Category: W1

Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D

Shaftesbury Avenue is a major street in the West End of London, named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury.

Oxford Circus, W1B

Oxford Circus was originally called Regent Circus.

Wardour Street, W1F

Wardour Street is a street that runs north from Leicester Square, through Chinatown, across Shaftesbury Avenue to Oxford Street.

Fitzrovia

Fitzrovia lies partly in the City of Westminster (in the west), and partly in the London Borough of Camden (in the east); north of Oxford Street and Soho between Bloomsbury and Marylebone. It is characterised by its mixed-use of residential, business, retail, education and healthcare, with no single activity dominating. The historically bohemian area was …

Continue reading

Harley Street, W1

Harley Street, the centre of private medical practices in London, was named after Thomas Harley who was Lord Mayor of London in 1767. Most of the land belonged to the Portland Estate and its successor, the Howard de Walden Estate and around 1716, a street called Chandos Street was begun. Nearby was a street called …

Continue reading

Mayfair

Mayfair derives its name from a fair held in May in fields around the site of today’s Shepherd Market. In the 1660s three large mansions, including Burlington House (now the Royal Academy) were erected on the north side of Piccadilly. These were followed by smaller scale high quality, speculative residential development. Early development was slow …

Continue reading

Regent Street, W1

Regent Street is one of the most important examples of town planning in the country. It was first laid out by John Nash in the early 19th century to create a new processional route from Regent’s Park in the north to Carlton House in the south (the present site of CarIton House Terrace). The route …

Continue reading

Marylebone

CITATION NOTE: This guide to the streets of Marylebone is largely based on the Survey of London’s chapter dealing with the area of south east Marylebone and published with the permission of the Bartlett School of Architecture at University College London: https://www.ucl.ac.uk/bartlett/architecture/research/survey-london/south-east-marylebone Smaller segments are derived from the various conservation areas classed as under Marylebone by the …

Continue reading

The Fascination of London – Mayfair, Belgravia, and Bayswater

Mayfair, Belgravia, and Bayswater – The Fascination of London by Geraldine Edith Mitton Mayfair is at the present time the most fashionable part of London, so much so that the name has come to be a synonym for wealth or pride of birth. Yet it was not always so, as he who runs may read, …

Continue reading

Old Park Lane, W1

Old Park Lane was formerly the southern extention of Park Lane when the latter was a simple country lane on the boundary of Hyde Park, separated from it by a brick wall. Once known as Tyburn Lane, the whole of Park Lane led from Piccadilly to Tyburn (Marble Arch). Before even that it was known …

Continue reading