Brondesbury

Rail station, existing between 1860 and now

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MAPPING YEAR:1750180018301860190019302018Fullscreen map
Rail station · Brondesbury · NW6 · Contributed by The Underground Map
September
1
2015
Brondesbury Station in 1961. The view is to the northeast towards Dalston Junction and Broad Street. In the distance can be seen the overbridge carrying the Metropolitan and LNER (ex-Great Central) six lines into Baker Street and Marylebone.

Brondesbury was originally "Brand’s manor", a small hamlet in Middlesex.

Brondesbury was an ancient hamlet in Willesden parish owned by St.Paul’s Cathedral in medieval times.

A rural area for much of its history, some houses were built on Willesden Lane only in 1847. It was on a hill, which made it suitable for better quality housing and larger villas were built in Brondesbury. Several of them served as hostels for Belgian refugees during the First World War.

Brondesbury station opened on 2 January 1860 as Edgeware Road (Kilburn) station on the Hampstead Junction Railway. It was renamed several times: Edgware Road on 1 November 1865, Edgware Road and Brondesbury on 1 January 1872, Brondesbury (Edgware Road) on 1 January 1873 and finally Brondesbury on 1 May 1883.

A mill stood in adjacent Mapesbury, which was destroyed by fire in 1863. This incident led to the creation of a volunteer fire services in Kilburn.

In 1866 the parish of Christchurch, Brondesbury, was formed, the first new parish within the original parish of Willesden.

The first entirely new developments, at Brondesbury from the 1860s, took place in estates bordering main roads and served by the railway. Houses were aimed at merchants and professional men working in the City.

The decline in the housing market at the turn of the 20th century meant that the western part of Brondesbury was not built over until 1920, and Brondesbury Manor House remained standing until 1934.

A number of plans were put forward between 1890 and 1926 to build an underground railway along the Edgware Road, and would have seen the construction of a Tube station at Brondesbury. None of the schemes succeeded and no such line was ever built.

In the 1870s a wave of Jewish immigrated came to Brondesbury, both from East End and directly from Eastern Europe. Initially the Jews in Brondesbury walked to synagogues in St.John’s Wood or Hampstead. The first temporary synagogue was built in 1902 and a permanent one in 1905. By 1914 the Synagogue had 413 male seatholders.

Later the Jewish population moved to Willesden, Cricklewood, Dollis Hill and beyond. The Synagogue closed in 1974 and the building is now part of Muslim school.



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VIEW THE BRONDESBURY AREA IN THE 1750s
The 1750 Rocque map is bounded by Sudbury (NW), Snaresbrook (NE), Eltham (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1750 map does not display.

VIEW THE BRONDESBURY AREA IN THE 1800s
The 1800 mapping is bounded by Stanmore (NW), Woodford (NE), Bromley (SE) and Hampton Court (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1800 map does not display.

VIEW THE BRONDESBURY AREA IN THE 1830s
The 1830 mapping is bounded by West Hampstead (NW), Hackney (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Chelsea (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1830 map does not display.

VIEW THE BRONDESBURY AREA IN THE 1860s
The 1860 mapping is bounded by Brent Cross (NW), Stratford (NE), Greenwich (SE) and Hammermith (SW).
Outside these bounds, the 1860 map does not display.

VIEW THE BRONDESBURY AREA IN THE 1900s
The 1900 mapping covers all of the London area.

 

Brondesbury

Brondesbury was originally "Brand’s manor", a small hamlet in Middlesex.

Brondesbury was an ancient hamlet in Willesden parish owned by St.Paul’s Cathedral in medieval times.

A rural area for much of its history, some houses were built on Willesden Lane only in 1847. It was on a hill, which made it suitable for better quality housing and larger villas were built in Brondesbury. Several of them served as hostels for Belgian refugees during the First World War.

Brondesbury station opened on 2 January 1860 as Edgeware Road (Kilburn) station on the Hampstead Junction Railway. It was renamed several times: Edgware Road on 1 November 1865, Edgware Road and Brondesbury on 1 January 1872, Brondesbury (Edgware Road) on 1 January 1873 and finally Brondesbury on 1 May 1883.

