Liverpool Street

Underground station, existing between 1874 and now

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Liverpool Street

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Underground station · Liverpool Street · ·
October
13
2012

Liverpool Street station is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London.

The station was opened in 1874 by the Great Eastern Railway. It was designed by the Great Eastern's chief engineer, Edward Wilson and was built a site which had been occupied by Bethlem Royal Hospital from the 13th century to the 17th century. A Corporation of London plaque commemorating the station's construction hangs on the wall of the adjoining former Great Eastern Hotel, which was designed by Charles Barry (junior) (son of Sir Charles Barry) and his brother Edward Middleton Barry. The station was named after the street on which it stands, which in turn was named in honour of British Prime Minister Lord Liverpool, having been built as part of an extension of the City of London towards the end of his term in office.

The station was the first place in London to be hit by German Gotha bomber aircraft during World War I. The May 1917 bombing, which saw the station take a direct hit from 1000 pounds of bombs, killed 162 people.

The station was extensively modified between 1985 and 1992, including bringing all the platforms in the main shed up to the same end point and constructing a new underground booking office, but its facade, steam age iron pillars and the honour roll for Great Eastern Railway employees that died in the Great War were retained. It was officially re-opened by Queen Elizabeth in 1991.

Liverpool Street serves destinations in eastern England including Stansted Airport, Cambridge, Lowestoft, Great Yarmouth, Norwich, Ipswich, Chelmsford, Colchester, Braintree, and the port of Harwich, as well as many suburban stations in north-eastern London. It is one of the busiest commuter stations in London.

The connected London Underground station has sub-surface platforms (opened in 1875) on the Circle, Metropolitan and Hammersmith & City lines.

Below the main line and sub-suface station complex are deep level tube platforms for east and westbound Central Line services. The Central Line platforms opened on 28 July 1912, at which time it was the eastern end of what was then known as the Central London Railway.

In the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States, two fictional docu-drama portrayed how a terrorist organisation might seek to attack London, chosing Liverpool Street station as the specific target. The programmes turned out to have a degree of truth following the attacks of 7 July 2005.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


The concourse of Liverpool Street station (2011)

The concourse of Liverpool Street station (2011)
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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
190 Bishopsgate A 1912 view of the City.
29 Aldgate High Street 29 Aldgate High Street is a demolished property, originally on the north side of Aldgate High Street..
46 Aldgate High Street This Grade II Listed office building is one of the few timber-framed buildings in the City that predates the Great Fire of 1666.
Aldgate Aldgate was one of the massive gates which defended the City from Roman times until 1760.
Bank of England The Bank of England is the central bank of the United Kingdom.
Bevis Marks Synagogue Bevis Marks Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom.
Boar’s Head Theatre The Boar’s Head Theatre was an inn-yard theatre in the Whitechapel area.
Great Synagogue of London The Great Synagogue of London was, for centuries, the centre of Ashkenazi synagogue and Jewish life in London. It was destroyed during World War II, in the Blitz.
Petticoat Lane Market Petticoat Lane Market is a fashion and clothing market in the East End.
Portsoken Portsoken is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation.
Snowden Street Tenter Ground harks back to the seventeenth century when this patch of land was surrounded by weavers’ houses and workshops and used to wash and stretch their fabrics on ’tenters’ to dry.
St Augustine Papey St Augustine Papey was a mediaeval church in the City of London situated just south of London Wall.
St Botolph’s St. Botolph’s without Aldgate, located on Aldgate High Street, has existed for over a thousand years.
St James Duke’s Place St James Duke’s Place was an Anglican parish church in the Aldgate ward of the City of London.
St Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a mediaeval church situated just north of Leadenhall Street on a site now occupied by Fitzwilliam House.
St. Mary Axe St Mary Axe was a medieval parish in the City of London whose name survives as that of the street which formerly occupied it.
Wentworth Street Turn-of-the-century fashion in east London.

THE STREETS OF LIVERPOOL STREET
Aldermans Walk, EC2M Alderman’s Walk was formerly Dashwood’s Walk, for Francis Dashwood, who lived here in the 18th century.
Bishopgate, EC2M Bishopgate is location of London.
Bishopsgate Arcade, EC2M Bishopsgate Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate Churchyard, EC2M Bishopsgate Churchyard is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Bishopsgate, EC2M Bishopsgate was originally the entry point for travellers coming from the north east into London.
Cutlers Gardens Arcade, EC2M Cutlers Gardens Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Exchange Place, EC2M Exchange Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
L U Booking Hall Liverpool Street Station, EC2M A street within the EC2M postcode
Leesing Street, Leesing Street lies within the postcode.
Liverpool Street Station, EC2M A street within the EC2M postcode
Liverpool Street, EC2M Liverpool Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
London Wall Buildings, EC2M London Wall Buildings are a commercial development.
New Street, EC2M New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Octagon Arcade, EC2M Octagon Arcade is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Rose Court, E1 Rose Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Sun Street Passage, EC2M Sun Street Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
The Concourse Liverpool Street Station, EC2M A street within the EC2M postcode
Victoria Avenue, E1 This is a street in the EC2M postcode area
Wormwood Street, EC2N Wormwood Street refers to the wormwood plant which used to grow on the London Wall and in other areas of wasteland in the City.




LOCAL PHOTOS
Boar
Credit: Unknown
TUM image id: 1518792376
Licence: CC BY 2.0
St Lukes Hospital for Lunatics, London
TUM image id: 1554045418
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Byward Tower, 1893
TUM image id: 1556882285
Licence: CC BY 2.0
46 Aldgate High Street
TUM image id: 1490910153
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The Great Synagogue of London (1810)
Credit: Thomas Rowlandson (1756â
TUM image id: 1518368926
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Aldgate Pump in 1874.
Credit: Wellcome Images
TUM image id: 1518792844
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bevis Marks Synagogue
Credit: John Salmon
TUM image id: 1519475277
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Exterior of St Katherine Cree, City of London
Credit: Prioryman
TUM image id: 1519729630
Licence: CC BY 2.0
St James Duke
Credit: Robert William Billings and John Le Keux
TUM image id: 1520552156
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Petticoat Lane in the 1920s
Credit: George Grantham Bain Collection (Library of Congress)
TUM image id: 1523993996
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Etching of All Hallows Staining tower, drawn in 1922
Credit: Public domain
TUM image id: 1585749143
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The ’Walkie-Talkie’ (20 Fenchurch Street in the City of London), photographed in 2015. Shortly before completion, the angled windows set fire to a couple of vehicles when they focused the rays of the sun downwards into nearby streets. This quirk had to be fixed.
Credit: Wiki Commons/Colin
TUM image id: 1606309032
Licence: CC BY 2.0
North side of Aldgate High Street, c.1905
TUM image id: 1490909298
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Bloom Court, Blossom Street (1956)
TUM image id: 1574858373
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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