Brook Green, W6

Road in/near Hammersmith, existing between the 1850s and now

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Road · Hammersmith · W6 ·

Brook Green runs both side of the green of the same name.

The hamlet of Brook Green was established by the 16th century, originating as an outlying farm or grange to a manor, or as a small freehold estate. The area was originally marshland with a brook running through, and where an annual fair was held until 1823.

The name is first mentioned in 1493 in association with a tributary of the Stamford Brook called Black Bull Ditch or Parr’s Ditch which flowed through the Green, issuing into the Thames south of Chancellor’s Wharf where it formed the boundary between Hammersmith and Fulham.

The brook became polluted with waste from nearby brick fields, was eventually covered, and finally converted to a sewer in 1876.

From the 18th to the mid 19th century the area north and south of Brook Green was extensively used for market gardening. The land on the north side of Hammersmith Road, later occupied by Olympia, had previously been Lee and Kennedy’s nursery gardens, which had covered 18 acres of a former vineyard. In response to the fashionable demand for new and exotic plants the nursery introduced hundreds of plant varieties now regarded as commonplace, most notably the fuchsia from Chile.

Brook Green did not begin to be desirable for suburban expansion until the 1850s, the maps of the early 19th century clearly showing the rural nature of the area, with only the southern side of Brook Green being extensively developed. The largest proportion of properties were built during the late 19th century as a response to improved transport links in the area and to increased pressure for housing.

The Green itself is fronted by a mixture of residential and semi-public buildings, but the streets leading off are largely residential.

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Hammersmith is a district in west London, England, in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, approximately five miles (eight kilometres) west of Charing Cross on the north bank of the River Thames.

One of west London's key transport hubs and commercial and employment centres, and home to several multinational company offices, it is focused on the two London Underground stations, bus station and road network node at Hammersmith Broadway.

Hammersmith's pedestrianised riverside is popular for its many pubs, and excellent views of the river and its annual Boat Race.

The area has provided a location for several TV programmes. The Flying Squad were Hammersmith-based in the 1970s TV series The Sweeney. It has for some decades been the main centre of London's Polish minority.

Hammersmith is served by two tube stations, one is the western terminus of the Hammersmith & City Line, the other by the Piccadilly and District Lines. Both are called Hammersmith. The latter tube station is part of a larger office, retail and transport development, locally known as The Broadway after its large encompassing roundabout.

The present Hammersmith & City station is situated on Beadon Road and opened on 1 December 1868, replacing the original station slightly north of here which opened on 13 June 1864 when the line extension was built from Paddington. The Circle line has served Hammersmith since 13 December 2009.

The Piccadilly and District line station was opened on 9 September 1874 by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District Line) as the western terminus of the railway when it was extended from Earl's Court.
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