Florence Street, N1

Buildings in this area date from the nineteenth century or before

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(51.53996 -0.1016, 51.539 -0.101) 
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Road · Islington · N1 ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Florence Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.





CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a ’Direct Grant’ grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now ’Owen’s Fields’ was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as ’Dames Alice Owen’s School’ or simply ’DAOS’). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ ’knowledge’ school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

Reply
Born here
Vanessa Whitehouse   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 22:48 GMT   

Born here
My dad 1929 John George Hall

Reply
Comment
Steven Shepherd   
Added: 4 Feb 2021 14:20 GMT   

Our House
I and my three brothers were born at 178 Pitfield Street. All of my Mothers Family (ADAMS) Lived in the area. There was an area behind the house where the Hoxton Stall holders would keep the barrows. The house was classed as a slum but was a large house with a basement. The basement had 2 rooms that must have been unchanged for many years it contained a ’copper’ used to boil and clean clothes and bedlinen and a large ’range’ a cast iron coal/log fired oven. Coal was delivered through a ’coal hole’ in the street which dropped through to the basement. The front of the house used to be a shop but unused while we lived there. I have many more happy memories of the house too many to put here.

Reply
Comment
Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 15:44 GMT   

Memories of "The Londesborough"
I lived in Sandbrook Road from 1956 until 1964 and then in Harcombe Road until 1994. ’The Londesborough’ was my local in my formative drinking years.

It was a pub typical of its time. Clean and tidy and well run by a proper guv’nor who stood no nonsense. It had a single island bartop serving three separate bars. The Public Bar had its door on the corner of Londesborough Road and had a dart board. The other two shared a single entrance on the right as you look at the pub. The Saloon bar formed the majority of the pub and was the most plush. It extended to the back of the premises with the back portion - at a slightly lower level - housing a full size snooker table. The small Private bar was between the other two. I recall that prices were a penny or two more in the Saloon bar.

The first landlord I remember was Bob Baker. He and his wife Else ran the pub until about 1969-ish. Bob was a retired coalminer from Leicester. He had two daughters - Penny and Jane - who would very occasionally work behind the bar. Bob had a full time live-in barman/cellarman by the name of Gwyn Evans, who could be a bit temperamental at times! My Dad also worked there from time to time and I recall being invited upstairs to watch the 1961 FA Cup Final between Spurs and Leicester City. Following Bob’s retirement Lou Levine and his wife Pearl took the helm. Lou was a fine guv’nor and the pub flourished under his tenancy. When I left the area I believe Lou still had the tenancy but had put a manager, whose name I cannot recall, in overall charge.

Saturday evening and Sunday lunchtimes the pub was packed. But it also had a good patronage during the week. Among the occasional visitors was Eric Bristow, the late world champion darts player. Eric would challenge the locals to a game and would even things up a bit by throwing his darts from the kneeling position! Footballer and former England manager Terry Venables could also be found there from time to time as one of his pals was the son of Lou’s business partner.

The pub has certainly gone upmarket (as has that small area) but I will take issue with one claim made on its website: ’In the 1960’s, the Londesborough was one of the pubs that the notorious Kray Twins took a drink in.’ My Dad knew just about everybody who ’took a drink’ in the Londesborough in the 1960s and Bob Baker knew absolutely everybody. We often spoke about the Kray twins (their ’manor’ was the other side of Stoke Newington High Street). No mention of them visiting the pub was ever made by them or any other of the locals. One other slight correction: the map on this website is slightly incorrect. The pub is on the corner of Londesborough Road and Barbauld Road, and not as indicated.

The pub had one big drawback. It was a "Watneys" Pub. But you can’t have everything!

