Cheapside, EC2V

Road in/near City of London, existing until now

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Cheapside, EC2V

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Road · City of London · EC2V ·
October
10
2017

Cheapside is a street in the City of London, the historic and modern financial centre of London.

Cheapside links St. Martin’s Le Grand with Poultry. Near its eastern end at Bank junction, where it becomes Poultry, is Mansion House, the Bank of England, and Bank station. To the west is St. Paul’s Cathedral, St. Paul’s tube station and Paternoster Square.

In the Middle Ages, it was known as Westcheap, as opposed to Eastcheap, another street in the City, near London Bridge. The boundaries of the wards of Cheap, Cordwainer and Bread Street run along Cheapside and Poultry; prior to boundary changes in 2003 the road was divided amongst Farringdon Within and Cripplegate wards in addition to the current three.

Cheapside is a common English street name, meaning "market place". There was originally no connection to the modern meaning of cheap (’low price’, a shortening of good ceap, ’good buy’), though by the 18th century this association may have begun to be inferred.

Many of the streets feeding into the main thoroughfare are named after the produce that was once sold in those areas of the market, including Honey Lane, Milk Street, Bread Street and Poultry.

In medieval times, the royal processional route from the Tower of London to the Palace of Westminster would include Cheapside. During state occasions such as the first entry of Margaret of France (second wife of King Edward I), into London in September 1299, the conduits of Cheapside customarily flowed with wine.

During the reign of Edward III in the 14th century, tournaments were held in adjacent fields. The dangers were, however, not limited to the participants: a wooden stand built to accommodate Queen Philippa and her companions collapsed during a tournament to celebrate the birth of the Black Prince in 1330. No one died, but the King was greatly displeased, and the stand’s builders would have been put to death but for the Queen’s intercession.

On the day preceding her coronation, in January 1559, Elizabeth I passed through a number of London streets in a pre-coronation procession and was entertained by a number of pageants, including one in Cheapside.

Meat was brought in to Cheapside from Smithfield market, just outside Newgate. After the great Church of St. Michael-le-Querne, the top end of the street broadened into a dual carriageway known as the Shambles (referring to an open-air slaughterhouse and meat market), with butcher shops on both sides and a dividing central area also containing butchers. Further down, on the right, was Goldsmiths Row, an area of commodity dealers. From the 14th century to the Great Fire, the eastern end of Cheapside was the location of the Great Conduit.

Cheapside was the birthplace of John Milton, and Robert Herrick. It was for a long time one of the most important streets in London. It is also the site of the ’Bow Bells’, the church of St. Mary-le-Bow, which has played a part in London’s Cockney heritage and the tale of Dick Whittington. Geoffrey Chaucer grew up around Cheapside and there are a scattering of references to the thoroughfare and its environs throughout his work. The first chapter of Peter Ackroyd’s Brief Lives series on Chaucer also colourfully describes the street at that time. Thomas Middleton’s play A Chaste Maid in Cheapside (1613) both satirises and celebrates the citizens of the neighbourhood during the Renaissance, when the street hosted the city’s goldsmiths.

Cheapside was extensively damaged during The Blitz in late 1940 and particularly during the Second Great Fire of London. Much of the rebuilding following these raids occurred during the 1950s and 1960s and included a number of unsympathetic contemporary attempts at recreating the centuries-old architecture that had been destroyed. In recent years many of these buildings have themselves been demolished as a programme of regeneration takes place along Cheapside from Paternoster Square to Poultry.

Cheapside today is a street of offices and developments of retail outlets. It can no longer be described as "the busiest thoroughfare in the world" (as in Charles Dickens’ day) and is instead simply one of many routes connecting the East End and the City of London with the West End.


Main source: Wikipedia
Further citations and sources



"Cheapside and Bow Church" engraved by W. Albutt, 1837 steel engraved print after a picture by T.H. Shepherd, first published in The History of London: Illustrated by Views in London and Westminster.

