Great Windmill Street, W1F

Road in/near Soho, existing between 1665 and now

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Great Windmill Street, W1F

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Soho · W1F ·
September
7
2018

Great Windmill Street has had a long association with music and entertainment, most notably the Windmill Theatre.

The street took its name from a windmill on the site which was recorded 1585 and demolished during the 1690s. In a parliamentary survey of 1658 the mill was described as "well fitted with Staves and other materials".

The area was developed around 1665 but the building was speculative and of poor quality; this led to a royal proclamation in 1671 that prohibited unlicensed development in "Windmill Fields, Dog Fields and Soho". Later that year, Thomas Panton, one of the original speculators, was granted a licence to continue his scheme with the condition that it was supervised and directed by Sir Christopher Wren who was the Surveyor General of the King’s Works. By 1682, maps show that both sides of the street were developed along their whole length.

In 1767 the Scottish anatomist and physician William Hunter FRS built a large house at number 16 after demolishing an earlier large dwelling. Hunter’s house incorporated a large library, a museum and an anatomical theatre. He gave lectures and anatomical demonstrations from the new house, the first taking place on 1 October 1776. After his death, in 1783 he bequeathed the school and his house to his nephew, Dr Matthew Baillie, who taught there from 1783 to 1803. The house was used for medical demonstrations until 1831. It now forms part of the dressing rooms and stage of the Lyric Theatre.

In the 1940s, the first regular paid modern jazz club for London musicians, Club Eleven, was run from a basement in Great Windmill Street featuring musicians such as Ronnie Scott, Hank Shaw, Johnny Rogers, Lennie Bush, Tony Crombie and Laurie Morgan. In the 1960s, the Scene Club in Ham Yard at Number 41 was associated with the mod youth culture and bands that appeared there included the Rolling Stones and The Who.


