Compayne Gardens, NW6

Road in/near West Hampstead

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(51.54507 -0.18643) 

Compayne Gardens, NW6

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · West Hampstead · NW6 ·
JANUARY
1
2015

Street/road in London NW6




NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Decca Studios Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.
Finchley Road Finchley Road is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage and on the Metropolitan line between Baker Street and Wembley Park.
Jacksfield Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.
Oaklands Hall On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.
The Railway The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
West End House West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.
West End Park West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.
Westbourne Pond Westbourne Pond is marked on the 1830 Greenwood map as the source of the Westbourne River.

NEARBY STREETS
Aberdare Gardens, NW6 This late Victorian street was probably named in compliment to Henry Bruce, Home Secretary 1868-1873, who was created 1st Baron Aberdare.
Acol Road, NW6 Acol is not an acronym, but a village in Kent that gave its name to Acol Road, NW6.
Alban House, NW3 Residential block
Banister Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Belsize Road, NW6 Belsize Road is a major road in NW6, parallel to the railway.
Billy Fury Way, NW3 Billy Fury Way is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Blackburn Road, NW6 Blackburn Road is a cul-de-sac off of West End Lane.
Broadhurst Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 Broadhurst Gardens is in West Hampstead, NW6
Broadwell Parade, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Canfield Gardens, NW6 Canfield Gardens was first laid out in 1881.
Canfield Place, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cleve Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Coleridge Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crown Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Douglas Court, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Fairfax Place, NW6 Fairfax Place has undergone name changes - at first Victoria Mews and then Fairfax Mews.
Fairfax Road, NW6 Fairfax Road runs south from the Finchley Road to Belsize Road.
Fairhazel Gardens, NW6 Fairhazel Gardens runs from Broadhurst Gardens to Goldhurst Terrace.
Finchley Road, NW3 Finchley Road is one of north London’s main roads.
Frognal Court, NW3 Frognal Court is a street in Hampstead.
Gladys Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Goldhurst Terrace, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Goldhurst Terrace, NW6 Goldhurst Terrace was laid out in the late 1870s.
Greencroft Gardens, NW6 Greencroft Gardens dates from 1884-5.
Highfield Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hilltop Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Jade Terrace, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Kings Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Marston Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Mazenod Avenue, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Naseby Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Priory Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Rosslyn Mansions, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Rowntree Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sherriff Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
St Johns Court, NW6 St Johns Court is a retail and residential block beside Finchley Road station.
St Marys Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Wavel Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
West End Lane, NW6 West End Lane is the main road running through West Hampstead.
West Hampstead Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Woodchurch Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6


West Hampstead

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.


LOCAL PHOTOS
West Hampstead Overgound
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West End Park, 1870s
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The Beatles at Decca
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The Railway, West Hampstead
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Billy Fury Way
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Extract from the London Gazette
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