Aldgate High Street, EC3N

Road in/near Aldgate, existing until now

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Aldgate High Street, EC3N

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Road · Aldgate · EC3N ·
MARCH
30
2017

Once the route to one of the six original gates of the Wall of London, Aldgate High Street has an important place in medieval London’s history.

Aldgate High Street was closely located to where the eastern part of the original Roman Wall, and in the medieval period, it led to town of Colchester in Essex.

Because of its connection to places outside London, Aldgate High Street was vital to the geography of medieval London. Unfortunately, any archaeological remnants of the Roman gate have been obscured, and there is no evidence of its precise location, but is believed to have straddled Aldgate High Street, the gate’s northern edge beneath the pavement of current address of 1-2 Aldgate High Street, and its southern edge beneath 88-89 Aldgate High Street.

There is some dispute over the etymology and meaning of "Aldgate," but various historians have provided some theories. The earliest record of Aldgate has it listed as East Gate, which makes sense, given its location as the easternmost gate on the Wall.

Another interpretation of its current name, "Ale Gate," indicates that an ale-house may have been nearby, and yet another, "All Gate," may have pointed to that area’s openness to all. Even though the name Aldgate may point to a variety or origins, all of these etymologies do seem to corroborate Aldgate High Street’s history of being a center for weary travelers to London, who may have stayed at an inn or have a pint of ale on this street. Most scholars seem to agree that the most likely meaning of "Aldgate," however, is "Old Gate," which gives us an indication Aldgate High Street’s antiquity, and its long history dating back to Roman times.

Aldgate High Street’s close proximity to Aldgate helped to cement it as a centre for visitors. The street was once home to inns and taverns to accommodate the travellers coming in and out of London through Aldgate. As is the case with many other parts of London, there are few remnants of buildings or sites actually dating back to the medieval period. The only buildings on Aldgate High Street that date to the period before the Great Fire are a series of buildings at the northern end of Aldgate High Street, one of which is a pub called Hoop & Grapes. This pub is incredibly unique, as it was built in 1593 and was one of the only wooden buildings to survive the Great Fire of 1666. Today, the front of the building looks much like it did in the Tudor period, possessing a few medieval characteristics such as the jetties on its second level and its characteristic Tudor, timber frame. The cellar also supposedly dates back to the thirteenth century.


Main source: Medieval London: Introduction · Medieval London
Further citations and sources



North side of Aldgate High Street, c.1905

North side of Aldgate High Street, c.1905
User unknown/public domain

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
190 Bishopsgate A 1912 view of the City.
29 Aldgate High Street 29 Aldgate High Street is a demolished property, originally on the north side of Aldgate High Street..
46 Aldgate High Street This Grade II Listed office building is one of the few timber-framed buildings in the City that predates the Great Fire of 1666.
Aldgate Aldgate was one of the massive gates which defended the City from Roman times until 1760.
Aldgate bus station Aldgate Bus Station serves the Aldgate area of the City of London.
Aldgate Holy Trinity Priory The Holy Trinity Priory, also known as Christchurch Aldgate, was a priory of Austin canons (Black Canons) founded around 1108 by Queen Matilda of England.
Aldgate Pump Aldgate Pump is a historic water pump, located at the junction where Aldgate meets Fenchurch Street and Leadenhall Street.
All Hallows Staining All Hallows Staining was a church located at the junction of Mark Lane and Dunster Court.
Altab Ali Park Altab Ali Park is a small park on Adler Street, White Church Lane and Whitechapel Road.
Bevis Marks Synagogue Bevis Marks Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom.
Boar’s Head Theatre The Boar’s Head Theatre was an inn-yard theatre in the Whitechapel area.
Goodman’s Fields Goodman’s Fields was a farm beyond the walls of the City.
Goodman’s Fields Theatre Two 18th century theatres bearing the name Goodman’s Fields Theatre were located on Alie Street, Whitechapel.
Great Synagogue of London The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz.
Holy Trinity, Minories Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.
London Metal Exchange The London Metal Exchange (LME) is the futures exchange with the world’s largest market in options and futures contracts on base and other metals.
Minories railway station Minories was the western terminus of the London and Blackwall Railway.
Portsoken Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation.
St Augustine Papey St Augustine Papey was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated just south of London Wall.
St Botolph’s St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years.
St Gabriel Fenchurch St Gabriel Fenchurch (or Fen Church) was a parish church in the City of London, destroyed in the Great Fire and not rebuilt.
St George’s German Lutheran Church St George’s German Lutheran Church is a church in Alie Street, Whitechapel.
St James Duke’s Place St James Duke’s Place was an Anglican parish church in the Aldgate ward of the City of London.
St Katharine Cree St Katharine Cree is a Church of England church on the north side of Leadenhall Street near Leadenhall Market.
St Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a mediaeval church situated just north of Leadenhall Street on a site now occupied by Fitzwilliam House.
St Mary Matfelon St Mary Matfelon church was popularly known as St Mary’s, Whitechapel.
St Olave Hart Street St Olave’s Church is a Church of England church located on the corner of Hart Street and Seething Lane.
St. Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a medieval parish in the City of London whose name survives as that of the street which formerly occupied it.
Toynbee Hall Toynbee Hall is a building which is the home of a charity of the same name.
Wentworth Street (1901) Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.
Whitechapel Gallery The Whitechapel Gallery is a public art gallery in Aldgate.