Main source: Great Windmill Street - Wikipedia
Further citations and sources




NEARBY STREETS
Air Street, SE18 A street within the W1B postcode
Air Street, W1B Air Street’s name is believed to be a corruption of ‘Ayres’, after Thomas Ayre, a local brewer and resident in the 17th century.
Air Street, W1B Air Street was the most westerly street in London when newly built in 1658.
Archer Street, W1D Archer Street was Arch Street in 1675, Orchard Street in 1720 and Archer Street by 1746.
Bateman Street, W1D Bateman Street was named for Sir James Bateman, local landowner and Lord Mayor of London in the 1670s.
Beak Street, W1F Beak Street is named after Thomas Beake, one of the Queen’s messengers.
Berwick Road, W1F Berwick Road is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Berwick Street, W1F Berwick Street commemorates the Duke of Berwick, an illegitimate son of James II.
Bourchier Street, W1D Bourchier Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Brewer Street, W1D Brewer Street runs west to east from Glasshouse Street to Wardour Street.
Brewer Street, W1F Brewer Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Bridle Lane, W1F Bridle Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Broadwick Street, W1F Broadwick Street runs west-east between Marshall Street and Wardour Street, crossing Berwick Street.
Cape Yard, E1W A street within the W1D postcode
Chapone Place, W1D Chapone Place is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Church Place, SW1Y Church Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Coventry Street, W1D Coventry Street is a short street connecting Piccadilly Circus to Leicester Square. On the London Monopoly board, it was named after the politician Henry Coventry, secretary of state to Charles II.
Dansey Place, W1D Dansey Place is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Darblay Street, W1F Darblay Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Dean Street, W1D Dean Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Denman Street, W1D Denman Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Duck Lane, W1F Duck Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Dufours Place, W1F Dufours Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Eagle Place, SW1Y Eagle Place is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Flaxman Court, W1F Flaxman Court is a road in the W1F postcode area
Germyn Street, SW1Y Germyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Glasshouse Street, W1B Glasshouse Street is one of the streets of London in the W1B postal area.
Golden Square, W1F Golden Square is a historic Soho square, dating from the 1670s.
Great Pulteney Street, W1F Great Pulteney Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Greens Court, W1F Greens Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Ham Yard, W1D Ham Yard is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Haymarket, SW1Y Haymarket – site of a former market selling hay until the 1830s.
Holland Street, W1F Holland Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Hopkins Street, W1F Hopkins Street is a road in the W1F postcode area
Ingestre Court, W1F Ingestre Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Ingestre Place, W1F Ingestre Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Jermyn Street, SW1Y Jermyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
John Street, SE11 John Street is a road in the SE11 postcode area
Kemp’s Court, W1F Kemp’s Court is situated in the heart of Berwick Street Market where a line of stalls stretch down both sides of the road.
Lexington Street Cos, W1F Lexington Street Cos is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Lexington Street, W1F Lexington Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Livonia Street, W1F Livonia Street was originally Bentinck Street, family name of owner the Duke of Portland.
London Pavilion, W1J London Pavilion is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Lower James Street, W1F Lower James Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Lower John Street, W1F Lower John Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Lowndes Court, W1F Lowndes Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Meard Street, W1F John Meard, the younger was a carpenter, later a landowner, who developed the street.
Norris Street, SW1Y Norris Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
Oxendon Street, W1D Oxendon Street, after Sir Henry Oxendon, husband of Mary Baker, daughter of Robert Baker who built the former Piccadilly House nearby.
Peter Street, W1F Peter Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Piccadilly Circus, W1B Piccadilly Circus is a road in the W1B postcode area
Piccadilly Circus, W1J Piccadilly Circus is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Piccadilly Place, W1J Piccadilly Place is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Piccadilly, SW1Y Piccadilly is a road in the SW1Y postcode area
Portland Mews, W1F Portland Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Richmond Buildings, W1D Richmond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Richmond Mews, W1D Richmond Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Royalty Mews, W1D Royalty Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Rupert Court, W1D Rupert Court was named for Prince Rupert of the Rhine, the First Lord of the Admiralty when the court was built in 1676.
Rupert Street, W1D Rupert Street – after Prince Rupert of the Rhine, noted 17th century general and son of Elizabeth Stuart, daughter of King James I.
Sandringham Court, W1F Sandringham Court is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Sherwood Street, W1F Sherwood Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Silver Place, W1F Silver Place is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Smiths Court, W1D Smiths Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
St Albans Street, SW1Y St Albans Street is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
St Anne’s Court, W1F St Anne’s Court is an alleyway that connects Dean Street and Wardour Street.
St Jamess Market, SW1Y St Jamess Market is one of the streets of London in the SW1Y postal area.
The London Pavillion, W1J The London Pavillion is one of the streets of London in the W1J postal area.
Tisbury Court, W1D Tisbury Court is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.
Upper James Street, W1F Upper James Street is one of the streets of London in the W1F postal area.
Walker’s Court, W1D Walker’s Court is one of the many passageways which in past years was known as ’Paved Alley’.
Wardour Mews, W1F Wardour Mews is a cul-de-sac off of Portland Street.
Wardour Street, W1D The part of Wardour Street south of Shaftesbury Avenue runs through London’s Chinatown.
Wardour Street, W1F Wardour Street is a street that runs north from Leicester Square, through Chinatown, across Shaftesbury Avenue to Oxford Street.
Western Mansions, EN5 A street within the W1F postcode
Wilder Walk, W1B This is a street in the W1B postcode area
Winnett Street, W1D Winnett Street is one of the streets of London in the W1D postal area.


Soho

Soho is a world-famous area of the City of Westminster and part of the West End of London.

The name "Soho" first appears in the 17th century. Most authorities believe that the name derives from a former hunting cry. James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, used "soho" as a rallying call for his men at the Battle of Sedgemoor on 6 July 1685, half a century after the name was first used for this area of London. The Soho name has been imitated by other entertainment and restaurant districts such as Soho, Hong Kong; Soho, Málaga; SOHO, Beijing; SoHo (South of Horton), London, Ontario, Canada; and Palermo Soho, Buenos Aires. SoHo, Manhattan, gets its name from its location SOuth of HOuston Street, but is also a reference to London’s Soho.

Long established as an entertainment district, for much of the 20th century Soho had a reputation as a base for the sex industry in addition to its night life and its location for the headquarters of leading film companies. Since the 1980s, the area has undergone considerable gentrification. It is now predominantly a fashionable district of upmarket restaurants and media offices, with only a small remnant of sex industry venues.

Soho is a small, multicultural area of central London; a home to industry, commerce, culture and entertainment, as well as a residential area for both rich and poor. It has clubs, including the former Chinawhite nightclub; public houses; bars; restaurants; a few sex shops scattered amongst them; and late-night coffee shops that give the streets an "open-all-night" feel at the weekends. Record shops cluster in the area around Berwick Street, with shops such as Phonica, Sister Ray and Reckless Records.
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