Guinness Square, SE1

Road in/near Bermondsey

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(51.49404 -0.08239, 51.494 -0.082) 

Guinness Square, SE1

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · Bermondsey · SE1 ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Guinness Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.




NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Gardens, SE1 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Abbey Street, SE1 Abbey Street takes its name from Bermondsey Abbey which was situated between Bermondsey Square, Grange Walk and Long Walk.
Aberdour Street, SE1 Aberdour Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alice Street, SE1 Alice Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Alscot Road, SE1 Alscot Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alscot Way, SE1 Alscot Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Arts Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Attilburgh House, SE1 Residential block
Bacon Grove, SE1 Bacon Grove is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bakery Street, SE1 A street within the SE16 postcode
Barlow Street, SE17 Barlow Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Bartholomew Street, SE1 Bartholomew Street’s set of late Georgian houses date from 1819.
Beckway Street, SE17 Beckway Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Bermondsey Square, SE1 Bermondsey Square is located on Tower Bridge Road, the former the site of Bermondsey Abbey.
Bricklayers Arms Distribution Centre, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bricklayers Arms Flyover, SE1 Bricklayers Arms Flyover is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bricklayers Arms, SE1 Bricklayers Arms is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bridewain Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Burbage Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Burge Street, SE1 Burge Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bushbaby Close, SE1 Bushbaby Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Buttermere Close, SE1 Buttermere Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cardinal Bourne Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Catesby Street, SE17 Catesby Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Chartes House, SE1 Residential block
Chatham Street, SE17 Chatham Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Chettle Close, SE1 Chettle Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cluny Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Comus Place, SE17 Comus Place is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Congreve Street, SE17 Congreve Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Crail Row, SE17 Crail Row is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Crimscott Street, SE1 Crimscott Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Crosslet Street, SE17 Crosslet Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Curtis Street, SE1 Curtis Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Curtis Way, SE1 Curtis Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Darwin Street, SE17 Darwin Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Dawes House, SE17 Residential block
Dean’s Buildings, SE17 Dean’s Buildings is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Decima Street, SE1 Decima Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Decima Studios, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Deverell Street, SE1 Deverell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dunton Road, SE1 Dunton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Elsted Street, SE17 Elsted Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Fendall Street, SE1 Fendall Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Flint Street, SE17 Flint Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Grange House, SE1 Residential block
Grange Road, SE1 Grange Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Grange Walk, SE1 Grange Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Grange Yard, SE1 Grange Yard is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Great Dover Street, SE1 Great Dover Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Green Walk, SE1 Green Walk was originally one of two Green Walks in Southwark, the other being in Bankside.
Griggs Place, SE1 Griggs Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Griggs Road, SE1 Griggs Road is a road in the E10 postcode area
Halpin Place, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Haven Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Hazel Way, SE1 Hazel Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Hemp Walk, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Hendre Road, SE1 Hendre Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Henshaw Street, SE17 Henshaw Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Hillery Close, SE17 Hillery Close is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Hunter Close, SE1 Hunter Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Huntsman Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Keats Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kennedy Walk, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Kingsley Flats, SE1 A street within the postcode
Kintore Way, SE1 Kintore Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lansdowne Place, SE1 Lansdowne Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Law Street, SE1 Law Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Leroy Street, SE1 Leroy Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Long Walk, SE1 Long Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mandela Way, SE1 Mandela Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mandela Way, SE1 Mandela Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Mandela Way, SE1 Mandela Way is a road in the SE1P postcode area
Marcia Road, SE1 Marcia Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mason Close, SE1 Mason Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mason Street, SE1 Mason Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Mason Street, SE17 A street within the SE17 postcode
Massinger Street, SE17 Massinger Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Meakin Estate, SE1 Meakin Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Milton Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Minnow Walk, SE17 Minnow Walk is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Newington Court, SE1 Newington Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Orb Street, SE17 Orb Street is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Pages Walk, SE1 Pages Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pardoner Street, SE1 Pardoner Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Penry Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Potier Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Preston Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Prioress Street, SE1 Prioress Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Quadrangle Close, SE1 Quadrangle Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Radcliffe Road, SE1 Radcliffe Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Rephidim Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Rothsay Street, SE1 Rothsay Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Searles Road, SE17 Searles Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Setchell Road, SE1 Setchell Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Setchell Way, SE1 Setchell Way is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Shopping Centre, SE1 Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sovereign House, SE1P A street within the SE1 postcode
Spurgeon Street, SE1 Spurgeon Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St Saviours Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
St. Saviours Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Stanford Place, SE17 Stanford Place is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Stevens Street, SE1 Stevens Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Studios, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Swan Mead, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tabaroad Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Tatum Street, SE17 Tatum Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
The 221 Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Grange, SE1 The Grange is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The School House, SE1 Residential block
The Willows, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Theobald Street, SE1 Theobald Street is (now) a short street lying off of the New Kent Road.
Tisdall Place, SE17 Tisdall Place is a road in the SE17 postcode area
Townsend Street, SE17 Townsend Street is one of the streets of London in the SE17 postal area.
Webb Street, SE1 Webb Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Wilds Rents, SE1 Wilds Rents is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Willow Walk, SE1 Willow Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Wood’s Place, SE1 Wood’s Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Woodmill Close, SE16 Woodmill Close is a road in the SW15 postcode area
Woodmill Street, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Wordsworth Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode


