Archer Street, W1D

Road in/near Soho, existing between 1671 and now

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(51.5116 -0.13388) 

Archer Street, W1D

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Soho · W1D ·
FEBRUARY
11
2019

Archer Street was Arch Street in 1675, Orchard Street in 1720 and Archer Street by 1746.

In Colonel Panton’s building petition of 1671, Archer Street first appears as a "short street leading from out of Windmill Street over against Windmill Yard towards St. Giles." Before 1836, the street came to an abrupt end at the eastern boundary of Panton’s ground. It was connected to Rupert Street by a narrow passage through a stable yard. But in 1836, the stable buildings had been demolished and Archer Street extended to Rupert Street.

Archer Street was lined for the most part with modest houses. Old photographs showed a pair of small cottages dating from about 1700.

So far, a normal Soho street history.

But in the twentieth century, Archer Street became known as a meeting point for West End musicians. The street became this hub due to its proximity to work places (nearby theatres and clubs) and places to drink and socialise.

The Apollo and The Lyric both had stage doors which opened onto the street. Meanwhile, the Musicians’ Union London Branch was also here - musicians would go there between a matinee and an evening performance in the many theatres nearby, or to find a deputy, or just to meet friends and colleagues.

By the 1940s, Archer Street was described as the place “where anyone would go if they wanted to book musicians for a ‘gig’, or to play on the big liners, which all employed musicians to play at meal times and for dancing, or for the summer seasons in the Holiday Camps.”


Main source: Survey of London | British History Online
Further citations and sources



Musicians waiting for work on Archer Street.

