West Hampstead

Underground station, existing between 1879 and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG 
(51.54668 -0.1909) 

West Hampstead

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Underground station · West Hampstead · ·
JANUARY
1
2015

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


West End Lane, West Hampstead

West End Lane, West Hampstead
Glenn h

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Cannon Stream The Cannon Stream was, before it was sent underground, a tributary of the Westbourne River.
Canterbury House In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.
Decca Studios Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.
Hampstead Cricket Club Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.
Jacksfield Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.
Kilburn Grange Park Kilburn Grange Park is a three hectare open space adjacent to Kilburn High Road.
Lauriston Lodge Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.
Oaklands Hall On the west side of West End Lane, Charles Spain bought 5 acres and between 1829 and 1838 built York Villa.
Poplar House Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.
Ripley House Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.
Sandwell House Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.
The Grange The Grange was a large mansion situated on Kilburn High Road until the turn of the twentieth century.
The Railway The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
Treherne House Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,
West End House West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.
West End Park West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.

THE STREETS OF WEST HAMPSTEAD
Alvanley Gardens, NW6 Alvanley Gardens was named after a resident of Frognal Hall.
Ariel Road, NW6 Ariel Road was formed from the 1885 combination of Ariel Street and Spencer Terrace.
Banister Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Barlow Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Blackburn Road, NW6 Blackburn Road is a cul-de-sac off of West End Lane.
Brassey Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadhurst Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 Broadhurst Gardens is in West Hampstead, NW6
Broadwell Parade, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Brooklands Court, NW6 Brooklands Court is a road in the NW6 postcode area
Broomsleigh Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Buckingham Mansions, NW6 Buckingham Mansions is a residential block in Fortune Green, NW6
Carlton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cleve Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Compayne Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Cotleigh Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crediton Hill, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crown Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dennington Park Road, NW6 About 1881 Dennington Park Road was constructed on the line of Sweetbriar Walk, the old path to Lauriston Lodge.
Dornfell Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Doulton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dynham Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Fawley Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Gascony Avenue, NW6 Gascony Avenue is an east-west road lying both sides of Kingsgate Road, NW6.
Gladys Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Glastonbury Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Glenbrook Road, NW6 Glenbrook Road lies to the west of West Hampstead.
Hall Oak Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Harvard Court, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hemstal Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Highfield Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hilltop Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Holmdale Road, NW6 Holmdale Road runs from Mill Lane to Dennington Park Road in West Hampstead.
Honeybourne Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Inglewood House, NW6 Inglewood House is on the corner of West End Lane and Inglewood Road.
Inglewood Road, NW6 Inglewood Road, NW6 was one of the last roads to be built in West End, West Hampstead.
Iverson Road, NW6 The first part of Iverson Road, NW6 was laid out in 1872.
Kingdon Road, NW6 Kingdon Road connects Sumatra Road and Dennington Park Road.
Kylemore Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Liddell Road, NW6 Liddell Road was named after an old West Hampstead estate.
Linstead Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Lowfield Road, NW6 Lowfield Road is the northern extension of Kingsgate Road, NW6.
Lymington Road, NW6 Lymington Road is a street in London NW6
Maygrove Road, NW6 Maygrove Road runs between the Edgware Road and Iverson Road, NW6
Medley Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Messina Avenue, NW6 Messina Avenue stretches from West End Lane over to Kilburn High Road.
Mill Lane, NW6 Mill Lane forms the boundary between Fortune Green and West Hampstead.
Milverton Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Mowbray Road, NW2 Mowbray Road is a road in the NW2 postcode area
Mowbray Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Narcissus Road, NW6 Narcissus Road lies in London NW6
Pandora Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Ravenshaw Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Rowntree Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Salmon Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sandwell Crescent, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sherriff Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Smyrna Road, NW6 Smyrna Road is a small road to the west of West End Lane.
Solent Road, NW6 Solent Road is a street in West Hampstead.
Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sumatra Road, NW6 Sumatra Road, NW6 dates from the 1870s.
The Mansions, NW6 The Mansions is a residential block on the north side of Mill Lane.
Welbeck Mansions, NW6 Welbeck Mansions, flats notable for their ironwork balconies, were built north of Inglewood Road in 1897.
West Cottages, NW6 West Cottages is a road in the NW6 postcode area
West End Lane, NW6 West End Lane is the main road running through West Hampstead.
West Hampstead Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6




LOCAL PHOTOS
West Hampstead Overgound
TUM image id: 1127
West End Park, 1870s
TUM image id: 1135
Maygrove Peace Park
TUM image id: 1152
19th century cricket
TUM image id: 1253
Ripley House on an 1870 map
TUM image id: 2402
Hampstead Synagogue
TUM image id: 2418
Sandwell House
TUM image id: 2496
The Beatles at Decca
TUM image id: 2505
Print-friendly version of this page