Marlborough Grove, SE1

Road in/near Bermondsey

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(51.48659 -0.06801) 

Marlborough Grove, SE1

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Road · Bermondsey · SE1 ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Marlborough Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.




NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Gardens, SE16 Abbey Gardens is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Abbey Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Abercorn Way, SE1 Abercorn Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Abingdon Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Acanthus Drive, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Achilles Close, SE1 Achilles Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Acorn Parade, SE15 Acorn Parade is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Ainsdale Drive, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Albert Way, SE15 Albert Way is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Alder Close, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Alexis Street, SE16 Alexis Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Alma Grove, SE1 Alma Grove was formerly Alma Road, and before that Tenter Ground Lane.
Alscot Road, SE1 Alscot Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Alscot Road, SE16 Alscot Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Ambrose Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Amina Way, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Arabella Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Argyle Way, SE16 Argyle Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Arnold Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Arts Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Ashmore Close, SE15 Ashmore Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Aulay House, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Avocet Close, SE1 Avocet Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Avondale Square, SE1 Avondale Square is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Aylesham Centre, SE15 Aylesham Centre is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Balaclava Road, SE1 Balaclava Road’s name records the date of the development with the military victories of the Crimean War still fresh at that time.
Basing Court, SE15 Basing Court is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Beaton Close, SE15 Beaton Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Beatrice Road, SE1 Beatrice Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bermondsey Wall East, SE16 Bermondsey Wall East is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bevington Street, SE16 Bevington Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Bewick Mews, SE15 Bewick Mews is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Bianca Road, SE15 Bianca Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Bird In Bush Road, SE15 Bird In Bush Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Biroad In Bush Road, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Block A Unit 401, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Blue Anchor Lane, SE16 Blue Anchor Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Boathouse Walk, SE15 Boathouse Walk is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Bombay Street, SE16 Bombay Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Bonar Road, SE15 Bonar Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Brideale Close, SE15 Brideale Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Bridewain Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Brodie Street, SE1 Brodie Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Bull Yard, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Buller Close, SE15 Buller Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Burnell Walk, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Burnham Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bushwood Drive, SE1 Bushwood Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cadbury Way, SE16 Cadbury Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Cadet Drive, SE1 Cadet Drive is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Camilla Road, SE16 Camilla Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Canal Grove, SE15 Canal Grove is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Cardine Mews, SE15 Cardine Mews is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Carisbrooke Gardens, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Carlton Grove, SE15 Carlton Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Catlin Street, SE16 Catlin Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Central Buildings, SE15 Central Buildings is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Chaucer Drive, SE1 Chaucer Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Cherry Garden Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Cleme, SE16 Cleme is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clemence Road, SE16 Clemence Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clement, SE16 Clement is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clements Road, SE16 Clements Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clements Rod, SE16 Clements Rod is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Clements, SE16 Clements is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Colegrove Road, SE15 Colegrove Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Collett Road, SE16 Collett Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Collyer Place, SE15 Collyer Place is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Colmore Mews, SE15 Colmore Mews is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Commercial Way, SE15 Commercial Way dates from the 1840s.
Compton Close, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Coopers Road, SE1 Coopers Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Corbden Close, SE15 Corbden Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Culloden Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Dairy Apartments, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Davey Street, SE15 Davey Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Devon Mansions, SE1 Devon Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dhonau House Longfield, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Dockhead, SE1 Dockhead is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Dockley Road, SE16 Dockley Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Drappers Way, SE16 Drappers Way is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Drummond Road, SE16 Drummond Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Dunlop Place, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
East Point, SE1 East Point is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Elcot Avenue, SE15 Elcot Avenue is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Enid Street, SE16 Enid Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Esmeralda Road, SE1 Esmeralda Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Ethnard Road, SE15 Ethnard Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Eveline Lowe Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Fallow Court, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Farncombe Street, SE16 Farncombe Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Fenham Road, SE15 Fenham Road - named in 1866 after Fenham in Northumberland.
