St Andrew, Holborn

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St Andrew, Holborn

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Stream · City of London · EC4A ·
July
20
2017

The Church of St Andrew, Holborn stands within the Ward of Farringdon Without.

Roman pottery was found on the site during 2001/02 excavations in the crypt. However, the first written record of the church itself is dated as 951 in a charter of Westminster Abbey, referring to it as the "old wooden church", on top of the hill above the river Fleet.

The Charter’s authenticity has been called into question because the date is not within the reign of the King Edgar of England who is granting it. It may be that this is simply a scribal error and that the date should be ’959’ (DCCCCLIX). A ’Master Gladwin’, i.e. a priest, held it after the Norman Conquest and he assigned it to St Paul’s Cathedral, but with the proviso that the advowson be granted at 12 pence a year to the Cluniac Order’s, St Saviour’s foundation of what was to become Bermondsey Abbey. This assignment dates between 1086 and 1089. In about 1200 a deed was witnessed by James, the Parson, Roger, his chaplain, Andrew, the Deacon and also Alexander his clerk. In 1280 one Simon de Gardino bequeathed funds towards the building of a belfry, it is assumed this would be stone and that there were due to be bells to be cast for it.

In the Early Middle Ages the church is referred to as St Andrew Holburnestrate and later simply as St Andrew de Holeburn.

In 1348, John Thavie, a local armourer, "left a considerable Estate towards the support of the fabric forever", a legacy which survived the English Reformation, was invested carefully through the centuries, and still provides for the church’s current upkeep. In the 15th century, the wooden church was replaced by a medieval stone one. On 8 July 1563, during a severe storm, the steeple of the church was struck and badly damaged by lightning.

After being executed by hanging for the crime of serving at a Catholic Mass, St. Swithin Wells was buried in the churchyard on December 10, 1591.

The medieval St Andrew’s survived the 1666 Great Fire of London, saved by a last minute change in wind direction, but was already in a bad state of repair and so was rebuilt by Christopher Wren anyway. In what is his largest parish church, he rebuilt from the foundations (creating the present crypt) and gave the existing medieval stone tower (the only medieval part to survive) a marble cladding. Its rector from 1713 to 1724 was Henry Sacheverell, who is buried beneath the church’s altar.

The same statues from the Foundling Hospital located in Hatton Garden are above the side door of St Andrew Holborn.

Thomas Coram, founder of the Foundlings’ Hospital (first set up in a house in Hatton Garden) is also buried here, his remains were translated from his foundation in the 1960s. The organ casing (an organ played by Handel), the pulpit and the font is also from the Foundlings’ Hospital Chapel’s Bloomsbury site.

The church of St George the Martyr Holborn was built between 1703 and 1706, as a chapel of ease for the parish. It became a parish church in its own right in 1723.

In 1808, writer William Hazlitt married Sarah Stoddart, with Charles Lamb as his best man, and Mary Lamb as a bridesmaid. The twelve-year-old Benjamin Disraeli, the future Prime Minister, was received into the Christian Church in 1817.

It was on the church’s steps in 1828 that the surgeon William Marsden found a homeless girl suffering from hypothermia, and sought help for her from one of the nearby hospitals. However, none would take her in, and she died in Marsden’s arms; the horror of the experience inspired him to establish the Royal Free Hospital for the poor and destitute. Today the hospital is located in Hampstead.

In the mid-19th century, the Holborn Valley Improvement Scheme bought up the church’s North Churchyard (with many of the bodies re-interred in the crypt) and in the City of London Cemetery in Ilford (the latter also being the destination for the bodies from the crypt when it was cleared in 2002-2003) to make way for the Holborn Viaduct, linking Holborn with Newgate, which was opened by Queen Victoria in 1869.

As part of this improvement scheme the church received compensation to replace its assets, and the Gothic architect Samuel Sanders Teulon was commissioned to build a new rectory and court house on the south side of the church - this now operates as the offices for the foundation, the associated charities and the Archdeaconry of Hackney, as well as the rectory and the conference rooms. Teulon incorporated into the court room, the building’s main room, a 17th-century fireplace. This was from the ’Quest Room’ for the ’below Bars’ part of the parish i.e. that lying outside the city boundary sited as part of a block of buildings in the middle of the main street. This block was removed as part of the Holborn Viaduct improvements and explains why Holborn is so wide at this point.

