Whitechapel

Underground station, existing between 1863 and now

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Whitechapel

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Underground station · Whitechapel · E1 ·
November
13
2013

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Whitechapel underground station, 1896

Whitechapel underground station, 1896
User unknown/public domain

THE STREETS OF WHITECHAPEL
.26, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
.37, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Adler Street, E1 Adler Street runs between the Whitechapel Road and the Commercial Road.
Alderman Stairs, E1W Alderman Stairs is a road in the E1W postcode area
Amazon Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Back Mews, SE4 Back Mews is a road in the SE4 postcode area
Black Lion Yard, E1 Black Lion Yard was a narrow thoroughfare running north-south from Old Montague Street (where it was accessible via a set of steps) to Whitechapel Road.
Boyd Street, E1 Boyd Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Brady Street, E1 Brady Street is a road running north-south from Three Colts Lane to Whitechapel Road.
Buckhurstreet Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Burslem Street, E1 Burslem Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Buxton Street, E1 Buxton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Carillon Court, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Casson Street E.1, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Casson Street, E1 Casson Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Chase Imagination, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Chicksand Street, E1 Chicksand Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Christian Street Flat 210 Hodgeson House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Collingwood Street, E1 Collingwood Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Coventry Road, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Cudworth Street, E1 Cudworth Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Deal Street, E1 Deal Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Durward Street, E1 Durward Street is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Brady Street to Baker’s Row (today’s Vallance Road).
East Mount Street, E1 East Mount Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Enterprise House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Fakruddin Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fleur De Lis Street, E1 Fleur De Lis Street runs west from Commercial Street.
Forbes Street, E1 Forbes Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fordham Street, E1 Fordham Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Golding Street, E1 Golding Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Granary Road, E1 Granary Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Greenfield Road, E1 Greenfield Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Hanbury Street, E1 Hanbury Street is a long road running west-east from Commercial Street to Vallance Road.
Headlam Street, E1 Headlam Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Hemming Street, E1 Hemming Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Heneage Street, E1 Heneage Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Henriques Street, E1 Henriques Street was formerly called Berner Street.
Hunton Street, E1 Hunton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Knighten Street, E1W Knighten Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Knighton Street, E1W Knighton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Langdale Street, E1 Langdale Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Lomas Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Merceron Street, E1 Merceron Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Mulberry Street, E1 Mulberry Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Myrdle Street, E1 Myrdle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Old Montague Street, E1 Old Montague Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Baker’s Row (now Vallance Road) to Brick Lane.
Orton Street, E1W Orton Street is a road in the E1W postcode area
Parfett Street, E1 Parfett Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pereira Street, E1 Pereira Street ran north/south in Bethnal Green.
Philchurch Place, E1 Philchurch Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pier Head, E1W Pier Head is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Pinchin Street, E1 Pinchin Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Ponler Street, E1 Ponler Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Regal Close, E1 Regal Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Romford Street, E1 Romford Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Sampson Street, E1W Sampson Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Selby Street, E1 Selby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Settles Street, E1 Settles Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spellman Street, E1 Spellman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Stepney Green Court, E1 Stepney Green Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Street Katharine’s Way, E1W A street within the E1W postcode
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Tent Street, E1 Tent Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Three Colts Lane, E1 Three Colts Lane is a road in the E1 postcode area
Three Colts Lane, E2 Three Colts Lane is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Trahorn Close, E1 Trahorn Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Umberston Street, E1 Umberston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Underwood Road, E1 Underwood Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Vallance Road, E1 Vallance Road is a significant road running north-south from Bethnal Green Road to Whitechapel Road.
Vine Court, E1 Vine Court is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Weaver Street, E1 Weaver Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitechapel Road, E1 Whitechapel Road is a major arterial road in East London.
Whitechapel, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Wicker Street, E1 Wicker Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Winthrop Street, E1 Winthrop Street was formerly a narrow street running east-west from Brady Street to Durward Street.
Woodseer Street, E1 Woodseer Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode


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