Golden Lane Estate, EC1Y

Neighbourhood in/near City of London, existing between 1957 and now

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Golden Lane Estate, EC1Y

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Neighbourhood · City of London · EC1Y ·
JANUARY
25
2020

The Golden Lane Housing Estate is a 1950s council housing complex in the City of London.

It was built in an area devastated by bombing during the Second World War. Only around 500 residents remained in the City by 1950.

The site had been occupied since the mid 19th century by small Victorian industries and businesses, especially metal working.

As part of the comprehensive rebuilding strategy of the City of London, the idea was the provisional of general-needs council housing for the many people who worked in the City. The Estate, when built, fell within the boundary of the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury, and so many tenancies were also offered to those on the Finsbury waiting list.

A competition for designs was announced in 1951 and was covered in the architectural and popular press. Geoffry Powell won the competition to build the estate in 1952. The three partners-to-be of Chamberlin, Powell and Bon were all lecturers in architecture at Kingston School of Art, and had entered into an agreement that if any of them won the competition, they would share the commission.

The first phase of the estate - Bowater House - was officially opened in 1957. Before completion, the estate was enlarged to the west as more land was acquired with three buildings added later: Cullum Welch House, Hatfield House and Crescent House.

The full list of building names are:

- Hatfield House: named after Hatfield Street which ran off Goswell Road and was laid out at a date after Faithorne and Newcourt’s map of London of 1658
- Great Arthur House which takes its name from Great Arthur Street, which ran between Goswell Road (then Goswell Street) and Golden Lane (originally called Bridgwater Street)
- Crescent House follows the historic building line of Goswell Road, creating a crescent.
- Cullum Welch House is named after Lt-Col.Sir George Cullum Welch, 1st Baronet, Lord Mayor when the estate was commissioned.
- Stanley Cohen House: Stanley Cohen was chairman of the City of London public health committee in 1954, when the estate building contract was let.
- Bowater House is named after Sir Noel Bowater Bt. the Lord Mayor of London who in 1954 laid the foundation stone of the estate at Bowater House, the first building to be completed.
- Cuthbert Harrowing was a chairman of the Public Health Committee of the City of London, who died shortly before the foundation stone was laid.

A boundary change in 1994 means the estate is today wholly inside the City of London.


Main source: Golden Lane Housing Estate, London | Patrick Baty – Historical paint consultant
Further citations and sources



Great Arthur House, at the centre of the Golden Lane Estate, was the tallest residential building in Britain at the time of its construction.

Great Arthur House, at the centre of the Golden Lane Estate, was the tallest residential building in Britain at the time of its construction.
Steve F/Wiki commons

