Sloane Square forms a boundary between the two largest aristocratic estates in London, the Grosvenor Estate and the Cadogan.
The square was formerly known as ’Hans Town’, laid out in 1771 to a plan of by Henry Holland Snr. and Henry Holland Jnr. Both the square and Hans Town were named after Sir Hans Sloane (1660–1753), whose estates owned the land at the time.
The square has two notable buildings. Peter Jones department store designed by Reginald Uren of the firm Slater Moberly and Uren in 1936 and now a Grade II* listed building on account of its early curtain wall and modernist aesthetic, pioneering in the UK for a department store. The building was carefully restored 2003-2007 with internal upgrading in line with the original designs by John McAslan and Partners. This included making the three storey atrium full-height.
The other is the Royal Court Theatre
first opened in 1888 which was important for avant-garde theatre in the 1960s and 1970s when the home of the English Stage Company.
100 metres from the Square in Sloane Terrace
, the former Christian Science Church was built in 1907 and converted in 2002 for concert hall use as Cadogan Hall
. It is now one of London’s leading classical music venues.
In the early 1980s, the square lent its name to the "Sloane Rangers", the young underemployed, often snooty and ostentatiously well-off members of the upper classes. On the northern side of the square is the Sloane Square Hotel.