St Ann’s Villas, W11

Road in/near Notting Hill, existing between 1843 and now

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St Ann’s Villas, W11

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2021

St Ann’s Villas, a tree-lined if busy road, leads into Royal Crescent from St Ann’s Road.

The Norland estate had been 52 acres of ground, bounded on the east by the streets now known as Portland Road and Pottery Lane, on the south by Holland Park Avenue. By the mid 1830s, Norland was looking attractive for speculative building.

In 1836, the incorporation of the Birmingham, Bristol and Thames Junction Railway occurred. The company proposed the construction of a line from Willesden to the Kensington Canal. The route authorised was north-south a few yards outside the western boundary of the Norland estate, across the Uxbridge Road at Shepherd’s Bush.

Drainage problems posed by the construction of the railway promoted the development of the Norland Estate. Between the Uxbridge and Hammersmith roads the railway was to extend along or very close to the course of the Counter’s Creek sewer, the natural open ditch which discharged surface water into the Kensington Canal. In 1837–8 the Westminster Commissioners of Sewers insisted that the railway company must divert Counter’s Creek and improve drainage.

The new sewer, as built by the railway company during 1838–9, extended along the line of the present Holland Road and Holland Villas Road, across the Uxbridge Road at the centre of Royal Crescent, and then across the present St Ann’s Villas.

The effect of this diversion was to provide landowner Benjamin Lewis Vulliamy with greatly improved drainage facilities for his estate, at no cost to himself. In September 1838, when discussions between the Commissioners of Sewers and the railway company were still proceeding, he was negotiating the sale of the Norland Estate. A solicitor, Charles Richardson, paid £19 990 to become the freehold owner of all fifty-two acres of the estate.

Richardson had no difficulty in raising capital for the development of his housing scheme. By 1844 his total liabilities amounted to about £45 000, much of the money being needed for loans to builders and for the construction of nearly three miles of sewers.

The layout plan of the southern part of the estate was the work of Robert Cantwell. Cantwell designed a large crescent facing the Uxbridge Road, broken in the centre by a north-south road, St Ann’s Villas and St Ann’s Road - an arrangement occasioned by the need for unobstructed passage for the recently diverted Counter’s Creek sewer. Without the needed access to the sewer, St Ann's Villas and St Ann's Road would not exist. Current residents are no doubt unaware that both a sewer runs underneath their wonderfully-designed houses and that their houses' existence is due to the wonders of effluence.

The developer of St Ann’s Villas itself was Charles Stewart, a wealthy barrister who had served as an MP in the early 1830s. Between 1840 and 1846 he took building leases from Richardson with his principal ventures being in Royal Crescent (where he had 43 houses) and St Ann’s Villas (34 houses). The Stewart Arms public house on Norland Road commemorates his name.

Charles Stewart put up terraces on either side of the street in 1843: Numbers 2-10 on the east side and numbers 1-9 on the west side. Each terrace contained five houses in a style of Tudor-Gothic and each house was four storeys high. Red and blue bricks were used with Bath stone for the quoins and window mullions. The section nearest Royal Crescent was called Darnley Road for a time.

In 1845 Stewart began work on the next section, between Queensdale Road and St James’s Gardens. Each side contained six pairs of houses: numbers 11-33 on the west and numbers 12-34 on the east side of the road.

St Ann’s Villas also contains some unusual three-storey detached houses, constructed in brown brick, of Victorian Gothic design.




Main source: Survey of London | British History Online
Further citations and sources





#St Ann’s Villas, W11 looking south from St Ann’s Road towards Royal Crescent.

The developer was Charles Stewart, a wealthy barrister who had served as an MP in the early 1830s. Between 1840 and 1846 he took building leases with his principal ventures being in Royal Crescent (where he had 43 houses) and St Ann’s Villas (34 houses). The Stewart Arms public house on Norland Road commemorates his name.
GoArt/The Underground Map

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
Joan Clarke   
Added: 2 Feb 2021 10:54 GMT   

Avondale Park Gardens
My late aunt Ivy Clarke (nee Burridge) lived with her whole family at 19 Avondale Park Gardens, according to the 1911 census and she was still there in 1937.What was it like in those days, I wonder, if the housing was only built in 1920?