NEARBY STREETS
Albion Way, EC1A Albion Way is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Aldermanbury Square, EC2V At the centre of Saxon London, the aldermen (elder statesmen of City wards) met in a ’bury’ (house) in a time before the Guildhall was built.
Aldermanbury, EC2V Aldermanbury is the Saxon name for ’Eldermen’ (elder statesmen) and ’bury’ (house).
Aldersgate Street, EC2Y Aldersgate Street is located on the west side of the Barbican Estate.
Anchor Yard, EC1V Anchor Yard is named after a former inn here of this name.
Andrewes Highwalk, EC2Y Andrewes Highwalk is named for Lancelot Andrewes, rector of the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate Church.
Ashby Street, EC1V Ashby Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Baltic St East, EC1Y Baltic St East is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Baltic St West, EC1Y Baltic St West is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Baltic Street East, EC1Y Baltic Street East is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Baltic Street West, EC1Y Baltic Street West is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Banner Street, EC1Y Banner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Barbican Centre Silk Street, EC2Y Barbican Centre Silk Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Barbican Highwalks, EC2Y Barbican Highwalks is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Barbican, EC2Y Barbican is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bartholomew Close, EC1A Bartholomew Close is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Bartholomew Passage, EC1A Bartholomew Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Bartholomew Place, EC1A Bartholomew Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Bartholomew Square, EC1V This is a street in the EC1V postcode area
Basinghall Avenue, EC2R Basinghall Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Basinghall Avenue, EC2V Basinghall Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Bastion Highwalk, EC2Y Bastion Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bastwick Street, EC1V Bastwick Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Bath Street, EC1V Bath Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Beech Street, EC2Y Beech Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Berry Place, EC1V Berry Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Berry Street, EC1M Berry Street is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Berry Street, EC1V Berry Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Brandon Mews, EC2Y Brandon Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bridgewater Square, EC2Y Bridgewater Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bryer Court, EC2Y Bryer Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bull and Mouth Street, EC1A Bull and Mouth Street ran between King Edward Street and St Martin’s Le Grand.
Bunhill Fields, EC1Y Bunhill Fields is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Bunhill Row, EC1Y Bunhill Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Carthusian Street, EC1A Carthusian Street is a road in the EC1A postcode area
Carthusian Street, EC1M Carthusian Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Central Street, EC1V Central Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Charterhouse Bldgs, EC1M This is a street in the EC1M postcode area
Charterhouse Buildings, EC1M Charterhouse Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Charterhouse Mews, EC1M Charterhouse Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Charterhouse Square, EC1M Charterhouse Square is the largest courtyard associated with London Charterhouse, mostly formed of Tudor and Stuart architecture restored after the Blitz.
Chequer Street, EC1Y Chequer Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cherry Tree Walk, EC1Y Cherry Tree Walk is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Chiswell Street, EC1Y Chiswell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Chiswell Street, EC2A Chiswell Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
City Forum, EC1V City Forum is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
City North, N4 City North is one of the streets of London in the N4 postal area.
Clerkenwell Road, EC1M Clerkenwell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Cloth Court, EC1A Cloth Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Cloth Fair, EC1A Cloth Fair is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Cloth Street, EC1A Cloth Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Compton Street, EC1V Compton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Crescent Row, EC1Y Crescent Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cripplegate Street, EC1Y Cripplegate Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Cyrus Street, EC1V Cyrus Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Dallington Street, EC1V Dallington Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Dingley Road, EC1V Dingley Road is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Domingo Street, EC1Y Domingo Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Dufferin Avenue, EC1Y Dufferin Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Dufferin Street, EC1Y Dufferin Street runs between Bunhill Row and Whitecross Street.
East Market, EC1A East Market is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
East Passage, EC1A East Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Errol Street, EC1Y Errol Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Fann Street, EC1Y Fann Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Fann Street, EC2Y Fann Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Farringdon Road, EC1V Farringdon Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Ferroners House Shaftesbury Place, EC2Y Ferroners House Shaftesbury Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Florin Court, EC1M Florin Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Fore Street Avenue, EC2Y Fore Street Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Fore Street, EC2Y Fore Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Fortune Street, EC1Y Fortune Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Galway Street, EC1V Galway Street was named for the Earl of Galway.
