Neasden

Underground station, existing between the 1880s and now

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(51.554 -0.25, 51.554 -0.25) 
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Underground station · * · NW10 ·
JANUARY
20
2018

Neasden was first recorded as ’Neasdun’ in AD 939, derived from the Old English neos = ’nose’ and dun = ’hill’.

Neasden could be seen for afar as a ’nose-shaped hill’ in its rural past as it had been a countryside hamlet on the western end of the Dollis Hill ridge. The land was owned by St. Paul’s Cathedral. In medieval times, the village consisted only of several small buildings around the green near the site of the present Neasden roundabout.

In the 15th–17th century the Roberts family were the major landowners in the area. Thomas Roberts erected Neasden House (on the site of the modern Clifford Court) in the reign of Henry VIII. In 1651 Sir William Roberts bought confiscated church lands. After the Restoration the estates were returned to the ownership of the Church but were leased out to the Roberts family. Sir William improved Neasden House and by 1664 it was one of the largest houses in the Willesden parish.

During the 18th century the Nicoll family replaced the Roberts as the dominant family in Neasden. In the 19th century these farmers and moneyers at the Royal Mint wholly owned Neasden House and much of the land in the area.

Neasden was no more than a ‘retired hamlet’ when enclosure was completed in 1823. At this time there were six cottages, four larger houses or farms, a public house and a smithy, grouped around the green. The dwellings include The Grove, which had been bought by a London solicitor named James Hall, and its former outbuilding, which Hall had converted into a house that became known as The Grange.

The Welsh Harp reservoir was completed in 1835 and breached in 1841 with fatalities. It had a dramatic effect on the landscape as the damming of the River Brent put many fields and meadows underwater.

In the early 1850s, Neasden had a population of about 110. In the Victorian times the horse was the main form of transport, and as London grew, the demand for horses in the capital soared in the second half of the 19th century. Neasden farms concentrated on rearing and providing horses for the city. Town work was exhausting and unhealthy for the horses, and in 1886 the RSPCA formed a committee to set up the Home of Rest for Horses with grounds in Sudbury and Neasden, where for a small fee town horses were allowed to graze in the open for a few weeks.

The urbanisation of Neasden began with the arrival of the railway. The first railway running through Neasden — Hendon-Acton and Bedford — St. Pancras was opened for goods traffic in October 1868, with passenger services following soon. In 1875, Dudding Hill, the first station in the area, was opened, and the Metropolitan Railway was extended through Neasden shortly afterwards. Neasden station was opened on Neasden Lane in 1880. New housing, initially for railway workers, was built in the village (particularly around Village Way) with all the streets named after Metropolitan Railway stations in Buckinghamshire.

In 1883, an Anglican mission chapel, St Saviour’s, was set up in the village. Its priest, the Reverend James Mills, became an important and popular figure in late 19th century Neasden. In 1885 Mills took over St Andrew’s, Kingsbury and became vicar of a new parish, Neasden-cum-Kingsbury, created because of the area’s rising population.

Before Mill’s arrival, the only sporting facilities in Neasden had been two packs of foxhounds, both of which had disbanded by 1857. Mills became founder president of Neasden Cricket Club and encouraged musical societies. In 1893 a golf club was founded at Neasden House, however only 10% of its members came from Neasden.

In the 1890s change led to a conscious effort to create a village atmosphere. At this time, the Spotted Dog became a social centre for local people. By 1891 Neasden had a population of 930, half of whom lived in the village. Despite the presence of the village in the west, it was the London end that grew fastest.

In 1893 the Great Central Railway got permission to join up its main line from Nottingham with the Metropolitan. Trains ran on or alongside the Metropolitan track to a terminus at Marylebone (this is now the modern day Chiltern Main Line). The Great Central set up a depot south of the line at Neasden and built houses for its workers (Gresham and Woodheyes roads). The Great Central village was a "singularly isolated and self-contained community" with its own school and single shop, Branch No. 1 of the North West London Co-operative Society. It is now part of a conservation area. There was considerable sporting rivalry between the two railway estates and a football match was played every Good Friday. By the 1930s the two railways employed over 1000 men.

Neasden Hospital was built in 1894 and closed in 1986.

Apart from the railways, Neasden was dominated by agriculture until just before the First World War. In 1911, Neasden’s population had swelled to 2,074. By 1913, light industry at Church End had spread up Neasden Lane as far as the station.

In the 1920s, the building of the North Circular Road, a main arterial route round London, brought another wave of development; it opened in 1922–23. The 1924–25 British Empire Exhibition led to road improvements and the introduction of new bus services. Together with the North Circular Road, it paved the way for a new residential suburb at Neasden. In 1930 Neasden House was part demolished. The last farm in Neasden (covering The Rise, Elm Way and Vicarage Way) was built over in 1935. The Ritz cinema opened in 1935 and Neasden Shopping Parade was opened in 1936, and was considered the most up-to-date in the area. All of Neasden’s older houses were demolished during this period, except for The Grange, and the Spotted Dog was rebuilt in mock-Tudor style. Industries sprung up in the south of the area, and by 1949, Neasden’s population was over 13,000.

