Belgrave Square, SW1X

Road in/near Belgravia, existing between 1824 and now

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Road · Belgravia · SW1X ·

Thomas Cubitt’s greatest achievement, Belgrave Square, is the grandest and largest of his squares, and is the centrepiece of Belgravia.

Belgrave Square
Credit: Thomas Shepherd
The original scheme consisted of four terraces, each made up of eleven white stucco houses, with the exception of the east terrace, which was made up of twelve. Detached mansions were originally built in three corners of the square, with a large private garden in the centre. The grand houses in Belgrave Square were built of bricks made from clay dug from the site and the surrounding streets were raised with spoil excavated from St Katherine’s Dock.

The square took its name from one of the Duke of Westminster’s titles, Viscount Belgrave. The village of Belgrave in Cheshire is two miles from the Grosvenor family’s main country residence.

The square was the scene of very early attempts at ballooning.

Large statues and sculptures adorn the central garden including statues of Christopher Columbus, Simón Bolívar, José de San Martín and Prince Henry the Navigator.

Today, the houses are occupied mainly by embassies, institutions and offices.

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Belgrave Square
Thomas Shepherd



Belgravia is an affluent area of Westminster, north of Victoria Station.

Belgravia - known as Five Fields during the Middle Ages - was developed in the early 19th century by Richard Grosvenor, 2nd Marquess of Westminster.

The area had begun to be built up after George III moved to Buckingham House (now Buckingham Palace) and constructed a row of houses on what is now Grosvenor Place. In the 1820s, Richard Grosvenor asked Thomas Cubitt to design numerous grand terraces centred on squares. Most of Belgravia was constructed over the next 30 years.

Belgravia has many grand terraces of white stucco houses, and is focused on two squares: Belgrave Square and Eaton Square.

Much of Belgravia is still owned by the Duke of Westminster’s Grosvenor Group.
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