - which was once home to a menagerie kept by a past Reverend of the Church, but is now a garden.

Walworth is also home to the Pullens buildings - a mixture of Victorian live/work spaces and yards. Many of the flats are 1 bedroom, and some of the flats still connect to the Workshops of any of the three yards (Illife Yard, Peacock Yard and one other). They all share communal roof terraces with extensive views over to the West End.
Walworth also used to have a Zoo, in Royal Surrey Gardens, which was visited by Queen Victoria.

East Street market is a major street market.


LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Angel Oak Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Ann Bernadt Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Ark Walworth Academy:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Bermondsey Spa Gardens:   
Boutcher Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
Camberwell College of Arts:   Miscellaneous which accepts students between the ages of 16 and 99.
Cobourg Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Grange Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Grove Children & Family Centre:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 5.
Haymerle School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 5 and 11.
Kintore Way Nursery School and Children’s Centre:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 5.
Michael Faraday School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Oliver Goldsmith Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Peckham:   Peckham is a district located in the London Borough of Southwark. It is situated 3.5 miles south-east of Charing Cross.
Southwark Inclusive Learning Service (Sils):   Pupil referral unit which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
St James the Great Roman Catholic Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
St Peter’s Church of England Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Surrey Linear Canal Park:   
Surrey Square Primary School:   Foundation school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Tuke School:   Community special school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19.
University Academy of Engineering South Bank:   Academy sponsor led (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 19.
Walworth:   Walworth is an inner-city district in the London Borough of Southwark. Walworth probably derives its name from the Old English Wealhworth, meaning 'farm'. It is located 2 miles south east of Charing Cross and near to Camberwell and Elephant and Castle.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Bridge House:   The building with the canopy is Bridge House, George Row, Bermondsey, in 1926.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Abbey Gardens, SE1 · Abbey Street, SE1 · Albany Road, SE5 · Albridge Street, SE17 · Alma Grove, SE1 · Alsace Road, SE17 · Alscot Road, SE1 · Alscot Road, SE16 · Alscot Way, SE1 · Alvey Street, SE17 · Archie Street, SE1 · Arnside Street, SE17 · Ashmore Close, SE15 · Attilburgh House, SE1 · Avocet Close, SE1 · Avondale Square, SE1 · Aylesbury Road, SE17 · Bacon Grove, SE1 · Bagshot Street, SE17 · Balaclava Road, SE1 · Bamber Road, SE15 · Barham House, SE17 · Beaconsfield Road, SE17 · Beaconsfield Road, SE5 · Beaton Close, SE15 · Bermondsey Square, SE1 · Bermondsey Street, SE1 · Bermondsey Wall West, SE16 · Bevington Path, SE1 · Bianca Road, SE15 · Black Eagle Yard, SE1 · Black Swan Yard, SE1 · Blackwood Avenue, N18 · Blakes Road, SE15 · Boathouse Walk, SE15 · Bonar Road, SE15 · Boyson Road, SE17 · Bradenham Close, SE17 · Branch Street, SE15 · Brettell Street, SE17 · Bricklayers Arms, SE1 · Brideale Close, SE15 · Brodie Street, SE1 · Bronti Close, SE17 · Browning Estate, SE17 · Browning Street, SE17 · Brunswick Court, SE1 · Buller Close, SE15 · Burcher Gale Grove, SE15 · Burton Grove, SE17 · Bushbaby Close, SE1 · Bushwood Drive, SE1 · Buttermere Close, SE1 · Cadbury Way, SE16 · Cadet Drive, SE1 · Calypso Crescent, SE15 · Canal Street, SE5 · Carter Place, SE17 · Castle Industrial Estate, SE17 · Cator Street, SE15 · Chandler Way, SE15 · Charleston Street, SE17 · Chartes House, SE1 · Chaucer Drive, SE1 · Cobourg Road Estate, SE5 · Cobourg Road, SE1 · Cobourg Road, SE5 · Colegrove Road, SE15 · Colworth Grove, SE17 · Commercial Way, SE15 · Coopers Road, SE1 · Corbden Close, SE15 · Cotham Street, SE17 · Crane Street, SE5 · Crimscott Street, SE1 · Cronin Street, SE15 · Curtis Street, SE1 · Curtis Way, SE1 · Dalwood Street, SE5 · Daniel Gardens, SE15 · Date Street, SE17 · Davey Street, SE15 · Dawes Street, SE17 · Devon Mansions, SE1 · Dockhead, SE1 · Druid Street, SE1 · Dunton Road, SE1 · East Point, SE1 · East Surrey Grove, SE15 · Ebley Close, SE15 · Edgar Wallace Close, SE15 · Enid Street, SE16 · Fendall Street, SE1 · Finch Mews, SE15 · Flinton Street, SE17 · Fort Road, SE1 · Fortune Place, SE1 · Frean Street, SE16 · Freda