Orkney House, N1

An area which may have existed since the nineteenth century or before- in this area, buildings are mainly post-war

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Block · Islington · N1 ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Orkney House is a building on Copenhagen Street





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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Carol   
Added: 7 May 2021 18:44 GMT   

Nan
My nan lily,her sister Elizabeth and their parents Elizabeth and William lived here in1911

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Born here
Vanessa Whitehouse   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 22:48 GMT   

Born here
My dad 1929 John George Hall

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Barry J. Page   
Added: 27 Jul 2022 19:41 GMT   

Highbury Corner V1 Explosion
Grandma described the V1 explosion at Highbury Corner on many occasions. She was working in the scullery when the flying bomb landed. The blast shattered all the windows in the block of flats and blew off the bolt on her front door. As she looked out the front room window, people in various states of injury and shock were making their way along Highbury Station Road. One man in particular, who was bleeding profusely from glass shard wounds to his neck, insisted in getting home to see if his family was all right. Others were less fortunate. Len, the local newsagent, comforted a man, who had lost both legs caused by the blast, until the victim succumbed to his injuries. The entire area was ravaged and following are statistics. The flying bomb landed during lunch hour (12:46 p.m.) on June 27th 1944. 26 people lost their lives, 84 were seriously injured and 71 slightly injured.

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Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first “costume” at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

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Jack Wilson   
Added: 21 Jun 2022 21:40 GMT   

Penfold Printers
I am seeking the location of Penfold Printers Offices in Dt Albans place - probably about 1870 or so

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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Richard Lake   
Added: 28 Sep 2022 09:37 GMT   

Trade Union Official
John William Lake snr moved with his family to 22 De Laune Street in 1936. He was the London Branch Secretary for the Street Masons, Paviours and Road Makers Union. He had previously lived in Orange St now Copperfield St Southwark but had been forced to move because the landlord didn’t like him working from home and said it broke his lease.
John William snr died in 1940. His son John William Lake jnr also became a stone mason and at the end of World War two he was responsible for the engraving of the dates of WW2 onto the Cenotaph in Whitehall.

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Lived here
Julie   
Added: 22 Sep 2022 18:30 GMT   

Well Walk, NW3 (1817 - 1818)
The home of Benthy, the Postman, with whom poet John Keats and his brother Tom lodged from early 1817 to Dec., 1818. They occupied the first floor up. Here Tom died Dec. 1, 1818. It was next door to the Welles Tavern then called ’The Green Man’."

From collected papers and photos re: No. 1 Well Walk at the library of Harvard University.

Source: No. 1, Well Walk, Hampstead. | HOLLIS for

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Comment
   
Added: 4 Sep 2022 15:42 GMT   

Superman 2
I worked here in 1977. The scene in the prison laundry in Superman 2 was filmed here.

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TUM   
Added: 27 Aug 2022 10:22 GMT   

The Underground Map
Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer at the Royal Institute, London.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 15:19 GMT   

Bus makes a leap
A number 78 double-decker bus driven by Albert Gunter was forced to jump an accidentally opening Tower Bridge.

He was awarded a £10 bonus.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:44 GMT   

The world’s first underground train
The very first underground train left Paddington on the new Metropolitan Railway bound for Farringdon Street.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:41 GMT   

Baker Street
Baker Street station opened on the Metropolitan Railway - the world’s first underground line.

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Admin   
Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:17 GMT   

TV comes to Olympia
Over 7000 people queued to see the first high definition television pictures on sets at the Olympia Radio Show. The pictures were transmitted by the BBC from Alexandra Palace, introduced by Leslie Mitchell, their first announcer.

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
White Conduit Fields White Conduit Fields in Islington was an early venue for cricket and several major matches are known to have been played there in the 18th century.