A mill stood in adjacent Mapesbury, which was destroyed by fire in 1863. This incident led to the creation of a volunteer fire services in Kilburn.

In 1866 the parish of Christchurch, Brondesbury, was formed, the first new parish within the original parish of Willesden.

The first entirely new developments, at Brondesbury from the 1860s, took place in estates bordering main roads and served by the railway. Houses were aimed at merchants and professional men working in the City.

The decline in the housing market at the turn of the 20th century meant that the western part of Brondesbury was not built over until 1920, and Brondesbury Manor House remained standing until 1934.

A number of plans were put forward between 1890 and 1926 to build an underground railway along the Edgware Road, and would have seen the construction of a Tube station at Brondesbury. None of the schemes succeeded and no such line was ever built.

In the 1870s a wave of Jewish immigrated came to Brondesbury, both from East End and directly from Eastern Europe. Initially the Jews in Brondesbury walked to synagogues in St.John’s Wood or Hampstead. The first temporary synagogue was built in 1902 and a permanent one in 1905. By 1914 the Synagogue had 413 male seatholders.

Later the Jewish population moved to Willesden, Cricklewood, Dollis Hill and beyond. The Synagogue closed in 1974 and the building is now part of Muslim school.




LOCATIONS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Al-Sadiq and Al-Zahra Schools:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 16. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
Avenue Farm:   Cowhouse Farm was linked to Hodford Farm in Golders Green for a long period. As Cricklewood suburbanised, the farm became surrounded by housing.
Beckford Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Beckford's Estate:   Beckfords, belonging to the family of the same name, consisted of 15 acres north of Mill Lane and west of Fortune Green Lane.
Cannon Stream:   The Cannon Stream was, before it was sent underground, a tributary of the Westbourne River.
Carlton Vale Infant School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 7.
Christ Church CofE Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Earlsfields:   Between Thorplands on the east and Shoot Up Hill on the west lay several fields called Earlsfields.
Fortune Green:   Fortune Green was originally part of the district of Hampstead but became physically separated from it by the building of the new turnpike road (now Finchley Road) in the 1830s.
Fortune Green:   Fortune Green lies to the north of the ancient village of West End.
Gaumont State:   The Gaumont State Cinema is a Grade II listed Art Deco theatre. While it still exists, it is no longer a cinema.
Granville Plus Nursery School:   Local authority nursery school (Nursery) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 5.
Hampstead School:   Community school (Secondary) which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 18. Admissions policy: Comprehensive (secondary).
Islamia Primary School:   Islamia Primary School is a voluntary aided primary, Islamic faith school.
Islamia School for Girls’:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 11 and 16.
Kilburn:   Kilburn is an area which straddles both sides of the Edgware Road (Kilburn High Road).
Kilburn Grange childrens centre:   This is a children’s centre.
Kilburn Grange Park:   Kilburn Grange Park is a 3.2 hectare open space adjacent to Kilburn High Road.
Kilburn Grange School:   Free schools (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 4 and 11.
Kilburn Lane Farm:   A farm existed in Kilburn Lane until the 1860s, by which time it had been disrupted by the railway line.
Kingsgate Community Centre:   Kingsgate Community Association was set up in 1982 by a group of local people who wished to establish a community centre in what was then a derelict building.
Kingsgate Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Maygrove Peace Park:   On 27 April 1983, Camden Council opened Maygrove Peace Park and dedicated it as a reminder of the Council's commitment to peace.
North West London Jewish Day School:   Academy converter (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Queen's Park:   Queen's Park lies between Kilburn and Kensal Green, developed from 1875 onwards and named to honour Queen Victoria.
Salusbury Primary School:   Community school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Selby Square, W10:   Selby Square is a walkway in the Queen’s Park Estate
St Mary’s RC Primary School:   Voluntary aided school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.
Temple Park:   Temple Park is one of the smaller suburbs of north London.
The Grange:   The Grange was a large mansion situated on Kilburn High Road until the turn of the twentieth century.
The Kilburn Park School Foundation:   Foundation school (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 7 and 11.
The Mulberry House School:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 2 and 7. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
The School of the Islamic Republic of Iran:   Other independent school which accepts students between the ages of 6 and 16. Admissions policy: Non-selective.
West End Sidings Estate:   The West End Sidings Estate takes its name from the former West End railway sidings running along the Midland Railway.
West Hampstead Police Station:   The Metropolitam Police established itself in West Hampstead during the 1880s.
Wilberforce Primary:   Academy sponsor led (Primary) which accepts students between the ages of 3 and 11.