Corbett Close, SE15 · Freemantle Street, SE17 · Garnies Close, SE15 · George Row, SE16 · Glengall Road, SE15 · Glengall Terrace, SE15 · Goodwin Close, SE16 · Grange House, SE1 · Grange Road, SE1 · Grange Walk, SE1 · Grange Walk, SE16 · Grange Yard, SE1 · Granville Square, SE15 · Grenard Close, SE15 · Griggs Place, SE1 · Griggs Road, E10 · Grummant Road, SE15 · Guinness Square, SE1 · Hadlow House, SE17 · Harmony Place, SE1 · Haymerle Road, SE15 · Hazel Way, SE1 · Hendre Road, SE1 · Henley Drive, SE1 · Henley Drive, SE16 · Hopwood Road, SE17 · Humphrey Street, SE1 · Innes Street, SE15 · Inville Road, SE17 · Jacob Street, SE1 · Jacob Street, SE16 · Jamaica Road, SE1 · Jowett Street, SE15 · Kelly Avenue, SE15 · Kinglake Street, SE17 · Kintore Way, SE1 · Lamb Walk, SE1 · Latona Road, SE15 · Liverpool Grove, SE17 · Lloyds Wharf, SE1 · Loncroft Road, SE5 · Long Walk, SE1 · Longfellow Way, SE1 · Longhope Close, SE15 · Longley Street, SE1 · Lucey Road, SE16 · Lynbrook Grove, SE15 · Lytham Street, SE17 · Macleod Street, SE17 · Madron Street, SE1 · Madron Street, SE17 · Malt Street, SE1 · Maltby Street, SE1 · Maltings Place, SE1 · Mandela Way, SE1 · Mandela Way, SE16 · Mandela Way, SE1P · Marchwood Close, SE5 · Marcia Road, SE1 · Marie Curie, SE5 · Massinger Street, SE17 · Melon Road, SE15 · Merrow Street, SE17 · Merrow Walk, SE17 · Mill Street, SE1 · Mina Road, SE1 · Mina Road, SE17 · Minnow Walk, SE17 · Missenden, SE17 · Moody Road, SE15 · Morecambe Street, SE17 · Morley House, SE15 · Muscatel Place, SE5 · Neate Street, SE15 · Neate Street, SE5 · Neckinger Street, SE1 · Neckinger, SE16 · Neville Close, SE15 · Newhams Row, SE1 · Nile Terrace, SE15 · Nutt Street, SE15 · Oakley Place, SE1 · Old Jamaica Road Business Estate, SE16 · Old Jamaica Road, SE16 · Old Kent Road, SE1 · Old Kent Road, SE14 · Ossory Road, SE1 · Oxley Close, SE1 · Pages Walk, SE1 · Parkers Row, SE1 · Pearse Street, SE15 · Peckham Grove, SE15 · Peckham High Street, SE15 · Peckham Hill Street, SE15 · Peckham Road, SE15 · Peckham Road, SE5 · Peckham Square, SE15 · Pentridge Street, SE15 · Pepler Mews, SE5 · Phelp Street, SE17 · Phoenix Wharf Road, SE1 · Pickwick House, SE16 · Pioneer Street, SE15 · Pope Street, SE1 · Portland Street, SE17 · Providence Square, SE1 · Queens Row, SE17 · Radcliffe Road, SE1 · Radnor Road, SE15 · Red Lion Close, SE17 · Redbridge Gardens, SE5 · Reverdy Road, SE1 · Riley Road, SE1 · Roland Way, SE17 · Rolls Road, SE1 · Rope Walk, SE1 · Rosemary Road, SE15 · Rouel Road, SE16 · Rowcross Street, SE1 · Royal Oak Yard, SE1 · Samuel Street, SE15 · Sceaux Gardens, SE5 · Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street, SE1 · Sedan Way, SE17 · Sedgmoor Place, SE5 · Setchell Road, SE1 · Setchell Way, SE1 · Shopping Centre, SE1 · Shorncliffe Road, SE5 · Shurland Gardens, SE15 · Sister Mabel’s Way, SE15 · Sondes Street, SE17 · Spa Court, SE16 · Spa Road, SE1 · Spa Road, SE16 · St Georges Mews, SE1 · St Georges Way, SE15 · Stanford Place, SE17 · Stanswood Gardens, SE5 · Stanworth Street, SE1 · Stevens Street, SE1 · Sumner Avenue, SE15 · Sumner Road, SE15 · Surrey Square, SE17 · Swan Court, SE1 · Sweeney Crescent, SE1 · Swift Court, SE1 · Tanner Street, SE1 · Taplow, SE17 · The Globe Rope Walk, E14 · The Grange, SE1 · Thetford House, SE1 · Thorburn Square, SE1 · Thurlow Street, SE17 · Thurlow Walk, SE17 · Tovy House, SE1 · Tower Bridge Road, SE1 · Tower Workshops, SE1 · Trafalgar Avenue, SE15 · Trafalgar Street, SE17 · Unity Wharf, SE1 · Unwin Close, SE15 · Upnor Way, SE17 · Vauban Street, SE16 · Villa Street, SE17 · Vogans Mill, SE1 · Wade House, SE1 · Wade House, SE16 · Waite Street, SE15 · Walworth Place, SE17 · Watling Street, SE15 · Watts Street, SE15 · Webb Street, SE1 · Westmoreland Road, SE17 · Whites Grounds Estate, SE1 · Whites Grounds, SE1 · Willow Walk, SE1 · Willowbrook Road, SE15 · Wodehouse Avenue, SE5 · Wolseley Street, SE1 · Wood’s Place, SE1 · Woodmill Close, SW15 · Wooler Street, SE17 · Woolstaplers Way, SE16 · Yalding Road, SE16 ·
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Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (1836) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Insets: A view of the Tower from London Bridge -- A view of London from Copenhagen Fields. Includes views of facades of 25 structures "A comparison of the principal buildings of London."
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London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
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The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
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Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
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Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

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Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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