Lots Road, SW10

Road in/near Chelsea, existing between the 1820s and now

 HOME  ·  ARTICLE  MAP  STREETS  BLOG 
(51.47834 -0.18134) 

Lots Road, SW10

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Chelsea · SW10 ·
MAY
27
2018

Lots Road, older than the surrounding streets, was once Pooles Lane which was a track leading to Chelsea Farm.

From Anglo-Saxon times, the land on the northern banks of the Thames was divided into individually owned ‘lots’, and open to common pasturage after the annual harvest. In 1825 the ‘Lammas’ rights of common grazing were abolished on the ‘Lots’.

When the Cremorne Gardens closed in the 1860s, the landowner Mrs Simpson, let the land as building plots for the construction of workers’ housing. The variety and range of materials and architectural detailing amongst the workers cottages suggests that a number of different builders constructed the housing.

Historic maps indicate that much of the land was developed within a short period of time between 1868 and 1896. Tadema Road (Tadema Street), which has Dutch and classical elements, was almost certainly named after Lawrence Alma-Tadema, a Dutch artist who moved to London in 1870 and enjoyed great frame during the mid to late 1870s, when those houses were constructed.

Running in parallel with the construction of workers cottages was the development along the river banks of the Thames. Flour Mills and a Horticultural Works already occupied
land adjacent to Chelsea Creek to the west of Pooles Lane (later to become Lots Road). From the late 1870s a large number of wharfs were constructed for commercial uses.

The rest of Chelsea is overwhelmingly residential and so the Lots Road community - a working area of industry, commercial riverside uses, small factories, breweries and workshops within a working class community housed in artisan terraced housing - was unusual.

The road contained the landmark Lots Road Power Station, which had an influential historic role in powering the London Underground and is architecturally significant as a symbol of innovative design, structure and engineering.

The terraces which housed local workers are well preserved despite numerous threats from bombs during World War II. The York stone streets are lined with traditional lamp posts and
small trees; and the proximity to the River Thames in particular, makes this an unusual and characterful part of the Royal Borough.

In the post war years, the Lots Road area was earmarked for a potential route for a new motorway crossing the river known as the West Cross Route.

The prohibitive cost and the unpopularity of proposed major road works eventually led to much of the West Cross route being abandoned in 1973. However, the consequences for the
Lots Road area was one of general neglect and degeneration until twentieth century developments made the area extremely desirable.


Main source: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Further citations and sources




NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Chelsea Farm Chelsea Farm was established on the northern banks of the Thames on land previously open to common pasturage after the annual harvest.
Cremorne Gardens Cremorne Gardens, with a vestige existing today, was in its prime between 1846 and 1877.
Lots Road Power Station Lots Road Power Station was a coal (and later oil-fired then gas-fired) power station, which supplied electricity to the London Underground system.
Sands End Sands End was a close knit working class community.