The post-war history of Neasden is one of steady decline; local traffic congestion problems necessitated the building of an underpass on the North Circular Road that effectively cut Neasden in half and had a disastrous effect on the shopping centre by making pedestrian access to it difficult. The decline in industry through the 1970s also contributed to the area’s decline. But nonetheless Neasden has survived, largely due to a succession of vibrant immigrant communities keeping the local economy afloat. Neasden Depot continues to be the main storage and maintenance depot for the London Underground’s Metropolitan line (and is also used by trains of the Jubilee line); it is London Underground’s largest depot and as such it is a major local employer.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

None so far :(
LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Jude Allen   
Added: 29 Jul 2021 07:53 GMT   

Bra top
I jave a jewelled item of clothong worn by a revie girl.
It is red with diamante straps. Inside it jas a label Bermans Revue 16 Orange Street but I cannot find any info online about the revue only that 16 Orange Street used to be a theatre. Does any one know about the revue. I would be intesrested to imagine the wearer of the article and her London life.

Reply
Comment
Kathleen   
Added: 28 Jul 2021 09:12 GMT   

Dunloe Avenue, N17
I was born in 1951,my grandparents lived at 5 Dunloe Avenue.I had photos of the coronation decorations in the area for 1953.The houses were rented out by Rowleys,their ’workers yard’ was at the top of Dunloe Avenue.The house was fairly big 3 bedroom with bath and toilet upstairs,and kitchenette downstairs -a fairly big garden.My Grandmother died 1980 and the house was taken back to be rented again

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Comment
Kathleen   
Added: 28 Jul 2021 08:59 GMT   

Spigurnell Road, N17
I was born and lived in Spigurnell Road no 32 from 1951.My father George lived in Spigurnell Road from 1930’s.When he died in’76 we moved to number 3 until I got married in 1982 and moved to Edmonton.Spigurnell Road was a great place to live.Number 32 was 2 up 2 down toilet out the back council house in those days

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Comment
Lewis   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 20:48 GMT   

Ploy
Allotment

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Comment
   
Added: 27 Jul 2021 14:31 GMT   

correction
Chaucer did not write Pilgrims Progress. His stories were called the Canterbury Tales

Reply
Comment
old lady   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 11:58 GMT   

mis information
Cheltenham road was originally
Hall road not Hill rd
original street name printed on house still standing

Reply
Comment
Patricia Bridges   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 10:57 GMT   

Lancefield Coachworks
My grandfather Tom Murray worked here

Reply
Lived here
Former Philbeach Gardens Resident   
Added: 14 Jul 2021 00:44 GMT   

Philbeach Gardens Resident (Al Stewart)
Al Stewart, who had huts in the 70s with the sings ’Year of the Cat’ and ’On The Borders’, lived in Philbeach Gdns for a while and referenced Earl’s Court in a couple of his songs.
I lived in Philbeach Gardens from a child until my late teens. For a few years, on one evening in the midst of Summer, you could hear Al Stewart songs ringing out across Philbeach Gardens, particularly from his album ’Time Passages". I don’t think Al was living there at the time but perhaps he came back to see some pals. Or perhaps the broadcasters were just his fans,like me.
Either way, it was a wonderful treat to hear!

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Neasden Neasden was first recorded as ’Neasdun’ in AD 939, derived from the Old English neos = ’nose’ and dun = ’hill’.

