Queen Square, WC1N

Road in/near Bloomsbury, existing between 1716 and now

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(51.5214 -0.12174) 

Queen Square, WC1N

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Bloomsbury · WC1N ·
JANUARY
1
2000

Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.

Many of the Queen Square buildings are associated with medicine, particularly neurology.

Queen Square was originally constructed between 1716 and 1725. It was formed from the garden of the house of Sir John Cutler whose last surviving child, Lady Radnor, died in 1697 leaving no issue. It was originally left open to the north for the landscape formed by the hills of Hampstead and Highgate.

The square was previously named Queen Anne’s Square because a statue contained within it was misidentified as depicting Queen Anne. This statue is now believed to be a portrayal of Queen Charlotte, wife of King George III.

The public house on the southwest corner of the square, called "the Queen’s Larder", was, according to legend, used by Queen Charlotte to store food for the king during his treatment for mental illness in a house on the Square.

The church, dedicated to St George the Martyr, was built following public subscription in 1706 before the square was laid out.

Following the trend of nearby areas, gradually the houses were turned into hospitals and other medical institutions.


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NEARBY STREETS
Abbey Place, WC1H Abbey Place was in the centre of Bloomsbury, off what was originally the west side of Little Coram Street and directly behind the Russell Institution on Great Coram Street.
Atkin Building, WC1R Atkin Building is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Barbon Close, WC1N Barbon Close is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Barter Street, WC1A Barter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Bedford Avenue, WC1B Bedford Avenue is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Place, WC1B Bedford Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Row, SE1 A street within the WC1R postcode
Bedford Row, WC1R Bedford Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Bedford Square, WC1B Bedford Square was designed as a unified architectural composition in 1775-6 by Thomas Leverton.
Bedford Way, WC1B Bedford Way is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Bedford Way, WC1H Bedford Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Bernard Street, WC1N Bernard Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1A Bloomsbury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B Bloomsbury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Square, WC1A The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1B Bloomsbury Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Way, WC1A Bloomsbury Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1X Boswell Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
British Museum, WC1B British Museum is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Brownlow Mews, WC1N Brownlow Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Centre, WC1N Brunswick Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Shopping Centre, WC1N Brunswick Shopping Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Brunswick Square, WC1N Brunswick Square is the result of a sale of land by the Foundling Hospital.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Calthorpe Street, WC1X Calthorpe Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Catton Street, WC1R Catton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Cockpit Yard, WC1N Cockpit Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Colonnade, WC1N Colonnade is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Coram Street, WC1H Coram Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Coram Street, WC1N Coram Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1B Cosmo Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Cosmo Place, WC1N Cosmo Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Dane Street, WC1R Dane Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Doughty Mews, WC1N Doughty Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Doughty Street, WC1N Doughty Street is a broad tree lined street in the Holborn district.
Eagle Street, WC1R Eagle Street runs parallel to High Holborn, one block north.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Field Court, WC1R Field Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fisher Street, WC1R Fisher Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Foundling Court, WC1N Foundling Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Gough Street, WC1X Gough Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Grays Inn Place, WC1R Grays Inn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Road, WC1X Grays Inn Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Grays Inn, WC1X Grays Inn is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Great Court, WC1B Great Court is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Ormond Street, WC1N Great Ormond Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Russell Street, WC1B Great Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Great Turnstile, WC1V This is a street in the WC1V postcode area
Grenville Street, WC1N Grenville Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Guilford Street, WC1B Guilford Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Guilford Street, WC1N Guilford Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Hand Court, WC1V Hand Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Herbrand Street, WC1N Herbrand Street is in the east of Bloomsbury, running south from Tavistock Place to Guilford Street.
High Holborn, WC1V High Holborn was part of the old road from Newgate and the Tower to the gallows at Tyburn.
Jockeys Fields, WC1R Jockeys Fields is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
John Street, WC1N John Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Johns Mews, WC1N Johns Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Keppel Street, WC1E Keppel Street links Store Street and Gower Street in the west to Malet Street in the east.
Kings Mews, WC1N Kings Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Kingsgate Est, N1 A street within the WC1B postcode
Kingsgate Street, WC1R Kingsgate Street ran from High Holborn to Theobald’s Road.
Kirk Street, WC1N Kirk Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamb’s Conduit Passage, WC1R This is a street in the WC1R postcode area
Lamb’s Conduit Street, WC1N This is a street in the WC1N postcode area
Lamb’s Mews, N1 Lamb’s Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Lambs Conduit Passage, WC1R Lambs Conduit Passage is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Lambs Conduit Street, WC1N Lambs Conduit Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamp Office Court, WC1N Lamp Office Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lion Court, WC1V Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Little Guildford Street Little Guildford Street was the middle part of what is now Herbrand Street, between Great Coram Street and Bernard Street, on the western edge of the Foundling estate.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Turnstile, WC1V Little Turnstile is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Long Yard, WC1N Long Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Marchmont Street, WC1N Marchmont Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mecklenburgh Place, WC1N Mecklenburgh Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Mecklenburgh Square, WC1N Mecklenburgh Square was originally laid out by S P Cockerell.
Millman Place, WC1N Millman Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Millman Street, WC1N Millman Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Montague Place, WC1E Montague Place was developed in the decade after 1800.
Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Museum Street, WC1A Museum Street is so-named since it approaches the main entrance of the British Museum.
Neals Yard, WC1N Neals Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
North Mews, WC1N North Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Northington Street, WC1N Northington Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Odonnell Court, WC1N Odonnell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Orange Street, WC1R Orange Street disappeared from the map to be replaced by St Martin’s College of Art (now Central Saint Martins).
Orde Hall Street, WC1N Orde Hall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
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Pied Bull Court, WC1A Pied Bull Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Powis Place, WC1N Powis Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Princeton Street, WC1R Princeton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Procter Street, WC1V Procter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Proctor Street, WC1V Proctor Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Queen Annes Square, SE1 Queen Annes Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Raymond Buildings, WC1R Raymond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Red Lion Square, WC1R Red Lion Square was built from the late 1680s by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Red Lion Street, WC1R Red Lion Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Regent Square, WC1N Regent Square is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Roger Street, WC1N Roger Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Chambers, WC1N Rugby Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Street, WC1N Rugby Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Russell Court, WC1H Russell Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Russell Square, WC1B Russell Square was laid out from 1800 by James Burton following the demolition of Bedford House, which originally stood on the site surrounded by gardens and fields.
Russell Square, WC1H Russell Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Sandland Street, WC1R Sandland Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Shops Brunswick Centre, WC1N Shops Brunswick Centre is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Sicilian Avenue, WC1A Sicilian Avenue is a shopping parade that diagonally runs in between Southampton Row and Bloomsbury Way.
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1V Southampton Row is a road in the WC1V postcode area
St. Georges Road, SE1 A street within the WC1H postcode
Tavistock Square, WC1H Tavistock Square was built by property developer James Burton and the master builder Thomas Cubitt for Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford.
Theobald’s Road, WC1R Theobald’s Road is a road in the WC1R postcode area
Theobalds Road, WC1X Theobalds Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Thornhaugh Street, WC1B Thornhaugh Street is a street in London
Thornhaugh Street, WC1H Thornhaugh Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Verulam Buildings, WC1R Verulam Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Warwick Court, WC1R Warwick Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Willoughby Street, WC1B Willoughby Street was formerly known as both Vine Street and Wooburn Street.
Witley Court, WC1N Witley Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Woburn Mews, WC1H Woburn Mews ran parallel between Woburn Place and Upper Bedford Place to the west of Woburn Place.
Woburn Place, WC1B Woburn Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Woburn Place, WC1H Woburn Place is situated on the Bedford estate, running north from the east of Russell Square to the east of Tavistock Square.
Woburn Square, WC1H Woburn Square is just north of the centre of Bloomsbury.
Wren Street, WC1X Wren Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1Xpostal area.
Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1R Yorkshire Grey Yard lies off of Eagle Street, WC1