NEARBY STREETS
Adrian House, N1 Adrian House is a block on Jays Street.
Airdrie Close, N1 Airdrie Close is a road serving the Bemerton Estate.
Albion Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
All Saints Street, N1 All Saints Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
All Saints Walk, SE15 All Saints Walk is a location in London.
Barnsbury Road, N1 Barnsbury Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Beaconsfield Street, N1C Beaconsfield Street is a road in the N1C postcode area
Bemerton Street, N1 Bemerton Street is a street of terraced houses to the west of the Caledonian Road.
Berners House, N1 Berners House is a block on Barnsbury Road
Bingfield Street, N1 Bingfield Street marks the southern boundary of the Bemerton Estate.
Boadicea Street, N1 Boadicea Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Boxworth Grove, N1 Boxworth Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bramwell Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Brayfield Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Bridge Wharf, N1 Bridge Wharf is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bridgeman Road, N1 Bridgeman Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Bryan Street, N1 The modern line of Bryan Street lies somewhat to the west of the original pre-Second World War line of the street.
Brydon Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Caledonian Road, N1 Caledonian Road runs north from King’s Cross.
Campbell Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Carnegie Street, N1 Carnegie Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Carnoustie Drive, N1 Carnoustie Drive is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chapel Market, N1 Chapel Market is a daily street market in Islington.
Charlotte Terrace, N1 Charlotte Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Clayton Crescent, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Cloudesley Road, N1 Cloudesley Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Coatbridge House, N1 Residential block
Copenhagen Street, N1 Copenhagen Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cowdenbeath Path, N1 Cowdenbeath Path is a walkway on the Bemerton Estate.
Crinan Street, N1 Crinan Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Delhi Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Denmark Grove, N1 Denmark Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Dewey Road, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Dignum Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Doves Yard, N1 Doves Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Dowrey Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Earlsferry Way, N1 Earlsferry Way is a road in the N1 postcode area
Eckford Street, N1 Eckford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Edward Square, N1 Edward Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Elystan Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Everilda Street, N1 Everilda Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Ewen House, N1 Ewen House is a block on Caledonian Road
Fife Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fisher House, N1 Fisher House is a building on Barnsbury Road
Francis Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Freeling Street, N1 Freeling Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Gatti’s Wharf, N1 Gatti’s Wharf is a road in the N1 postcode area
Gifford Street, N1 Gifford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Granary Building, N1C Granary Building is a location in London.
Granary Square, N1C A street within the N1C postcode
Grant Street, N1 The present Grant Street is the remnant of Warren Street, an L-shaped road running between Chapel Market and White Conduit Street, renamed Grant Street in 1936.
Half Moon Crescent, N1 Half Moon Crescent is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Handyside Street, N1C Handyside Street is a road in the N1C postcode area
Harvest Lodge, N1 Harvest Lodge a plain brick, four-storey block of flats was built in 1962.
Havelock Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Hayward House, N1 Hayward House is a four-storey block of flats immediately north of St Silas’s Church.
Hemingford Road, N1 Hemingford Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Henry Place, N1 Henry Place predated the Barnsbury Estate.
Jays Street, N1 Jays Street dates from the 1950s reconfiguration of the area.
Jocelin House, N1 Jocelin House is a block on the Barnsbury Estate.
Julius Nyerere Close, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
King’s Boulevard, N1C King’s Boulevard is a road in the N1C postcode area
Kinross House, N1 Residential block
Lambert Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Lavina Grove, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Lawrence Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Leirum Street, N1 The name of Leirum Street is the result of Muriel Street being split in half post-war.
Lewis Cubitt Walk, N1C Lewis Cubitt Walk is a location in London.
Lofting Road, N1 Lofting Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Lower Carriage Drive, N1 Lower Carriage Drive is a road in the W4 postcode area
Malvern Terrace, N1 Malvern Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Matilda Street, N1 Matilda Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Maygood Street, N1 Maygood Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Mountfort Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Muriel Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
New Wharf Road, N1 New Wharf Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Outram Place, N1 Outram Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Payne House, N1 Payne House, along Charlotte Terrace and dating from 1937, is part of the Barnsbury Estate.
Payne Street, N1 Payne Street appeared on the map in 1837.
Pembroke Avenue, N1 Pembroke Avenue is the southern extension of Pembroke Street.
Pembroke Street, N1 Pembroke Street is a north-south street in the Barnsbury area.
Perth House, N1 Perth House is a ten-storey block.
Prince’s Yard, N1 Prince’s Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Pultney Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Randell’s Road, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Randells Road, N1 Randells Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Randell’s Road, N1 Randell’s Road is a road in the N1 postcode area
Regent’s Canal Towpath, N1 Regent’s Canal Towpath lies along the canal of the same name.
Regents Wharf, N1 Regents Wharf is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Richmond Avenue, N1 Richmond Avenue is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Richmond Crescent, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Ripplevale Grove, N1 Ripplevale Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ritson House, N1 Ritson House is on the Caledonian Road.
Roding House, N1 Roding House is a residential block dating from the 1930s.
Rufford Street Mews, N1 Rufford Street Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Rufford Street, N1 Rufford Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Selkirk House, N1 Selkirk House is the twin building of Perth House.
Sheen Grove, N1 Sheen Grove is a road in the N1 postcode area
St Katharine’s House, N1 St Katharine’s House is at the corner of Penton Street and the eastern stub of what had been Wynford Road until that street was cut off to its west by the large Half Moon Estate.
Stanmore Street, N1 Stanmore Street runs west from Caledonian Road.
Story Street, N1 Story Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Stranraer Way, N1 Stranraer Way is a road on the Bemerton Estate.
Tayport Close, N1 Tayport Close leads off Stranraer Way.
Terrett’s Place, N1 Terrett’s Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Thornhill Bridge Wharf, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Thornhill Grove, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Thornhill Road, N1 Thornhill Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Thornhill Square, N1 Thornhill Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Tiber Gardens, N1 Tiber Gardens is a road in the N1 postcode area
Tilloch Street, N1 Tilloch Street predates the Bemerton Estate of which it is now part.
Tolpuddle Street, N1 Tolpuddle Street is a more recent street of Islington.
Treaty Street, N1 Treaty Street was called London Street until 1938.
Trematon Walk, N1 A street within the N1C postcode
Twyford Street, N1 Twyford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Vibart Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Warren Mews, N1 Warren Mews began in 1889.
Wellington Square, N1 Wellington Square is a road in the N1 postcode area
Wharf Road, N1C Wharf Road is a location in London.
Wharfdale Road, N1 Wharfdale Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Wheeler Gardens, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Wynford Road, N1 Wynford Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
York Road Curve, N1 York Road Curve is a road in the N1 postcode area
York Road, N1C York Road was the pre-1938 name for what became York Way.
York Way, N1 York Way has been a thoroughfare since the twelfth century.
York Way, N1 York Way is a road in the N1C postcode area
York Way, N1C York Way is a location in London.

