The Bayswater Conduit in 1798.

Upton Farm began in 1725 and was gone by 1839.

The whole Bayswater district of streets, squares, terraces, and crescents sprung into existence in the course of about ten years, between 1839 and 1849.

Before Bayswater was built up, Hopwood’s Nursery Ground and the Victoria Gardens - famed for running-matches and other sporting meetings - faced the dull brick wall which effectually shut out the green glades and leafy avenues of Kensington Gardens from the view of passengers along the Bayswater Road.

Bayswater - derived from the name "Bayard’s Watering Place" - was noted of old for its springs, reservoirs, and conduits, supplying the greater part of the City of London with water. The running streams and gravelly soil were at one time highly favourable for the growth of watercress.

On a slanting grassy bank, about a hundred yards from the back of the line of houses now bearing the name of Craven Hill, stood until about 1820, an ancient stone-built conduit-house, whence the water-supply was conveyed by pipes underground into the City. Conduit Passage and Spring Street both derive their names from this. When the Craven Hill estate was parcelled out for building purposes, the stone conduit-house was pulled down, and the (Westbourne) stream was fed into the Serpentine.

In 1710, a Robert Pollard was the owner of the old buildings of Bayard’s Watering Place and 6 acres of land in what had once been common fields of Westbourne Green. He sold them to Thomas Upton and his wife Jane in 1725, and they started a farm. The Upton Farm fields, at the heart of Bayswater, stretched approximately from the current Queensway in the west to Craven Terrace in the east, and from the current Bayswater Road in the south to Bishop’s Road (now called Bishop’s Bridge Road) in the north.

The Upton Farm buildings were set back from the highway at the end of a tree-lined lane. The farmland was let to a number of farmers in narrow rectangular strips.

The current Queensway was then a narrow lane, and the main thoroughfare to Westbourne Green further north. In about 1751 the inn on its corner with the Uxbridge Road, originally called the Oxford Arms, was renamed the Black Lion Inn, and the lane became known as Black Lion Lane. The Black Lion pub still exists.



Bayswater

Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas - also one of London's biggest concentration of hotels.

Notably, there is a significant Arab population, a large number of Americans, a substantial Greek community attracted by London's Greek Orthodox Cathedral and the area is also a centre of London's Brazilian community.

Architecturally, the biggest part of the area is made up of Victorian mansion blocks, mostly, although not exclusively, divided up into flats. There are also purpose built apartment blocks dating from the inter-war period as well as more recent developments, and a there is large Council Estate, the 800 flat Hallfield Estate, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and now largely sold off. There are some garden squares in the area.

Queensway and Westbourne Grove are busy High Streets, with a very large number of ethnic restaurants.

Bayswater tube station lies between Notting Hill Gate and Paddington.

The station was opened 1 October 1868, just 5 years after the London Underground started. It was renamed several times: to Bayswater (Queen's Road) & Westbourne Grove in 1923, to Bayswater (Queen's Road) in 1933.