"Cheapside and Bow Church" engraved by W. Albutt, 1837 steel engraved print after a picture by T.H. Shepherd, first published in The History of London: Illustrated by Views in London and Westminster.
W. Albutt

NEARBY STREETS
Abchurch Yard, EC4N First mentioned in 1732, Abchurch Yard was built on the St Mary Abchurch churchyard.
Albion Way, EC1A Albion Way is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Aldermanbury Square, EC2V At the centre of Saxon London, the aldermen (elder statesmen of City wards) met in a ’bury’ (house) in a time before the Guildhall was built.
Aldermanbury, EC2V Aldermanbury is the Saxon name for ’Eldermen’ (elder statesmen) and ’bury’ (house).
Aldersgate Street, EC2Y Aldersgate Street is located on the west side of the Barbican Estate.
Allhallows Lane, EC4R Allhallows Lane is named after the churches of All-Hallows-the-Great and Less.
Andrewes Highwalk, EC2Y Andrewes Highwalk is named for Lancelot Andrewes, rector of the nearby St Giles-without-Cripplegate Church.
Angel Street, EC1A Angel Street runs between King Edward Street in the west and St. Martin’s Le Grand in the east.
Bankside way, SE19 Bankside way is a road in the SE19 postcode area
Bankside, SE1 Bankside is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
Barbican Highwalks, EC2Y Barbican Highwalks is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Barbican, EC2Y Barbican is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bartholomew Close, EC1A Bartholomew Close is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Bartholomew Passage, EC1A Bartholomew Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Bartholomew Place, EC1A Bartholomew Place is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Basing Lane, EC4M Basing Lane ran west from Bow Lane to Bread Street.
Basinghall Avenue, EC2R Basinghall Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Basinghall Avenue, EC2V Basinghall Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Basinghall Street, EC2V Basinghall Street joins Gresham Street to the south.
Bassishaw Highwalk, EC2V Bassishaw Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Bastion Highwalk, EC2Y Bastion Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bell Wharf Lane, EC4R Bell Wharf Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Benbow House, SE1 A street within the SE1 postcode
Bow Churchyard, EC4M Bow Churchyard is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Bow Lane, EC4M Bow Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Brandon Mews, EC2Y Brandon Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Bread Street, EC4M Bread Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Brewers Hall Garden, EC2V Brewers Hall Garden is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Brewers Hall Gardens, EC2V Brewers Hall Gardens is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Bridge Walk, SE8 Bridge Walk is a road in the SE8 postcode area
Broken Wharf, EC4V Broken Wharf is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Bucklersbury House Walbrook, EC4N Bucklersbury House Walbrook is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Bucklersbury, EC4N Bucklersbury is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Budge Row, EC4N Budge Row lies off the north side of Cannon Street, about 80 yards west of the main line station.
Bull and Mouth Street, EC1A Bull and Mouth Street ran between King Edward Street and St Martin’s Le Grand.
Bush Lane, EC4R Bush Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Cannon Bridge, EC4R Cannon Bridge is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Cannon Street, EC4M This is a street in the EC4M postcode area
Cannon Street, EC4N Cannon Street runs nearly parallel with the River Thames, about 250 metres north of it, in the south of the City of London.
Cannon Street, EC4R Cannon Street follows the route of a riverside path that ran along the Thames.
Carey Lane, EC2V Carey Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Carter Lane, EC4M Carter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Chartered Accountants Hall, EC2R Chartered Accountants Hall is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Cheapside, N22 Cheapside is one of the streets of London in the N22 postal area.
City North, N4 City North is one of the streets of London in the N4 postal area.
Cloak Lane, EC4R Cloak Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Cloth Court, EC1A Cloth Court is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Cloth Fair, EC1A Cloth Fair is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Cloth Street, EC1A Cloth Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Coleman Street, EC2R Coleman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Coleman Street, EC2V Coleman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
College Hill, EC4R College Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
College Street, EC4R College Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Cousin Lane, EC4R Cousin Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Crown Court, EC2V Crown Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Distaff Lane, EC4V Distaff Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Dowgate Hill, EC4R Dowgate Hill is a continuation of Walbrook along the west side of Cannon Street Station, leading to Dowgate Dock.
East Market, EC1A East Market is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
East Passage, EC1A East Passage is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Ferroners House Shaftesbury Place, EC2Y Ferroners House Shaftesbury Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Fore Street Avenue, EC2Y Fore Street Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Fore Street, EC2Y Fore Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Foster Lane, EC2V Foster Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Founders Court, EC2R Founders Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Fredericks Place, EC2R Fredericks Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Friday Street, EC4M Friday Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Friday Street, EC4V Friday Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Garlick Hill, EC4V Garlick Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Gilbert Bridge, EC2Y Gilbert Bridge is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Godliman Street, EC4V Godliman Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Goldsmith Street, EC2V Goldsmith Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Great St Thomas Apostle, EC4V Great St Thomas A postle is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Great St Thomas, EC4V Great St Thomas is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Great Swan Alley, EC2R Great Swan Alley is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Gresham Street, EC2V Gresham Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Grocers? Hall Court, EC2R Grocers? Hall Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Groveland Court, EC4M Groveland Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Guildhall Buildings, EC2V Guildhall Buildings is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Guildhall Yard, EC2V Guildhall Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Gutter Lane, EC2V Gutter Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Hanseatic Walk, EC4R Hanseatic Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Hanseatic Walk, SE1 Hanseatic Walk is a road in the SE1 postcode area
High Timber Street, EC4V High Timber Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Honey Lane, EC2V Honey Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Ironmonger Lane, EC2V Ironmonger Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Ironmongerrial Lane, EC2V Ironmongerrial Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Ironmongers Hall Shaftesbury Place, EC2Y Ironmongers Hall Shaftesbury Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
King Edward Street, EC1A King Edward Street runs from Newgate Street in the south to Little Britain in the north.
King Street, EC2V King Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
King’s Arms Yard, EC2R This is a street in the EC2R postcode area
Kinghorn Street, EC1A Kinghorn Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Kings Arms Yard, EC2R Kings Arms Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Knightrider Court, EC4V Knightrider Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Knightrider Street, EC4V Knightrider Street was supposedly a route that knights would take from the Tower of London to Smithfield, where jousts were held.