Musicians waiting for work on Archer Street.
Musicians Union

NEARBY STREETS
Air Street, SE18 A street within the W1B postcode
Air Street, W1B Air Street’s name is believed to be a corruption of ‘Ayres’, after Thomas Ayre, a local brewer and resident in the 17th century.
Air Street, W1B Air Street was the most westerly street in London when newly built in 1658.
Babmaes Street, SW1Y Babmaes Street was originally called Wells Street.
Bateman Street, W1D Bateman Street was named for Sir James Bateman, local landowner and Lord Mayor of London in the 1670s.
Batemans Buildings, W1D Batemans Buildings is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Berwick Road, W1F Berwick Road is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Berwick Street, W1F Berwick Street commemorates the Duke of Berwick, an illegitimate son of James II.
Bourchier Street, W1D Bourchier Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Brewer Street, W1D Brewer Street runs west to east from Glasshouse Street to Wardour Street.
Brewer Street, W1F Brewer Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Bridle Lane, W1F Bridle Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Broadwick Street, W1F Broadwick Street runs west-east between Marshall Street and Wardour Street, crossing Berwick Street.
Cape Yard, E1W A street within the W1D postcode
Chapone Place, W1D Chapone Place is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Church Place, SW1Y Church Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Coventry Street, W1D Coventry Street is a short street connecting Piccadilly Circus to Leicester Square. On the London Monopoly board, it was named after the politician Henry Coventry, secretary of state to Charles II.
Dansey Place, W1D Dansey Place is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Darblay Street, W1F Darblay Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Dean Street, W1D Dean Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Denman Street, W1D Denman Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Duck Lane, W1F Duck Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Eagle Place, SW1Y Eagle Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Flaxman Court, W1F Flaxman Court is a road in the W1F postcode area
Frith Street, W1D Frith Street is named after Richard Frith, a local builder.
Germyn Street, SW1Y Germyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Gerrard Street, W1D Gerrard Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Glasshouse Street, W1B Glasshouse Street is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Great Pulteney Street, W1F Great Pulteney Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Great Windmill Street, W1F Great Windmill Street has had a long association with music and entertainment, most notably the Windmill Theatre.
Greens Court, W1F Greens Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Ham Yard, W1D Ham Yard is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Haymarket, SW1Y Haymarket – site of a former market selling hay until the 1830s.
Holland Street, W1F Holland Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Hopkins Street, W1F Hopkins Street is a road in the W1F postcode area
Horse and Dolphin Yard, W1D Horse and Dolphin Yard is a road in the W1D postcode area
Ingestre Court, W1F Ingestre Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Ingestre Place, W1F Ingestre Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Jermyn Street, SW1Y Jermyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Kemp’s Court, W1F Kemp’s Court is situated in the heart of Berwick Street Market where a line of stalls stretch down both sides of the road.
Leicester Street, WC2H Leicester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Lexington Street Cos, W1F Lexington Street Cos is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Lexington Street, W1F Lexington Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Livonia Street, W1F Livonia Street was originally Bentinck Street, family name of owner the Duke of Portland.
London Pavilion, W1J London Pavilion is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Lower James Street, W1F Lower James Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Lowndes Court, W1F Lowndes Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Macclesfield Street, W1D Macclesfield Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Meard Street, W1F John Meard, the younger was a carpenter, later a landowner, who developed the street.
Norris Street, SW1Y Norris Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Old Compton Street, W1D Old Compton Street is a road that runs east–west through Soho.
Orange Street, SW1Y Orange Street is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Oxendon Street, W1D Oxendon Street, after Sir Henry Oxendon, husband of Mary Baker, daughter of Robert Baker who built the former Piccadilly House nearby.
Panton Street, W1D Panton Street was named after Colonel Thomas Panton, local property dealer of the 17th century.
Peter Street, W1F Peter Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Piccadilly Circus, W1B Piccadilly Circus is a road in the W1B postcode area
Piccadilly Circus, W1J Piccadilly Circus is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Piccadilly, SW1Y Piccadilly is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Portland Mews, W1F Portland Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Richmond Buildings, W1D Richmond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Richmond Mews, W1D Richmond Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Romilly Street, W1D Romilly Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Royalty Mews, W1D Royalty Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Rupert Court, W1D Rupert Court was named for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, the First Lord of the Admiralty when the court was built in 1676.
Rupert Street, W1D Rupert Street – after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, noted 17th century general and son of Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I.
Shaftesbury Avenue, W1D Shaftesbury Avenue is a major street in the West End of London, named after Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury.
Sherwood Street, W1F Sherwood Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Silver Place, W1F Silver Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Smiths Court, W1D Smiths Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
St Albans Street, SW1Y St Albans Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Anne’s Court, W1F St Anne’s Court is an alleyway that connects Dean Street and Wardour Street.
St Jamess Market, SW1Y St Jamess Market is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
The London Pavillion, W1J The London Pavillion is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Tisbury Court, W1D Tisbury Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Walker’s Court, W1D Walker’s Court is one of the many passageways which in past years was known as ’Paved Alley’.
Wardour Mews, W1F Wardour Mews is a cul-de-sac off of Portland Street.
Wardour Street, W1D The part of Wardour Street south of Shaftesbury Avenue runs through London’s Chinatown.
Wardour Street, W1F Wardour Street is a street that runs north from Leicester Square, through Chinatown, across Shaftesbury Avenue to Oxford Street.
Western Mansions, EN5 A street within the W1F postcode
Wilder Walk, W1B This is a street in the W1B postcode area
Winnett Street, W1D Winnett Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.


Soho

Soho is a world-famous area of the City of Westminster and part of the West End of London.

The name "Soho" first appears in the 17th century. Most authorities believe that the name derives from a former hunting cry. James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, used "soho" as a rallying call for his men at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685, half a century after the name was first used for this area of London. The Soho name has been imitated by other entertainment and restaurant districts such as Soho, Hong Kong; Soho, Málaga; SOHO, Beijing; SoHo (South of Horton), London, Ontario, Canada; and Palermo Soho, Buenos Aires. SoHo, Manhattan, gets its name from its location SOuth of HOuston Street, but is also a reference to London’s Soho.

Long established as an entertainment district, for much of the 20th century Soho had a reputation as a base for the sex industry in addition to its night life and its location for the headquarters of leading film companies. Since the 1980s, the area has undergone considerable gentrification. It is now predominantly a fashionable district of upmarket restaurants and media offices, with only a small remnant of sex industry venues.

Soho is a small, multicultural area of central London; a home to industry, commerce, culture and entertainment, as well as a residential area for both rich and poor. It has clubs, including the former Chinawhite nightclub; public houses; bars; restaurants; a few sex shops scattered amongst them; and late-night coffee shops that give the streets an "open-all-night" feel at the weekends. Record shops cluster in the area around Berwick Street, with shops such as Phonica, Sister Ray and Reckless Records.
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