Fern Walk, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Fort Road, SE1 Fort Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Fortune Place, SE1 Fortune Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Fountain Green Square, SE16 Fountain Green Square is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Frean Street, SE16 Frean Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Freda Corbett Close, SE15 Freda Corbett Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Freda Street, SE16 A street within the postcode
Frensham Street, SE15 Frensham Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Friary Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Friary Road, SE15 Friary Road was developed in the 1840s.
Furley Road, SE15 Furley Road is named after Furley in Devon.
Gatonby Street, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Gedling Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Geldart Road, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
George Row, SE16 George Row is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Gleneagles Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Glengall Road, SE15 Glengall Road was built in the 1840s.
Glengall Terrace, SE15 Glengall Terrace is a street whose history changed after the Second World War.
Goldsmith Road, SE15 Goldsmith Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Goldsmith Street, SE15 Goldsmith Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Goodwin Close, SE16 Goodwin Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Grange Walk, SE16 Grange Walk is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Green Hundred Road, SE15 Green Hundred Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Grenard Close, SE15 Grenard Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Hannah Mary Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Harmony Place, SE1 Harmony Place is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Haslam Street, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Hastings Close, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Haymerle Road, SE15 Haymerle Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Henley Drive, SE1 Henley Drive is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Henley Drive, SE16 Henley Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Hereford Retreat, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Holbeck Row, SE15 Holbeck Row is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Hoyland Close, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Hyndman Street, SE15 Hyndman Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Inforum Mews, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Jamaica Road, SE1 Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Jamaica Road, SE16 Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Janeway Street, SE16 Janeway Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Jocelyn Street, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
John Felton Road, SE16 John Felton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
John Roll Way, SE16 John Roll Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Jowett Street, SE15 Jowett Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Kincaid Road, SE15 This is a street in the SE15 postcode area
Kite House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Kotree way, SE1 Kotree way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Langdon Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Latona Road, SE15 Latona Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Ledbury Street, SE15 Ledbury Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Leontine Close, SE15 Leontine Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Limasol Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Lindley Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Linsey Street, SE16 Linsey Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Lisford Street, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Little London Court, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Livesey Place, SE15 Livesey Place is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Llewellyn Street, SE16 Llewellyn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Longfellow Way, SE1 Longfellow Way is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Longfield Estate, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Longley Street, SE1 Longley Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lovegrove Street, SE1 Lovegrove Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Lucey Road, SE16 Lucey Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Lucey Way, SE16 Lucey Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Lympstone Gardens, SE15 Lympstone Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Lynton Road, SE1 Lynton Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Macks Road, SE16 Macks Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Maismore Street, SE15 Maismore Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Malt Street, SE1 Malt Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Manor Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Maria Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Maria Close, SE16 Maria Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marigold Street, SE16 Marigold Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Marine Street, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Market Place, SE16 Market Place is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Marmont Road, SE15 Marmont Road was at first Marlborough Road.
Mason Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Mawbey Place, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Meeting House Lane, SE15 Meeting House Lane is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Melon Road, SE15 Melon Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Milton Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Mission Place, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Monnow Road, SE1 Monnow Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Murdock Street, SE15 Murdock Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Naylor Road, SE15 Naylor Road was named in 1863 after a Miss Naylor who then leased houses in 1877.
Neate Street, SE15 Neate Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Neckinger Estate, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Neckinger Street, SE1 Neckinger Street is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Neckinger, SE16 Neckinger is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Neville Close, SE15 Neville Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Nile Terrace, SE15 Nile Terrace is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Nutcroft Road, SE15 Nutcroft Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Nutt Street, SE15 Nutt Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Old Abbey Lane, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Old Jamaica Road Business Estate, SE16 Old Jamaica Road Business Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Old Jamaica Road, SE16 Old Jamaica Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Old Kent Road, SE14 Old Kent Road is a road in the SE14 postcode area
Old Kent Road, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Oliver Goldsmith Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Olmar Street, SE1 Olmar Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Ossory Road, SE1 Ossory Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Oxley Close, SE1 Oxley Close is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Parkers Row, SE1 Parkers Row is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Peckham Bus Station, SE15 Peckham Bus Station is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Peckham High Street, SE15 Peckham High Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Peckham Hill Street, SE15 Peckham Hill Street was named after Hill family who were local landowners.