OTHER UNDERGROUND MAP LOCATIONS NEAR HERE
A4 · A4 · A40 · A40 · A40 · A4209 · Abbey Lodge · Abercorn Close · Abercorn Place · Abercorn Walk · Aberdeen Place · Abingdon Road · Adam And Eve Mews · Albert Hotel (1900s) · Albert Mews · Albion Close · Albion Mews · Alexander Place · All Saints Church · All Saints Road · Alma Square · Alma Square · Alpha Close · Ambassador’s Court · Ansdell Terrace · Argyll Road · Armstrong Road · Ashbridge Street · Ashmill Street · Aubrey Road · Ayrton Road · Barnaby Place · Bayard’s Bridge · Bayswater · Bayswater Road · Beckford Close · Belvedere Strand · Bernhardt Crescent · Biba · Bishop’s Bridge Road · Bishop’s Bridge · Bishop's Bridge Road · Bishops Bridge Road · Blithfield Street · Blomfield Mews · Blomfield Road · Blomfield Villas · Boscobel Street · Bourne Terrace · Bremner Road · Bridge House · Bristol Gardens · Broadley Street · Brook Mews North · Budge’s Walk · Bull’s Gardens · Bulmer Mews · Callcott Street · Cambridge Place · Cambridge Square · Campden Grove · Campden Hill Gardens · Campden Hill Place · Campden Hill Square · Campden Hill Square · Campden Hill · Capland Street · Caroline Place Mews · Caroline Place · Carriage Drive · Carriage Drive · Cavendish Close · Chepstow Villas · Chichester Road · Chilworth Mews · Chilworth Street · Chilworth Street · Church Street · Cleveland Gardens · Cleveland Square · Clifton Court · Clifton Gardens · Clifton Place · Cloucester Mews West · Coach and Horses · Colbeck Mews · Colville Gardens · Colville Terrace · Corlett Street · Corner of Abingdon Road and Scarsdale Villas · Corner of Kilburn Park Road and Shirland Road · Cornwall Gardens Walk · Cottage Place · Cottage Place · Cranley Place · Cromwell Crescent · Cromwell Gardens · Cromwell Road · Cropthorne Court · Cunningham Place · Denning Close · Desborough Lodge · Donne Place · Douro Place · Duchess of Bedford’s Walk · Dudley Street · Duke of Cornwall (The Ledbury) · Earl’s Terrace · Earl's Court · Earls Court Gardens · Earl’s Court Road · Eastbourne Mews · Edgware Road · Edgware Road · Edgware Road · Edgware Road · Egerton Crescent · Eldon Road · Elkstone Road · Elm Tree Road · Elms Lane · Ennismore Street · Essex Villas · Fenelon Place · Fernhead Road · Fisherton Street · Flower Walk · Flower Walk · Frampton Street · Frankland Road · Garden Road · Gloucester Gardens · Gloucester Road · Gloucester Square · Gloucester Walk · Godson Yard · Gore Street · Grendon Street · Grove End Road · Hall Place · Hall Road · Hamilton Close · Hamilton Gardens · Hamilton Terrace · Hanover Gate · Hanover Mews · Hasker Street · Hayes Place · Henderson Drive · Hereford Square · Hermitage Street · High Street Kensington · Horbury Chapel (Kensington Temple) · Horbury Crescent · Horbury Mews · Howards Way · Howley Place · Hyde Park Gardens Mews · Hyde Park Gate Mews · Hyett's hand-drawn 1807 map · Ilchester Gardens · Ilchester Place · Ilchester Place · Jerome Crescent · Joe Strummer Subway · John Aird Court (116-228) · Junction Place · Kensington · Kensington Apartment · Kensington Court Gardens · Kensington Palace · Kensington Palace Gardens · Kensington Park Gardens · Kensington Roof Garden · Kensington School · Kilburn Aqueduct · Kilburn Park Road · Kimbolton Row · Kingdom Street · Knightsbridge · Ladbroke Road · Ladbroke Square Garden · Ladbroke Square · Ladbroke Terrace · Ladbroke Walk · Lanark Mews · Lancaster Gate · Lancaster Walk · Lancaster Walk · Lanchester Mews · Lauderdale Mansions South · Launceston Place · Laverton Place · Leinster Gardens · Lexham Gardens · Lidbury Road · Linden Mews · Lisson Grove · Little Venice · Lodge Road · Logan Place · Long Water · Luton Street · Lyons Place · Maida Hill · Maida Vale · Maida Vale · Mallory Street · Malvern Mews · Marloes Road · Marylebone Flyover · Marylebone Flyover · McLeod’s Mews · Melbury Court · Melbury Court · Melina Place · Merchant Square · Mercury Theatre · Moncorvo Close · Montrose Court · Museum Lane · New Ride · Nokes Estate · North Bank · North Carriage Drive · North Courtyard · North Terrace · Northwick Close · Northwick Terrace · Notting Hill Gate · Notting Hill Gate · Nugent Terrace · Observatory Gardens · Onslow Crescent · Onslow Mews East · Orme Lane · Orme's Green · Orsett Mews · Orsett Terrace · Ossington Street · Oxford Square · Paddington · Paddington Green Children’s Hospital · Paddington Station Car Park Exit · Paddington Station Car Park · Palace Avenue · Park Close · Park Road · Paveley Street · Pelham Crescent · Pelham Crescent · Pelham Street · Pembridge Place · Pembridge Road (1900s) · Pembridge Road · Pembridge Road · Pembroke Gardens Close · Pembroke Gardens · Pembroke Villas · Pembroke Walk · Penfold Place · Penfold Street · Phillimore Place · Phillimore Walk · Plympton Place · Policeman’s Walk · Porchester Gardens Mews · Porchester Terrace North · Porteus Road · Portman Gate · Powis Square · Powis Terrace · Prince Albert · Princes Gate Mews · Queen's Cinema · Queensberry Way · Queensborough Passage · Queensborough Studios · Queensway · Queen’s Gate Place Mews · Queen’s Gate · Radnor Mews · Radnor Place · Randolph Mews · Randolph Road · Ranelagh Bridge · Red Lion Bridge · Reston Place · Rich Lane · Richmond House · River Westbourne · Rotten Row · Rotten Row · Royal Garden Hotel · Royal Oak · Rutland Gate Mews · Saint George’s Fields · Saint Mary’s Square · Saint Michael’s Street · Salisbury Street · Scott Ellis Gardens · Serpentine Bridge · Serpentine Road · Serpentine Road · Serpentine Road · Serpentine Road · Sheep in Kensington Gardens · Ship Inn · Smallbrook Mews · South Carriage Drive · South Courtyard · South Kensington · Spotted Dog · St John’s Wood Road · St Lukes Mews · St Margarets Lane · St Mary Abbot’s · St Mary’s Harrow Road · St Mary’s Hospital · St Petersburgh Mews · St. John’s Hall Flats · St. Mary Abbot’s Place · St. Mary’s Gate · St. Mary’s Place · Stafford Terrace · Stalbridge Street · Stanford Road · Stanhope Mews South · Stanhope Terrace · Stanley Gardens Mews · Stanley Gardens · Sussex Square · Sutherland Avenue · Swain Street · Talbot Road · Talbot Road · Tavistock Road · The Apollo · The Broad Walk · The Broad Walk · The Broad Walk · The Broadwalk · The Broadwalk · The Prince of Wales Cinema · The Serpentine · The Tabernacle · The Windsor Castle · Thornwood Gardens · Tresham Crescent · Trevor Street · Upbrook Mews · Vernon Yard · Walterton Road · Walton Street · Warwick Avenue · Wellington Place · West Carriage Drive · West Carriage Drive · West Kilburn · Westbourne Farm · Westbourne Green · Westbourne Grove · Westbourne House · Westbourne Lodge · Westbourne Manor · Westbourne Park · Westbourne Park Road · Westbourne Terrace Mews · Weston’s Cider House · Whitehaven Street · Whiteley's · Wilby Mews · Windsor Court · Winsland Street · Woodfield Crescent · Wycombe Square · Wymering Road · Wynnstay Gardens · York Passage ·
Articles in grey above need some care and attention
Roads are red; buildings are green
Other entries in blue above are featured articles


