East Smithfield, E1W

Road in/near St Katherine Docks, existing until now

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(51.50842 -0.07065, 51.508 -0.07) 
MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · St Katherine Docks · E1W ·
December
15
2020

East Smithfield, an ancient street, derives from ’smooth field’.

The original liberty of the area around East Smithfield was Liber Trinitae, where the Saxon King Edgar was petitioned by 13 knights, desiring to form a guild, to grant them the wasteland to the East of the city wall.

The strip of land given to the north of Aldgate came to be known as Portsoken, an extramural ward of the City of London. The open ground south of Aldgate was known as East Smithfield. Later, Edward the Confessor confirmed the liberties upon the heirs, and these were again confirmed in the reign of William II. By 1115, during the reign of Henry I, the entire soke, or liberty, was given to the church of Holy Trinity within Aldgate, which had been founded in 1107 by Matilda, Henry’s Queen.

The southern part of East Smithfield was given by Holy Trinity Priory as a site for the Hospital of St Katharine, founded by Matilda (wife of Stephen of England), in 1148. Further foundations were bestowed by Eleanor (widow of Henry III) and Philippa (wife of Edward III). The importance of the hospital was such that the whole of East Smithfield came to be deemed within the Precinct of St Katharine. A Pentecost fair was granted in the district in 1229, and by 1236 Jews were settled here for protection by the Tower garrison — until their expulsion in 1290.

Between 1347–1351, the Black Death struck the City. Two cemeteries were opened in East Smithfield to take the dead from London.

In 1442, the neighbourhood was constituted "a Precinct free from jurisdiction civil or ecclesiastical, except that of the Lord Chancellor". With the Dissolution of the Monasteries by King Henry VIII in 1531, the land became the property of the Crown, and many of the religious houses were given to prominent nobles.

With trade in the City regulated by the City, St Katharine became an area for foreign settlement. Foreign ships were not permitted to use the wharfs within the City, and St Katharine’s Quay came to be used extensively for unloading these, particularly Dutch ships. Many French settled here, after the loss of Calais. A large number were from the districts of Hammes and Guisnes, leading to a part of the area becoming known as Hangman’s Gains.

By the 17th century, the rights, peculiarities and administration of the Liberty was becoming increasing anachronistic, and in 1686, they were subsumed into the Liberties of the Tower of London.

By the end of the 19th century, the quay was the terminus for passenger boats arriving from northern Europe, and became the arrival point for Ashkenazi Jews fleeing persecution in eastern Europe. Many settled around Whitechapel and Spitalfields, half–mile to the north.

The Royal Mint moved from the Tower of London, to a site at the end of East Smithfield in 1809. In November 1975, the London Mint was closed and production transferred to Wales.

In 1828, St Katharine Docks were constructed on the site of the hospital, and some 11,000 persons were evicted from the slum. From 1855, the whole area of the former East Smithfield came under the administration of the Whitechapel District.


Main source: Wikipedia
Further citations and sources




CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 15:05 GMT   

A plague on all your houses
Aldgate station is built directly on top of a vast plague pit, where thousands of bodies are apparently buried. No-one knows quite how many.

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 21 Apr 2021 16:21 GMT   

Liverpool Street
the Bishopsgate station has existed since 1840 as a passenger station, but does not appear in the site’s cartography. Evidently, the 1860 map is in fact much earlier than that date.

Reply
Comment
Tricia   
Added: 27 Apr 2021 12:05 GMT   

St George in the East Church
This Church was opened in 1729, designed by Hawksmore. Inside destroyed by incendrie bomb 16th April 1941. Rebuilt inside and finished in 1964. The building remained open most of the time in a temporary prefab.

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Graham O’Connell   
Added: 10 Apr 2021 10:24 GMT   

Lloyd & Sons, Tin Box Manufacturers (1859 - 1982)
A Lloyd & Sons occupied the wharf (now known as Lloyds Wharf, Mill Street) from the mid 19th Century to the late 20th Century. Best known for making tin boxes they also produced a range of things from petrol canisters to collecting tins. They won a notorious libel case in 1915 when a local councillor criticised the working conditions which, in fairness, weren’t great. There was a major fire here in 1929 but the company survived at least until 1982 and probably a year or two after that.