Peckham Library, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Peckham Park Road, SE15 Peckham Park Road was the combination of Park Road and Upper Park Road in 1870.
Pencraig Way, SE15 Pencraig Way is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Pennack Road, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Pennethorne Road, SE15 Pennethorne Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Perryn Road, SE16 Perryn Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Phoenix Wharf Road, SE1 Phoenix Wharf Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Pied Bull Yard, N1 A street within the SE15 postcode
Pioneer Street, SE15 Pioneer Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Pottery Street, SE16 Pottery Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Radnor Road, SE15 Radnor Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Reverdy Road, SE1 Reverdy Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Rock Grove Way, SE16 Rock Grove Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Rolls Road, SE1 Rolls Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Roseberry Street, SE16 Roseberry Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Rosemary Road, SE15 Rosemary Road is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Rouel Road, SE16 Rouel Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Rowcross Street, SE1 Rowcross Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Ruby Street, SE15 Ruby Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Ruby Triangle, SE15 This is a street in the SE15 postcode area
Ryder Drive, SE16 Ryder Drive is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Sandgate Street, SE15 Sandgate Street is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Scott Lidgett Crescent, SE16 Scott Lidgett Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street, SE1 Scotts Sufferance Wharfmill Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Setchell Road, SE1 Setchell Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sheppard Drive, SE16 Sheppard Drive is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Shepparoad Drive, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Sherwood Gardens, SE16 Sherwood Gardens is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Shurland Gardens, SE15 Shurland Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Sidmouth House Lindley Estate, SE15 Sidmouth House Lindley Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Silkin Mews, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Simms Road, SE1 Simms Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Sister Mabel’s Way, SE15 Sister Mabel’s Way is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Six Bridges Trading Estate, SE1 Six Bridges Trading Estate is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Sojourner Truth Centre, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Southernwood Retail Park, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Southwark Park Road, SE16 Southwark Park Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Spa Business Park, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Spa Court, SE16 Spa Court is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Spa Road, SE1 Spa Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Spa Road, SE16 Spa Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
St Jamess Road, SE1 St Jamess Road is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St Jamess Road, SE16 St Jamess Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Staffordshire Street, SE15 Staffordshire Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Stanworth Street, SE1 Stanworth Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Stevenson Cres, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Stevenson Crescent, SE16 Stevenson Crescent is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Stevenson Cresent, SE16 Stevenson Cresent is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Stopes Street, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Stork’s Road, SE16 This is a street in the SE16 postcode area
Strathnairn Street, SE1 Strathnairn Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Studios, N17 Studios is one of the streets of London in the N17 postal area.
Sumner Avenue, SE15 Sumner Avenue is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Sumner House, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Sumner Road, SE15 Sumner Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Sun Passage, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Sunningdale Close, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Sweeney Crescent, SE1 Sweeney Crescent is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Swift Court, SE1 Swift Court is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Tenda Road, SE16 Tenda Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Thorburn Square, SE1 Thorburn Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Thurland Road, SE16 Thurland Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Tilbury Close, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Toussaint Walk, SE16 Toussaint Walk is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Tower Bridge Business Complex, SE16 Tower Bridge Business Complex is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Trafalgar Avenue, SE15 This area of Peckham, close to the Old Kent Road, was developed from the 1840s onwards.
Tranton Road, SE16 Tranton Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Trothy Road, SE1 Trothy Road is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Unit B507 Towerbridge Business Complex, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Unwin Close, SE15 Unwin Close is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Vauban Street, SE16 Vauban Street is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Verney Way, SE16 Verney Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Wade House, SE16 Wade House is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Waterside Close, SE16 Waterside Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Watts Street, SE15 Watts Street is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Weald Close, SE16 Weald Close is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Webster Road, SE16 Webster Road is a road in the SE16 postcode area
Weightman House, SE16 A street within the SE16 postcode
Welsford Street, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Wentworth Crescent, SE15 Wentworth Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Whittaker Way, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Willowbrook Estate, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Willowbrook Road, SE15 Willowbrook Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Wilmot Close, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode
Wilson Grove, SE16 Wilson Grove is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Windmill Close, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Windspoint Drive, SE15 Windspoint Drive is a road in the SE15 postcode area
Witcombe Point, SE15 Witcombe Point is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Wolseley Street, SE1 Wolseley Street is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Woodmill Close, SW15 Woodmill Close is a road in the SW15 postcode area
Woodmill Street, SE16 A street within the SE1 postcode
Woods Road, SE15 Woods Road is one of the streets of London in the SE15 postal area.
Woolstaplers Way, SE16 Woolstaplers Way is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Yalding Road, SE16 Yalding Road is one of the streets of London in the SE16 postal area.
Yarnfield Square, SE15 A street within the SE15 postcode