Bloomsbury

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area.

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is the 1086 Domesday Book, which records that the area had vineyards and 'wood for 100 pigs'. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land.

The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond. An 1878 publication, Old and New London: Volume 4, mentions the idea that the area was named after a village called Lomesbury which formerly stood where Bloomsbury Square is now, though this piece of folk etymology is now discredited.

At the end of the 14th century Edward III acquired Blemond's manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century, with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown, and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton.

In the early 1660s, the Earl of Southampton constructed what eventually became Bloomsbury Square. The area was laid out mainly in the 18th century, largely by landowners such as Wriothesley Russell, 3rd Duke of Bedford, who built Bloomsbury Market, which opened in 1730. The major development of the squares that we see today started in about 1800 when Francis Russell, 5th Duke of Bedford removed Bedford House and developed the land to the north with Russell Square as its centrepiece.

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

The publisher Faber & Faber used to be located in Queen Square, though at the time T. S. Eliot was editor the offices were in Tavistock Square. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded in John Millais's parents' house on Gower Street in 1848.

The Bloomsbury Festival was launched in 2006 when local resident Roma Backhouse was commissioned to mark the re-opening of the Brunswick Centre, a residential and shopping area. The free festival is a celebration of the local area, partnering with galleries, libraries and museums, and achieved charitable status at the end of 2012.


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