In Charles Dickens’s ’Oliver Twist’ Bill Sykes looks up at this church’s tower (an episode referenced by Iris Murdoch in ’Under the Net’, though from where her character stands such a view is almost impossible).

During the London Blitz, on the night of 7 May 1941, the church was bombed and gutted by German bombs, leaving only the exterior walls and tower. However, instead of demolition which sometimes occurred in similar cases, it was decided after a long delay that it would be restored "stone for stone and brick for brick" to Wren’s original designs.

The church re-opened in 1961 as a non-parochial Guild Church intended for serving the local working rather than resident community which had declined as had the City’s population as a whole.

In January 2005 a new large icon was installed, made for the site by the Monastic Family Fraternity of Jesus in Vallechiara. The church runs a selection of recitals and lectures, as well as weekly services and evening concerts.


Main source: Wikipedia
Further citations and sources




NEARBY STREETS
Addle Hill, EC4V Addle Hill, formerly Addle Street, originally ran from Upper Thames Street from Carter Lane.
Albemarle Way, EC1V Albemarle Way was named after Elizabeth, Dowager Duchess of Albermarle, who lived at Newcastle House nearby in the 18th century.
Albion Courtyard, EC1M Albion Courtyard is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Albion Place, EC1M Albion Place was formerly George Court.
Amen Corner, EC4M Originally called Amen Lane, this short path forms the approach road to Amen Court.
Amen Court, EC4M Many of the highways and byways around the precincts of St Paul’s Cathedral bear names which have ecclesiastical origins.
Apothecary Street, EC4V Apothecary Street - the Worshipful Society of Apothecaries is nearby.
Ashentree Court, EC4Y Ashentree Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Ave Maria Lane, EC4M Ave Maria Lane is the southern extension of Warwick Lane, between Amen Corner and Ludgate Hill.
Back Hill, EC1R Back Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Backhill, EC1R Backhill is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Baldwin Gardens, EC1N Baldwin Gardens is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Baldwins Gardens, EC1N Baldwin Gardens runs between Gray’s Inn Road and Leather Lane.
Baldwins Gardens, WC1X Baldwins Gardens is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Bartlett’s Buildings, EC1N Bartlett’s Buildings was the name of a street situated off of Holborn Circus
Bear Alley, EC4A Bear Alley is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Bell Yard, WC2A Bell Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Benjamin Street, EC1M Benjamin Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Bishop?s Court, EC4M Bishop?s Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Black Friars Lane, EC4V Black Friars Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Blackfriars Lane, EC4V Blackfriars Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Bleeding Heart Yard, EC1N Bleeding Heart Yard is a courtyard off of Greville Street.
Bolt Court, EC4A Bolt Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Bouverie Street, EC4Y Bouverie Street is named for the Pleydell-Bouveries, Earls of Radnor, who were landowners in this area.
Breams Buildings, EC4A Breams Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Brick Court, EC4Y Brick Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Bride Court, EC4Y Bride Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Bride Lane, EC4Y Bride Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Bridewell Place, EC4V Bridewell Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Briset Street, EC1M Briset Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Britton Street, EC1M Britton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Broad Yard, EC1M Broad Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Brooke Street, EC1N Brooke Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Burgon Street, EC4V Burgon Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Carmelite Street, EC4Y Carmelite Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Carter Lane, EC4V Carter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Central Markets, EC1A Central Markets is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Central Markets, EC1M Central Markets is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Chancery Lane, WC2A Chancery Lane has formed the western boundary of the City of London since 1994, having previously been divided between the London boroughs of Westminster and Camden.
Charterhouse Mews, EC1M Charterhouse Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Charterhouse Street, EC1A Charterhouse Street is a street on the northern boundary of the City of London.
Charterhouse Street, EC1M Charterhouse Street is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Charterhouse Street, EC1N Charterhouse Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Chichester Rents, WC2A Chichester Rents is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Church Entry, EC4V Church Entry is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Clerkenwell Green, EC1R Clerkenwell Green is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Clerkenwell Greennorth Holborn, EC1R Clerkenwell Greennorth Holborn is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Clerkenwell Road, EC1M Clerkenwell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Clerkenwell Road, EC1N Clerkenwell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Clerkenwell Road, EC1R Clerkenwell Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Cliffords Inn Passage, EC4A Cliffords Inn Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Cliffords Inn, EC4A Cliffords Inn is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Cock Lane, EC1A Cock Lane leads from Giltspur Street in the east to Snow Hill in the west.