Reply

Dave Fahey   
Added: 6 Jan 2021 02:40 GMT   

Bombing of the Jack O Newberry
My maternal grandfather, Archie Greatorex, was the licensee of the Earl of Warwick during the Second World War. My late mother Vera often told the story of the bombing of the Jack. The morning after the pub was bombed, the landlord’s son appeared at the Warwick with the pub’s till on an old pram; he asked my grandfather to pay the money into the bank for him. The poor soul was obviously in shock. The previous night, his parents had taken their baby down to the pub cellar to shelter from the air raids. The son, my mother never knew his name, opted to stay in his bedroom at the top of the building. He was the only survivor. I often wondered what became of him.

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Norman Norrington   
Added: 28 Dec 2020 08:31 GMT   

Blechynden Street, W10
I was born in Hammersmith Hospital (Ducane Rd) I lived at 40 Blecynden Street from birth in 1942 to 1967 when I moved due to oncoming demolition for the West way flyover.
A bomb fell locally during the war and cracked one of our windows, that crack was still there the day I left.
It was a great street to have grown up in I have very fond memories of living there.



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Born here
Susan Wright   
Added: 16 Sep 2017 22:42 GMT   

Ada Crowe, 9 Bramley Mews
My Great Grandmother Ada Crowe was born in 9 Bramley Mews in 1876.

Reply
Comment
ken gaston   
Added: 16 Jan 2021 11:04 GMT   

Avondale Park Gardens
My grandmother Hilda Baker and a large family lived in number 18 . It was a close community and that reflected in the coronation celebration held on the central green . I grew up in that square and went to school at Sirdar Road then St. Clements it was a great place to grow up with a local park and we would also trek to Holland Park or Kensington Gardens .Even then the area was considered deprived and a kindergarden for criminals . My generation were the first to escape to the new towns and became the overspill from London to get decent housing and living standards .

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David Jones-Parry   
Added: 7 Sep 2017 12:13 GMT   

Mcgregor Road, W11 (1938 - 1957)
I was born n bred at 25 Mc Gregor Rd in 1938 and lived there until I joined the Royal Navy in 1957. It was a very interesting time what with air raid shelters,bombed houses,water tanks all sorts of areas for little boys to collect scrap and sell them on.no questions asked.A very happy boyhood -from there we could visit most areas of London by bus and tube and we did.

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Comment
donna    
Added: 25 Jan 2021 13:25 GMT   

Ladbroke Dwellings
Three generations of my family lived along this row of dwellings, ’Ladbroke Dwellings’. All the men who lived there worked at the Gasworks. Among the shops you mention was Wilson’s sweet shop run by Maggie and her sister, and Johns grocery store. I believe there was also a photograph studio there too.



Reply

Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 15:38 GMT   

6 East Row (1960 - 1960)
We lived at 6 East Row just before it was demolished.

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Tom Vague   
Added: 9 Sep 2020 14:02 GMT   

The Bedford family at 3 Acklam Road (1860 - 1965)
From the 19th century up until 1965, number 3 Acklam Road, near the Portobello Road junction, was occupied by the Bedford family.

When the Westway construction work began the Bedfords sold up and moved to south London. In the early 1970s the house was taken over by the North Kensington Amenity Trust and became the Notting Hill Carnival office before its eventual demolition.

Anne Bedford (now McSweeney) has fond memories of living there, although she recalls: ‘I now know that the conditions were far from ideal but then I knew no different. There was no running hot water, inside toilet or bath, apart from the tin bath we used once a week in the large kitchen/dining room. Any hot water needed was heated in a kettle. I wasn’t aware that there were people not far away who were a lot worse off than us, living in poverty in houses just like mine but families renting one room. We did have a toilet/bathroom installed in 1959, which was ‘luxury’.

‘When the plans for the Westway were coming to light, we were still living in the house whilst all the houses opposite became empty and boarded up one by one. We watched all this going on and decided that it was not going to be a good place to be once the builders moved in to demolish all the houses and start work on the elevated road. Dad sold the house for a fraction of what it should have been worth but it needed too much doing to it to bring it to a good living standard. We were not rich by any means but we were not poor. My grandmother used to do her washing in the basement once a week by lighting a fire in a big concrete copper to heat the water, which would have been there until demolition.

