Whitechapel

Underground station, existing between 1863 and now

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(51.5195 -0.05992, 51.519 -0.059) 

Whitechapel

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Underground station · Whitechapel · ·
November
13
2013

Whitechapel is a neighbourhood whose heart is Whitechapel Road itself, named for a small chapel of ease dedicated to St Mary.

By the late 1500s Whitechapel and the surrounding area had started becoming 'other half' of London. Located downwind of the genteel sections of west London which were to see the expansion of Westminster Abbey and construction of Buckingham Palace, it naturally attracted the more fragrant activities of the city, particularly tanneries, breweries, foundries (including the Whitechapel Bell Foundry which later cast Philadelphia's Liberty Bell and also Big Ben), slaughterhouses and, close by to the south, the gigantic Billingsgate fish market, famous in its day for the ornately foul language of the extremely Cockney fishwomen who worked there.

Population shifts from rural areas to London from the 1600s to the mid 1800s resulted in great numbers of more or less destitute people taking up residence amidst the industries and mercantile interests that had attracted them. By the 1840s Whitechapel, along with the enclaves of Wapping, Aldgate, Bethnal Green, Mile End, Limehouse and Stepney (collectively known today as the East End), had evolved, or devolved, into classic 'dickensian' London. Whitechapel Road itself was not particularly squalid through most of this period - it was the warren of small dark streets branching from it that contained the greatest suffering, filth and danger, especially Dorset St., Thrawl St., Berners St. (renamed Henriques St.), Wentworth St. and others.

In the Victorian era the base population of poor English country stock was swelled by immigrants from all over, particularly Irish and Jewish. 1888 saw the depredations of the Whitechapel Murderer, later known as 'Jack the Ripper'. In 1902, American author Jack London, looking to write a counterpart to Jacob Riis's seminal book How the Other Half Lives, donned ragged clothes and boarded in Whitechapel, detailing his experiences in The People of the Abyss. Riis had recently documented the astoundingly bad conditions in the leading city of the United States. Jack London, a socialist, thought it worthwhile to explore conditions in the leading city of the nation that had created modern capitalism. He concluded that English poverty was far rougher than the American variety. The juxtaposition of the poverty, homelessness, exploitive work conditions, prostitution, and infant mortality of Whitechapel and other East End locales with some of the greatest personal wealth the world has ever seen made it a focal point for leftist reformers of all kinds, from George Bernard Shaw, whose Fabian Society met regularly in Whitechapel, to Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, who boarded and led rallies in Whitechapel during his exile from Russia.

Whitechapel remained poor (and colourful) through the first half of the 20th Century, though somewhat less desperately so. It suffered great damage in the V2 German rocket attacks and the Blitz of World War II. Since then, Whitechapel has lost its notoriety, though it is still thoroughly working class. The Bangladeshis are the most visible migrant group there today and it is home to many aspiring artists and shoestring entrepreneurs.

Since the 1970s, Whitechapel and other nearby parts of East London have figured prominently in London's art scene. Probably the most prominent art venue is the Whitechapel Art Gallery, founded in 1901 and long an outpost of high culture in a poor neighbourhood. As the neighbourhood has gentrified, it has gained citywide, and even international, visibility and support.

Whitechapel, is a London Underground and London Overground station, on Whitechapel Road was opened in 1876 by the East London Railway on a line connecting Liverpool Street station in the City of London with destinations south of the River Thames. The station site was expanded in 1884, and again in 1902, to accommodate the services of the Metropolitan District Railway, a predecessor of the London Underground. The London Overground section of the station was closed between 2007 and 27 April 2010 for rebuilding, initially reopening for a preview service on 27 April 2010 with the full service starting on 23 May 2010.


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#Whitechapel underground station, 1896

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



The Underground Map   
Added: 20 Sep 2020 13:01 GMT   

Pepys starts diary
On 1 January 1659, Samuel Pepys started his famous daily diary and maintained it for ten years. The diary has become perhaps the most extensive source of information on this critical period of English history. Pepys never considered that his diary would be read by others. The original diary consisted of six volumes written in Shelton shorthand, which he had learned as an undergraduate on scholarship at Magdalene College, Cambridge. This shorthand was introduced in 1626, and was the same system Isaac Newton used when writing.

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Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


Comment
GRaleigh   
Added: 23 Feb 2021 09:34 GMT   

Found a bug
Hi all! Thank you for your excellent site. I found an overlay bug on the junction of Glengall Road, NW6 and Hazelmere Road, NW6 on the 1950 map only. It appears when one zooms in at this junction and only on the zoom.

Cheers,
Geoff Raleigh

Source: Glengall Road, NW6

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Comment
Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

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Christine Clark   
Added: 20 Feb 2021 11:27 GMT   

Number 44 (1947 - 1967)
The Clark’s moved here from Dorking my father worked on the Thames as a captain of shell mex tankers,there were three children, CHristine, Barbara and Frank, my mother was Ida and my father Frank.Our house no 44 and 42 were pulled down and we were relocated to Bromley The rest of our family lived close by in Milton Court Rd, Brocklehurat Street, Chubworthy street so one big happy family..lovely days.