Cowcross Street, EC1 Cowcross Street is a road in the EC1 postcode area
Cowcross Street, EC1M Cowcross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Crane Court, EC4A Crane Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Crawford Passage, EC1R Crawford Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Creed Court, EC4M Creed Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Creed Lane, EC4V Creed Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Crown Office Row, EC4Y Crown Office Row is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Cursitor Street, EC4A Cursitor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Cursitor Street, W1 Cursitor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1 postal area.
Doctor Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y Doctor Johnsons Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Dorset Rise, EC4Y Dorset Rise is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Drive Johnsons Buildings, EC4Y Drive Johnsons Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Dyer’s Buildings, EC1N This is a street in the EC1N postcode area
Dyers Buildings, EC1N Dyers Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Eagle Court, EC1M Eagle Court is a courtyard situated off of Benjamin Street.
East Central Markets, EC1A East Central Markets is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
East Harding Street, EC4A This is a street in the EC4A postcode area
East Market Building, EC1A East Market Building is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
East Poultrey Avenue, EC1A East Poultrey Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
East Poultry Avenue, EC1A East Poultry Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Eldons Passage, E1 A street within the EC1N postcode
Ely Court, EC1N Ely Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Ely Place, EC1N Ely Place is a gated road at the southern tip of the London Borough of Camden.
Essex Court, EC4Y Essex Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Eyre St Hill, EC1R Eyre St Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Eyre Street Hill, EC1R Eyre Street Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Falcon Court, EC4Y Falcon Court is a courtyard off the south side of Fleet Street between Chancery Lane and Fetter Lane.
Farringdon Lane, EC1R Farringdon Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Farringdon Road, EC1A Farringdon Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Farringdon Road, EC1M Farringdon Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Farringdon Road, EC4A Farringdon Road is a road in the EC4A postcode area
Farringdon Road, EC4P Farringdon Road is a road in the EC4P postcode area
Farringdon Street, EC1A Farringdon Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Farringdon Street, EC1A The building of Farringdon Street is considered one of the greatest urban engineering achievements of the 19th century.
Farringdon Street, EC4M Farringdon Street was constructed over the Fleet river.
Faulkners Alley, EC1M Faulkners Alley is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Fetter Lane, EC4A Fetter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Fleet Place, EC4M Fleet Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Fleet Street, EC4A Fleet Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Fleet Street, EC4Y Fleet Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Fountain Court, EC4Y Fountain Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Furnival Street, EC4A Furnival Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Garden Court, EC4Y Garden Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Giltspur Street, EC1A Giltspur Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Gough Square, EC4A Gough Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Grand Avenue, EC1A Grand Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Gravel Street, EC1N Gravel Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Great New Street, EC4A Great New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Greenhills Rents, EC1M Greenhills Rents is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Greville St Hatton Garden, EC1N Greville St Hatton Garden is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Greville Street, EC1N Greville Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Gunpowder Square, EC4A Gunpowder Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Harcourt Buildings, EC4Y Harcourt Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Hardwicke Building, WC2A Hardwicke Building is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Hare Court, EC4Y Hare Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Hare Place, EC4Y Hare Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Hat and Mitre Court, EC1M Hat and Mitre Court is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Hatton Garden, EC1N Hatton Garden is a street and area noted as London’s jewellery quarter and centre of the UK diamond trade.
Hatton Place, EC1N Hatton Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Hatton Square, EC1N Hatton Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Hatton Wall, EC1N Hatton Wall is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Herbal Hill, EC1R This is a street in the EC1R postcode area
Hind Court, EC4A Hind Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Holborn Circus, EC1N Holborn Circus is a junction of five highways in the City of London, on the boundary between Holborn, Hatton Garden and Smithfield.
Holborn Viaduct, EC1A Holborn Viaduct is a road bridge in London and the name of the street which crosses it.
Holborn, EC1N Holborn commemorates the River Fleet, also known as the Holbourne stream.
