Earl’s Court Farm

Farm in/near Earl's Court, existing until 1867

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Earl’s Court Farm

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Farm · * · SW5 ·
APRIL
11
2017

Earl’s Court Farm is pictured here as it was in 1867, before the opening of the underground station two years later.

There was no church or ancient nucleus in Earl’s Court, although a malthouse or brewhouse belonging to a Matthew Child had stood somewhere near the present No. 185 Earl’s Court Road in about 1683–1703. The Rocque map of 1741–6 shows little building in the locality. What it does show is three paths coming from the north-east and east, corresponding very roughly to Marloes Road and (still more roughly) Cromwell Road and the line of Harrington Road and Harrington Gardens.

These converged towards the manor house and farm of the manor of Earl’s Court on the other side of Earl’s Court Road and in doing so brought potential customers past a well-placed tavern, the White Hart, which since at least 1722 had stood back from but facing Earl’s Court Lane, in what is now Hogarth Road, slightly forward and west of No. 2. It survived, not much modernised until 1869.

It was one of the last areas of southern Kensington to be developed. The farm, under several generations of the Hutchins family, had been a very successful arable farm and market garden. Mr Alloway, a market gardener, took over in 1844 and can be seen here wearing a bowler hat with some of his workers including Mr Goddard and Mr Ives. The building in the background is the Manor House.

The image dates from the mid 1860s. Urban influences were creeping down the lane from Kensington High Street although the men in the picture seem unconcerned. The Manor House and the farm were demolished in the mid-1860s when the first Earls Court Station was built.

The last remnants of Earl’s Court Farm were removed in October 1878.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Earl’s Court Farm (1867)

Earl’s Court Farm (1867)

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Coleherne House Coleherne House once stood on the corner of Brompton Lane (later Brompton Road) and Walnut Tree Lane (now Redcliffe Gardens).
Cromwell Curve The Cromwell Curve was a short section of railway line between Gloucester Road and High Street Kensington stations.
Earl's Court Farm Earl’s Court Farm is pictured here as it was in 1867, before the opening of the underground station two years later.
Goodwin’s Field Goodwins Field - a field with a story.
Nokes Estate Nokes Estate was an agricultural estate in the Earl’s Court area, formerly known as Wattsfield.