‘When we moved from number 3, I remember the upright piano that my grandparents used to play – and me of sorts – being lowered out of the top floor and taken away, presumably to be sold. I used to play with balls up on the wall of the chemist shop on the corner of Acklam and Portobello. We would mark numbers on the pavement slabs in a grid and play hopscotch. At the Portobello corner, on one side there was the Duke of Sussex pub, on the other corner, a chemist, later owned by a Mr Fish, which I thought was amusing. When I was very young I remember every evening a man peddling along Acklam Road with a long thin stick with which he lit the streetlights.’ Michelle Active who lived at number 33 remembers: ‘6 of us lived in a one-bed basement flat on Acklam Road. When they demolished it we moved to a 4-bed maisonette on Silchester Estate and I thought it was a palace, two toilets inside, a separate bathroom that was not in the kitchen, absolute heaven.’



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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT


Comment
GRaleigh   
Added: 23 Feb 2021 09:34 GMT   

Found a bug
Hi all! Thank you for your excellent site. I found an overlay bug on the junction of Glengall Road, NW6 and Hazelmere Road, NW6 on the 1950 map only. It appears when one zooms in at this junction and only on the zoom.

Cheers,
Geoff Raleigh

Source: Glengall Road, NW6

Reply
Comment
Jessie Doring   
Added: 22 Feb 2021 04:33 GMT   

Tisbury Court Jazz Bar
Jazz Bar opened in Tisbury Court by 2 Australians. Situated in underground basement. Can not remember how long it opened for.

Reply

Christine Clark   
Added: 20 Feb 2021 11:27 GMT   

Number 44 (1947 - 1967)
The Clark’s moved here from Dorking my father worked on the Thames as a captain of shell mex tankers,there were three children, CHristine, Barbara and Frank, my mother was Ida and my father Frank.Our house no 44 and 42 were pulled down and we were relocated to Bromley The rest of our family lived close by in Milton Court Rd, Brocklehurat Street, Chubworthy street so one big happy family..lovely days.

Reply

Linda    
Added: 18 Feb 2021 22:03 GMT   

Pereira Street, E1
My grandfather Charles Suett lived in Periera Street & married a widowed neighbour there. They later moved to 33 Bullen House, Collingwood Street where my father was born.

Reply
Born here
www.violettrefusis.com   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.

Source: www.violettrefusis.com

Reply
Born here
Vanessa Whitehouse   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 22:48 GMT   

Born here
My dad 1929 John George Hall

Reply

   
Added: 16 Feb 2021 13:41 GMT   

Giraud Street
I lived in Giraud St in 1938/1939. I lived with my Mother May Lillian Allen & my brother James Allen (Known as Lenny) My name is Tom Allen and was evacuated to Surrey from Giraud St. I am now 90 years of age.

Reply

Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.

Reply
NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Bangor Street (1911) Bangor Street was a street in Notting Dale which disappeared after the Second World War.
Cape Nursery The Cape Nursery once lay along the south side of Shepherd’s Bush Green.
Corner of Bangor and Sirdar Road The location became the Dolphin Pub.
Counters Creek sewer The effluent society
Earl of Zetland The Earl of Zetland - a pub in the Potteries
Kenilworth Castle The Kenilworth Castle was a post-war pub in Notting Dale.
The Crown The Crown was situated at 57 Princedale Road.