Source: The Londesborough

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Comment
Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first ’costume’ at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
John Neill   
Added: 25 Nov 2021 11:30 GMT   

Sandringham Road, E10 (1937 - 1966)
I lived at No. 61 with my parents during these years. I went to Canterbury Road school (now Barclay Primary) and sang as a boy soprano (treble) in the church choir at St Andrew’s church, on the corner of Forest Glade.
Opposite us lived the Burgess family. Their son Russell also sang in my choir as a tenor. He later became a well-known musician and the choirmaster at Wandsworth Boys’ School.
Just at the end of WW2 a German rocket (V2) landed in the grounds of Whipps Cross Hospital, damaging many of the houses in Sandringham Road, including ours.

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Comment
Tim Stevenson   
Added: 16 Nov 2021 18:03 GMT   

Pub still open
The Bohemia survived the 2020/21 lockdowns and is still a thriving local social resource.

Reply
Comment
STEPHEN JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:25 GMT   

Fellows Court, E2
my family moved into the tower block 13th floor (maisonette), in 1967 after our street Lenthall rd e8 was demolished, we were one of the first families in the new block. A number of families from our street were rehoused in this and the adjoining flats. Inside toilet and central heating, all very modern at the time, plus eventually a tarmac football pitch in the grounds,(the cage), with a goal painted by the kids on the brick wall of the railway.

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STEPHEN ARTHUR JACKSON   
Added: 14 Nov 2021 17:12 GMT   

Lynedoch Street, E2
my father Arthur Jackson was born in lynedoch street in 1929 and lived with mm grandparents and siblings, until they were relocated to Pamela house Haggerston rd when the street was to be demolished

Reply

Sir Walter Besant   
Added: 11 Nov 2021 18:47 GMT   

Sir Walter adds....
All the ground facing Wirtemberg Street at Chip and Cross Streets is being levelled for building and the old houses are disappearing fast. The small streets leading through into little Manor Street are very clean and tenanted by poor though respectable people, but little Manor Street is dirty, small, and narrow. Manor Street to Larkhall Rise is a wide fairly clean thoroughfare of mixed shops and houses which improves towards the north. The same may be said of Wirtemberg Street, which commences poorly, but from the Board School north is far better than at the Clapham end.

Source: London: South of the Thames - Chapter XX by Sir Walter Besant (1912)

Reply
Comment
   
Added: 6 Nov 2021 15:03 GMT   

Old Nichol Street, E2
Information about my grandfather’s tobacconist shop

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Comment
tom   
Added: 3 Nov 2021 05:16 GMT   

I met
someone here 6 years ago

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Comment
Fion Anderson   
Added: 2 Nov 2021 12:55 GMT   

Elstree not Borehamwood
Home of the UK film industry

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Collins’ Music Hall Collins’ Music Hall was a notable Islington venue.
Islington Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.