NEARBY PUBS
Canal 125 This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Kennedy’s This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Marathon Restaurant This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Meltdown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Albion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Driver This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Joker of Penton Street The Joker of Penton Street was the Salmon and Compasses.
The Star of Kings This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Thornhill Arms This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


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Islington

Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.

Some roads on the edge of the area, including Essex Road, were known as streets by the medieval period, possibly indicating a Roman origin, but little physical evidence remains. What is known is that the Great North Road from Aldersgate came into use in the 14th century, connecting with a new turnpike up Highgate Hill. This was along the line of modern Upper Street, with a toll gate at The Angel defining the extent of the village. The Back Road - modern Liverpool Road - was primarily a drovers’ road where cattle would be rested before the final leg of their journey to Smithfield. Pens and sheds were erected along this road to accommodate the animals.

The first recorded church, St Mary’s, was erected in the twelfth century and was replaced in the fifteenth century. Islington lay on the estates of the Bishop of London and the Dean and Chapter of St Pauls. There were substantial medieval moated manor houses in the area, principally at Canonbury and Highbury. In 1548, there were 440 communicants listed and the rural atmosphere, with access to the City and Westminster, made it a popular residence for the rich and eminent. The local inns, however, harboured many fugitives and recusants.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the availability of water made Islington a good place for growing vegetables to feed London. The manor became a popular excursion destination for Londoners, attracted to the area by its rural feel. Many public houses were therefore built to serve the needs of both the excursionists and travellers on the turnpike. By 1716, there were 56 ale-house keepers in Upper Street, also offering pleasure and tea gardens, and activities such as archery, skittle alleys and bowling. By the 18th century, music and dancing were offered, together with billiards, firework displays and balloon ascents. The King’s Head Tavern, now a Victorian building with a theatre, has remained on the same site, opposite the parish church, since 1543. The founder of the theatre, Dan Crawford, who died in 2005, disagreed with the introduction of decimal coinage. For twenty-plus years after decimalisation (on 15 February 1971), the bar continued to show prices and charge for drinks in ’old money’.