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The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Lived here
Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

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Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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Peter H Davies   
Added: 17 Jun 2021 09:33 GMT   

Ethelburga Estate
The Ethelburga Estate - named after Ethelburga Road - was an LCC development dating between 1963–65. According to the Wikipedia, it has a "pleasant knitting together of a series of internal squares". I have to add that it’s extremely dull :)

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Lived here
Norman Norrington   
Added: 8 Jun 2021 08:08 GMT   

Blechynden Street, W10
Lived here #40 1942-1967

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Comment
Brenda Newton   
Added: 5 Jun 2021 07:17 GMT   

Hewer Street W10
John Nodes Undertakers Hewer Street W10

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Comment
   
Added: 2 Jun 2021 16:58 GMT   

Parachute bomb 1941
Charles Thomas Bailey of 82 Morley Road was killed by the parachute bomb March 1941

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Added: 1 Jun 2021 12:41 GMT   

Abbeville Road (1940 street directory)
North west side
1A Clarke A S Ltd, motor engineers
15 Plumbers, Glaziers & Domestic Engineers Union
25 Dixey Edward, florist
27 Vicary Miss Doris J, newsagent
29 Stenning John Andrew, dining rooms
31 Clarke & Williams, builders
33 Hill Mrs Theodora, confectioner
35 Golding W & sons, corn dealers
... here is Shandon road ...
37 Pennington Mrs Eliz Harvie, wine & spirit merchant
39 Westminster Catering Co Ltd, ham, beef & tongue dealers
41 Masters A (Clapham) Ltd, butchers
43 Thomas Euan Ltd, grocers
45 Garrett C T & Co Ltd, undertakers
47 Mayle T & Sons, fishmongers
49 Mayles Ltd, fruiterers
51 & 73 Hardy Arthur Sydney, draper
53 United Dairies (London) Ltd
... here is Narbonne avenue ...
55 Norris William Lennox, baker
57 Silver Star Laundry Ltd
59 Thorp John, oilman
61 Bidgood Leonard George, boot makers
63 Wilkie Rt Miln, chemist
65 Gander George Albert Isaac, hairdresser
67 Harris Alfred William, greengrocer
69 & 71 Lambert Ernest & Son Ltd, grocers
... here is Hambolt road ...
73 & 51 Hardy Arthur Sydney, draper
75 Cambourn Frederick, butcher
77 Siggers Clement, chemist
77 Post, Money Order, Telephone Call & Telegraph Office & Savings Bank
79 Hemmings William, baker
... here is Elms road ...
85 Cornish Joseph
91 Bedding Mrs
151 Johnson Mrs H K
157 Robinson Albert Ernest, grainer
173 Yardleys London & Provincial Stores Ltd, wine & spirit merchants
175 Clark Alfred, butcher
175A Morley Douglas Frederick, confectioner
... here is Crescent lane ...
... her is St Alphonsus road ...

South east side
... here is Trouville road ...
4 Bossy Miss, private school
... here are Bonneville gardens ...
24 Osborn Charles Edward, ladies hairdresser
24 Hall H Ltd, builders
24A Walton Lodge Laundry Ltd
... here are Shandon road & Abbeville mansions ...
28 Copley Fred Smith, chemist
30 Finch H G Ltd, laundry
32 Carter William Alfred, furniture dealer
34 Spriggs Charles & Co, wireless supplies dealer
36 Miles Frederick William, confectioner
38 Pitman Frederick, hairdresser
40 Rowe Frederick F, valeting service
42 Modridge Edward J, oilman
... here is Narbonne avenue ...
44 Southorn Albert, butcher
46 Brown Ernest, fruiterer
48 Stanley Mrs A A, confectioner
50 Fryatt Owen, delixatessen store
52 Benbrooks, domestic stores
54 Davis William Clifford, boot repairer
56 Blogg Alfred, newsagent
58 Rowlands Thomas & Sons, dairy
... here are Hambalt, Elms, Franconia, Caldervale & Leppoc roads ...
124 Clarke Frederick, decorator
... here are Crescent lane, Briarwood road & Park hill ...

