Chelsea Bridge Road, SW1W

Road in/near Chelsea, existing between 1857 and now

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(51.48736 -0.15221) 

Chelsea Bridge Road, SW1W

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Chelsea · SW1W ·
JANUARY
12
2017

Chelsea Bridge Road was built in the 1850s to connect Chelsea with its bridge.

The Ranelagh pleasure gardens opened in 1742 to become one of the most fashionable pleasure resorts of the 18th century, with access by river as well as by road. In the 1760s Sir Thomas Robinson, one of the proprietors of the pleasure gardens, built a mansion east of the rotunda to his own designs called Prospect Place, where he lived until his death in 1777; by the 1790s the house had been divided.

In 1803 the pleasure gardens closed and Ranelagh House, its Rotunda and other features were cleared. This part of the estate then became gardens in the ownership of the Hospital.

In 1857-8 Chelsea Bridge Road was laid in a straight line from a widened White Lion Street to the new Chelsea Bridge, sweeping away the later Ranelagh House, Wilderness Row and the eastern end of the burial ground; all the land west of the road was thrown into the Hospital’s gardens, including land lying in Westminster. The land between the new road and the Westbourne was taken for Chelsea Infantry barracks in 1860-2.


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Rawson Street, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
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Sloane Court West, SW3 This is a street in the SW3 postcode area
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Sloane Terrace, SW1X Sloane Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Sopwith Way, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Sopwith Way, SW8 Sopwith Way is one of the streets of London in the SW8 postal area.
South Eaton Place, SW1W South Eaton Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
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Southolm Street Southwest, SW11 This is a street in the SW11 postcode area
Southolm Street, SW11 Southolm Street is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
St Barnabas Mews, SW1W St Barnabas Mews is a road in the SW1W postcode area
St Barnabas Street, SW1W St Barnabas Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
St Georges Row, SW1V St Georges Row was built as Monster Row circa 1785, and renamed in 1833.
Strasburg Road, SW11 Strasburg Road is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Sutherland Street, SW1V Sutherland Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Symons Street, SW3 Symons Street is one of the streets of London in the SW3 postal area.
The Imperial Laundry, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Turpentine Lane, SW1V Turpentine Lane is a road in the SW1V postcode area
Unit 23 Flotilla House Battersea Reach, SW18 A street within the SW1W postcode
Upper Belgrave Street, SW1X Upper Belgrave Street was constructed in the 1840s to connect Belgrave Square with the King’s Road.
Victoria Place, SW1W Victoria Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
Village Courtyard, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Warriner Gardens, SW11 Warriner Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Wellington Buildings, SW1W Wellington Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SW1W postal area.
West Eaton Place Mews, SW1X West Eaton Place Mews is a road in the SW1X postcode area
West Eaton Place, SW1X West Eaton Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
West Halkin Street, SW1X West Halkin Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Westmoreland Terrace, SW1V Westmoreland Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1V postal area.
Whittaker Street, SW1W Whittaker Street is a road in the SW1W postcode area
Wilbraham Place, SW1X Wilbraham Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
William Mews, N1 A street within the SW1X postcode
William Mews, SW1X William Mews is a partially redeveloped, private Mews off Lowndes Square.
Wilton Crescent, SW1X Wilton Crescent is notable for its affluent and politically important list of residents, present and historic.
Wilton Mews, SW1X Wilton Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
Wilton Street, SW1X Wilton Street was built in 1817.
Wilton Terrace, SW1X Wilton Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SW1X postal area.
York Mansions, SW11 York Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.


Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.
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