Garrett Street, EC1Y Garrett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Gee Street, EC1V Gee Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Gilbert Bridge, EC2Y Gilbert Bridge is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Glasshouse Yard, EC1A Glasshouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Godfrey House St Lukes Estate, EC1V Godfrey House St Lukes Estate is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Golden Lane, EC1Y Golden Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Golden Lane, EC2Y Golden Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Goswell Road, EC1M Goswell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Goswell Road, EC1V Goswell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Goswell Road, EC1Y Goswell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Grand Avenue, EC1A Grand Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Great Sutton Street, EC1V Great Sutton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Hayne Street, EC1A Hayne Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Helmet Row, EC1V Helmet Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Honduras Street, EC1V Honduras Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Honduras Street, EC1Y Honduras Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Ironmonger Row, EC1V Ironmonger Row is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Ironmongers Hall Shaftesbury Place, EC2Y Ironmongers Hall Shaftesbury Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
King Edward Street, EC1A King Edward Street runs from Newgate Street in the south to Little Britain in the north.
King Square, EC1V King Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Kinghorn Street, EC1A Kinghorn Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Lamb’s Passage, EC1Y Lamb’s Passage was formerly Great Swordbearers (Sword Bearers) Alley.
Lauderdale Tower, EC2Y Lauderdale Tower is the westernmost tower in the Barbican, facing onto Lauderdale Place.
Leo Yard, EC1V Leo Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lever Street, EC1V Lever Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Lindsey Street, EC1A Lindsey Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Little Britain, EC1A Little Britain is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Little Britain, EC1M Little Britain is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Lizard Street, EC1V Lizard Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
London Wall, EC2R London Wall is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
London Wall, EC2Y London Wall is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Long Lane, EC1A Long Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Love Lane, EC2V Love Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Martha’s Buildings, EC1V Martha’s Buildings is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Memel Street, EC1Y Memel Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Middle Street, EC1A Middle Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Milton Court, EC2Y Milton Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Milton Street, EC2Y Milton Street was formerly known as Grub Street.
Mitchell Street, EC1V Mitchell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Monkwell Square, EC2Y Monkwell Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Moorfields Highwalk, EC2Y Moorfields Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Mora Street, EC1V Mora Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Murton Street, EC1V Murton Street dates from about 1829.
New Union Street, EC2Y New Union Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Newbury Street, EC1A Newbury Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Noble Street, EC2V Noble Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Norman Street, EC1V Norman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Northburgh Street, EC1V Northburgh Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Oat Lane, EC2V Oat Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Pardon Street, EC1V Pardon Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Paton Street, EC1V Paton Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Pear Tree Street, EC1V Pear Tree Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Peartree Street, EC1V Peartree Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Peerless Street, EC1V Peerless Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Pickax Street, EC2Y Pickax Street once ran from Long Lane to Goswell Road (which before 1864 was called Goswell Street).
Quaker Court, EC1Y Quaker Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Queen Isabella Way, EC1A Queen Isabella Way is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Radnor Street, EC1V Radnor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Roscoe Street, EC1Y Roscoe Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Saint Alphage Highwalk, EC2Y Saint Alphage Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Saint Giles? Terrace, EC2Y Saint Giles? Terrace is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Saint John Street, EC1M This is a street in the EC1M postcode area
Sebastian Street, EC1V Sebastian Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Seddon Highwalk, EC2Y Seddon Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Seward Street, EC1V Seward Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Silk Street, EC2Y Silk Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Smokehouse Yard, EC1M Smokehouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Agnes Well, EC1V St Agnes Well is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
St Agnes Well, EC1Y St Agnes Well is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
St Alphage Garden, EC2Y St Alphage Garden is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
St Alphage Highwalk, EC2Y St Alphage Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Sutton Lane, EC1M Sutton Lane is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Sutton Road, EC1M Sutton Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Sycamore Street, EC1Y Sycamore Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
The Barbican Centre, EC2Y The Barbican Centre is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
The Postern, EC2Y The Postern is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
The Sutton Estate, N1 The Sutton Estate is a road in the N1 postcode area
Thomas More Highwalk, EC2Y Thomas More Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Tilney Court, EC1V Tilney Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Timber Street, EC1Y Timber Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Wallside, EC2Y Wallside is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Warwick Yard, EC1Y Warwick Yard is a road in the EC1Y postcode area
Waterloo Street, EC1V Waterloo Street once ran from Lever Street to Radnor Street.
White Lyon Court, EC2Y White Lyon Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Whitecross Street, EC1Y Whitecross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1Y postal area.
Willoughby Highwalk, EC2Y Willoughby Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Wood Street, EC2Y Wood Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.


City of London

The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.

As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.

It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.

The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.

The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.

The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.
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