NEARBY STREETS
100 Bishopsgate 100 Bishopsgate is a development of two mixed-use buildings on Bishopsgate in London.
99 Bishopsgate, EC2N 99 Bishopsgate is a commercial skyscraper located on Bishopsgate, a major thoroughfare in the City of London financial district.
Aldermans Walk, EC2M Alderman’s Walk was formerly Dashwood’s Walk, for Francis Dashwood, who lived here in the 18th century.
Aldgate House, E1 A street within the EC3N postcode
Aldgate, EC3N Aldgate was the easternmost gateway through the London Wall leading from the City of London to Whitechapel and the East End.
Alie Street, E1 Originally called Ayliff Street, Alie Street was named after a relative of William Leman, whose great-uncle, John Leman had bought Goodman’s Fields.
America Square, EC3N America Square is a street and small square, built in about 1760 and dedicated to the American colonies.
Angel Alley, E1 Angel Alley was a narrow passage which ran north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street..
Arcadia Court, E1 Arcadia Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Artizan Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Arts Quarter, E1 Arts Quarter is a road in the E1 postcode area
Assam Street, E1 Assam Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Back Alley, EC3N Back Alley is a small alleyway off of Northumberland Alley.
Bell Lane, E1 Bell Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bevis Marks, EC3A Bevis Marks is a short street in the ward of Aldgate in the City of London.
Billiter Square, EC3M Billiter Square is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Billiter Street, EC3M Billiter Street was once home to a medieval bell foundry.
Bishopsgate, EC2N Bishopsgate is named after one of the original eight gates in the London Wall.
Black Lion Yard, E1 Black Lion Yard was a narrow thoroughfare running north-south from Old Montague Street (where it was accessible via a set of steps) to Whitechapel Road.
Bowmans Mews, E1 Bowmans Mews is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Braham Street, E1 Braham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Brody House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Brune House, E1 Residential block
Buckle Street, E1 Buckle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bukle Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Bury Street, EC3A Bury Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Camomile Street, EC3A Camomile Street is a short street in the City of London
Camperdown Street, E1 Camperdown Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Carlisle Avenue, EC3N Carlisle Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cavendish Court, EC3A Cavendish Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Central House, E1 Residential block
Chamber Street, E1 Chamber Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Leman Street to Mansell Street.
Circle Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Clothier Street, E1 A street within the E1, postcode
Clothworkers Hall, EC3R Clothworkers Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Cobb Street, E1 Cobb Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Colchester Street, EC3N Before its was renamed and extended in 1923, Colchester Street was a side street near to the Tower of London.
College East, E1 College East is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Coney Way, SW8 Coney Way is a road in the SW8 postcode area
Contemporary Art Gallery, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Cooper?s Row, EC3N Cooper?s Row is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Coopers Row, EC3N Coopers Row is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Creechurch Lane, EC3A Creechurch Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Crescent, EC3N Crescent is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cresent, EC3N Cresent is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Crinoline Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Crosswall, EC3N Crosswall was formerly named John Street, after King John.
Crutched Friars, EC3N Crutched Friars is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cullum Street, EC3M Cullum Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Cutler Street, E1 Cutler Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cutler Street, EC3A Cutler Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Denning Point 33 Commercial Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Devonshire Row, EC2M Devonshire Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Devonshire Square, E1 Devonshire Square is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Devonshire Square, EC2M Devonshire Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Dock Street, E1 Dock Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Dukes Place, EC3A Duke’s Place was formerly called Duke Street.
Dukes Place, EC3N Dukes Place is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Dunster Court, EC3R Dunster Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
East Flank, SE18 East Flank is a road in the SE18 postcode area
East Tenter Street, E1 East Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Fenchurch Avenue, EC3M Fenchurch Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Buildings, EC3M Fenchurch Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Place, EC3M Fenchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Fenchurch Street, EC3M Fenchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Flank Street, E1 Flank Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Flower & Dean Walk, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