NEARBY STREETS
Althorpe Mews, SW11 Althorpe Mews is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Ashburnham Road, SW10 Ashburnham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Bagleys Lane, SW6 Bagleys Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Battersea Bridge, SW10 Battersea Bridge is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Battersea Church Road, SW11 Battersea Church Road is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Battersea Square, SW11 Battersea Square is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Billing Road, SW10 Billing Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Billing Street, SW10 Billing Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Blantyre Street, SW10 Blantyre Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Bridges Place, SW6 Bridges Place is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Burnaby Street, SW10 Burnaby Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cambria Street, SW6 Cambria Street is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Chelsea Harbour Design Centre, SW10 Chelsea Harbour Design Centre is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Harbour Drive, SW10 Chelsea Harbour Drive is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Chelsea Harbour, SW10 Chelsea Harbour is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Reach, SW10 Chelsea Reach is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Studios, SW10 Chelsea Studios is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Chelsea Wharf, SW10 Chelsea Wharf is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cheyne Walk, SW10 Cheyne Walk is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Cooper House, SW6 Residential block
Cotswold Mews, SW11 Cotswold Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Cremorne Road, SW10 Cremorne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Damer Terrace, SW10 Damer Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Dartrey Tower, SW10 Dartrey Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
East Road, SW10 East Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Edith Grove, SW10 Edith Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Edith Terrace, SW10 Edith Terrace is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Fernshaw Road, SW10 Fernshaw Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Fulmead Street, SW6 Fulmead Street is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Granfield Street, SW11 A street within the SW11 postcode
Greaves Tower, SW10 Greaves Tower is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gunter Grove, SW10 Gunter Grove is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Gwyn Close, SW6 Gwyn Close is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Harbour Avenue, SW10 Harbour Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Harbour Avenue, SW6 Harbour Avenue is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Harbour Yard, SW10 Harbour Yard is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Holmead Road, SW6 Holmead Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Hortensia Road, SW10 Hortensia Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Imperial Road, SW6 Imperial Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Imperial Square, SW6 Imperial Square is a road in the SW6 postcode area
King’s Road, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
King’s Road, SW6 This is a street in the SW6 postcode area
Kings Road, SW10 Kings Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Kings Road, SW6 Kings Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
King’s Road, SW6 King’s Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Maltings Place, SW6 Maltings Place is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Maynard Close, SW6 Maynard Close is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Michael Road, SW6 Michael Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Micheal Road, SW6 Micheal Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Plaza, SW10 Plaza is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Raasay Street, SW10 Raasay Street ran from Dartrey Road to Edith Grove.
Riley Street, SW10 Riley Street is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Rumbold Road, SW6 Rumbold Road is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
Slaidburn Street, SW10 Slaidburn Street is a street in London
Stadium Street, SW10 Stadium Street is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Sunbury Lane, SW11 Sunbury Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Tadema Road, SW10 Tadema Road was named after Lawrence Alma-Tadema
Tetcott Road, SW10 Tetcott Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thames Avenue, SW10 Thames Avenue is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Thames Towpath, SW10 Thames Towpath is a road in the SW10 postcode area
The Chambers, SW10 The Chambers is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
The Crainewell, SW6 The Crainewell is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
The Plaza, SW10 The Plaza is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thorndike Close, SW10 Thorndike Close is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Thorney Crescent, SW11 Thorney Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW11 postal area.
Upcerne Road, SW10 Upcerne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Upper Whistler Walk, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area
Uverdale Road, SW10 Uverdale Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Valiant House, SW11 Residential block
Vicarage Walk, SW11 Vicarage Walk is a road in the SW11 postcode area
Wandon Road, SW6 Wandon Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Wardens Square, SW6 Wardens Square is one of the streets of London in the SW6 postal area.
West Road, SW10 West Road is a road in the SW10 postcode area
World’s End Passage, SW10 World’s End Passage is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Worlds End Place, SW10 Worlds End Place is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.


Chelsea

Chelsea is an affluent area, bounded to the south by the River Thames.

Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above Sloane Square tube station. The modern eastern boundary is Chelsea Bridge Road and the lower half of Sloane Street, including Sloane Square, along with parts of Belgravia. To the north and northwest, the area fades into Knightsbridge and South Kensington, but it is safe to say that the area north of King’s Road as far northwest as Fulham Road is part of Chelsea.

The word Chelsea originates from the Old English term for chalk and landing place on the river. The first record of the Manor of Chelsea precedes the Domesday Book and records the fact that Thurstan, governor of the King’s Palace during the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042–1066), gave the land to the Abbot and Convent of Westminster. Abbot Gervace subsequently assigned the manor to his mother, and it passed into private ownership. The modern-day Chelsea hosted the Synod of Chelsea in 787 AD.

Chelsea once had a reputation for the manufacture of Chelsea buns (made from a long strip of sweet dough tightly coiled, with currants trapped between the layers, and topped with sugar).

King Henry VIII acquired the manor of Chelsea from Lord Sandys in 1536; Chelsea Manor Street is still extant. Two of King Henry’s wives, Catherine Parr and Anne of Cleves, lived in the Manor House; Princess Elizabeth – the future Queen Elizabeth I – resided there; and Thomas More lived more or less next door at Beaufort House. In 1609 James I established a theological college on the site of the future Chelsea Royal Hospital, which Charles II founded in 1682.

By 1694, Chelsea – always a popular location for the wealthy, and once described as ’a village of palaces’ – had a population of 3000. Even so, Chelsea remained rural and served London to the east as a market garden, a trade that continued until the 19th-century development boom which caused the final absorption of the district into the metropolis.

Chelsea shone, brightly but briefly, in the 1960s Swinging London period and the early 1970s. The Swinging Sixties was defined on King’s Road, which runs the length of the area. The Western end of Chelsea featured boutiques Granny Takes a Trip and The Sweet Shop, the latter of which sold medieval silk velvet caftans, tabards and floor cushions, with many of the cultural cognoscenti of the time being customers, including Keith Richards, Twiggy and many others.

The exclusivity of Chelsea as a result of its high property prices has historically resulted in the term Sloane Ranger to be used to describe its residents. From 2011, Channel 4 broadcast a reality television show called Made in Chelsea, documenting the ’glitzy’ lives of several young people living in Chelsea. Moreover, Chelsea is home to one of the largest communities of Americans living outside of the United States, with 6.53% of Chelsea-residents being born in the United States.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Sands End
TUM image id: 1183
Print-friendly version of this page