By the 19th century many music halls and theatres were established around Islington Green. One such was Collins’ Music Hall, the remains of which are now partly incorporated into a bookshop. The remainder of the Hall has been redeveloped into a new theatre, with its entrance at the bottom of Essex Road. It stood on the site of the Landsdowne Tavern, where the landlord had built an entertainment room for customers who wanted to sing (and later for professional entertainers). It was founded in 1862 by Samuel Thomas Collins Vagg and by 1897 had become a 1800-seat theatre with 10 bars. The theatre suffered damage in a fire in 1958 and has not reopened.

The Islington Literary and Scientific Society was established in 1833 and first met in Mr Edgeworth’s Academy on Upper Street. Its goal was to spread knowledge through lectures, discussions, and experiments - politics and theology being forbidden. A building, the Literary and Scientific Institution, was erected in 1837 in Wellington (later Almeida) Street, designed by Roumieu and Gough in a stuccoed Grecian style. It included a library (containing 3,300 volumes in 1839), reading room, museum, laboratory, and lecture theatre seating 500.

The Royal Agricultural Hall was built in 1862 on the Liverpool Road site of William Dixon’s Cattle Layers. It was built for the annual Smithfield Show in December of that year but was popular for other purposes, including recitals and the Royal Tournament. It was the primary exhibition site for London until the 20th century and the largest building of its kind, holding up to 50,000 people. It was requisitioned for use by the Mount Pleasant sorting office during World War II and never re-opened. The main hall has now been incorporated into the Business Design Centre.

The aerial bombing of World War II caused much damage to Islington’s housing stock, with 3,200 dwellings destroyed. Before the war a number of 1930s council housing blocks had been added to the stock. After the war, partly as a result of bomb site redevelopment, the council housing boom got into its stride, reaching its peak in the 1960s: several extensive estates were constructed, by both the Metropolitan Borough of Islington and the London County Council. Clearance of the worst terraced housing was undertaken, but Islington continued to be very densely populated, with a high level of overcrowding. The district has many council blocks, and the local authority has begun to replace some of them.

From the 1960s, the remaining Georgian terraces were rediscovered by middle-class families. Many of the houses were rehabilitated, and the area became newly fashionable. This displacement of the poor by the aspirational has become known as gentrification. Among the new residents were a number of figures who became central in the New Labour movement, including Tony Blair before his victory in the 1997 general election. According to The Guardian in 2006, "Islington is widely regarded as the spiritual home of Britain’s left-wing intelligentsia." The Granita Pact between Gordon Brown and Tony Blair is said to have been made at a now defunct restaurant on Upper Street.

The completion of the Victoria line and redevelopment of Angel tube station created the conditions for developers to renovate many of the early Victorian and Georgian townhouses. They also built new developments. Islington remains a district with diverse inhabitants, with its private houses and apartments not far from social housing in immediately neighbouring wards such as Finsbury and Clerkenwell to the south, Bloomsbury and King’s Cross to the west, and Highbury to the north west, and also the Hackney districts of De Beauvoir and Old Street to the north east.


LOCAL PHOTOS
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The British Library
TUM image id: 1482066417
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Cromer Street
TUM image id: 1547917827
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Goods Way - old sign
TUM image id: 1526241892
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Percy Circus from above
Credit: Unknown
TUM image id: 1554673327
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Risinghill Street, N1
TUM image id: 1467032267
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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White Conduit House, and the conduit head from which it was named, 1827
Credit: Robert Chambers (1832)
Licence: CC BY 2.0


York Road station when it was open. This used to be the first station north on the Piccadilly Line after King’s Cross St Pancras. Plans to reopen it have so far come to nothing.
Licence: CC BY 2.0


Caledonian Road looking north towards Holloway
Old London postcard
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Risinghill Street, N1
Licence: CC BY 2.0


York Road was the name for a ’lost’ underground station on the Piccadilly Line north of King’s Cross. The road it was named after has also changed its name (to York Way)
Credit: The Underground Map
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The former Pentonville Cottages awaiting demolition
Credit: London Metropolitan Archives
Licence: CC BY 2.0


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