French Ordinary Court, EC3M French Ordinary Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Goodman Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Goodman’s Yard, E1 Goodman’s Yard is a street between Minories and Mansell Street.
Goodmans Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Goring Street, EC3A Goring Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Goulston Street, E1 Goulston Street is a thoroughfare running north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street.
Gowers Walk, E1 Gowers Walk is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Gravel Lane, E1 Gravel Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Great St Helen’s, EC3A This is a street in the EC3A postcode area
Great St Helens, EC3A Great St Helens is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Green Dragon Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Gunthorpe Street, E1 Gunthorpe Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Harrow Place, E1 Harrow Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hart Street, EC3R Hart Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Haydon Street, E1 The eastern end of Haydon Street was called Mansell Passage.
Haydon Street, EC3N Haydon Street heads east from the Minories.
Heneage Lane, EC3A Heneage Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Hooper Street, E1 Hooper Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hopetown Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Houndsditch, E1 A street within the EC3A postcode
Houndsditch, EC3A Houndsditch is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Ibex House, EC3N Residential block
Idol Lane, EC3R Idol Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
India Street, EC3N India Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Irongate House, EC3A Residential block
Jewry Street, EC3N Jewry Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
John Fisher Street, E1 A street within the SE1 postcode
John Sessions Square, E1 John Sessions Square lies off of Alie Street.
Kent and Essex Yard, E1 Kent and Essex Yard ran north of Whitechapel High Street, close to the west side of Commercial Street.
Kings Arms Court, E1 Kings Arms Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Leadenhall Market, EC3M Leadenhall Market is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Leadenhall Place, EC3M Leadenhall Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Leadenhall Place, EC3V Leadenhall Place is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Leadenhall Street, EC3M Leadenhall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Leadenhall Street, EC3N Leadenhall Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Leadenhall Street, EC3P Leadenhall Street - historic home to both the East India Company and Lloyd’s of London.
Leadenhall Street, EC3V Leadenhall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Leman Street, E1 Leman Street was named after Sir John Leman.
Leyden Street, E1 Leyden Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Library Square, E1 Library Square is a road in the E1 postcode area
Lime Street, E17 A street within the EC3M postcode
Lime Street, EC3M Lime Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Little Somerset Street, E1 Little Somerset Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Liverpool Street, EC2M Liverpool Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Lloyd?s Avenue, EC3N Lloyd?s Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Lloyds Avenue, EC3N Lloyds Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Loft House 46a Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
London Street, EC3R London Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Manningtree Street, E1 Manningtree Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Mansell Street, E1 Mansell Street runs north-south on the City of London border.
Mark Lane, EC3R Mark Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Middlesex Street, E1 Middlesex Street is home to the Petticoat Lane Market.
Middlesex Street, EC3A Middlesex Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Mill Yard, E1 Mill Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Mincing Lane, EC3R Mincing Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Minories, EC3N Minories is one of the old streets of the City of London.
Minster Court, EC3R Minster Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Minsters Pavement, EC3A Minsters Pavement is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Mitre Avenue, E17 Mitre Avenue is one of the streets of London in the E17 postal area.
Mitre Square, EC3A Mitre Square is a small square in the City of London.
Mitre Street, EC3A Mitre Street connects Creechurch Lane with the Aldgate.
Munster Court, SW6 Munster Court is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Muscovy Street, EC3R Muscovy Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Nathaniel Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Drum Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
New Goulston Street, E1 New Goulston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
New London Street, EC3R New London Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
North Tenter Street, E1 North Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Old Broad Street, EC2M Old Broad Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Old Castle Street, E1 Old Castle Street runs north-south from Wentworth Street to Whitechapel High Street, the southern section of which incorporates the former Castle Alley, murder site of Ripper victim Alice McKenzie.
Osborn Street, E1 Osborn Street is a short road leading from Whitechapel Road to the crossroads with Brick Lane, Wentworth Street and Old Montague Street.