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Comment
Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Comment
PETER FAIRCLOUGH   
Added: 10 May 2021 14:46 GMT   

We once lived here
My family resided at number 53 Brindley Street Paddington.
My grandparents George and Elizabeth Jenkinson (ne Fowler) had four children with my Mother Olive Fairclough (ne Jenkinson) being born in the house on 30/09/1935.
She died on 29/04/2021 aged 85 being the last surviving of the four siblings

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Eastminster Eastminster (The Abbey of St. Mary de Graces) was a Cistercian abbey on Tower Hill and founded by Edward III in 1350.
Holy Trinity, Minories Holy Trinity, Minories was a Church of England parish church outside the eastern boundaries of the City of London, but within the Liberties of the Tower of London.
Minories Minories was the western terminus of the London and Blackwall Railway.
Tower of London The Tower of London is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames and lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.

NEARBY STREETS
America Square, EC3N America Square is a street and small square, built in about 1760 and dedicated to the American colonies.
Arrival Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Arrivalley Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Artichoke Hill, E1W Artichoke Hill is a road in the E1W postcode area
Asher Way, E1W Asher Way is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Back Alley, EC3N Back Alley is a small alleyway off of Northumberland Alley.
Blue Anchor Yard, E1 Blue Anchor Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Bowmans Mews, E1 Bowmans Mews is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Breezer’s Hill, E1W Breezer’s Hill is a short, narrow hill running between The Highway (formerly Ratcliffe Highway and St. George Street) and Pennington Street.
Bridgeport Place, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Bridle Mews, E1 Bridle Mews is a location in London.
Burr Close, E1W Burr Close is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Cartwright Street, E1 Cartwright Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Challoner Walk, E1 Challoner Walk is a location in London.
Chamber Street, E1 Chamber Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Leman Street to Mansell Street.
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cloysters Green, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Codling Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Colchester Street, EC3N Before its was renamed and extended in 1923, Colchester Street was a side street near to the Tower of London.
Commodity Quay, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Coopers Row, EC3N Coopers Row is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Cork Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Crescent, EC3N Crescent les behind Tower Gateway.
Crofts Street, E1 Crofts Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Crosswall, EC3N Crosswall was formerly named John Street, after King John.
Crutched Friars, EC3N Crutched Friars is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Darbishire Place, E1 Darbishire Place is a location in London.
Dock Street, E1 Dock Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Douthwaite Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
East Flank, E1 East Flank is a road in the SE18 postcode area
Ensign Street, E1 Ensign Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ensigreen Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Flank Street, E1 Flank Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fletcher Street, E1 Fletcher Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Forbes Street, E1 Forbes Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Gauging Square, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Golding Street, E1 Golding Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Goodman’s Yard, E1 Goodman’s Yard is a street between Minories and Mansell Street.
Goodmans Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Graces Alley, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Haydon Street, E1 The eastern end of Haydon Street was called Mansell Passage.
Haydon Street, EC3N Haydon Street heads east from the Minories.
Hellings Street, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Hermitage Wall, E1W Hermitage Wall is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Hindmarsh Close, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hooper Street, E1 Hooper Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ibex House, EC3N Residential block
Ivory House, E1W Residential block
John Fisher Street, E1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kennet Street, E1W Kennet Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Library Square, EC3N Library Square is a road in the E1 postcode area
Lime Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Lloyd’s Avenue, EC3N Lloyd?s Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Lloyd’s Avenue, EC3N A street within the EC3N postcode
Lloyds Avenue, EC3N Lloyds Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Mansell Street, EC3N Mansell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Martineau Square, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mary Graces Court, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Meadowcroft Mews, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Mews Street, E1W Mews Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Mill Yard, E1 Mill Yard is a road in the E1 postcode area
Minories, EC3N Minories is one of the old streets of the City of London.
Nesham Street, E1W Nesham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Orton Street, E1W Orton Street was, for most of its existence, Little Hermitage Street.
Pennington Street, E1W Pennington Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Pinchin Street, E1 Pinchin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Portsoken Street, EC3N Portsoken Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Prescot Street, E1 Prescot Street was named for Rebecca Prescott, wife of William Leman.
