Rosslyn House

Large house in/near Belsize Park, existed between 1723 and 1909

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Rosslyn House

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Large house · * · ·
MAY
24
2015

Rosslyn (Roslyn) House, which stood between Wedderburn and Lyndhurst Roads, was one of the last of the famous old Hampstead houses to be destroyed.

Mulys, later called Grove House, Shelford Lodge, and Rosslyn House, was occupied by the Fellows family from c. 1723 to c.1777.

It changed to its final name when it became the property of Alexander Wedderburn, first Earl of Rosslyn, Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain in 1793.

He added a large oval room which held the library and disguised the shape of the original house. Rosslyn left in 1803 and in 1808 the house, a newly planted orchard, and 21 acres, were occupied by Robert Milligan (d. 1809), a West India merchant. There were also houses for a gardener and a coachman.

It was noted for its magnificent avenue of Spanish chestnuts said to have been planted in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Elizabethan relics have been found in the vicinity.

Rosslyn House was sold in 1816 to the undertenant and remained in parkland until it was demolished between 1896 and 1909.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


A handsome antique print - a gardener is at work in the grounds. Engraved from an original study by William Henry Prior and originally produced for the part-work "Old and New London" (London : 1873-1878).

A handsome antique print - a gardener is at work in the grounds. Engraved from an original study by William Henry Prior and originally produced for the part-work "Old and New London" (London : 1873-1878).
William Henry Prior (1812-1882)

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NEARBY STREETS
Akenside Road, NW3 Akenside Road is a street named after a famous local resident.
Arkwright Road, NW3 Arkwright Road, NW3 runs from Fitzjohn’s Avenue to Finchley Road.
Baynes Mews, NW3 Baynes Mews is a mews within the conservation area of Belsize Park.
Belsize Avenue, NW3 Belsize Avenue was once the driveway to the former Belsize House.
Belsize Court Garages, NW3 Belsize Court Garages were built by Willett in around 1880 as livery stables.
Belsize Court, NW3 Belsize Court is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Crescent, NW3 Belsize Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Cresent, NW3 Belsize Cresent, NW3 dates from 1868.
Belsize Lane, NW3 Belsize Lane is a thoroughfare linking Rosslyn Hill with Swiss Cottage.
Belsize Mews, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Belsize Park Mews, NW3 Belsize Park Mews lies in the Belsize Park Conservation Area.
Belsize Park, NW3 Belsize Park is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Place, NW3 Belsize Place is a street in Hampstead.
Belsize Terrace, NW3 Belsize Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Church Row, NW3 Church Row is a street in Hampstead.
Connaught Mews, NW3 Connaught Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Daleham Gardens, NW3 Daleham Gardens dates from the 1880s.
Daleham Mews, NW3 Daleham Mews is a mews in Belsize Park.
Ellerdale Close, NW3 Ellerdale Close is a street in Hampstead.
Ellerdale Road, NW3 Ellerdale Road was added to the streetscape of Hampstead in 1874.
Fitzjohn’s Avenue, NW3 Fitzjohn’s Avenue links Hampstead with Swiss Cottage.
Frognal Court, NW3 Frognal Court is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal Gardens, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Frognal Way, NW3 Frognal Way is a street in Hampstead.
Frognal, NW3 A road called Frognal runs from Church Row in Hampstead downhill to Finchley Road and follows the course of a stream which goes on to form the River Westbourne.
Glenilla Road, NW3 Glenilla Road is a street in Hampstead.
Glenloch Road, NW3 Glenloch Road is a street in Hampstead.
Glenmore Road, NW3 Glenmore Road is a street in Hampstead.
Greenhill, NW3 Greenhill is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Gate, NW3 Hampstead Gate is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Green, NW3 Hampstead Green is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead High Street, NW3 Hampstead High Street is a street in Hampstead.
Hampstead Hill Gardens, NW3 Hampstead Hill Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Heath Hurst Road, NW3 Heath Hurst Road is a street in Hampstead.
Hillfield Court Hillfield Court is a prominent art deco residential mansion block in Belsize Park, in the London Borough of Camden, built in 1934.
Hillfield Court, NW3 Hillfield Court serves a prominent art deco residential mansion block of the same name in Belsize Park.
Lowlands, NW3 Lowlands is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Gardens, NW3 Lyndhurst Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Road, NW3 Lyndhurst Road is a street in Hampstead.
Lyndhurst Terrace, NW3 Lyndhurst Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
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Martys Yard, NW3 Martys Yard is a street in Hampstead.
Maryon Mews, NW3 Maryon Mews is a street in Hampstead.
McCrone Mews, NW3 McCrone Mews is a mews - formerly the location of a depot of the London Parcel Delivery Company.
Midland Crescent, NW3 Midland Crescent is a street in Hampstead.
Netherhall Gardens, NW3 Netherhall Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Netherhall Way, NW3 Netherhall Way is a street in Hampstead.
Nutley Terrace, NW3 Nutley Terrace is a street in Hampstead.
Oriel Court, NW3 Oriel Court is a street in Hampstead.
Ornan Road, NW3 Ornan Road is a street in Hampstead.
Perceval Avenue, NW3 Perceval Avenue is a street in Hampstead.
Perrin’s Lane, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Perrins Court, NW3 Perrins Court is a street in Hampstead.
Perrins Walk, NW3 Perrins Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Pilgrim’s Place, NW3 This is a street in the NW3 postcode area
Pilgrims Place, NW3 Pilgrims Place is a street in Hampstead.
Pond Street, NW3 Pond Street is a street in Hampstead.
Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 Prince Arthur Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Prince Arthur Road, NW3 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn and son of Queen Victoria opened a home for sailor’s daughters in the area in 1869.
Princess Mews, NW3 Princess Mews is a mews of Belsize Park.
Rosslyn Hill, NW3 Rosslyn Hill is a road connecting the south end of Hampstead High Street to the north end of Haverstock Hill.
Rosslyn Mews, NW3 Rosslyn Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Rowland Hill Street, NW3 Rowland Hill Street is a street in Hampstead.
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd’s Path is a road in the NW3 postcode area
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Shepherds Walk, NW3 Shepherds Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Sumpter Close, NW3 Sumpter Close is a street in Hampstead.
The Gables, NW3 The Gables is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Thurlow Road, NW3 Thurlow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Tudor Close, NW3 Tudor Close is a street in Hampstead.
Vane Close, NW3 Vane Close is a street in Hampstead.
Village Mount, NW3 Village Mount is a street in Hampstead.
Wandsworth Place, NW3 Wandsworth Place is a street in Hampstead.
Waterhouse Close, NW3 Waterhouse Close is a street in Hampstead.
Wedderburn Road, NW3 Wedderburn Road is a street in Hampstead.


