Holland Park, W11

Road in/near Holland Park, existing between 1859 and now

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Road · Holland Park · W11 ·

The roads known as Holland Park consist of three main branches.

There are the North and South sections running from West to East (with Holland Park Mews in between) and the West section running, North to South, from Holland Park Avenue into Abbotsbury Road.

In 1859 Lord Holland entered into an agreement with William and Francis Radford to build on land between Holland Park and Holland Park Avenue. They were experienced builders who had most recently built in the Pembridge Gardens and Pembridge Square areas.

The Radfords constructed a system of three linked roads. The outer roads are Holland Park and the middle road is Holland Park Mews. In the outer roads they built a series of detached houses. These houses are considered among the most exclusive in London. They are mainly detached double-fronted stuccoed houses with 4 storeys and a basement, and with very decorative cast-iron and glass entrance canopies. The buildings were constructed around 1860-1880. Each house has a frontage of about 45 feet. The houses have three main storeys, plus basements and attics. The central entrances have porches supported by Roman Doric columns. On either side there are canted bays which go up to second floor level where they are topped with balustrades. The attic floors sits behind an ornamental entablature in stucco with a modillion cornice and dentils. In the late 19th century, iron and glass entrance canopies were added to many of the houses.

Most of the properties are still privately owned although there are some embassies. Many of the buildings have been converted into flats, which have particularly large rooms, ideal for entertaining on an ambassadorial scale.

The location is particularly convenient for the shops in Holland Park Avenue and also for Holland Park itself which is within a few minutes walking distance.

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Holland Park

Holland Park is a district, an underground station (and indeed a park) in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Holland Park has a reputation as an affluent and fashionable area, known for attractive large Victorian townhouses, and high-class shopping and restaurants.

The district was rural until the 19th century. Most of it was formerly the grounds of a Jacobean mansion called Holland House. In the later decades of that century the owners of the house sold off the more outlying parts of its grounds for residential development, and the district which evolved took its name from the house. It also included some small areas around the fringes which had never been part of the grounds of Holland House, notably the Phillimore Estate and the Campden Hill Square area. In the late 19th century a number of notable artists (including Frederic Leighton, P.R.A. and Val Prinsep) and art collectors lived in the area. The group were collectively known as ’The Holland Park Circle’. Holland Park was in most part very comfortably upper middle class when originally developed and in recent decades has gone further upmarket.

Of the 19th-century residential developments of the area, one of the most architecturally interesting is The Royal Crescent designed in 1839. Clearly inspired by its older namesake in Bath, it differs from the Bath crescent in that it is not a true crescent at all but two quadrant terraces each terminated by a circular bow in the Regency style which rises as a tower, a feature which would not have been found in the earlier classically inspired architecture of the 18th century which the design of the crescent seeks to emulate. The design of the Royal Crescent by the planner Robert Cantwell in two halves was dictated by the location of the newly fashionable underground sewers rather than any consideration for architectural aesthetics.

Holland Park is now one of the most expensive residential districts in London.

Holland Park station, on the Central London Railway, opened on 30 July 1900. The station building was refurbished in the 1990s.
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