Lambeth Hill, EC4V Lambeth Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Lauderdale Tower, EC2Y Lauderdale Tower is the westernmost tower in the Barbican, facing onto Lauderdale Place.
Laurence Pountney Hill, EC4R Laurence Pountney Hill is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Laurence Pountney Lane, EC4R Laurence Pountney Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Lawrence Lane, EC2V Lawrence Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Lindsey Street, EC1A Lindsey Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Little Britain, EC1A Little Britain is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Little Britain, EC1M Little Britain is one of the streets of London in the EC1M postal area.
Little Trinity Lane, EC4V Little Trinity Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
London Wall, EC2R London Wall is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
London Wall, EC2Y London Wall is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Long Lane, EC1A Long Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Lothbury, EC2R Lothbury is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Love Lane, EC2V Love Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Mansion House Place, EC4N Mansion House Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Manson House Place, EC4N Manson House Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Masons Avenue, EC2V Masons Avenue is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Middle Street, EC1A Middle Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Milk Street, EC2V Milk Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Millennium Bridge, EC4V Millennium Bridge is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Millennium Bridge, SE1 Millennium Bridge is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Milton Street, EC2Y Milton Street was formerly known as Grub Street.
Mitre Court, EC2V Mitre Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Monkwell Square, EC2Y Monkwell Square is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Moorfields Highwalk, EC2Y Moorfields Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Moorfields, EC2Y Moorfields is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Moorgate Place, EC2R Moorgate Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Moorgate, EC2M Moorgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2M postal area.
Moorgate, EC2R Moorgate is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
New Change, EC4M New Change is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
New Union Street, EC2Y New Union Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Newbury Street, EC1A Newbury Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Newgate Street, EC1A Newgate Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Newgate Street, EC2V Newgate Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Noble Street, EC2V Noble Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Oat Lane, EC2V Oat Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Old Change Court, EC4M Old Change Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Old Jewry, EC2R Old Jewry is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
One Ropemaker Street, EC2Y One Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Oystergate Walk, EC4R Oystergate Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Pancras Lane, EC4N Pancras Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Paternoster Row, EC4M Paternoster Row is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Paternoster Square, EC4M Paternoster Square is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Poultry, EC2R Poultry is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Priest?s Court, EC2V Priest?s Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Princes Street, EC2R Princes Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Princes Street, EC3V Princes Street is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Queen Isabella Way, EC1A Queen Isabella Way is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
Queen St Place, EC4R Queen St Place is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Queen Street, EC4N Queen Street is a street in the City of London which runs between Upper Thames Street at its southern end to Cheapside in the north.
Queen Street, EC4R Queen Street is a street in the City of London which runs between Upper Thames Street and Cheapside.
Queen Victoria Street, EC2R Queen Victoria Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Queen Victoria Street, EC4N Queen Victoria Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Queen Victoria Street, EC4V Queen Victoria Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Queenhithe, EC4V Queenhithe is a small and ancient ward of the City of London, situated by the River Thames and a minor street.
Ropemaker Street, EC2Y Ropemaker Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Rose Street, EC4M Rose Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Royal Exchange, EC3V Royal Exchange is one of the streets of London in the EC3V postal area.
Russia Row, EC2V Russia Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Saint Alphage Highwalk, EC2Y Saint Alphage Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Saint Giles? Terrace, EC2Y Saint Giles? Terrace is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Seddon Highwalk, EC2Y Seddon Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Silk Street, EC2Y Silk Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Southwark Bridge, EC4R This is a street in the EC4R postcode area
Southwark Bridge, SE1 Southwark Bridge is one of the streets of London in the SE1 postal area.
St Alphage Garden, EC2Y St Alphage Garden is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
St Alphage Highwalk, EC2Y St Alphage Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
St Martin?s Le Grand, EC2V St Martin?s Le Grand is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
St Martins Le Grand, EC1A St Martins Le Grand is one of the streets of London in the EC1A postal area.
St Paul?s Church Yard, EC4M St Paul?s Church Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
St Paul’s Churchyard, EC4M By the beginning of the sixteenth century, St. Paul’s Churchyard was the chief centre of the book trade, not only for London, but for the whole country.
St Swithin?s Lane, EC4N St Swithin?s Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
St Swithins Lane, EC4N St Swithins Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Stew Lane, EC4V Stew Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Suffolk Lane, EC4R Suffolk Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Swan Lane, EC4R Swan Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Telegraph Street, EC2R Telegraph Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
The Postern, EC2Y The Postern is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Thomas More Highwalk, EC2Y Thomas More Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Three Cranes Wharf, EC4R Three Cranes Wharf is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Three Nun Court, EC2V Three Nun Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Tokenhouse Yard, EC2R Tokenhouse Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2R postal area.
Upper Thames Street, EC4R Upper Thames Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4R postal area.
Upper Thames Street, EC4V Upper Thames Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4V postal area.
Walbrook, EC4N Walbrook is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Wallside, EC2Y Wallside is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Watling Street, EC4M Watling Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
Watling Street, EC4N Watling Street is one of the streets of London in the EC4N postal area.
Well Court, EC4M Well Court is one of the streets of London in the EC4M postal area.
White Lyon Court, EC2Y White Lyon Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Willoughby Highwalk, EC2Y Willoughby Highwalk is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.
Wood Street, EC2V Wood Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2V postal area.
Wood Street, EC2Y Wood Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2Y postal area.