Belsize Park

The Manor of Belsize dates back to 1317, with the name is derived from French bel assis meaning 'well situated'.

Belsize Manor was built by Daniel O'Neill for his wife, the Countess of Chesterfield, in the 17th century. Urbanisation took place largely between 1852 and 1878, by which time it extended to Haverstock Hill. After World War I, the construction of blocks of flats began, and now a great many of the larger houses are also converted into flats.

Belsize Park underground station was opened on 22 June 1907 by the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway as an intermediate station on its line from Charing Cross to Hampstead. It is served by three lifts and there are 219 steps. The station was designed by Leslie Green and has his familiar facade of ox-blood faience with four round arched windows. It remained largely untouched until the late 1980s when the lifts were replaced and a new ticketing system installed.

It was during the 1930s that Belsize Park contributed most to the artistic and intellectual life of Hampstead. Artists associated with the Mall studios included Dame Barbara Hepworth from 1927 to 1939, her first husband John Skeaping and second Ben Nicholson from 1931 to 1939, and Henry Moore, who lived at no. 11A Parkhill Road from 1929 to 1940. They were members of Unit One, a group of artists and architects founded in 1933 by Paul Nash (1889-1946), who lived at no. 3 Eldon Grove from 1936 to 1939. Sir Herbert Read, the poet and art critic, who lived in 1934-5 at the Mall studios, which he described as a 'nest of gentle artists', published the group's manifesto, a theory of modern style.

Another centre was no. 37 Belsize Park Gardens, meeting place of MARS, an architectural group, and home of Jack Pritchard, who founded Isokon, a firm making modern furniture designed by people like Walter Gropius and Marcel Breuer, refugees who brought a European dimension to the abstract design movement in the arts. Others included Piet Mondrian, the Dutch painter, who stayed with the Pritchards before moving to no. 60 Parkhill Road (1938-41). Pritchard also commissioned Wells Coates in 1934 to build the Isokon or Lawn Road flats, partly to house artistic refugees, on a site which he owned. Built in concrete in a functional style, the flats came to be recognized as 'a milestone in the introduction of the modern idiom into London'.

In World War II, a large underground air-raid shelter was built here and its entrance can still be seen near the tube station at Downside Crescent. The area on Haverstock Hill north of Belsize Park underground station up to Hampstead Town Hall and including part of a primary school near the Royal Free Hospital was heavily bombed.

Belsize Park these days is a lively area with many restaurants, pubs and cafés along Haverstock Hill and also England's Lane.

Glossary: A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, edited by C R Elrington.



LOCAL PHOTOS
Fitzjohn's Avenue sign
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Shepherd’s Well in 1820
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Wedderburn Road, NW3
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Victorian house under construction
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Church Row, NW3
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Belsize Avenue in Belsize Park
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Frognal, NW3
Credit: Google Maps
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