Bermondsey

The name Bermondsey first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at ’Vermundesei’, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Though Bermondsey’s name may derive from Beornmund’s island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

The area first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Bermondsey appears in Domesday Book. It was then held by King William, though a small part was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain, the king’s half brother, and younger brother of Odo of Bayeux, then Earl of Kent.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded as a Cluniac priory in 1082, and was dedicated to St Saviour. Monks from the abbey began the development of the area, cultivating the land and embanking the riverside. They turned an adjacent tidal inlet at the mouth of the River Neckinger into a dock, named St Saviour’s Dock after their abbey. The Knights Templar also owned land here and gave their names to one of the most distinctive streets in London, Shad Thames (a corruption of ’St John at Thames’). Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby at Tooley (a corruption of ’St Olave’s’) Street, located in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s manor of Southwark, where wealthy citizens and clerics had their houses, including the priors of Lewes and St Augustine’s, Canterbury, and the abbot of Battle.

As it developed over the centuries, Bermondsey underwent many changes. After the Great Fire of London, it was settled by the well-to-do and took on the character of a garden suburb especially along the lines of Grange Road, as Bermondsey Street became more urbanised. A pleasure garden was founded there in the 17th century, commemorated by the Cherry Garden Pier. Samuel Pepys visited ’Jamaica House’ at Cherry Gardens in 1664 and recorded in his diary that he had left it "singing finely".

Though not many buildings survive from this era, one notable exception is the church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street, completed in 1690 (although a church has been recorded on this site from the 13th Century). This church came through both 19th-century redevelopment and The Blitz unscathed. It is not just an unusual survivor for Bermondsey; buildings of this era are relative rarities in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the river Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa leisure resort, as the area between Grange and Jamaica Roads called Spa Road commemorates.

It was from the Bermondsey riverside that the painter J.M.W. Turner executed his famous painting of The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), depicting the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

By the mid-19th century parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside had become a notorious slum — with the arrival of industrial plants, docks and immigrant housing. The area around St Saviour’s Dock, known as Jacob’s Island, was one of the worst in London. It was immortalised by Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist, in which the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of ’Folly Ditch’ an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob’s Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

<CITE>... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob’s Island.</CITE>

Bermondsey Town Hall was built on Spa Road in 1881. The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with the expansion of the river trade and the arrival of the railways. London’s first passenger railway terminus was built by the London to Greenwich Railway in 1836 at London Bridge. The first section to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. This local station had closed by 1915.

The industrial boom of the 19th century was an extension of Bermondsey’s manufacturing role in earlier eras. As in the East End, industries that were deemed too noisome to be carried on within the narrow confines of the City of London had been located here — one such that came to dominate central Bermondsey, away from the riverfront, was the processing and trading of leather and hides. Many buildings from this era survive around Leathermarket Street including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale’s tannery (disused as of early 2007) on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Co was established in 1857 at Dockhead, Bermondsey by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname ’Biscuit Town’ for Bermondsey, where they continued baking until the brand was discontinued in 1989. Wee Willie Harris (usually credited as the first British rock and roll player) came from Bermondsey. He was known as Britain’s Wild man of Rock N’ Roll). He also worked in Peak Freans.

To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey’s 3½ miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler’s Wharf. They suffered severe damage in World War II bombing and became redundant in the 1960s following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict for some years, many of the wharves were redeveloped under the aegis of the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London. In 1997, US President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Tony Blair visited the area to dine at the Pont de la Tour restaurant at Butler’s Wharf.

Millwall F.C. moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane in 1910, having previously played in Millwall, but have kept their original name despite playing at the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. A public sports centre is also included in their stadium.

Reorganisation of lines and closure of stations left Bermondsey’s transport links with the rest of London poorer in the late twentieth century. This was remedied in 2000 with the opening of Bermondsey tube station on the Jubilee Line Extension.

Bermondsey tube station was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects and was originally intended to have a multi-storey office building sitting on top.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Tabard Inn, Southwark
TUM image id: 1551734336
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Villa Street Walworth c.1907.
TUM image id: 1604223727
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Dun Cow at 279 Old Kent Road.
TUM image id: 1607620929
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The corner of Long Lane with Staple Street, Bermondsey possibly at the end of the Boer War. In the 1950s these shops were Fordham’s and Leatherdales bakery. Later still there was a fish and chip shop here opposite the Valentine pub.
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Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Dun Cow at 279 Old Kent Road.
TUM image id: 1607620929
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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