NEARBY STREETS
Addison Avenue, W11 Addison Avenue runs north from Holland Park Avenue and was originally called Addison Road North.
Addison Place, W11 In the nineteenth century, Addison Place was known by two names - Phoenix Place and Crescent Mews East.
Addison Road, W14 Addison Road stretches from Holland Park Avenue to Kensington High Street.
Aldine Street, W12 This is a street in the W12 postcode area
Ariel Way, W12 Ariel Way connects White City bus station with Shephard’s Bush.
Bangor Street, W11 Bangor Street, W11 was situated on the site of the modern Henry Dickens Court.
Bourbon Lane, W12 Bourbon Lane is a road in the W12 postcode area
Boxmoor Street, W11 Boxmoor Street was also known as Henry Place and Beaumont Street during its brief life.
Carlton Mansions, W14 Carlton Mansions is a street in West Kensington.
Caxton Road, W12 Caxton Road is a road in the W12 postcode area
Charecroft Way, W14 Charecroft Way is a street in West Kensington.
Clarendon Cross, W11 Clarendon Cross is a street in Notting Hill.
Darnley Terrace, W11 Darnley Terrace is a street in Notting Hill.
Freston Road, W11 The southern end of Freston Road stretches over into the W11 postcode.
Frog Island, W12 Frog Island was the name of a lane leading north from the Uxbridge Road.
Henry Dickens Court, W11 Henry Dickens Court is a location in London.
Hippodrome Mews, W11 Hippodrome Mews is a street in Notting Hill.
Hippodrome Place, W11 Hippodrome Place was named after a lost racecourse of London.
Holland Park Avenue, W11 Holland Park Avenue is one of London’s most ancient thoroughfares.
Holland Park Gardens, W14 Holland Park Gardens is a street in West Kensington.
Holland Park Terrace, W11 Holland Park Terrace is a street in Notting Hill.
Holland Road, W11 Holland Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Hume Road, W11 Hume Road ran from Norland Gardens to Norland Road.
Hunt Close, W11 Hunt Close is a street in Notting Hill.
Kenilworth Street, W11 Kenilworth Street was demolished just after the Second World War.
Kenley Street, W11 Kenley Street, W11 was originally William Street before it disappeared.
Kenley Walk, W11 Kenley Walk is a street in Notting Hill.
Kingsdale Gardens, W11 Kingsdale Gardens is a street in Notting Hill.
Lansdowne Road, W11 Lansdowne Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Lorne Gardens, W11 Lorne Gardens is a street in Notting Hill.
Lower Addison Gardens, W14 Lower Addison Gardens runs between Holland Road and Holland Villas Road.
Millers Way, W14 Millers Way is a street in Hammersmith.
Mortimer Square, W11 Mortimer Square is a street in Notting Hill.
Nicholas Road, W11 This is a street in the W11 postcode area
Norland Place, W11 Norland Place began its life as Norland Stables.
Norland Road, W11 Norland Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Norland Square, W11 Norland Square is a street in Notting Hill.
Olaf Street, W11 Olaf Street is a street in Notting Hill.
Penzance Place, W11 Penzance Place is a street in Notting Hill.
Portland Gate, W11 Portland Gate is a road in the SW7 postcode area
Portland Road, W11 Portland Road is a street in Notting Hill, rich at one end and poor at the other.
Pottery Lane, W11 Pottery Lane takes its name from the brickfields which were situated at the northern end of the street.
Prince’s Yard, W11 This is a small cul-de-sac off of Princes Road.
Princedale Road, W11 Princedale Road was formerly Princes Road.
Princes Place, W11 Princes Place is a street in Notting Hill.
Queensdale Crescent, W11 Queensdale Crescent is a street in Notting Hill.
Queensdale Place, W11 Queensdale Place is a cul-de-sac which runs just off Queensdale Road.
Queensdale Road, W11 Queensdale Road is a long road stretching from west to east, containing terraces of Victorian houses.
Queensdale Walk, W11 Queensdale Walk is a small cul-de-sac with 2-storey cottages running south off Queensdale Road.
Relay Road, W12 Relay Road is a road in the W12 postcode area
Richmond Way, W12 This is a street in the W12 postcode area
Rifle Place, W11 Rifle Place is a road in the W11 postcode area
Rockley Court, W12 Rockley Court is a road in the W14 postcode area
Royal Crescent Mews, W11 Royal Crescent Mews is a street in Notting Hill.
Royal Crescent, W11 The Royal Crescent is a Grade II* listed street in Holland Park.
Saunders Grove, W11 Saunders Grove ran east from Norland Gardens.
Shepherd’s Bush Green, W14 Shepherds Bush Green is the southern section of road lining Shepherd’s Bush Green itself.
Shepherd’s Bush Place, W12 Shepherd’s Bush Place was formerly known as Providence Place.
Silver Road, W12 Silver Road is a road in the W12 postcode area
Sirdar Road, W11 Sirdar Road is a street in Notting Hill.
St Ann’s Road, W11 St Ann’s Road, along with St Ann’s Villas, runs north from Royal Crescent.
St James’s Gardens, W11 St James’s Gardens is an attractive garden square with St James Church in the middle of the communal garden.
St John’s Gardens, W11 St John’s Gardens runs around St John’s church.
Sterne Street, W12 Sterne Street is a road in the W12 postcode area
Swanscombe House, W11 Residential block
Swanscombe Road, W11 Swanscombe Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Tadmor Street, W12 Tadmor Street is a road in the W12 postcode area
Upper Addison Gardens, W14 Upper Addison Gardens runs between Holland Road and Holland Villas Road.
West Cross Route, W11 The West Cross Route is a 1.21 km-long dual carriageway running north-south between the northern elevated roundabout junction with the western end of Westway (A40) and the southern Holland Park Roundabout.
Westfield London Shopping Centre, W12 Westfield London Shopping Centre is a location in London.
Westfield Way, W12 Westfield Way is a road in the W12 postcode area
Wilsham Street, W11 Wilsham Street was formerly known as St Katherine’s Road.
Woodsford Square, W14 Woodsford Square is a 1970s development consisting of a series of interconnecting squares hidden away on the eastern side of Addison Road.
Woodstock Grove, W12 Woodstock Grove is a road in the W12 postcode area


