Holborn

Underground station, existing between 1906 and now

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Holborn


MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Underground station · Holborn · WC2B ·
October
14
2013

Hol born is both an area and also the name of the area’s principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles’s High Street and Gray’s Inn Road and then Hol born Viaduct between Hol born Circus and Newgate Street.

The area’s first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions ’the old wooden church of St Andrew’ (St Andrew, Hol born). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City’s jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City’s jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival’s Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap’s molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston’s Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival’s Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard’s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray’s Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln’s Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw’s invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury’s head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.


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Roundel on Holborn tube station Piccadilly line westbound platform

Roundel on Holborn tube station Piccadilly line westbound platform
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THE STREETS OF HOLBORN
Aldwych, WC2B The name Aldwych derives from the Old English eald and wic meaning 'old trading town' or 'old marketplace'; the name was later applied to the street and district.
Aldwych, WC2B Aldwych is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Atkin Building, WC1R Atkin Building is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Beaumont Buildings, WC2B Beaumont Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Bedford Row, SE1 A street within the WC1R postcode
Bedford Row, WC1R Bedford Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Bell Yard, WC2A Bell Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Blackmoor Street, WC2B Blackmoor Street was in the Drury Lane slum.
Carey Street, WC2A Carey Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Catton Street, WC1R Catton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Clare Market, WC2A Clare Market is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Clement’s Inn, WC2R Clement’s Inn is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Coptic Street, WC1A Coptic Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Crown Court, WC2B Crown Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Crystal Wharf, N1 A street within the WC2B postcode
Dane Street, WC1R Dane Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Drury Lane, WC2B Drury Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Eagle Street, WC1R Eagle Street runs parallel to High Holborn, one block north.
Field Court, WC1R Field Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fisher Street, WC1R Fisher Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fulwood Place, WC1V Fulwood Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Gate Street, WC2A Gate Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Grays Inn Place, WC1R Grays Inn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Square Chambers, WC1R Grays Inn Square Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Square, WC1R Grays Inn Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Great Turnstile, WC1V This is a street in the WC1V postcode area
Hand Court, WC1V Hand Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
High Holborn, WC1V High Holborn was part of the old road from Newgate and the Tower to the gallows at Tyburn.
High Holborn, WC2A High Holborn is a road in the WC2A postcode area
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road which is the highest point in the City of London - 22 metres above sea level.
Houghton Square, SW9 Houghton Square is a road in the SW9 postcode area
Houghton Street, WC2A Houghton Street is a street which has been ’demoted’ over time.
Jockeys Fields, WC1R Jockeys Fields is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Kean Street, WC2B Kean Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Keeley Street, WC2B Keeley Street has a dual history
Kemble Street, WC2B Kemble Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Kingsgate Street, WC1R Kingsgate Street ran from High Holborn to Theobald’s Road.
Kingsway, WC2A This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
Kingsway, WC2B Kingsway is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Lincoln’s Inn Fields, WC2A Lincoln’s Inn Fields is the largest public square in London, laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder William Newton.
Lion Court, WC1V Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Little Turnstile, WC1V Little Turnstile is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Martlett Court, WC2B Martlett Court is a road in the WC2B postcode area
Montreal Place, WC2R Montreal Place is a road in the WC2R postcode area
New Oxford Street, WC1A New Oxford Street was built in 1840 to ease congestion in St Giles High Street.
New Oxford Street, WC2H New Oxford Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
New Square Passage, WC2A This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
Newton Street, WC2B Newton Street is named for Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician.
Orange Street, WC1R Orange Street disappeared from the map to be replaced by St Martin’s College of Art (now Central Saint Martins).
Peabody Trust Estate, SE21 Peabody Trust Estate is a road in the SE21 postcode area
Peabody Trust Estate, SE24 Peabody Trust Estate is a road in the SE24 postcode area
Portsmouth Street, WC2A Portsmouth Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Portugal Street, WC2A Portugal Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Princeton Street, WC1R Princeton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Procter Street, WC1V Procter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Proctor Street, WC1V Proctor Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Raymond Buildings, WC1R Raymond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Red Lion Square, WC1R Red Lion Square was built from the late 1680s by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Red Lion Street, WC1R Red Lion Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
River Terrace, W6 River Terrace is a road in the W6 postcode area
Sandland Street, WC1R Sandland Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Sardinia Street, WC2A Sardinia Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Sardinia Street, WC2B Sardinia Street, formerly Duke Street, was a street that ran from Prince’s Street in the south to the western side of Lincoln’s Inn Fields in the north.
Serle Street, WC2A Serle Street is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Sheffield Street, WC2A Sheffield Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Sicilian Avenue, WC1A Sicilian Avenue is a shopping parade that diagonally runs in between Southampton Row and Bloomsbury Way.
South Square, WC1R South Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
South Square, WC1X South Square is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Southampton Row, WC1V Southampton Row is a road in the WC1V postcode area
St Clement’s Passage, WC2A St Clement’s Passage is a road in the WC2A postcode area
St Clements Lane, WC2A St Clements Lane is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Stedham Place, WC1A Stedham Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Strand, WC2B Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Tavistock Street, WC2B Tavistock Street is a road in the WC2B postcode area
The Arcade, WC2B The Arcade is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
The Edmund J. Safra Fountain Court, WC2R The Edmund J. Safra Fountain Court is a road in the WC2R postcode area
The Strand, WC2R The Strand is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Verulam Buildings, WC1R Verulam Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Warwick Court, WC1R Warwick Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
West Central Street, WC1A West Central Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Whetstone Park, WC2A Whetstone Park is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Wild Court, WC2B Wild Court leads west from the Kingsway.
Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1R Yorkshire Grey Yard lies off of Eagle Street, WC1


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