NEARBY STREETS
Albion Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Almeida Street, N1 Almeida Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Alwyne Lane, N1 Alwyne Lane is a road in the N1 postcode area
Alwyne Place, N1 Alwyne Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Alwyne Road, N1 Alwyne Road is a road in the N1 postcode area
Alwyne Villas, N1 Alwyne Villas is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Anderson Square, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Arran Walk, N1 Arran Walk is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Barford Street, N1 Barford Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Barnsbury Park, N1 Barnsbury Park is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Barnsbury Street, N1 Barnsbury Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Barnston Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Battishill Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bentham Court, N1 Bentham Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bewdley Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bishop Street, N1 Bishop Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Bouton Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Braes Street, N1 Braes Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Brampton House, N1 Residential block
Britannia Row, N1 Britannia Row is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Brooksby Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Brooksby Street, N1 Brooksby Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Canon Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Canonbury Grove, N1 Canonbury Grove is a road in the N1 postcode area
Canonbury Lane, N1 Canonbury Lane is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Canonbury Road, N1 Canonbury Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Canonbury Square, N1 Canonbury Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Canonbury Street, N1 Canonbury Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Canonbury Villas, N1 Canonbury Villas is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Carfree Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Charles Street, N1 Charles Street in Islington disappeared under the Hilton hotel.
Cloudesley Square, N1 Cloudesley Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Street, N1 Cloudesley Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cobble Lane, N1 Cobble Lane is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Colebrooke Place, N1 Colebrooke Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Coleman Fields, N1 Coleman Fields is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
College Cross, N1 College Cross is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Collins Yard, N1 Collins Yard is so-named as it ran alongside the Collins’ Music Hall giving access to the rear of the hall.
Coopers Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Copford Walk, N1 Copford Walk is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cross Street, N1 Cross Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cruden Street, N1 Cruden Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Dagmar Passage, N1 Dagmar Passage is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Dagmar Terrace, N1 Dagmar Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Dengie Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Dibden Street, N1 Dibden Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Douglas Road, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Doves Yard, N1 Doves Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Dowrey Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Draper Place, N1 Draper Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Edwards Mews, N1 Edwards Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Elder Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Epstein Court 27a Road, N1 Epstein Court, within the N1 postcode
Eric Fletcher Court Road, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Eric Fletcher Court, N1 Eric Fletcher Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Essex Road, N1 Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, had a country house here in the sixteenth century where he often entertained Queen Elizabeth I.
Essex Road, N1 Essex Road is a road in the N1P postcode area
Esther Anne Place, N1 Esther Anne Place is a location in London.
Evelyn Dennington Court, N1 Evelyn Dennington Court is a block in Islington.
Fairstead Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Ferriby Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fowler Road, N1 Fowler Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Gaskin Street, N1 Gaskin Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Gibson Square, N1 Gibson Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Gissing Walk, N1 Gissing Walk is a road in the N1 postcode area
Greenman Street, N1 Greenman Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Halton Cross Street, N1 Halton Cross Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Halton Road, N1 Halton Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hanbury Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Hanbury Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Haslam Close, N1 Haslam Close is a road in the N1 postcode area
Haven Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Hawes Street, N1 Hawes Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Hawkwell Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Hedingham Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Henley Heights 351e, N1 Henley Heights 351e is a location in London.
Holland Passage, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Horse Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Islington Green, N1 Islington Green is both a small green and a series of roads which surround it.
Islington House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Islington Park Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Islington Park Street, N1 Islington Park Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Islington Park Street, N1 This is a street in the N7 postcode area
John’s Place, N1 John’s Place lead through an archway to Charles Street.
Langford Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Laundry Lane, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Liverpool Road, N1 Liverpool Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Lonsdale Place, N1 Lonsdale Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Lonsdale Square, N1 Lonsdale Square was built between 1838 and 1845, and was designed in Gothic Revival style by R. C. Carpenter.
Mary Street, N1 Mary Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Maryland Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Melville Place, N1 Melville Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Milner Place, N1 Milner Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Milner Square, N1 Thomas Milner (1806-84) was a politician and a friend of Benjamin Disraeli and Charles Dickens
Mitchell House, N1 Residential block
Moon Street, N1 Moon Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Morland Mews, N1 Morland Mews is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Napier Terrace, N1 Napier Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Naver House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
North West Road, N1 North West Road is a road in the E9 postcode area
Northampton Street, N1 Northampton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Old Royal Free Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Old Royal Free Square, N1 Old Royal Free Square is a road in the N1 postcode area
Packington Street, N1 Packington Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Peabody Square, N1 Peabody Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Peabody Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Peldon Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Pied Bull Yd, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Pleasant Place, N1 Pleasant Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Popham Road, N1 Popham Road is a street in London
Popham Street, N1 Popham Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Prebend Street, N1 Prebend Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Price House, N1 Residential block
Providence Court, N1 Providence Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Providence Place, N1P Providence Place lies beside the Screen On The Green.
Purley Place, N1 Purley Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Queens Head Street, N1 Queens Head Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Raleigh Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Rector Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Richmond Grove, N1 Richmond Grove is a road in the N1 postcode area
Ridgewell Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
River Place Health Centre, N1 River Place Health Centre is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
River Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Sable Street, N1 Sable Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Sebbon Street, N1 Sebbon Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Shelley Place, N1 Shelley Place is a location in London.
Shillingford Street, N1 Shillingford Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Shrubbery Close, N1 Shrubbery Close is a road in the N1 postcode area
Southwood Smith Street, N1 Southwood Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Spencer Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
St Albans Place, N1 St Albans Place was home to a famous Islington strong man.
St Paul Street, N1 St Paul Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
St. Mary’s Path, N1 St. Mary’s Path is a road in the N1 postcode area
Steeple Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Stonefield Street, N1 Stonefield Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Studd Street, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Terling Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Terretts Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
The Ivories, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Theberton Street, N1 Theberton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Thornhill Road, N1 Thornhill Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Tibberton Square, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tibberton Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tower Court, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tressel Close, N1 Tressel Close is a road in the N1 postcode area
Tressell Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tyndale Lane, N1 Tyndale Lane is a road in the N1 postcode area
Tyndale Terrace, N1 Tyndale Terrace is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Upper Dengie Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Upper Hawkwell Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Upper Street, N1 Upper Street begins at the junction of Pentonville Road and City Road, runs northwards past Angel, splits at Islington Green, ending at Highbury Corner.
Wakelin House, N1 Residential block
Walters House Road, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Water Tower Place, N1 Water Tower Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Waterloo Gardens, N1 Waterloo Gardens is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Waterloo Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
White Horse Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Wicks Place, N1 Wicks Place is a location in London.
William Congreve Mews, N1 William Congreve Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Windsor Street, N1 Windsor Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Wontner Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode

NEARBY PUBS
Almeida Theatre This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Bar Prague This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Central Station This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Compton Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Cote Cote is a licenced premise on Islington Green.
Dead Doll’s House This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
DogEatDog This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Four Sisters This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Fox on the Green The Fox on the Green is one of Islington’s oldest pubs.
Hoxley and Porter This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
John Salt This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Kings Head This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Lucky Voice This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Marquess Tavern This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Myddleton Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
New Rose This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Pig & Butcher This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Radicals & Victuallers This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Tap Room This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Albion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bull This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Drapers Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hanbury Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hop and Berry This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Hope And Anchor This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The London Cocktail Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Regent This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Smokehouse This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Vineyard This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Wenlock & Essex This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Islington

Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.

Some roads on the edge of the area, including Essex Road, were known as streets by the medieval period, possibly indicating a Roman origin, but little physical evidence remains. What is known is that the Great North Road from Aldersgate came into use in the 14th century, connecting with a new turnpike up Highgate Hill. This was along the line of modern Upper Street, with a toll gate at The Angel defining the extent of the village. The Back Road - modern Liverpool Road - was primarily a drovers’ road where cattle would be rested before the final leg of their journey to Smithfield. Pens and sheds were erected along this road to accommodate the animals.

The first recorded church, St Mary’s, was erected in the twelfth century and was replaced in the fifteenth century. Islington lay on the estates of the Bishop of London and the Dean and Chapter of St Pauls. There were substantial medieval moated manor houses in the area, principally at Canonbury and Highbury. In 1548, there were 440 communicants listed and the rural atmosphere, with access to the City and Westminster, made it a popular residence for the rich and eminent. The local inns, however, harboured many fugitives and recusants.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the availability of water made Islington a good place for growing vegetables to feed London. The manor became a popular excursion destination for Londoners, attracted to the area by its rural feel. Many public houses were therefore built to serve the needs of both the excursionists and travellers on the turnpike. By 1716, there were 56 ale-house keepers in Upper Street, also offering pleasure and tea gardens, and activities such as archery, skittle alleys and bowling. By the 18th century, music and dancing were offered, together with billiards, firework displays and balloon ascents. The King’s Head Tavern, now a Victorian building with a theatre, has remained on the same site, opposite the parish church, since 1543. The founder of the theatre, Dan Crawford, who died in 2005, disagreed with the introduction of decimal coinage. For twenty-plus years after decimalisation (on 15 February 1971), the bar continued to show prices and charge for drinks in ’old money’.

