Lyndhurst Road, NW3

Road in/near Belsize Park, existing between 1862 and now

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(51.5519 -0.17458) 

Lyndhurst Road, NW3

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Belsize Park · NW3 ·
August
10
2015

Lyndhurst Road is a street in Hampstead.

Lyndhurst Road had its origins in the 1850s when landowner Henry Davidson started to issue 99-year building leases for his Rosslyn House estate.

Probably fearing that the market would be saturated by building on neighbouring land, Davidson hoped to demolish Rosslyn House and cover the whole estate with detached and semidetached houses, like those in Belsize Park and with access from Haverstock Hill. Progress was slower than expected, partly because of competition in Hampstead town and Belsize Park and partly because of reluctance to build above Hampstead Junction Railway’s tunnel.

Thurlow, Lyndhurst, and Eldon Roads and Windsor Terrace had been laid out by 1862 and about 40 houses built by 1864. Demand for the houses, of similar value to those in Belsize Park, (fn. 110) rose during the 1860s and more had been built by 1870.

In 1881 the Rosslyn Grove estate, whose freehold had reverted to the Church Commissioners, was leased to Congregationalists who in 1883 built a church on the corner of Lyndhurst Road and Haverstock Hill. It was built to the plans of architect Alfred Waterhouse, designer of the Natural History Museum. Renamed Lyndhurst Hall, Sir George Martin’s AIR Studios opened there in 1992.

In 1896 the executors of C. H. L. Woodd sold Rosslyn House to speculators, who by 1909 had completed houses in Lyndhurst and Wedderburn Roads on the site.

6 Lyndhurst Road was for a time the London home of Richard Burton and his first wife, fellow Welsh thespian Sybil Williams.


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South End Close, NW3 South End Close is a street in Hampstead.
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Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
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St John’s Wood Park, NW8 St John’s Wood Park is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood Terrace, NW8 St John’s Wood Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St Johns Court, NW3 St Johns Court is a street in Hampstead.
St Stephen’s Close, NW8 St Stephen’s Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St. Crispin?s Close, NW3 St. Crispin?s Close is a street in Hampstead.
Stone Well Road, CR0 A street within the NW3 postcode
Strathray Gardens, NW3 Strathray Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Streatley Place, NW3 Streatley Place is a street in Hampstead.
Sumpter Close, NW3 Sumpter Close is a street in Hampstead.
Swiss Terrace, NW3 Swiss Terrace connects Belsize Road with the Swiss Cottage junction.
Tatham Place, NW8 Tatham Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Gables, NW3 The Gables is a road in the NW3 postcode area
The Lane, NW8 The Lane is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Limes, NW3 The Limes replaced the Hare and Hounds pub which previously stood here.
The Marlowes, NW8 The Marlowes is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Mount, NW3 The Mount is a road in the NW3 postcode area
The Village, NW3 The Village is a street in Hampstead.
Thurlow Road, NW3 Thurlow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Tobin Close, NW3 Tobin Close is a street in Hampstead.
Townshend Estate, NW8 Townshend Estate is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Townshend Road, NW8 Townshend Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Tranley Mews, NW3 Tranley Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Trinity Walk, NW3 Trinity Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Tudor Close, NW3 Tudor Close is a street in Hampstead.
Turners Wood, NW11 Turner’s Wood, built in 1916, was the final road of the original Hampstead Garden Suburb before the First World War brought work to an end.
Upper Terrace, NW3 Upper Terrace is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Vale of Health, NW3 Vale of Health is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Vane Close, NW3 Vane Close is a street in Hampstead.
Village Mount, NW3 Village Mount is a street in Hampstead.
Violet Hill, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Wadham Gardens, NW3 Wadham Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Wandsworth Place, NW3 Wandsworth Place is a street in Hampstead.
Waterhouse Close, NW3 Waterhouse Close is a street in Hampstead.
Waverley Place, NW8 Waverley Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wedderburn Road, NW3 Wedderburn Road is a street in Hampstead.
Well Road, NW3 Well Road is a street in Hampstead.
Well Walk, NW3 Well Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Wellington Place, NW8 Wellington Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wellington Road, NW8 Wellington Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Whitestone Lane, NW3 Whitestone Lane is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Wildwood Grove, NW3 Wildwood Grove was a terraced row begun in the 1860s.
Wildwood Rise, NW11 Wildwood Rise is a road in the NW11 postcode area
Willoughby Road, NW3 Willoughby Road is a street in Hampstead.
Willow Road, NW3 Willow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Winchester Road, NW3 Winchester Road is named after the first Provost of Eton, William Waynflete Bishop of Winchester.
Windmill Hill, NW3 Windmill Hill is a street in Hampstead.
Woronzow Road, NW8 Woronzow Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wyldes Close, NW3 Wyldes Close is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3 Yorkshire Grey Place is a street in Hampstead.


Belsize Park

The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.

Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.

Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.

It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.

Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.

In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.

Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.

Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, edited by C R Elrington.



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