Notting Hill

Notting Hill: A place whose fortunes have come, gone and come again...

Notting Hill is a cosmopolitan district known as the location for the annual Notting Hill Carnival, and for being home to the Portobello Road Market.

The word Notting might originate from a Saxon called Cnotta with the =ing part indicating "the place inhibited by the people of" - i.e. where Cnotta’s tribe lived. There was a farm called variously "Knotting-Bernes,", "Knutting-Barnes" or "Nutting-barns" and this name was transferred to the hill above it.

The area remained rural until the westward expansion of London reached Bayswater in the early 19th century. The main landowner in Notting Hill was the Ladbroke family, and from the 1820s James Weller Ladbroke began to undertake the development of the Ladbroke Estate. Working with the architect and surveyor Thomas Allason, Ladbroke began to lay out streets and houses, with a view to turning the area into a fashionable suburb of the capital (although the development did not get seriously under way until the 1840s). Many of these streets bear the Ladbroke name, including Ladbroke Grove, the main north-south axis of the area, and Ladbroke Square, the largest private garden square in London.

The original idea was to call the district Kensington Park, and other roads (notably Kensington Park Road and Kensington Park Gardens) are reminders of this. The local telephone prefix 7727 (originally 727) is based on the old telephone exchange name of PARk.

The reputation of the district altered over the course of the 20th century. As middle class households ceased to employ servants, the large Notting Hill houses lost their market and were increasingly split into multiple occupation.

For much of the 20th century the large houses were subdivided into multi-occupancy rentals. Caribbean immigrants were drawn to the area in the 1950s, partly because of the cheap rents, but were exploited by slum landlords like Peter Rachman, and also became the target of white racist Teddy Boys in the 1958 Notting Hill race riots.

Notting Hill was slowly gentrified from the 1980s onwards now has a contemporary reputation as an affluent and fashionable area; known for attractive terraces of large Victorian townhouses, and high-end shopping and restaurants (particularly around Westbourne Grove and Clarendon Cross).

A Daily Telegraph article in 2004 used the phrase the ’Notting Hill Set’ to refer to a group of emerging Conservative politicians, such as David Cameron and George Osborne, who were once based in Notting Hill.

Since it was first developed in the 1830s, Notting Hill has had an association with artists and ’alternative’ culture.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Children of Ruston Close
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Martin Street, looking west (1960s)
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Addison Place
Credit: Google Maps
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Ansleigh Place, W11
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Arundel Gardens
Credit: Barbara Avis
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Boyne Terrace Mews, W11
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Hippodrome Place street sign
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Lansdowne Crescent, W11
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In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
The location became the Dolphin Pub. This picture is captioned in the London City Mission magazine
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Local resident 'Trevor' who grew tomatoes in compost made from Frestonian residents' waste.
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Addison Place
Credit: Google Maps
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Ansleigh Place, W11
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Hippodrome Place street sign
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Holland Park Avenue c.1900, looking west. Old postcard, reproduced courtesy of RBKC.
Credit: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
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In the mid 19th century, the area from Brook Green to Shepherd’s Bush & east to Counter’s Creek was almost wholly devoted to brickmaking. Lakeside Road lay in the heart of the gravel pits between Shepherd’s Bush and Brook Green, known as the ‘Ocean’ owing to its marshes and lying water caused by digging for brick clay.
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St Ann’s Villas, W11 looking south from St Ann’s Road towards Royal Crescent. The developer was Charles Stewart, a wealthy barrister who had served as an MP in the early 1830s. Between 1840 and 1846 he took building leases with his principal ventures being in Royal Crescent (where he had 43 houses) and St Ann’s Villas (34 houses). The Stewart Arms public house on Norland Road commemorates his name.
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
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Treadgold Street
Credit: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
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Walmer Road, W11
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