By the 19th century many music halls and theatres were established around Islington Green. One such was Collins’ Music Hall, the remains of which are now partly incorporated into a bookshop. The remainder of the Hall has been redeveloped into a new theatre, with its entrance at the bottom of Essex Road. It stood on the site of the Landsdowne Tavern, where the landlord had built an entertainment room for customers who wanted to sing (and later for professional entertainers). It was founded in 1862 by Samuel Thomas Collins Vagg and by 1897 had become a 1800-seat theatre with 10 bars. The theatre suffered damage in a fire in 1958 and has not reopened.

The Islington Literary and Scientific Society was established in 1833 and first met in Mr Edgeworth’s Academy on Upper Street. Its goal was to spread knowledge through lectures, discussions, and experiments - politics and theology being forbidden. A building, the Literary and Scientific Institution, was erected in 1837 in Wellington (later Almeida) Street, designed by Roumieu and Gough in a stuccoed Grecian style. It included a library (containing 3,300 volumes in 1839), reading room, museum, laboratory, and lecture theatre seating 500.

The Royal Agricultural Hall was built in 1862 on the Liverpool Road site of William Dixon’s Cattle Layers. It was built for the annual Smithfield Show in December of that year but was popular for other purposes, including recitals and the Royal Tournament. It was the primary exhibition site for London until the 20th century and the largest building of its kind, holding up to 50,000 people. It was requisitioned for use by the Mount Pleasant sorting office during World War II and never re-opened. The main hall has now been incorporated into the Business Design Centre.

The aerial bombing of World War II caused much damage to Islington’s housing stock, with 3,200 dwellings destroyed. Before the war a number of 1930s council housing blocks had been added to the stock. After the war, partly as a result of bomb site redevelopment, the council housing boom got into its stride, reaching its peak in the 1960s: several extensive estates were constructed, by both the Metropolitan Borough of Islington and the London County Council. Clearance of the worst terraced housing was undertaken, but Islington continued to be very densely populated, with a high level of overcrowding. The district has many council blocks, and the local authority has begun to replace some of them.

From the 1960s, the remaining Georgian terraces were rediscovered by middle-class families. Many of the houses were rehabilitated, and the area became newly fashionable. This displacement of the poor by the aspirational has become known as gentrification. Among the new residents were a number of figures who became central in the New Labour movement, including Tony Blair before his victory in the 1997 general election. According to The Guardian in 2006, "Islington is widely regarded as the spiritual home of Britain’s left-wing intelligentsia." The Granita Pact between Gordon Brown and Tony Blair is said to have been made at a now defunct restaurant on Upper Street.

The completion of the Victoria line and redevelopment of Angel tube station created the conditions for developers to renovate many of the early Victorian and Georgian townhouses. They also built new developments. Islington remains a district with diverse inhabitants, with its private houses and apartments not far from social housing in immediately neighbouring wards such as Finsbury and Clerkenwell to the south, Bloomsbury and King’s Cross to the west, and Highbury to the north west, and also the Hackney districts of De Beauvoir and Old Street to the north east.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Highbury Corner
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Angel, Islington (c.1890)
TUM image id: 1557162442
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The exterior of the Agricultural Hall in Islington (1861).
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Highbury Corner
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The Camden Head, Islington This is a glorious old gin palace-style pub behind Upper Street, in existence since the 18th century.
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The Royal Agricultural Hall, Islington (1861). View from Liverpool Road.
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Collins Theatre of Varieties (Collins Music Hall) existed in Islington between 1861 and 1958. Old-time greats who performed there were numerous: Charles Chaplin, Fred Karno, Kate Carney, Gus Elen, Sir George Robey, Marie Lloyd, Albert Chevalier, Nellie Wallace, Sir Harry Lauder, Wee Georgie Wood and more.
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Islington Green (1905). That is Upper Street, leading to Highbury Corner. To the right of the green but just out of the picture would be Essex Road (formerly Lower Road)
Old London postcard
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Upper Street, Highbury c.1900
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Collins Music Hall (burnt down 1958) in Islington.
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