Earls Court Gardens, SW5

Road in/near Earl's Court, existing between 1852 and now

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Earls Court Gardens, SW5

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Earl's Court · SW5 ·
MAY
21
2017

Earls Court Gardens runs from Earl’s Court station to Knaresborough Place.

The area, bounded on the south by what became the line of Earl’s Court Gardens, had formed Pound Field, which passed, as part of a larger property, to the Greene family who were owners of the Stag brewery in Westminster. It was sold by their representatives to John Hunter in 1793 and, after his death in that same year, by his representatives in 1797 to the crucial purchaser in the area’s building history.

The original development of Earl’s Court Gardens was on the south side only, from 1852 onwards, when Nos. 1–24 were built along a field-path made, perhaps in the 1790s, at the southern boundary of Pound Field. The site was a piece of walled ground, known in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as the Pingle and held since the 1760s, as garden ground, with No. 2 The Terrace, adjacent westward facing Earl’s Court Road. In 1852 it belonged, with that house, to George Yates, an elderly man who described himself successively as merchant, gentleman, retired proprietor and retired picture dealer. In October he came to an agreement respecting the whole site with a builder, George Stevenson, who began two houses in March 1853.

In February 1855 the Land and Building News carried a feature about the new development. The fine alluvial flat on which the terrace stood and the 14-inch thickness of the walls were noticed, while the variety in the elevational treatment was carefully described. The views at front and back over ‘richly-cultivated fields’ were pleasing. The writer stressed by repetition that these and the ediversified elevations made it all ‘cheerful’.

Gas was supplied to street-lamps (three only) by the Western Gas Light Company in the autumn of 1856, but in the summer of 1857 the vestry refused to extend the main sewer down Earl’s Court Road as far as Earl’s Court Gardens, evidently obliging the estate to use cesspools or a sewer of their own draining into a ‘large tank’ near the junction with Earl’s Court Road. The occupants came in between 1856 and 1858, except at Nos. 17–20, which filled up a year or two later. The early residents were of a decent respectability and almost all the houses were in single family occupation. On average six people lived in each house, one being a servant.

Disturbance came in 1868–9 with the laying of the Metropolitan District railway in a cutting between Earl’s Court Gardens and the ‘village’ and then more emphatically in 1871–3, when the builder Matthew Scott erected a row of houses opposite (Nos. 25–35), on the north side of Earl’s Court Gardens (and the south side of what had been Pound Field), rather closely fitted-in between the railway line and the roadway.


Main source: Search | British History Online
Further citations and sources




NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Coleherne House Coleherne House once stood on the corner of Brompton Lane (later Brompton Road) and Walnut Tree Lane (now Redcliffe Gardens).
Cromwell Curve The Cromwell Curve was a short section of railway line between Gloucester Road and High Street Kensington stations.
Earl's Court Farm Earl’s Court Farm is pictured here as it was in 1867, before the opening of the underground station two years later.
Nokes Estate Nokes Estate was an agricultural estate in the Earl’s Court area, formerly known as Wattsfield.
The Bentley London The Bentley London is a luxury hotel located at 27-33 Harrington Gardens in South Kensington.

NEARBY STREETS
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Ashburn Place, SW7 Ashburn Place is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
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Boltons Place, SW5 Boltons Place is a road in the SW5 postcode area
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Colbeck Mews, SW7 Colbeck Mews is a road in the SW7 postcode area
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Collingham Road, SW5 Collingham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
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Courtfield Gardens, SW5 Courtfield Gardens is named after the field beneath it, cultivated until the 19th century.
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Cromwell Road, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
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Devonshire Place, W8 This is a street in the W8 postcode area
Earls Court Road, SW5 Earls Court Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
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Earl’s Court Road, SW5 Earl’s Court Road is a road in the SW5 postcode area
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Farnell Mews, SW5 Farnell Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Gledhow Gardens, SW5 Gledhow Gardens is a road in the SW5 postcode area
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Grenville Place, SW7 Grenville Place connects Cornwall Gardens and Launceston Place in the north with Cromwell Road in the south.
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Laverton Place, SW5 Laverton Place is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Lexham Gardens, SW5 Lexham Gardens is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Lexham Gardens, W8 Lexham Gardens is a street in Kensington.
Lexham Mews, W8 Lexham Mews is a street in Kensington.
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Marloes Road, SW5 Marloes Road is a road in the SW5 postcode area
McLeod’s Mews, SW7 McLeod’s Mews is a road in the SW7 postcode area
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Nevern Square, SW5 Nevern Square is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Old Brompton Road, SW5 Old Brompton Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
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Pembroke Square, W8 Pembroke Square was developed by the Hawks family.
Pembroke Villas, W8 Pembroke Villas is a road in the W8 postcode area
Pembroke Walk, W8 Pembroke Walk is a road in the W8 postcode area
Pennant Mews, W8 Pennant Mews is a street in Kensington.
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Philbeach Gardens, SW6 Philbeach Gardens is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Radley Mews, W8 Radley Mews is a street in Kensington.
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Redfield Lane, SW5 Redfield Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
South Bolton Gardens, SW5 South Bolton Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
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Stratford Road, W8 Stratford Road is a street in Kensington.
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Trebouir Road, SW5 Trebouir Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Trebovir Road, SW5 Trebovir Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Warwick Road, SW5 Warwick Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Weir Road, SW17 Weir Road is a road in the SW17 postcode area
West Cromwell Road, SW5 West Cromwell Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Wetherby Gardens, SW5 Wetherby Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
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Wetherby Mews, SW5 Wetherby Mews is a road in the SW5 postcode area


Earl's Court

Earls Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Earls Court was once a rural area, covered with green fields and market gardens. For over 500 years the land, part of the ancient manor of Kensington, was under the lordship of the Vere family, the Earls of Oxford and descendants of Aubrey de Vere, who held the manor of Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, in Domesday Book in 1086. The earls held their manorial court where Old Manor Yard is now, just by the London Underground station.

The construction of the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) station in 1865–69 was a catalyst for development. On 12 April 1869, the MDR (now the District Line) opened tracks through Earl’s Court as part of a south-westward extension from its station at Gloucester Road to West Brompton where the MDR opened an interchange with the West London Extension Joint Railway. In the quarter century afterwards, Earls Court was transformed into a densely populated suburb with 1200 houses and two churches. Eardley Crescent and Kempsford Gardens were built between 1867 and 1873, building began in Earls Court Square and Longridge Road in 1873, in Nevern Place in 1874, in Trebovir Road and Philbeach Gardens in 1876, and Nevern Square in 1880.

Following WWII a number of Polish immigrants settled in the Earls Court area leading to Earls Court Road being dubbed ’The Danzig Corridor’. During the late 1960s a large transient population of Australia and New Zealand travellers began to use Earls Court as a UK hub and over time it gained the name ’Kangaroo Valley’. It was at the time one of the cheapest areas close to central London, and up until the 1990s remained a somewhat down-at-heel district compared to its more upmarket neighbours to the North and East.

Today, while there are still significant numbers of students or other people on temporary visas, many of the Australians and New Zealanders appear to have moved on to now-cheaper areas further North and West.

The change in the area’s population is largely owed to rocketing property prices during the first decade of the 2000s and the continued gentrification of the area. The scale of change is illustrated by the economic divide between the eastern and western areas of Earls Court.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Kensington Temple in 2015
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Horbury Crescent, 2015
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Sands End
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Coach and Horses
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23-24 Leinster Gardens
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Gloucester Road, 1866
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Earl's Court Farm (1867)
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