Cleme, SE16

Road in/near Bermondsey

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(51.49526 -0.06285) 

Cleme, SE16

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Bermondsey · SE16 ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Cleme is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.




NEARBY STREETS
A Half, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Abbey Gardens, SE16 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Abercorn Way, SE1 Abercorn Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Acanthus Drive, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Achilles Close, SE1 Achilles Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Admiral Hyson Industrial Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Agatha Close, E1W Agatha Close is a road in the E1W postcode area
Ainsdale Drive, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Alexis Street, SE16 Alexis Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Almond Road, SE16 Almond Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Ambrose Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Anchor Street, SE16 Anchor Street runs between Southwark Park Road and Lynton Road.
Argyle Way, SE16 Argyle Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Arrival Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Arrivalley Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Artichoke Hill, E1W Artichoke Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Asher Way, E1W Asher Way is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Asher Way, E98 Asher Way is a road in the E98 postcode area
Aspinden Road, SE16 Aspinden Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Avondale Square, SE1 Avondale Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Balkan Walk, E1W Balkan Walk is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Banyard Road, SE16 Banyard Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Barkworth Road, SE16 Barkworth Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Beatrice Road, SE1 Beatrice Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Benwick Close, SE16 Benwick Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Bermondsey Wall East, SE16 Bermondsey Wall East is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bermondsey Wall West, SE16 Bermondsey Wall West is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bevington Street, SE16 Bevington Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Block A Unit 401, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Blue Anchor Lane, SE16 Blue Anchor Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bombay Street, SE16 Bombay Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bradley House, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Bramcote Grove, SE16 Bramcote Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Breezer’s Hill, E1W Breezer’s Hill is a short, narrow hill running between The Highway (formerly Ratcliffe Highway and St. George Street) and Pennington Street.
Brewhouse Lane, E1W Brewhouse Lane is a road in the E1W postcode area
Bridewell Place, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Bridgeport Place, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Burr Close, E1W Burr Close is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Camilla Road, SE16 Camilla Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Canal Grove, SE15 Canal Grove is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Cathay Street, SE16 Cathay Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Catlin Street, SE16 Catlin Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Chambers Street, SE16 Chambers Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Chandler Street, E1W Chandler Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Cherry Garden Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Chigwell Hill, E1W Chigwell Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Choppins Court, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Cinnamon Street, E1W Cinnamon Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Clave Street, E1W Clave Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Clegg Street, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Clemence Road, SE16 Clemence Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clement, SE16 Clement is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clements Road, SE16 Clements Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clements Rod, SE16 Clements Rod is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clements, SE16 Clements is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Cloysters Green, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Cobblestone Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Codling Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Collett Road, SE16 Collett Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Cork Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Cottle Lane, SE16 Cottle Lane is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Cranswick Road, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Credon Road, SE16 Credon Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Crofts Street, E1 Crofts Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Crown Place Apartments, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Culloden Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Dairy Apartments, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Daisy Business Park 19-35, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Delaford Road, SE16 Delaford Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Devon Street, SE15 Devon Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Discovery Walk, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Dixon’s Alley, SE16 Dixon’s Alley is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Dockley Road, SE16 Dockley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Douthwaite Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Drappers Way, SE16 Drappers Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Drummond Road, SE16 Drummond Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Dundee Street, E1W Dundee Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Eagle Close, SE16 Eagle Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
East Lane, SE16 A street within the postcode
East Point, SE1 East Point is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Edenbridge Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Esmeralda Road, SE1 Esmeralda Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Ethnard Road, SE15 Ethnard Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Eveline Lowe Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Fallow Court, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Farncombe Street, SE16 Farncombe Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Farthing Fields, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Fenner Close, SE16 Fenner Close is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Fern Walk, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Flockton Street, SE16 Flockton Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Fountain Green Square, SE16 Fountain Green Square is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Fowey Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Frank Mews, SE1 Frank Mews is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Frankland Close, SE16 Frankland Close is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Frean Street, SE16 Frean Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Freda Street, SE16 A street within the postcode