PHOTOS OF THE AREA
Kilburn High Road (1880s):   This photo was taken on the corner of Kilburn High Road and Eresby Road, which has since disappeared.
Mill Lane, looking east (1900s):   Mill Lane is one of the major thoroughfares of West Hampstead.


NEARBY STREETS AND BUILDINGS ON THE UNDERGROUND MAP
Achilles Road, NW6 · Agamemnon Road, NW6 · Ajax Road, NW6 · Albert Road, NW6 · Albion Mews, NW6 · Aldershot Road, NW6 · Aldred Road, NW6 · Algernon Road, NW6 · Ardwick Road, NW2 · Ariel Road, NW6 · Asmara Road, NW2 · Athelstan Gardens, NW6 · Barlow Road, NW6 · Beethoven Street, W10 · Berridge Mews, NW6 · Besant Road, NW2 · Brassey Road, NW6 · Brondesbury Mews, NW6 · Brondesbury Road, NW6 · Brondesbury Villas, NW6 · Brooklands Court, NW6 · Brooksville Avenue, NW6 · Broomsleigh Street, NW6 · Buckley Road, NW6 · Burgess Hill, NW2 · Burton Road, NW6 · Callcott Road, NW6 · Canterbury Road, NW6 · Canterbury Terrace, NW6 · Canterbury Works, NW6 · Carlisle Road, NW6 · Cavendish Close, NW6 · Cavendish Road, NW6 · Charteris Road, NW6 · Claremont Road, W10 · Claremont Road, W9 · Clarence Road, NW6 · College Parade, NW6 · College Yard, NW6 · Coverdale Road, NW6 · Denmark Road, NW6 · Donaldson Road, NW6 · Dornfell Street, NW6 · Douglas Road, NW6 · Dowland Street, W10 · Drakes Courtyard, NW6 · Dudley Road, NW6 · Dunster Gardens, NW6 · Dyne Road, NW6 · Esmond Road, NW6 · Exeter Parade, NW2 · Exeter Road, NW2 · Exeter Road, NW6 · Fordwych Road, NW2 · Fortune Green Road, NW3 · Fortune Green Road, NW6 · Galsworthy Road, NW2 · Garlinge Road, NW2 · Gladstone Mews, NW6 · Glastonbury Street, NW6 · Glenbrook Road, NW6 · Glengall Road, NW6 · Gondar Gardens, NW6 · Gorefield Place, NW6 · Grange Place, NW6 · Grangeway, NW6 · Granville Road, NW6 · Hall Oak Walk, NW6 · Harman Drive, NW2 · Hartland Road, NW6 · Hazelmere Road, NW6 · Herries Street, W10 · Hillfield Road, NW6 · Hocroft Road, NW2 · Honiton Road, NW6 · Hopefield Avenue, NW6 · Horton Avenue, NW2 · Howard Close, NW2 · Iverson Road, NW6 · Kendal Court, NW2 · Kenilworth Road, NW6 · Kilburn Lane, NW6 · Kilburn Lane, W9 · Kimberley Road, NW6 · Kingscroft Road, NW2 · Kingsgate Place, NW6 · Kingsley Road, NW6 · Kingswood Avenue, NW6 · Landau House, NW2 · Liddell Road, NW6 · Linburn House, NW6 · Lincoln Mews, NW6 · Linstead Street, NW6 · Lonsdale Road, NW6 · Loveridge Mews, NW6 · Loveridge Road, NW6 · Lowfield Road, NW6 · Lyndale, NW2 · Lynton Road, NW6 · Malvern Place, NW6 · Manstone Road, NW2 · Marnham Avenue, NW2 · Masefield House, NW6 · Maygrove Road, NW6 · Menelik Road, NW2 · Messina Avenue, NW6 · Mill Lane, NW2 · Mill Lane, NW6 · Minster Road, NW2 · Montrose Avenue, NW6 · Mowbray Road, NW2 · Mowbray Road, NW6 · Narcissus Road, NW6 · Netherwood Street, NW6 · Neville Close, NW6 · Neville Road, NW6 · Norman Terrace, NW6 · Onslow Close, W10 · Orestes Mews, NW6 · Palmerston Road, NW6 · Park Mews, W10 · Peel Precinct, NW6 · Pentland Road, NW6 · Petrie Close, NW2 · Plympton Avenue, NW6 · Plympton Road, NW6 · Princess Road, NW6 · Priory Park Road, NW6 · Ranulf Road, NW2 · Ravenshaw Street, NW6 · Rose Joan Mews, NW6 · Rosedene, NW6 · Rupert Road, NW6 · Saint Cuthberts Road, NW2 · Salusbury Road, NW6 · Sarre Road, NW2 · Severn Avenue, W10 · Shoot Up Hill, NW2 · Shoot-up Hill, NW2 · Solent Road, NW6 · Somali Road, NW2 · St Cuthbert?s Road, NW2 · St Julians Road, NW6 · Stafford Road, NW6 · Stansbury Square, W10 · Streatley Road, NW6 · Sumatra Road, NW6 · Summerfield Avenue, NW6 · Summit Court, NW2 · Swiss Terrace, NW6 · Tennyson Road, NW6 · The Arches, NW6 · The Mansions, NW6 · The Quadrant, NW6 · The Terrace, NW6 · Tolhurst Drive, W10 · Torbay Road, NW6 · Ulysses Place, E20 · Ulysses Road, NW6 · Victoria Mews, NW6 · Victoria Road, NW6 · Waterloo Passage, NW6 · Wayne Kirkum Way, NW6 · Webheath, NW6 · Westbere Road, NW2 · Westcroft Close, NW2 · Westcroft Way, NW2 · Willesden Court, S43 · Willesden Lane, NW6 · William Dunbar House, NW6 · William Saville House, NW6 · Winchester Avenue, NW6 · Windermere Avenue, NW6 · Woodville Road, NW6 ·
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Maps