THE STREETS OF NEASDEN
Aboyne Road, NW10 Aboyne Road is a street in Willesden.
Alderton Close, NW10 Alderton Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Annesley Close, NW10 Annesley Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Ardley Close, NW10 Ardley Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Aylesbury Street, NW10 Aylesbury Street is a street in Willesden.
Ballogie Avenue, NW10 Ballogie Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Balnacraig Avenue, NW10 Balnacraig Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Baskerville Gardens, NW10 Baskerville Gardens is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Beaconsfield Road, NW10 Beaconsfield Road is a street in Willesden.
Bentham Walk, NW10 Bentham Walk is a street in Willesden.
Bermans Way, NW10 Bermans Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Braemar Avenue, NW10 Braemar Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Brendon Avenue, NW10 Brendon Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Brent New Enterprise Centre, NW10 Brent New Enterprise Centre is a location in London.
Brentfield Close, NW10 Brentfield Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Brentfield Road, NW10 Brentfield Road is a street in Willesden.
Broadfields Way, NW10 Broadfields Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Cambridge Close, NW10 Cambridge Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Central Business Centre, NW10 Central Business Centre is a street in Willesden.
Chesham Street, NW10 Chesham Street is a street in Willesden.
Cobbold Estate, NW10 Cobbold Estate is a location in London.
Cobbold Road, NW10 Cobbold Road is a street in Willesden.
Coombe Road, NW10 Coombe Road is a street in Willesden.
Cygnet Close, NW10 Cygnet Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Drury Way, NW10 Drury Way is a street in Willesden.
Elgar Avenue, NW10 Elgar Avenue is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Elm Way, NW10 Elm Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Falcon Park Industrial Estate, NW10 Falcon Park Industrial Estate is a street in Willesden.
Franklyn Road, NW10 Franklyn Road is a street in Willesden.
Garden Way, NW10 Garden Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Great Central Way, NW10 Great Central Way is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Great Central Way, NW10 Great Central Way is a street in Willesden.
Great Central Way, NW10 Great Central Way is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Gresham Road, NW10 Gresham Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Handel Place, NW10 Handel Place is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Hannah Close, NW10 Hannah Close is a street in Willesden.
Harp Island Close, NW10 Harp Island Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Henderson Close, NW10 Henderson Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Ilex Road, NW10 Ilex Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Iron Bridge Close, NW10 Iron Bridge Close is a street in Willesden.
Iron Bridge, NW10 Iron Bridge is a road in the E15 postcode area
Jackman Mews, NW10 Jackman Mews is a street in Cricklewood.
Janson Close, NW10 Janson Close is a street in Willesden.
Kelly Close, NW10 Kelly Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Kestrel Close, NW10 Kestrel Close is a location in London.
Kingfisher Way, NW10 Kingfisher Way is a street in Willesden.
Lansdowne Grove, NW10 Lansdowne Grove is a street in Willesden.
Lawrence Way, NW10 Lawrence Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Laxcon Close, NW10 Laxcon Close is a street in Willesden.
Lewis Crescent, NW10 Lewis Crescent is a street in Willesden.
Lilburne Walk, NW10 Lilburne Walk is a street in Willesden.
Lovett Way, NW10 Lovett Way is a street in Willesden.
Lyndhurst Close, NW10 Lyndhurst Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Lynton Close, NW10 Lynton Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Mead Plat, NW10 Mead Plat is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Mitchellbrook Way, NW10 Mitchellbrook Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Neasden Lane North, NW10 Neasden Lane North is the extension of Neasden Lane beyond the North Circular Road.
Neasden Lane North, NW10 Neasden Lane North is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Neasden Lane North, NW10 Neasden Lane North is a road in the NW9 postcode area
Neasden Lane, NW10 Neasden Lane is a street in Willesden.
Neasden Lane, NW10 Neasden Lane is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Neasden Underpass, NW10 Neasden Underpass is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Normansmead, NW10 Normansmead is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Oakside Terrace, NW10 Oakside Terrace is a location in London.
Owen Way, NW10 Owen Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Panther Drive, NW10 Panther Drive is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Press Road, NW10 Press Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Prout Grove, NW10 Prout Grove is a street in Willesden.
Quainton Street, NW10 Quainton Street is one of a series of streets named after Metropolitan Railway stations in Buckinghamshire.
Rainborough Close, NW10 Rainborough Close is a street in Willesden.
Southview Avenue, NW10 Southview Avenue is a street in Willesden.
Swallow Drive, NW10 Swallow Drive is a street in Willesden.
Tallis View, NW10 Tallis View is a road in the NW10 postcode area
The Rise, NW10 The Rise is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Trojan Business Centre, NW10 Trojan Business Centre is a location in London.
Trojan Industrial Estate, NW10 Trojan Industrial Estate is a location in London.
Verney Street, NW10 Verney Street is a street in Willesden.
Vicarage Way, NW10 Vicarage Way is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Village Way, NW10 Village Way is a street in Willesden.
Walton Drive, NW10 Walton Drive is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Westview Close, NW10 Westview Close is a road in the NW10 postcode area
White Hart Lane, NW10 White Hart Lane is a street in Willesden.
Winslow Close, NW10 Winslow Close is a street in Willesden.
Woodheyes Road, NW10 Woodheyes Road is a road in the NW10 postcode area
Wrights Place, NW10 Wrights Place is a street in Willesden.
Yeats Close, NW10 Yeats Close is a street in Willesden.
Yewfield Road, NW10 Yewfield Road is a street in Willesden.

THE PUBS OF NEASDEN
Greenes This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Maloney’s This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.




LOCAL PHOTOS
The old library building in Willesden
TUM image id: 1453132870
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Welsh Harp
Credit: Unknown
TUM image id: 1534456927
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Buckingham Road, Harlesden
TUM image id: 1562860348
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Burnley Road c. 1910
TUM image id: 1516553935
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Chapter Road, Willesden Green
TUM image id: 1591890062
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Craven Park Road, Harlesden
TUM image id: 1562860544
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hillside, Stonebridge
TUM image id: 1562858130
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Nicoll Road, NW10
TUM image id: 1562859621
Licence: CC BY 2.0
St.Mary’s Road, Harlesden
TUM image id: 1562859384
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Wendover Road, Harlesden
TUM image id: 1562860295
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Wrottesley Road, Harlesden
TUM image id: 1562860201
Licence: CC BY 2.0

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