City of London

The City of London constituted most of London from its settlement by the Romans in the 1st century AD to the Middle Ages, but the conurbation has since grown far beyond its borders.

As the City's boundaries have remained almost unchanged since the Middle Ages, it is now only a tiny part of the metropolis of Greater London, though it remains a notable part of central London. It holds city status in its own right and is also a separate ceremonial county.

It is widely referred to as 'The City' (often written on maps as City and differentiated from the phrase 'the city of London') or 'the Square Mile' as it is 1.12 square miles in area. These terms are also often used as metonyms for the United Kingdom's financial services industry, which continues a notable history of being largely based in the City.

The local authority for the City, the City of London Corporation, is unique in the UK and has some unusual responsibilities for a local council, such as being the police authority. It also has responsibilities and ownerships beyond the City's boundaries. The Corporation is headed by the Lord Mayor of the City of London, an office separate from (and much older than) the Mayor of London.

The City is a major business and financial centre, ranking as the world's leading centre of global finance. Throughout the 19th century, the City was the world's primary business centre, and continues to be a major meeting point for businesses.

The City had a resident population of about 7000 in 2011 but over 300,000 people commute to it and work there, mainly in the financial services sector. The legal profession forms a major component of the northern and western sides of the City - especially in the Temple and Chancery Lane areas where the Inns of Court are located, of which two—Inner Temple and Middle Temple - fall within the City of London boundary.
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