Osborne Street, E1 Osborne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Osbourne Street, E1 Osbourne Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pepys Street, EC3N Pepys Street links Seething Lane in the west to Cooper’s Row in the east.
Petticoat Square, E1 A street within the postcode
Petticoat Tower, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Plantain Gardens, E11 A street within the EC3V postcode
Plantain Gardens, E11 A street within the EC3V postcode
Plantation Lane, EC3R Plantation Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
Plantation Place Plantation Place takes its name from a previous Plantation House, once the recognised centre of the tea trade.
Pomell Way, E1 Pomell Way is a road in the E1 postcode area
Portsoken Street, E1 Portsoken Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Prescot Street, E1 Prescot Street was named for Rebecca Prescott, wife of William Leman.
Prescott Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Railway Arches, EC3N Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Riga Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Rood Lane, EC3M Rood Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
Royal Mint Place, E1 Royal Mint Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Royal Mint Street, E1 Royal Mint Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Rupert Street, E1 Rupert Street was situated to the east of Leman Street.
Saint Mary Axe, EC3A Saint Mary Axe is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Saracen’s Head Yard, EC3N Saracen’s Head Yard was to the south of Aldgate.
Savage Gardens, EC3N Savage Gardens connects Crutched Friars in the north to Trinity Square in the south, crossing Pepys Street.
Scarborough Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Seething Lane, EC3N Seething Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Shorter Street, E1 Shorter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
South Tenter Street, E1 South Tenter Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Botolph Street, EC3A St Botolph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St Clare House, EC3N Residential block
St Clare Street, EC3N St Clare Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
St Helen’s Place, EC3A St Helen’s Place runs east from Bishopsgate.
St James’s Passage, EC3A St James’s Passage was formerly known as Church Passage.
St James’s Place, EC3A St James Place was an open square, formerly Broad Court, which held a daily market that sold fruits of various kinds.
St Margaret Pattens Church, EC3M St Margaret Pattens Church is one of the streets of London in the EC3M postal area.
St Mark Street, E1 St Mark Street was built on the old Goodman’s Fields.
St Mary At Hill, EC3R St Mary At Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC3R postal area.
St Mary Axe, EC3A St Mary Axe is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St. Botolph Street, EC3A St. Botolph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
St. Mary’s Grove, N1 A street within the EC3A postcode
Staple Hall, EC3A Staple Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Stone House Court, EC3A Stone House Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Stoney Lane, E1 Stoney Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Strype Street, E1 John Strype, who became an antiquary, historian and parson was the son of a Huguenot weaver and born here in 1643.
Sugar House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
The Queen?s Steps, EC3N The Queen?s Steps is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
The Queen’s Steps, EC3N The Queen’s Steps is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Thrawl Street, E1 Originally built by Henry Thrall (or Thrale) c.1656, Thrawl Street ran east-west from Brick Lane as far as George Street across a former tenter field owned by the Fossan brothers, Thomas and Lewis.
Toynbee Street, E1 Toynbee Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Trinity Square, EC3N Trinity Square is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Undershaft, EC2N Undershaft is one of the streets of London in the EC2N postal area.
Undershaft, EC3A Undershaft is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Undershaft, EC3P Undershaft is a road in the EC3P postcode area
Union Court, EC2N Union Court is an alleyway off of Broad Street.
Victoria Avenue, EC2M This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Vine Street, EC3N Vine Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Wentworth Street, E1 Wentworth Street runs east-west from the junction of Brick Lane, Osborn Street and Old Montague Street to Middlesex Street, forming part of the boundary between Spitalfields and St Mary’s Whitechapel.
West Tenter Street, E1 West Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Lane, E1 White Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Church Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
White Kennet Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
White Kennett Street, E1 White Kennett Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
White Kennett Street, EC3A White Kennett Street was named after a Bishop of Peterborough.
Whitechapel High Street, E1 Whitechapel High Street runs approximately west-east from Aldgate High Street to Whitechapel Road and is designated as part of the A11.
Whittington Avenue, EC3A Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.
Whittington Avenue, EC3V Whittington Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Wormwood Street, EC2N Wormwood Street refers to the wormwood plant which used to grow on the London Wall and in other areas of wasteland in the City.
Wrestlers Court, EC3A Wrestlers Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3A postal area.