Frensham Street, SE15 Frensham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Friary Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Fulford Street, SE16 Fulford Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Gallewall Trading Estate, SE16 Gallewall Trading Estate is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Galleywall Road, SE16 Galleywall Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Galway Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Gauging Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
George Row, SE16 George Row is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Gleneagles Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Globe Stairs, SE16 Globe Stairs is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Green Bank, E1W Green Bank is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Greenbank, E1W Greenbank is a road in the E1W postcode area
Gun Wharf, E3 Gun Wharf is a road in the E3 postcode area
Gun Wharf, E9 Gun Wharf is a road in the E9 postcode area
Hannah Mary Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hellings Street, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Hermitage Court, E1W Hermitage Court is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Hermitage Wall, E1W Hermitage Wall is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Holywell Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Hyndman Street, SE15 Hyndman Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Hyson Road, SE16 Hyson Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Inglefield Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Jacob Street, SE16 Jacob Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Jamaica Road, SE16 Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Janeway Street, SE16 Janeway Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Jewel Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
John Felton Road, SE16 John Felton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
John Rennie Walk, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
John Roll Way, SE16 John Roll Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Keetons Road, SE16 A street within the E1W postcode
Kennet Street, E1W Kennet Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
King Charles Terrace, E1W King Charles Terrace is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
King Henry’s Stairs, E1W King Henry’s Stairs lead down to King Henry’s Wharf.
King Stairs Close, SE16 King Stairs Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Kingsdown Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Kingsley Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Kirby Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Kite House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Knighten Street, E1W Knighten Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Knighton Street, E1W Knighton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Kotree way, SE1 Kotree way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Langdon Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Layard Square, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Lilley Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Lime Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Linsey Street, SE16 Linsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Livesey Place, SE15 Livesey Place is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Llewellyn Street, SE16 Llewellyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Lockwood Square, SE16 Lockwood Square is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Longley Street, SE1 Longley Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lovegrove Street, SE1 Lovegrove Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lucey Road, SE16 Lucey Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Lucey Way, SE16 Lucey Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Lynton Road, SE1 Lynton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mace Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Macks Road, SE16 Macks Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Malt Street, SE1 Malt Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Manor Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Marble Quay, E1W Marble Quay is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Marden Square, SE16 Marden Square is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Maria Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Maria Close, SE16 Maria Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marigold Street, SE16 Marigold Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marine Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Market Place, SE16 Market Place is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Marlborough Grove, SE1 Marlborough Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mason Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Masters Drive, SE16 Masters Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Maynards Quay, E1W Maynards Quay is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Meeting House Alley, E1W Alley is a road in the E1W postcode area
Merchant Court, E1W Merchant Court is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Mews Street, E1W Mews Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Millpond Estate West Lane, SE16 Millpond Estate West Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Monnow Road, SE1 Monnow Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Muirfield Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Murdock Street, SE15 Murdock Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
National Terrace, SE16 National Terrace is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Nelldale Road, SE16 Nelldale Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Nesham Street, E1W Nesham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
New Place Square, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Old Jamaica Road, SE16 Old Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Old Kent Road, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Olivers Wharf, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Olmar Street, SE1 Olmar Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Orton Street, E1W Orton Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Paradise Street, SE16 Paradise Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Penang Street, E1W Penang Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Pencraig Way, SE15 Pencraig Way is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Pennington Street, E1W Pennington Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Perryn Road, SE16 Perryn Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Pier Head, E1W Pier Head is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Porters Walk, E1W Porters Walk is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Portland Square, E1W Portland Square is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Pottery Street, SE16 Pottery Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
President Drive, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Princes Court Business Centre, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Princess Court Business Park, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Prospect Street, SE16 Prospect Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Providence Square, SE1 Providence Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Prusom Street, E1W Prusom Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Queen Victoria Terrace, E1W Queen Victoria Terrace is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Raine Street, E1W Raine Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Raymouth Road, SE16 Raymouth Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Reardon Path, E1W This is a street in the E1W postcode area