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Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

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Born here
Vanessa Whitehouse   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 22:48 GMT   

Born here
My dad 1929 John George Hall

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Added: 16 Feb 2021 13:41 GMT   

Giraud Street
I lived in Giraud St in 1938/1939. I lived with my Mother May Lillian Allen & my brother James Allen (Known as Lenny) My name is Tom Allen and was evacuated to Surrey from Giraud St. I am now 90 years of age.

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Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.

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Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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THE STREETS OF WHITECHAPEL
Adler Street, E1 Adler Street runs between the Whitechapel Road and the Commercial Road.
Back Church Lane, E1 Back Church Lane is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Barnsley Street, E1 Barnsley Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Batty Street, E1 Batty Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Black Lion Yard, E1 Black Lion Yard was a narrow thoroughfare running north-south from Old Montague Street (where it was accessible via a set of steps) to Whitechapel Road.
Brady Street, E1 Brady Street is a road running north-south from Three Colts Lane to Whitechapel Road.
Burslem Street, E1 Burslem Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Buxton Street, E1 Buxton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Cambridge Heath Road, E1 Cambridge Heath Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Carillon Court, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Castlemain Street, E1 Castlemain Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Chicksand Street, E1 Chicksand Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Christian Street, E1 Christian Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Code Street, E2 Code Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Court Street, E1 Court Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Coverley Close, E1 Coverley Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Darling Row, E1 Darling Row is a road in the E1 postcode area
Davenant Street, E1 Davenant Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Dowson Place, E1 Dowson Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Durward Street, E1 Durward Street is a narrow thoroughfare running east-west from Brady Street to Baker’s Row (today’s Vallance Road).
East Mount Street, E1 East Mount Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Fairclough Street, E1 Fairclough Street runs from Back Church Lane to Christian Street.
Fakruddin Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Fieldgate Street, E1 Fieldgate Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Frostic Walk, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Gower’s Walk, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Greatorex Street, E1 Greatorex Street was formerly called High Street.
Green Dragon Yard, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hanbury Street, E1 Hanbury Street is a long road running west-east from Commercial Street to Vallance Road.
Hemming Street, E1 Hemming Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Henriques Street, E1 Henriques Street was formerly called Berner Street.
Hobsons Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Hunton Street, E1 Hunton Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Kings Arms Court, E1 Kings Arms Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Knighten Street, E1W Knighten Street is one of the streets of London in the E1W postal area.
Luntley Place, E1 Luntley Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Monthope Road, E1 This is a street in the E1 postcode area
Myrdle Street, E1 Myrdle Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Old Montague Street, E1 Old Montague Street is a thoroughfare running east-west from Baker’s Row (now Vallance Road) to Brick Lane.
Orion House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Osborn Place, E1 Osborn Place appears on the 1862 Stanford map.
Pedley Street, E1 Pedley Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pereira Street, E1 Pereira Street ran north/south in Bethnal Green.
Plumbers Row, E1 Plumbers Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Regal Close, E1 Regal Close is a road in the E1 postcode area
Rope Walk Gardens, E1 Rope Walk Gardens is a location in London.
Scott Street, E1 Scott Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Spelman House, E1 Spelman House is a residential block in Whitechapel.
Spelman Street, E1 Spelman Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Spital Street, E1 Spital Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Stutfield Street, E1 Stutfield Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Tent Street, E1 Tent Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Three Colts Corner, E1 Three Colts Corner is a road in the E2 postcode area
Three Colts Lane, E1 Three Colts Lane is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Three Colts Lane, E1 Three Colts Lane is a road in the E1 postcode area
Umberston Street, E1 Umberston Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Vallance Road, E1 Vallance Road is a significant road running north-south from Bethnal Green Road to Whitechapel Road.
Whitechapel Road, E1 Whitechapel Road is a major arterial road in East London.
Winthrop Street, E1 Winthrop Street was formerly a narrow street running east-west from Brady Street to Durward Street.
Wodeham Gardens, E1 Wodeham Gardens is a road in the E1 postcode area
Wool House, E1 A street within the E1 postcode




LOCAL PHOTOS
Buck's Row (Durward Street) in 1938.
TUM image id: 1490922288
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Hanbury Street c.1918, looking east
TUM image id: 1490921501
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Leman Street (1930s)
TUM image id: 1544916524
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Pollard Row (1939)
TUM image id: 1574859171
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Wellclose Square in the Victorian era
TUM image id: 1550831639
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Whitechapel Road
TUM image id: 1556746955
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Black Lion Yard looking north, 1961.
TUM image id: 1490911940
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Winthrop Street looking east, c.1970.
TUM image id: 1490921196
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Bethnal Green railway station entrance, some distance away from its namesake Central line tube station. The photo was taken on 25 October 2008
Credit: Wiki Commons/Sunil060902
TUM image id: 1606480779
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Brady Street looking toward the junction with Durward Street, 1979.
TUM image id: 1490912211
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Buck's Row (Durward Street) in 1938.
TUM image id: 1490922288
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Berner Street, April 1909. The cartwheel indicates the entrance to Dutfield's Yard.
TUM image id: 1490915970
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Whitechapel Road
TUM image id: 1556746955
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Winthrop Street looking east, c.1970.
TUM image id: 1490921196
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Jane Street in the 1950s
Credit: http://www.stgitehistory.org.uk
TUM image id: 1566942219
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Anthony Street after its 1964 curtailment.
Credit: http://www.stgitehistory.org.uk
TUM image id: 1566936760
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Corfield Street
TUM image id: 1580167928
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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