Hood Court, EC4Y Hood Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Hosier Lane, EC1A Hosier Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Inner Temple Lane, EC4Y Inner Temple Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Ireland Yard, EC4V Ireland Yard is an alleyway leading off of Playhouse Yard.
Jerusalem Passage, EC1V Jerusalem Passage was named for an old public house, St. John of Jerusalem, which stood at the northeast corner until 1760.
John Carpenter Street, EC4Y John Carpenter was town clerk of the City of London in the fifteenth century, and founder of the City of London School.
King?s Bench Walk, EC4Y King?s Bench Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Kings Bench Walk, EC4Y Kings Bench Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Kirby Street, EC1N Kirby Street was named for Christopher Hatton’s Kirby House in Northamptonshire.
Lamb Building, EC4Y Lamb Building is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Laystall Street, EC1R Laystall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Leather Lane, EC1N Leather Lane is a street one block west of Hatton Garden, in the Holborn area of London.
Limeburner Lane, EC4M Limeburner Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Little New Street, EC4A Little New Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
London Central Markets, EC1A London Central Markets is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Long Lane, EC1M Long Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Ludgate Broadway, EC4V Ludgate Broadway is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Ludgate Circus, EC4M Ludgate Circus is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Ludgate Hill, EC4M Ludgate Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Ludgate Square, EC4M Ludgate Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Magpie Alley, EC4Y Magpie Alley marks the position occupied by the dorter (dormitory) of the Friary of the Blessed Virgin of Mount Carmel, commonly called the Whitefriars Monastery
Masters House Temple Church, EC4Y Masters House Temple Church is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Middle Temple Lane, EC4Y Middle Temple Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Mitre Court Buildings, EC4Y Mitre Court Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
New Bridge Street, EC4V New Bridge Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
New Court, EC4Y New Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
New Fetter Lane, EC1N New Fetter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
New Fetter Lane, EC4A New Fetter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
New St Square, EC4A New St Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
New Street Square, EC4A New Street Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Norwich Street, EC4A Norwich Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Old Bailey, EC1A Old Bailey is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Old Bailey, EC4M Old Bailey is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Old Mitre Court, EC4Y Old Mitre Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Old Seacoal Lane, EC4M Old Seacoal Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Outer Temple, EC4Y Outer Temple is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Pageantmaster Court, EC4M Pageantmaster Court was Ludgate Court and renamed in the summer of 1993.
Paper Buildings Temple, EC4Y Paper Buildings Temple is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Paper Buildings, EC4Y Paper Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Passing Alley, EC1M Passing Alley is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Paul?s Walk, EC4V Paul?s Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Pauls Walk, EC4V Pauls Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Paul’s Walk, EC4V Paul’s Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Pemberton Row, EC4A Sir James Pemberton was Lord Mayor of London in 1611, and a member of the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths.
Penny Bank Chambers, EC1M Penny Bank Chambers is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Peters Lane, EC1M Peters Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Pilgrim Street, EC4V Pilgrim Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Playhouse Yard, EC4V Playhouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Pleydell Street, EC4Y Pleydell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Plough Place, EC4A Plough Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Ploughs Place, EC4A Ploughs Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Plowden Buildings, EC4Y Plowden Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Plumtree Court, EC4A Plumtree Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Poppins Court, EC4A Poppins Court is an historic alley off Fleet Street.
Portpool Lane, EC1N Portpool Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
Priory Court, EC4V Priory Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Puddle Dock, EC4V Puddle Dock is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Pump Court, EC4Y Pump Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Quadrant Court, HA9 A street within the EC4M postcode
Quadrant Court, HA9 A street within the EC4M postcode
Quality Court, WC2A Quality Court is a courtyard, built around 1700.
Ray Street, EC1R Ray Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Red Lion Court, EC4A Red Lion Court forms part of labyrinth of little passages behind the shops on the north side of Fleet Street.
Rolls Buildings, WC2A Rolls Buildings is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Rolls Passage, EC4A Rolls Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Rosebery Court, EC1R Rosebery Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Saffron Hill, EC1N Saffron Hill’s name derives the time that it was part of an estate on which saffron grew.