Land ownership in Willesden (1823) FREE DOWNLOAD
Map of land ownership in the Willesden area in 1823
City of London Corporation

John Rocque Map of Hampstead (1762).
John Rocque (c. 1709–1762) was a surveyor, cartographer, engraver, map-seller and the son of Huguenot émigrés. Roque is now mainly remembered for his maps of London. This map dates from the second edition produced in 1762. London and his other maps brought him an appointment as cartographer to the Prince of Wales in 1751. His widow continued the business after his death. The map of Hampstead covers an area stretching from the edge in the northwest of present-day Dollis Hill to Islington in the southeast.
John Rocque, The Strand, London

Environs of London (1832) FREE DOWNLOAD
Engraved map. Hand coloured. Relief shown by hachures. A circle shows "Extent of the twopenny post delivery."
Chapman and Hall, London

London Underground Map (1921).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1921.
London Transport

The Environs of London (1865).  FREE DOWNLOAD
Prime meridian replaced with "Miles from the General Post Office." Relief shown by hachures. Map printed in black and white.
Published By J. H. Colton. No. 172 William St. New York

London Underground Map (1908).  FREE DOWNLOAD
London Underground map from 1908.
London Transport

Ordnance Survey of the London region (1939) FREE DOWNLOAD
Ordnance Survey colour map of the environs of London 1:10,560 scale
Ordnance Survey. Crown Copyright 1939.

Outer London (1901) FREE DOWNLOAD
Outer London shown in red, City of London in yellow. Relief shown by hachures.
Stanford's Geographical Establishment. London : Edward Stanford, 26 & 27, Cockspur St., Charing Cross, S.W. (1901)
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