Great Portland Street, W1W

Road in/near Great Portland Street, existing between 1717 and now.

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(51.523 -0.144, 51.523 -0.144) 
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Road · * · W1W ·
September
30
2016
Great Portland Street forms the boundary between Fitzrovia to the east and, to the west, Marylebone.

Different owners and interests influenced the initial development of the area and affected the street layout and character. Edward Harley – Earl of Oxford and Mortimer, was responsible for the development of the Portland Estate, which commenced with Cavendish Square in 1717 and grew north and east. Great Portland Street’s name is derived from the estate and several other street names in the area are related to the area’s ownership, albeit less obviously.

Although the land up to Great Titchfield Street was controlled by the Portland Estate, other estates developed nearby land simultaneously. The Berners family who owned land just to the east of Great Portland Street, developed from Wells Street and Rathbone Place in the mid-18th century. At the same time the Middlesex Hospital expanded on land on a 99-year lease around Mortimer Street, encroaching on Riding House and Cleveland Streets. The proximity of unrelated developers with different agendas explains the unusual pattern of street grids centred on Great Portland Street, where several east-west streets terminate or originate.

Great Portland Street runs straight from north to south through the grid of streets. The layout, combined with its width and the concentration of shops along its length, means it has for a long time been a local centre and thoroughfare, connecting the residential areas around Regent’s Park with the West End. It has also resulted in it becoming a divider, emphasising the contrasting areas to either side. To the east,are artistic areas such as Fitzrovia, which have historically been less well-to-do than the west, with its grand parade of Portland Place, residential areas for the gentry, and doctors and medical institutions on Harley Street.

Development of the estate was gradual but particularly so on Great Portland Street. This had an effect during its redevelopment in the late-19th/early-20th centuries when rebuilding was dictated by the expiration of individual 99-year leases, and is evident in the buildings in existence today.

The most coherent element to the architecture is the predominance of Edwardian buildings to the north and Victorian buildings towards Oxford Street, particularly noticeable when there has been occasional consolidation of plots, leading to consistent façades above street level such as in the block between Clipstone and Carburton Streets. The trend of period groupings is another result of the slowness of the first development. As buildings in the south were built earlier than those in the north, their leases expired earlier, setting off a wave of redevelopment which meant that rebuilding in the south took place in the late-Victorian era, whilst that in the north was delayed until the Edwardian.

The Blitz made it necessary for further re-building after the war, although the damage incurred along the street was not particularly extensive so there are few modern buildings, and although the aesthetic today is a jumble of architectural styles and eras, the overall feel is that of an historic street.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Comment
Fumblina   
Added: 21 Feb 2023 11:39 GMT   

Error on 1800 map numbering for John Street
The 1800 map of Whitfield Street (17 zoom) has an error in the numbering shown on the map. The houses are numbered up the right hand side of John Street and Upper John Street to #47 and then are numbered down the left hand side until #81 BUT then continue from 52-61 instead of 82-91.

Reply
Lived here
Julian    
Added: 23 Mar 2021 10:11 GMT   

Dennis Potter
Author Dennis Potter lived in Collingwood House in the 1970’s

Reply

LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Wendy    
Added: 22 Mar 2024 15:33 GMT   

Polygon Buildings
Following the demolition of the Polygon, and prior to the construction of Oakshott Court in 1974, 4 tenement type blocks of flats were built on the site at Clarendon Sq/Phoenix Rd called Polygon Buildings. These were primarily for people working for the Midland Railway and subsequently British Rail. My family lived for 5 years in Block C in the 1950s. It seems that very few photos exist of these buildings.

Reply

Steve   
Added: 19 Mar 2024 08:42 GMT   

Road construction and houses completed
New Charleville Circus road layout shown on Stanford’s Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs 1879 with access via West Hill only.

Plans showing street numbering were recorded in 1888 so we can concluded the houses in Charleville Circus were built by this date.

Source: Charleville Circus, Sydenham, London

Reply
Comment
Steve   
Added: 19 Mar 2024 08:04 GMT   

Charleville Circus, Sydenham: One Place Study (OPS)
One Place Study’s (OPS) are a recent innovation to research and record historical facts/events/people focused on a single place �’ building, street, town etc.

I have created an open access OPS of Charleville Circus on WikiTree that has over a million members across the globe working on a single family tree for everyone to enjoy, for free, forever.

Source: Charleville Circus, Sydenham, London

Reply
Comment
Charles   
Added: 8 Mar 2024 20:45 GMT   

My House
I want to know who lived in my house in the 1860’s.