Saint Andrew Street, EC4A This is a street in the EC4A postcode area
Saint Andrew’s Hill, EC4V This is a street in the EC4V postcode area
Saint Bride Street, EC4A Saint Bride Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Saint Cross Street, EC1N This is a street in the EC1N postcode area
Saint John Street, EC1M This is a street in the EC1M postcode area
Saint John’s Lane, EC1M This is a street in the EC1M postcode area
Saint John’s Square, EC1V This is a street in the EC1V postcode area
Salisbury Court, EC4Y Salisbury Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Salisbury Square, EC4Y Salisbury Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Serjeants Inn, EC4Y Serjeants Inn is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Shoe Lane, EC4A Shoe Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Smithfield Street, EC1A Smithfield Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Smokehouse Yard, EC1M Smokehouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Snow Hill, EC1A Snow Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Snowhill, EC1A Snowhill is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
South Square, WC1R South Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
South Square, WC1X South Square is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Southampton Buildings, WC1V Southampton Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
St Andrew Street, EC4A St Andrew Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
St Andrews Hill, EC4V St Andrews Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
St Bride Street, EC4A St Bride Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
St Brides Avenue, EC4Y St Brides Avenue is a narrow alley which leaves Fleet Street almost opposite Shoe Lane.
St Cross Street, EC1M St Cross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Cross Street, EC1N St Cross Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
St Johns Lane, EC1M St Johns Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Johns Path, EC1M St Johns Path is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Johns Place, EC1M St Johns Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Johns Square, EC1M St Johns Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
St Johns Square, EC1V St Johns Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
St John’s Gate, EC1M St John’s Gate is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Staple Inn Buildings North, WC1V Staple Inn Buildings North is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Staple Inn Buildings, WC1V Staple Inn Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Staple Inn Buildings, WC1V Staple Inn Buildings is part of historic Staple Inn.
Star Yard, WC2A Star Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Stationers Hall Court, EC4M Stationers Hall Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Stonecutter Street, EC4A Stonecutter Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Strand, EC4A This is a street in the EC4A postcode area
Summers Street, EC1R Summers Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Sutton Lane, EC1M Sutton Lane is a road in the EC1M postcode area
Sutton Road, EC1M Sutton Road is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Tallis Street, EC4Y This street honours Thomas Tallis, composer whose name is engraved on the façade of the nearby former building of the Guildhall School of Music and Drama.
Temple Avenue, EC4Y Temple Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Temple Chambers, EC4Y Temple Chambers is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Temple Gardens, EC4Y Temple Gardens is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Three Barrels Walk, EC4V Three Barrels Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Took?s Court, EC4A Took?s Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Tooks Court, EC4A Tooks Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.
Treasurers Office Inner Temple, EC4Y Treasurers Office Inner Temple is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Tudor Street, EC4Y Tudor Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Turnmill Street, EC1M Turnmill Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Verulam Street, WC1X Verulam Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Vine Hill, EC1R Vine Hill now displays no evidence on the vines that once flourished in the grounds on which it stands.
Wardrobe Place, EC4V Wardrobe Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Warner Street, EC1R Warner Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Warner Yard, EC1R Warner Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Warwick Lane, EC4M Warwick Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Warwick Lane, EC4P This is a street in the EC4P postcode area
Warwick Square, EC4M Warwick Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Watergate, EC4Y Watergate is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Waterhouse Square, EC1N Waterhouse Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1N postal area.
West Market Building, EC1A West Market Building is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
West Smithfield, EC1A West Smithfield is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Whitefriars Street, EC4Y Whitefriars Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4Y postal area.
Wine Office Court, EC4A Wine Office Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4A postal area.


City of London

The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.

As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.

It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.

The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.

The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.

The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.
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