Aldgate

Aldgate was one of the massive gates which defended the City from Roman times until 1760.

Stow wrote in his Survey of London of 1598 that ’It hath had two pair of gates, though now but one; the hooks remaineth yet. Also there hath been two port-closes; the one of them remai

The gate stood at the corner of the modern Duke’s Place and was always an obstacle to traffic. It was rebuilt between 1108–47, again in 1215, and reconstructed completely between 1607-09. The gate was finally removed in 1761; it was temporarily re-erected at Bethnal Green.

While he was a customs official, from 1374 until 1386, Geoffrey Chaucer occupied apartments above the gate. The Augustinians priory of Holy Trinity Aldgate was founded by Matilda, the wife of King Henry I, in 1108, on ground just inside the gate.

Within Aldgate ward, Jews settled from 1181, until their expulsion in 1290 by King Edward I. The area became known as Old Jewry. Jews were welcomed back by Oliver Cromwell, and once again they settled in the area, founding London’s oldest synagogue at Bevis Marks in 1698.

At Aldgate’s junction with Leadenhall Street and Fenchurch Street is the site of the old Aldgate Pump. From 1700 it was from this point that distances were measured into the counties of Essex and Middlesex. The original pump was taken down in 1876, and a ’faux’ pump and drinking fountain was erected several yards to the west of the original; it was supplied by water from the New River. In ancient deeds, Alegate Well is mentioned, adjoining the City wall, and this may have been the source (of water) for the original pump. A section of the remains of Holy Trinity Priory can be seen through a window in a nearby office block, on the north side.

The area around the large traffic roundabout to the east of where the gate stood is also often referred to as Aldgate (although strictly, this is Aldgate High Street, and extends a short distance into Whitechapel; it is also known occasionally by the epithet ’Gardiners’ Corner’, in honour of a long-disappeared department store).

Aldgate underground station was opened on 18 November 1876 with the southbound extension to Tower Hill opening on 25 September 1882, completing the (Inner) Circle. Services from Aldgate originally ran far further west than they do now, reaching as far as Richmond, and trains also used to run from Aldgate to Hammersmith (the Hammersmith & City line now bypasses the station). It became the terminus of the Metropolitan line only in 1941. Before that, Metropolitan trains had continued on to the southern termini of the East London Line.

Platforms 1 and 4 at Aldgate are the only two platforms on the network to be served exclusively by the Circle line.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Wentworth Street (1901)
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Whitechapel High Street, 1899
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46 Aldgate High Street
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Black Lion Yard looking north, 1961.
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Duke Street, looking south, 1941.
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Osborn Street in the early 1900s
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St James' Place, 1884
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Boar
Credit: Unknown
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