Reply

NH   
Added: 7 Mar 2024 11:41 GMT   

Telephone House
Donald Hunter House, formerly Telephone House, was the BT Offices closed in 2000

Reply
Comment
Paul Cox   
Added: 5 Mar 2024 22:18 GMT   

War damage reinstatement plans of No’s 11 & 13 Aldine Street
Whilst clearing my elderly Mothers house of general detritus, I’ve come across original plans (one on acetate) of No’s 11 & 13 Aldine Street. Might they be of interest or should I just dispose of them? There are 4 copies seemingly from the one single acetate example. Seems a shame to just junk them as the level of detail is exquisite. No worries if of no interest, but thought I’d put it out there.

Reply
Comment
Diana   
Added: 28 Feb 2024 13:52 GMT   

New Inn Yard, E1
My great grandparents x 6 lived in New Inn Yard. On this date, their son was baptised in nearby St Leonard’s Church, Shoreditch

Source: BDM London, Cripplegate and Shoreditch registers written by church clerk.

Reply
Comment
Vic Stanley   
Added: 24 Feb 2024 17:38 GMT   

Postcose
The postcode is SE15, NOT SE1

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Adam and Eve Tearooms The Adam and Eve Tearooms were a fashionable Georgian watering hole.
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Regent’s Place Regent’s Place is a mixed use business, retail and residential quarter on the north side of Euston Road.
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Regent’s Park Regent’s Park - not the park itself but the tube station.
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Bolsover House, W1W Bolsover House is a building on Clipstone Street (Fitzrovia)
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Devonshire Place, W1G Devonshire Place is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area (Marylebone)
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Devonshire Row Mews, W1B Devonshire Row Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area (Marylebone)
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Devonshire Street, W1G Devonshire Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area (Marylebone)
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Elisa Court, W1T Elisa Court is a block on Chitty Street (Fitzrovia)
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Euston Tower, NW1 Euston Tower is a skyscraper located at 286 Euston Road, near the intersection with Tottenham Court Road. (Euston)
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Evelyn House, W1W Evelyn House is a block on New Cavendish Street (Fitzrovia)
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First Floor, W1T First Floor is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Fitzrovia Apartments, W1W Fitzrovia Apartments is a block on Bolsover Street (Fitzrovia)
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Fitzrovia Court, W1 Fitzrovia Court is a block on Great Titchfield Street (Fitzrovia)
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Fitzrovia House, W1T Fitzrovia House is a block on Cleveland Street (Fitzrovia)
Fitzrovia House, W1T
Fitzroy Court, W1T Fitzroy Court is a road in the W1T postcode area (Fitzrovia)
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Fitzroy Mews, W1T Fitzroy Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Fitzroy Square, W1T Fitzroy Square is one of the Georgian squares of London (Fitzrovia)
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Fitzroy Street, W1T Fitzroy Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Foundry Mews, NW1 Foundry Mews is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Euston Square)
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George Mews, NW1 George Mews lies within the NW1 postcode (Euston)
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Goodwood Court, W1W Goodwood Court is a block on Devonshire Street (Great Portland Street)
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GPS House, W1W GPS House is a block on Great Portland Street (Great Portland Street)
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Grafton Mews, W1T Grafton Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Grafton Way, W1T Grafton Way is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Grafton Way, WC1E Grafton Way was formerly Grafton Street (Bloomsbury)
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Greenwell Street, W1T Greenwell Street is a road in the W1T postcode area (Fitzrovia)
Greenwell Street, W1T
Greenwell Street, W1W Greenwell Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Hallam Street, W1W Hallam Street was formerly named both Charlotte Street and Duke Street but renamed in 1905 after Henry Hallam, a noted historian and local resident (Great Portland Street)
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Hanson Street, W1W Hanson Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area (Fitzrovia)
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Highwood House, W1W Highwood House can be found on New Cavendish Street (Fitzrovia)
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Holcroft Court, W1W Holcroft Court is a block on Clipstone Street (Fitzrovia)
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Howard House, W1T Howard House is a building on Cleveland Street (Fitzrovia)
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Howland Street, W1T Howland Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
Howland Street, W1T
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King Regent’s House, W1T
Laxton Place, NW1 Laxton Place is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
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Little Albany Street, NW1 Little Albany Street is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
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Longford Street, NW1 Longford Street is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
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Maple Street, W1T Maple Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
Maple Street, W1T
Marylebone High Street, W1U Marylebone High Street is one of the streets of London in the W1U postal area (Marylebone)
Marylebone High Street, W1U
Melia White House, NW1 Melia White House is located on Albany Street (Euston)