NEARBY STREETS
Aisgill Avenue, W14 Aisgill Avenue is a road in the W14 postcode area
Ambassador’s Court, SW1A Ambassador’s Court is a road in the SW1A postcode area
Ashburn Gardens, SW7 Ashburn Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Astwood Mews, SW7 Astwood Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW7 postal area.
Barkston Gardens, SW5 Barkston Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Bellamy Close, W14 Bellamy Close is a road in the W14 postcode area
Bolton Gardens Mews, SW10 Bolton Gardens Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Bolton Gardens, SW5 Bolton Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Bramham Gardens, SW5 Bramham Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Childs Place, SW5 Childs Place is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Colbeck Mews, SW7 Colbeck Mews is a road in the SW7 postcode area
Coleherne Mews, SW10 Coleherne Mews is a road in the SW10 postcode area
Coleherne Road, SW10 Coleherne Road is one of the streets of London in the SW10 postal area.
Collingham Gardens, SW5 Collingham Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Collingham Place, SW5 Collingham Place is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Collingham Road, SW5 Collingham Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Courtfield Gardens, SW5 Courtfield Gardens is named after the field beneath it, cultivated until the 19th century.
Cromwell Crescent, SW5 Cromwell Crescent is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Cromwell Road, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Cromwell Road, SW5 Once known as Cromwell Lane, the road was named after one of Cromwell’s sons who lived here.
Eardley Crescent, SW5 Eardley Crescent is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Eardley Cresent, SW5 Eardley Cresent is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Earls Court Gardens, SW5 Earls Court Gardens runs from Earl’s Court station to Knaresborough Place.
Earls Court Road, SW5 Earls Court Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Earls Court Square, SW5 Earls Court Square is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Earl’s Court Road, SW5 Earl’s Court Road is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Farnell Mews, SW5 Farnell Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Hesper Mews, SW5 Hesper Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Hogarth Place, SW5 Hogarth Place is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Hogarth Road, SW5 Hogarth Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Kempsford Gardens, SW5 Kempsford Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Kenway Road, SW5 Kenway Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Knaresborough Place, SW5 Knaresborough Place is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Kramer Mews, SW5 Kramer Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Langham Mansions, SW5 Langham Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Laverton Place, SW5 Laverton Place is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Lexham Gardens, SW5 Lexham Gardens is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Logan Place, W8 Logan Place is a road in the W8 postcode area
Longridge Road, SW5 Longridge Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Marloes Road, SW5 Marloes Road is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Nevern Place, SW5 Nevern Place is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Nevern Road, SW5 Nevern Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Nevern Square, SW5 Nevern Square is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Old Brompton Road, SW5 Old Brompton Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Old Brompton Road, SW6 Old Brompton Road is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Old Manor Yard, SW5 Old Manor Yard is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Pembroke Gardens, SW14 A street within the W8 postcode
Pembroke Gardens, W8 Pembroke Gardens is a road in the W8 postcode area
Pembroke Road, W8 Pembroke Road is a street in Kensington.
Pennant Mews, W8 Pennant Mews is a street in Kensington.
Penywern Road, SW5 Penywern Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Philbeach Gardens, SW5 Philbeach Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Philbeach Gardens, SW6 Philbeach Gardens is a road in the SW6 postcode area
Redcliffe Close, SW5 Redcliffe Close is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Redcliffe Square, SW10 Redcliffe Square was built as part of the Gunter estate in the 1860s.
Redfield Lane, SW5 Redfield Lane is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
South Bolton Gardens, SW5 South Bolton Gardens is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Spear Mews, SW5 Spear Mews is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Templeton Place, SW5 Templeton Place is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
The Little Boltons, SW10 The Little Boltons - originally called "The Grove" - connects Old Brompton Road with Tregunter Road.
The Mansions, SW5 The Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Trebouir Road, SW5 Trebouir Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Trebovir Road, SW5 Trebovir Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Warwick Road, SW5 Warwick Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Weir Road, SW17 Weir Road is a road in the SW17 postcode area
West Cromwell Road, SW5 West Cromwell Road is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Wetherby Mansions, SW5 Wetherby Mansions is one of the streets of London in the SW5 postal area.
Wetherby Mews, SW5 Wetherby Mews is a road in the SW5 postcode area
Wharfedale Street, SW10 This is a street in the SW10 postcode area


Earl's Court

Earls Court is a district in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea.

Earls Court was once a rural area, covered with green fields and market gardens. For over 500 years the land, part of the ancient manor of Kensington, was under the lordship of the Vere family, the Earls of Oxford and descendants of Aubrey de Vere, who held the manor of Geoffrey de Montbray, bishop of Coutances, in Domesday Book in 1086. The earls held their manorial court where Old Manor Yard is now, just by the London Underground station.

The construction of the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR) station in 1865–69 was a catalyst for development. On 12 April 1869, the MDR (now the District Line) opened tracks through Earl’s Court as part of a south-westward extension from its station at Gloucester Road to West Brompton where the MDR opened an interchange with the West London Extension Joint Railway. In the quarter century afterwards, Earls Court was transformed into a densely populated suburb with 1200 houses and two churches. Eardley Crescent and Kempsford Gardens were built between 1867 and 1873, building began in Earls Court Square and Longridge Road in 1873, in Nevern Place in 1874, in Trebovir Road and Philbeach Gardens in 1876, and Nevern Square in 1880.

Following WWII a number of Polish immigrants settled in the Earls Court area leading to Earls Court Road being dubbed ’The Danzig Corridor’. During the late 1960s a large transient population of Australia and New Zealand travellers began to use Earls Court as a UK hub and over time it gained the name ’Kangaroo Valley’. It was at the time one of the cheapest areas close to central London, and up until the 1990s remained a somewhat down-at-heel district compared to its more upmarket neighbours to the North and East.

Today, while there are still significant numbers of students or other people on temporary visas, many of the Australians and New Zealanders appear to have moved on to now-cheaper areas further North and West.

The change in the area’s population is largely owed to rocketing property prices during the first decade of the 2000s and the continued gentrification of the area. The scale of change is illustrated by the economic divide between the eastern and western areas of Earls Court.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Kensington Temple in 2015
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Horbury Crescent, 2015
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Sands End
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Coach and Horses
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Gloucester Road, 1866
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Earl's Court Farm (1867)
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