Bermondsey

The name Bermondsey first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at ’Vermundesei’, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Though Bermondsey’s name may derive from Beornmund’s island (whoever the Anglo-Saxon Beornmund was, is another matter), but Bermondsey is likely to have been a higher, drier spot in an otherwise marshy area, rather than a real island.

The area first appears in a letter from Pope Constantine (708-715), in which he grants privileges to a monastery at Vermundesei, then in the hands of the abbot of Medeshamstede, as Peterborough was known at the time.

Bermondsey appears in Domesday Book. It was then held by King William, though a small part was in the hands of Robert, Count of Mortain, the king’s half brother, and younger brother of Odo of Bayeux, then Earl of Kent.

Bermondsey Abbey was founded as a Cluniac priory in 1082, and was dedicated to St Saviour. Monks from the abbey began the development of the area, cultivating the land and embanking the riverside. They turned an adjacent tidal inlet at the mouth of the River Neckinger into a dock, named St Saviour’s Dock after their abbey. The Knights Templar also owned land here and gave their names to one of the most distinctive streets in London, Shad Thames (a corruption of ’St John at Thames’). Other ecclesiastical properties stood nearby at Tooley (a corruption of ’St Olave’s’) Street, located in the Archbishop of Canterbury’s manor of Southwark, where wealthy citizens and clerics had their houses, including the priors of Lewes and St Augustine’s, Canterbury, and the abbot of Battle.

As it developed over the centuries, Bermondsey underwent many changes. After the Great Fire of London, it was settled by the well-to-do and took on the character of a garden suburb especially along the lines of Grange Road, as Bermondsey Street became more urbanised. A pleasure garden was founded there in the 17th century, commemorated by the Cherry Garden Pier. Samuel Pepys visited ’Jamaica House’ at Cherry Gardens in 1664 and recorded in his diary that he had left it "singing finely".

Though not many buildings survive from this era, one notable exception is the church of St Mary Magdalen in Bermondsey Street, completed in 1690 (although a church has been recorded on this site from the 13th Century). This church came through both 19th-century redevelopment and The Blitz unscathed. It is not just an unusual survivor for Bermondsey; buildings of this era are relative rarities in Inner London in general.

In the 18th century, the discovery of a spring from the river Neckinger in the area led to Bermondsey becoming a spa leisure resort, as the area between Grange and Jamaica Roads called Spa Road commemorates.

It was from the Bermondsey riverside that the painter J.M.W. Turner executed his famous painting of The Fighting Temeraire Tugged to her Last Berth to be Broken Up (1839), depicting the veteran warship being towed to Rotherhithe to be scrapped.