Melia White House, NW1
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Middlesex House, W1T
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Midford Place, W1T
Minehead House, W1W Minehead House is a building on Hanson Street (Fitzrovia)
Minehead House, W1W
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Munster Square, NW1
Netley Street, NW1 Netley Street was formerly called William Street (Euston)
Netley Street, NW1
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Network Building, W1T
New Cavendish Street, W1W New Cavendish Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area (Fitzrovia)
New Cavendish Street, W1W
North Gower Street, NW1 North Gower Street is a street in Camden Town (Euston Square)
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Northumberland House, W1W
Ogle Street, W1W Ogle Street is one of the streets of London in the W1W postal area (Fitzrovia)
Ogle Street, W1W
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Osnaburgh Terrace, W1T
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Overland House, W1W
Park Crescent Mews East, W1G Park Crescent Mews East is a road in the W1B postcode area (Marylebone)
Park Crescent Mews East, W1G
Park Crescent Mews West, W1G Park Crescent Mews West is a road in the W1G postcode area (Marylebone)
Park Crescent Mews West, W1G
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Park Crescent, W1B
Park Square East, NW1 Park Square East lies north of Park Crescent and Marylebone Road (Regent’s Park)
Park Square East, NW1
Park Square West, NW1 Park Square West was built in 1823–24 by the architect John Nash (Regent’s Park)
Park Square West, NW1
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Peto Place, NW1
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Prankerd House, NW1
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Prince Regent Mews, NW1
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Quantum House, NW1
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Regent’s Place, W1T
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Richardson’s Mews, W1T
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Schafer House, NW1
Sofia House, W1W Sofia House is a block on Devonshire Street (Fitzrovia)
Sofia House, W1W
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Southampton Street, W1T
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St Andrews Place, NW1
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St Luke’s House, W1T
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St Mary Magdalene Church, NW1
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Stanhope House, W1T
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Starcross Street, NW1
Stephenson House, NW1 Stephenson House is a block on Hampstead Road (Euston)
Stephenson House, NW1
Stephenson Way, NW1 Stephenson Way is a street in Camden Town (Euston Square)
Stephenson Way, NW1
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Tennyson House, W1W
Threeways House, W1W Threeways House is a block on Clipstone Street (Fitzrovia)
Threeways House, W1W
Tolmers Square, NW1 Tolmers Square roughly covers the site of a reservoir of the New River Company (Euston Square)
Tolmers Square, NW1
Tottenham Mews, W1T Tottenham Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
Tottenham Mews, W1T
Tottenham Street, W1T Tottenham Street is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
Tottenham Street, W1T
Triton Square, NW1 Triton Square is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
Triton Square, NW1
Triton Street, NW1 Triton Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Regent’s Park)
Triton Street, NW1
Upper Harley Street, W1G Upper Harley Street is a street in Camden Town (Marylebone)
Upper Harley Street, W1G
Upper Wimpole Street, W1G Upper Wimpole Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area (Marylebone)
Upper Wimpole Street, W1G
Walden House, W1U Residential block (Marylebone)
Walden House, W1U
Walpole House, W1B Walpole House is a building on Weymouth Street (Marylebone)
Walpole House, W1B
Warren Court, NW1 Warren Court is a street in Camden Town (Tottenham Court Road)
Warren Court, NW1
Warren Court, W1T Warren Court is a block on Warren Street (Tottenham Court Road)
Warren Court, W1T
Warren Mews, W1T Warren Mews is a mews area situated off Warren Street (Fitzrovia)
Warren Mews, W1T
Warren Street, W1T Warren Street was named after Anne Warren (1737–1807), the wife of Charles FitzRoy, landowner (Warren Street)
Warren Street, W1T
Waverley Court, W1G Waverley Court is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area (Marylebone)
Waverley Court, W1G
Weymouth Court, W1W Weymouth Court is a block on Weymouth Street (Great Portland Street)
Weymouth Court, W1W
Weymouth Mews, W1G Weymouth Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area (Marylebone)
Weymouth Mews, W1G
Weymouth Street, W1B Weymouth Street is a road in the W1B postcode area (Marylebone)
Weymouth Street, W1B
Weymouth Street, W1G Weymouth Street is one of the streets of London in the W1G postal area (Marylebone)
Weymouth Street, W1G
Whitfield Place, W1T Whitfield Place is one of the streets of London in the W1T postal area (Fitzrovia)
Whitfield Place, W1T
Whitfield Street, W1T Whitfield Street runs from Warren Street in the north to Windmill Street in the south. (Fitzrovia)
Whitfield Street, W1T
Whitson Court, W1T Whitson Court is a block on Greenwell Street (Fitzrovia)
Whitson Court, W1T
Willan House, W1T Willan House is a block on Fitzroy Square (Fitzrovia)
Willan House, W1T
William Harvey House, NW1 William Harvey House is a block on Albany Street (Euston)
William Harvey House, NW1
William Road, NW1 William Road dates from 1799 or before (Euston)
William Road, NW1
William Street, NW1 William Street appears on the 1860 map west of Hampstead Road (Euston)
William Street, NW1
Winchester Apartments, NW1 Winchester Apartments is located on William Road (Euston)
Winchester Apartments, NW1
Woodward’s Mews, W1G Woodward’s Mews was a former side street (Marylebone)
Woodward’s Mews, W1G
York Terrace East, NW1 York Terrace East is a street in Camden Town (Marylebone)
York Terrace East, NW1

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