Print-friendly version of this page

Links

Paddington
Facebook Page
Queensway
Facebook Page
Notting Hill Gate
Facebook Page
Lancaster Gate
Facebook Page
High Street Kensington
Facebook Page
Bayswater
Facebook Page
Royal Oak
Facebook Page
The Notting Hill & North Kensington Photo Archive
Facebook group
Born in W10
Facebook group
Hidden London
Histor­ically inclined look at the capital’s obscure attractions
Londonist
All-encompassing website
British History Online
Digital library of key printed primary and secondary sources.

COPYRIGHT TERMS:
Unless a source is explicitedly stated, text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Articles may be a remixes of various Wikipedia articles plus work by the website authors - original Wikipedia source can generally be accessed under the same name as the main title. This does not affect its Creative Commons attribution.

Maps upon this website are in the public domain because they are mechanical scans of public domain originals, or – from the available evidence – are so similar to such a scan or photocopy that no copyright protection can be expected to arise. The originals themselves are in public domain for the following reason:
Public domain Maps used are in the public domain in the United States, and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
This file has been identified as being free of known restrictions under copyright law, including all related and neighbouring rights.

This tag is designed for use where there may be a need to assert that any enhancements (eg brightness, contrast, colour-matching, sharpening) are in themselves insufficiently creative to generate a new copyright. It can be used where it is unknown whether any enhancements have been made, as well as when the enhancements are clear but insufficient. For usage, see Commons:When to use the PD-scan tag.