By the mid-19th century parts of Bermondsey, especially along the riverside had become a notorious slum — with the arrival of industrial plants, docks and immigrant housing. The area around St Saviour’s Dock, known as Jacob’s Island, was one of the worst in London. It was immortalised by Charles Dickens’s novel Oliver Twist, in which the principal villain Bill Sikes meets a nasty end in the mud of ’Folly Ditch’ an area which was known as Hickmans Folly — the scene of an attack by Spring Heeled Jack in 1845 — surrounding Jacob’s Island. Dickens provides a vivid description of what it was like:

<CITE>... crazy wooden galleries common to the backs of half a dozen houses, with holes from which to look upon the slime beneath; windows, broken and patched, with poles thrust out, on which to dry the linen that is never there; rooms so small, so filthy, so confined, that the air would seem to be too tainted even for the dirt and squalor which they shelter; wooden chambers thrusting themselves out above the mud and threatening to fall into it — as some have done; dirt-besmeared walls and decaying foundations, every repulsive lineament of poverty, every loathsome indication of filth, rot, and garbage: all these ornament the banks of Jacob’s Island.</CITE>

Bermondsey Town Hall was built on Spa Road in 1881. The area was extensively redeveloped during the 19th century and early 20th century with the expansion of the river trade and the arrival of the railways. London’s first passenger railway terminus was built by the London to Greenwich Railway in 1836 at London Bridge. The first section to be used was between the Spa Road Station and Deptford High Street. This local station had closed by 1915.

The industrial boom of the 19th century was an extension of Bermondsey’s manufacturing role in earlier eras. As in the East End, industries that were deemed too noisome to be carried on within the narrow confines of the City of London had been located here — one such that came to dominate central Bermondsey, away from the riverfront, was the processing and trading of leather and hides. Many buildings from this era survive around Leathermarket Street including the huge Leather, Hide and Wool Exchange (now residential and small work spaces). Hepburn and Gale’s tannery (disused as of early 2007) on Long Lane is also a substantial survivor of the leather trade.

Peek, Frean and Co was established in 1857 at Dockhead, Bermondsey by James Peek and George Hender Frean. They moved to a larger plant in Clements Road in 1866, leading to the nickname ’Biscuit Town’ for Bermondsey, where they continued baking until the brand was discontinued in 1989. Wee Willie Harris (usually credited as the first British rock and roll player) came from Bermondsey. He was known as Britain’s Wild man of Rock N’ Roll). He also worked in Peak Freans.

To the east of Tower Bridge, Bermondsey’s 3½ miles of riverside were lined with warehouses and wharves, of which the best known is Butler’s Wharf. They suffered severe damage in World War II bombing and became redundant in the 1960s following the collapse of the river trade. After standing derelict for some years, many of the wharves were redeveloped under the aegis of the London Docklands Development Corporation during the 1980s. They have now been converted into a mixture of residential and commercial accommodations and have become some of the most upmarket and expensive properties in London. In 1997, US President Bill Clinton and Prime Minister Tony Blair visited the area to dine at the Pont de la Tour restaurant at Butler’s Wharf.

Millwall F.C. moved to a new stadium on Coldblow Lane in 1910, having previously played in Millwall, but have kept their original name despite playing at the opposite side of the River Thames to the Millwall area. They played at The Den until 1993, when they relocated to the New Den nearby. A public sports centre is also included in their stadium.

Reorganisation of lines and closure of stations left Bermondsey’s transport links with the rest of London poorer in the late twentieth century. This was remedied in 2000 with the opening of Bermondsey tube station on the Jubilee Line Extension.

Bermondsey tube station was designed by Ian Ritchie Architects and was originally intended to have a multi-storey office building sitting on top.
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