Reardon Street, E1W Reardon Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Rennie Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Rich Industrial Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Rock Grove Way, SE16 Rock Grove Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Roding Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Roseberry Street, SE16 Roseberry Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Rossetti Road, SE16 Rossetti Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rotherhithe Business Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Rotherhithe New Road, SE16 Rotherhithe New Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rotherithe New Road, SE16 Rotherithe New Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Rouel Road, SE16 Rouel Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Ruby Street, SE15 Ruby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Ruby Triangle, SE15 This is a street in the SE15 postcode area
Ryder Drive, SE16 Ryder Drive is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Sampson Street, E1W Sampson Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Sandgate Street, SE15 Sandgate Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Scandrett Street, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Scott Lidgett Crescent, SE16 Scott Lidgett Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Sheppard Drive, SE16 Sheppard Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Shepparoad Drive, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Sherwood Gardens, SE16 Sherwood Gardens is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Simms Road, SE1 Simms Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Six Bridges Trading Estate, SE1 Six Bridges Trading Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Slippers Place, SE16 Slippers Place is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Smeaton Street, E1W Smeaton Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Southwark Park Road, SE16 Southwark Park Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Sovereign Close, E1W Sovereign Close is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Spa Business Park, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Spirit Quay, E1W Spirit Quay is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Splendour Walk, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Springalls Wharf Apartments, SE16 Springalls Wharf Apartments is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
St Anthony’s Close, E1W St Anthony’s Close is a road in the E1W postcode area
St Jamess Road, SE1 St Jamess Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St Jamess Road, SE16 St Jamess Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
St Katharine By The Tower, E1W St Katharine By The Tower is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
St Katherines By The Tower, E1W St Katherines By The Tower is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
St. Davids Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
St. Katharines Way, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Stalham Street, SE16 Stalham Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Star Place, E1W Star Place is a road in the E1W postcode area
Stevedore Street, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Stevenson Cres, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Stevenson Crescent, SE16 Stevenson Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Stevenson Cresent, SE16 Stevenson Cresent is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Stockholm Way, E1W Stockholm Way is a road in the E1W postcode area
Stork’s Road, SE16 This is a street in the SE16 postcode area
Strathnairn Street, SE1 Strathnairn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Street Katharine’s Way, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Stubbs Drive, SE16 Stubbs Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Studios, N17 Studios is one of the streets of London in the N17 postal area.
Sun Passage, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Sun Walk, E1W Sun Walk is a road in the E1W postcode area
Sunningdale Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Tamarind Yard, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Telfords Yard, E1W Telfords Yard is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Tench Street, E1W Tench Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Tenda Road, SE16 Tenda Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Thomas More Square, E1W Thomas More Square is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Thomas More Square, E1W A street within the postcode
Thomas More Street, E1W Thomas More Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Thorburn Square, SE1 Thorburn Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Thurland Road, SE16 Thurland Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Torrington Place, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Toussaint Walk, SE16 Toussaint Walk is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Tower Bridge Business Complex, SE16 Tower Bridge Business Complex is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Tower Hamlets, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Trading Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Tranton Road, SE16 Tranton Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Troon Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Trothy Road, SE1 Trothy Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Turnberry Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Unit 7, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Unit B507 Towerbridge Business Complex, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Varcoe Road, SE16 Varcoe Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Vaughan Way, E1W Vaughan Way is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Verney Road, SE16 Verney Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Verney Way, SE16 Verney Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Vinegar Street, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Virginia Street, E1W Virginia Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Wapping High Street, E1W Wapping High Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Wapping Lane, E1W Wapping Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Wapping Old Stairs East, E1W Wapping Old Stairs East is a road in the E1W postcode area
Waterman Way, E1W Waterman Way is a road in the E1W postcode area
Waterside Close, SE16 Waterside Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Watts Street, E1W Watts Street lay at the heart of the 1926 Wapping housing scheme, undertaken by the London County Council.
Waveney Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Weald Close, SE16 Weald Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Webster Road, SE16 Webster Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Welland Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Wellington Terrace, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Welsford Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
West Lane, SE16 West Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Westreet Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Whittaker Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Wilson Grove, SE16 Wilson Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Windmill Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Woolstaplers Way, SE16 Woolstaplers Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.


