Waterloo

Underground station, existing between 1848 and now

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Waterloo

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Underground station · Waterloo · SE1 ·
November
28
2012

London Waterloo station is a central London railway terminus and London Underground complex. The station is one of 18 in Britain owned and operated by Network Rail and is close to the South Bank of the River Thames.

The London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) opened the station on 11 July 1848 as 'Waterloo Bridge Station' (from the nearby crossing over the Thames) when its main line was extended from Nine Elms. The station, designed by William Tite, was raised above marshy ground on a series of arches. The unfulfilled intention was for a through station with services to the City. In 1886, it officially became Waterloo Station, reflecting long-standing common usage, even in some L&SWR timetables.

It is located in the Waterloo district of London, which was itself named after the Battle of Waterloo in which Napoleon was defeated near Brussels.

As the station grew, it became increasingly ramshackle. The original 1848 station became known as the 'Central Station' as other platforms were added. The new platform sets were known by nicknames - the two platforms added for suburban services in 1878 were the 'Cyprus Station', whilst the six built in 1885 for use by trains on the Windsor line became the 'Khartoum Station'. Each of these stations-within-a-station had its own booking office, taxi stand and public entrances from the street, as well as often poorly marked and confusing access to the rest of the station. This complexity and confusion became the butt of jokes by writers and music hall comics for many years in the late 19th century, including Jerome K. Jerome in Three Men in a Boat.

The present buildings were inaugurated in 1922. Part of the station is a Grade II listed heritage building.

With over 91 million passenger entries and exits between April 2010 and March 2011, Waterloo is easily Britain's busiest railway station in terms of passenger usage. The Waterloo complex is one of the busiest passenger terminals in Europe. It has more platforms and a greater floor area than any other station in the UK (though Clapham Junction, just under 4 miles down the line, has the largest number of trains). It is the terminus of a network of railway lines from Surrey, Berkshire, Hampshire, South West England, and the south-western suburbs of London.

Waterloo tube station is, like its namesake, the busiest station on the network and is served by the Bakerloo, Jubilee, Northern and the Waterloo & City lines.

The first underground station at Waterloo was opened on 8 August 1898 by the Waterloo & City Railway (W&CR), a subsidiary of the owners of the main line station, the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR). The W&CR, nicknamed the Drain, achieved in a limited way the L&SWR's original plan of taking its tracks the short distance north-east into the City of London.

On 10 March 1906, the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) was opened. On 13 September 1926, the extension of the Hampstead & Highgate line (as the Charing Cross branch of the Northern line was then known) was opened from Embankment to the existing City & South London Railway station Kennington with a new station at Waterloo.

As a subsidiary of the L&SWR and its successor the Southern Railway, the W&CR was not a part of the London Underground system. Following nationalization of the main line railway companies in 1948, it became part of British Railways (later British Rail). Following a period of closure during 1993 when the line was converted to use the four rail electrical system of the London Underground, the ownership of Waterloo & City line was transferred to the Underground on 1 April 1994.

On 24 September 1999, the Jubilee line station was opened as part of the Jubilee Line Extension. The station was temporarily the western terminus of the extension running from Stratford in east London, before the final section to link the extension to the original line was opened between Waterloo and Green Park on 20 November 1999.[9] The Jubilee platforms are at the opposite end of the site from those of the Bakerloo and Northern lines, but the two ends are connected by a 140-metre moving walkway link (one of only two on the Underground - the other gives access to the Waterloo & City line platform at Bank station).

Waterloo station is linked to the South Bank by an elevated walkway. It was once possible to walk directly by elevated walkways and footbridges all the way from the concourse of Waterloo to that of Charing Cross railway station on the north side of the Thames, but the demolition of part of the Waterloo walkway and the reconstruction of the Hungerford Footbridge means that that is no longer possible.


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Victory Arch, London Waterloo station. Wikimedia Commons/Prioryman

Victory Arch, London Waterloo station. Wikimedia Commons/Prioryman
User unknown/public domain

THE STREETS OF WATERLOO
Alaska Street, SE1 Alaska Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Barons Place, SE1 Barons Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Baylis Road, SE1 Baylis Road runs between Westminster Bridge Road and Waterloo Road.
Blackfriars Foundry 154-156, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Blenheim Business Centre, CR4 A street within the SE1 postcode
Boundary Row, SE1 Boundary Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Bull Inn Court, WC2R Bull Inn Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Burrows Mews, SE1 Burrows Mews is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Carting Lane, WC2R Carting Lane is thought to be named after the carts that brought goods to and from the wharf formerly located here.
Chaplin Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Chicheley Street, SE1 Henry Chichele was a 15th-century Archbishop of Canterbury.
Cooper Close, SE1 Cooper Close is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Coral Street, SE1 Coral Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dodson Street, SE1 Dodson Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Embankment, SW6 Embankment is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Exchange Court, WC2R Exchange Court is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Fifth Floor Valentine Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Floor, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Frazier Street, SE1 Frazier Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Gerridge Street, SE1 Gerridge Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Granby Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Gray Street, SE1 Gray Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Holmes Terrace, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Johanna Street, SE1 Johanna Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lancaster Place, WC2E Lancaster Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2E postal area.
Larch House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Launcelot Street, SE1 Launcelot Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Leake Street, SE1 Leake Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Lower Marsh, SE1 Lower Marsh is an 18th century street in the Waterloo neighbourhood.
Mepham Street, SE1 Mepham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Merrow Street, SE1 Merrow Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Mitre Road, SE1 Mitre Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Morley Street, SE1 Morley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Murphy Street, SE1 Murphy Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Oreilly Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Pear Place, SE1 Pear Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Pontypool Place, SE1 Pontypool Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
River Terrace, W6 River Terrace is a road in the W6 postcode area
Sandell Street, SE1 Sandell Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Savoy Hill, WC2R Savoy Hill is located at a site originally called Savoy Manor.
Savoy Place, WC2N Savoy Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2N postal area.
Savoy Place, WC2R Savoy Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Short Street, SE1 Short Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Spur Road, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Strand Lane, WC2R Strand Lane is a road in the WC2R postcode area
Suite 3, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Surrey Street, WC2R Surrey Street was built on land once occupied by Arundel House and its gardens.
Suthwark Bridge Road, SE1 Suthwark Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sutton Walk, SE1 Sutton Walk is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tanswell Street, SE1 Tanswell Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Temple Pier, WC2R Temple Pier is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Temple Place, WC2R Temple Place is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
The Balcony, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Colonnade, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
The Cut, SE1 The Cut is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Foundry, SE1 The Foundry is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
The Tunnel, SE1 The Tunnel is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Ufford Street, SE1 Ufford Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Valentine Place, SE1 Valentine Place is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Valentine Row, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Victoria Embankment, SE1 Victoria Embankment is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Victoria Embankment, WC2R Victoria Embankment is one of the streets of London in the WC2R postal area.
Waterloo Centre, SE1 Waterloo Centre is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Waterloo Road, SE1 Waterloo Road is the main road in the Waterloo area straddling the boroughs of Lambeth and Southwark.
Waterloo Station, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Webber Row, SE1 Webber Row is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Windmill Walk, SE1 Windmill Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Wootton Street, SE1 Wootton Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
York Road Curve, N1C York Road Curve is a road in the N1C postcode area
York Road, SE1 York Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.


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