Prince’s Square, E1W Prince’s Square was part of an eighteenth century Swedish community.
Queens House, EC3N A street within the EC3N postcode
Resource Centre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Roding Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Royal Mint Court, E1W Royal Mint Court is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Royal Mint Place, E1 Royal Mint Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Royal Mint Street, E1 Royal Mint Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Rum Warehouse, E1W Rum Warehouse is a location in London.
Sampson Street, E1W Sampson Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Savage Gardens, EC3N Savage Gardens connects Crutched Friars in the north to Trinity Square in the south, crossing Pepys Street.
Scarborough Street, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Ship Alley, E1W Ship Alley used to lie off Wellclose Square.
Shorter Street, E1 Shorter Street is a location in London.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shorter Street, EC3N Shorter Street is a road in the EC3N postcode area
Smeaton Street, E1W Smeaton Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
South Tenter Street, E1 South Tenter Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
St Anthony’s Close, E1W St Anthony’s Close is a road in the E1W postcode area
St Katharine’s Way, E1W St Katharine’s Way is a road in the E1W postcode area
St. Katharines Way, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Star Place, E1W Star Place is a road in the E1W postcode area
Stockholm Way, E1W Stockholm Way is a road in the E1W postcode area
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Sugar House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Swan Passage, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Tamarind Yard, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Telfords Yard, E1W Telfords Yard is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
The Queen’s Steps, EC3N The Queen’s Steps is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Thomas More Square, E1W Thomas More Square is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Thomas More Square, E1W A street within the postcode
Thomas More Street, E1W Thomas More Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Torrington Place, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Tower Bridge Approach, E1W Tower Bridge Approach is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Tower Bridge Approach, E1W Tower Bridge Approach is a road in the E1W postcode area
Tower Bridge, E1W Tower Bridge is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Tower Hill Terrace, EC3N Tower Hill Terrace is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Tower Hill, EC3N Tower Hill is a street and square, northwest of the Tower of London.
Tower Walk, E1W Tower Walk is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Trinity Square, EC3N Trinity Square is one of the streets of London in the EC3N postal area.
Vaughan Way, E1W Vaughan Way is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Virginia Street, E1W Virginia Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Waveney Close, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Welland Mews, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Wellclose Square, E1 Wellclose Square lies between Cable Street to the north and The Highway to the south.
Wellclose Street, E1W Wellclose Street was originally built in the 1680s as Neptune Street.
West Tenter Street, E1 West Tenter Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Bierschenke Bierkellar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Dirty Martini This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Emperor Wine Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Isis Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Jamies This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Revolution This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Angel This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Minories This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Peacock This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


St Katherine Docks






LOCAL PHOTOS
Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Boar’s Head was located on the north side of Whitechapel High Street. The Boar’s Head was originally an inn, which was built in the 1530s; it underwent two renovations for use as a playhouse: first, in 1598, when a simple stage was erected, and a second, more elaborate renovation in 1599.
Credit: Unknown
Licence:
To View or share the image, go to its dedicated web page

The Third Goodmans Fields Theatre, Great Alie Street, London in 1801 - From
Credit: W. W. Hutchings
Licence: CC BY 2.0
To View or share the image, go to its dedicated web page

A drawing published in 1907 of the west front of the Church of Holy Trinity, Minories
Credit: Uncredited
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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Byward Tower, 1893
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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Still and Star pub, Aldgate (1968) The pub was a rare remaining working-class pub in the City being a ’slum pub’ - whereby a private house was converted into a hostelry.
Credit: The National Brewery Centre
Licence:
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46 Aldgate High Street
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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North side of Aldgate High Street, c.1905
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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The Turk’s Head, Wapping High Street (1890). Sketch from ’The Art Journal’
Credit: The Art Journal
Licence:
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Berner Street, April 1909. The cartwheel indicates the entrance to Dutfield's Yard.
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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Leman Street (1930s)
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