Bermondsey

The name Bermondsey first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at ’Vermundesei’, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Though Bermondsey’s name may derive from Beornmund’s island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

The area first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Bermondsey appears in Domesday Book. It was then held by King William, though a small part was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain, the king’s half brother, and younger brother of Odo of Bayeux, then Earl of Kent.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded as a Cluniac priory in 1082, and was dedicated to St Saviour. Monks from the abbey began the development of the area, cultivating the land and embanking the riverside. They turned an adjacent tidal inlet at the mouth of the River Neckinger into a dock, named St Saviour’s Dock after their abbey. The Knights Templar also owned land here and gave their names to one of the most distinctive streets in London, Shad Thames (a corruption of ’St John at Thames’). Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby at Tooley (a corruption of ’St Olave’s’) Street, located in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s manor of Southwark, where wealthy citizens and clerics had their houses, including the priors of Lewes and St Augustine’s, Canterbury, and the abbot of Battle.

As it developed over the centuries, Bermondsey underwent many changes. After the Great Fire of London, it was settled by the well-to-do and took on the character of a garden suburb especially along the lines of Grange Road, as Bermondsey Street became more urbanised. A pleasure garden was founded there in the 17th century, commemorated by the Cherry Garden Pier. Samuel Pepys visited ’Jamaica House’ at Cherry Gardens in 1664 and recorded in his diary that he had left it "singing finely".

Though not many buildings survive from this era, one notable exception is the church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street, completed in 1690 (although a church has been recorded on this site from the 13th Century). This church came through both 19th-century redevelopment and The Blitz unscathed. It is not just an unusual survivor for Bermondsey; buildings of this era are relative rarities in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the river Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa leisure resort, as the area between Grange and Jamaica Roads called Spa Road commemorates.

It was from the Bermondsey riverside that the painter J.M.W. Turner executed his famous painting of The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), depicting the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

By the mid-19th century parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside had become a notorious slum — with the arrival of industrial plants, docks and immigrant housing. The area around St Saviour’s Dock, known as Jacob’s Island, was one of the worst in London. It was immortalised by Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist, in which the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of ’Folly Ditch’ an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob’s Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

<CITE>... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob’s Island.</CITE>

Bermondsey Town Hall was built on Spa Road in 1881. The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with the expansion of the river trade and the arrival of the railways. London’s first passenger railway terminus was built by the London to Greenwich Railway in 1836 at London Bridge. The first section to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. This local station had closed by 1915.

The industrial boom of the 19th century was an extension of Bermondsey’s manufacturing role in earlier eras. As in the East End, industries that were deemed too noisome to be carried on within the narrow confines of the City of London had been located here — one such that came to dominate central Bermondsey, away from the riverfront, was the processing and trading of leather and hides. Many buildings from this era survive around Leathermarket Street including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale’s tannery (disused as of early 2007) on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Co was established in 1857 at Dockhead, Bermondsey by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname ’Biscuit Town’ for Bermondsey, where they continued baking until the brand was discontinued in 1989. Wee Willie Harris (usually credited as the first British rock and roll player) came from Bermondsey. He was known as Britain’s Wild man of Rock N’ Roll). He also worked in Peak Freans.

To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey’s 3½ miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler’s Wharf. They suffered severe damage in World War II bombing and became redundant in the 1960s following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict for some years, many of the wharves were redeveloped under the aegis of the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London. In 1997, US President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Tony Blair visited the area to dine at the Pont de la Tour restaurant at Butler’s Wharf.

Millwall F.C. moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane in 1910, having previously played in Millwall, but have kept their original name despite playing at the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. A public sports centre is also included in their stadium.

Reorganisation of lines and closure of stations left Bermondsey’s transport links with the rest of London poorer in the late twentieth century. This was remedied in 2000 with the opening of Bermondsey tube station on the Jubilee Line Extension.

Bermondsey tube station was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects and was originally intended to have a multi-storey office building sitting on top.
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