Metropolitan Borough of Westminster

County in/near Mayfair, existed between 1888 and 1965.

(51.51 -0.161, 51.51 -0.161) 
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County · Mayfair · ·
The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1900 to 1965.

By royal charter dated 29 October 1900 the borough was granted the title City of Westminster. Westminster had originally been created a city and seat of the short-lived Diocese of Westminster in 1541. The diocese was suppressed in 1550, but the area was still known as a "city", although without official sanction.

Previous to the borough’s formation it had been administered by five separate local bodies: the Vestry of St George Hanover Square, the Vestry of St Martin in the Fields, Strand District Board of Works, Westminster District Board of Works and the Vestry of Westminster St James. The Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter had not been under the control of any local authority prior to 1900.

The borough was formed from eleven civil parishes and extra-parochial places: Close of the Collegiate Church of St Peter, Liberty of the Rolls, Precinct of the Savoy, St Anne Soho, St Clement Danes, St George Hanover Square, St James Piccadilly, St Martin in the Fields, St Mary-le-Strand, St Paul Covent Garden and Westminster St Margaret and St John. In 1922 these eleven were combined into a single civil parish called City of Westminster, which was conterminous with the metropolitan borough.

Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

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Emma Seif   
Added: 25 Jan 2022 19:06 GMT   

Birth of the Bluestocking Society
In about 1750, Elizabeth Montagu began hosting literary breakfasts in her home at 23 (now 31) Hill Street. These are considered the first meetings of the Bluestocking society.


Added: 27 Aug 2022 10:22 GMT   

The Underground Map
Michael Faraday successfully demonstrated the first electrical transformer at the Royal Institute, London.


Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:41 GMT   

Baker Street
Baker Street station opened on the Metropolitan Railway - the world’s first underground line.


Added: 26 Aug 2022 12:44 GMT   

The world’s first underground train
The very first underground train left Paddington on the new Metropolitan Railway bound for Farringdon Street.

Born here   
Added: 17 Feb 2021 15:05 GMT   

Birth place
Violet Trefusis, writer, cosmopolitan intellectual and patron of the Arts was born at 2 Wilton Crescent SW1X.



Ray Ashby   
Added: 14 Aug 2023 17:22 GMT   

Greengrocers in Enford street
Greengrocer under new ownership by Mr Stanley Ashby, married to Mrs Lily Ashby

Lived here
Added: 23 Mar 2021 10:11 GMT   

Dennis Potter
Author Dennis Potter lived in Collingwood House in the 1970’s


Justin Russ   
Added: 15 Feb 2021 20:25 GMT   

Binney Street, W1K
Binney St was previously named Thomas Street before the 1950’s. Before the 1840’s (approx.) it was named Bird St both above and below Oxford St.


Lynette beardwood   
Added: 29 Nov 2022 20:53 GMT   

Spy’s Club
Topham’s Hotel at 24-28 Ebury Street was called the Ebury Court Hotel. Its first proprietor was a Mrs Topham. In WW2 it was a favourite watering hole for the various intelligence organisations based in the Pimlico area. The first woman infiltrated into France in 1942, FANY Yvonne Rudellat, was recruited by the Special Operations Executive while working there. She died in Bergen Belsen in April 1945.



Added: 24 Sep 2023 19:09 GMT   

Meyrick Rd
My family - Roe - lived in poverty at 158 Meyrick Rd in the 1920s, moving to 18 Lavender Terrace in 1935. They also lived in York Rd at one point. Alf, Nell (Ellen), plus children John, Ellen (Did), Gladys, Joyce & various lodgers. Alf worked for the railway (LMS).

Born here
Added: 20 Sep 2023 21:10 GMT   

Momentous Birth!
I was born in the upstairs front room of 28 Tyrrell Avenue in August 1938. I was a breach birth and quite heavy ( poor Mum!). My parents moved to that end of terrace house from another rental in St Mary Cray where my three year older brother had been born in 1935. The estate was quite new in 1938 and all the properties were rented. My Father was a Postman. I grew up at no 28 all through WWII and later went to Little Dansington School


Mike Levy   
Added: 19 Sep 2023 18:10 GMT   

Bombing of Arbour Square in the Blitz
On the night of September 7, 1940. Hyman Lubosky (age 35), his wife Fay (or Fanny)(age 32) and their son Martin (age 17 months) died at 11 Arbour Square. They are buried together in Rainham Jewish Cemetery. Their grave stones read: "Killed by enemy action"


Lady Townshend   
Added: 8 Sep 2023 16:02 GMT   

Tenant at Westbourne (1807 - 1811)
I think that the 3rd Marquess Townshend - at that time Lord Chartley - was a tenant living either at Westbourne Manor or at Bridge House. He undertook considerable building work there as well as creating gardens. I am trying to trace which house it was. Any ideas gratefully received


Alex Britton   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 10:43 GMT   

Late opening
The tracks through Roding Valley were opened on 1 May 1903 by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) on its Woodford to Ilford line (the Fairlop Loop).

But the station was not opened until 3 February 1936 by the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER, successor to the GER).

Source: Roding Valley tube station - Wikipedia

Kevin Pont   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 09:52 GMT   

Roding Valley is the quietest tube station, each year transporting the same number of passengers as Waterloo does in one day.


Kevin Pont   
Added: 30 Aug 2023 09:47 GMT   

The connection with Bletchley Park
The code-breaking computer used at Bletchley Park was built in Dollis Hill.

Kevin Pont   
Added: 29 Aug 2023 15:25 GMT   

The deepest station
At 58m below ground, Hampstead is as deep as Nelson’s Column is tall.

Source: Hampstead tube station - Wikipedia


St George’s Fields are a former burial ground of St George’s, Hanover Square, lying between Connaught Street and Bayswater Road.
Marble Arch Marble Arch station was opened on 30 July 1900 by the Central London Railway.
Marble Arch Marble Arch is a 19th-century white marble faced triumphal arch.
Metropolitan Borough of Westminster The Metropolitan Borough of Westminster was a metropolitan borough in the County of London from 1900 to 1965.
Odeon Marble Arch The Odeon Marble Arch (known as the Regal 1928-1945) was a cinema located opposite Marble Arch monument at the top of Park Lane, with its main entrance on Edgware Road.
Somerset House, Park Lane Somerset House was an 18th-century town house on the east side of Park Lane, where it meets Oxford Street, in the Mayfair area of London. It was also known as 40 Park Lane, although a renumbering means that the site is now called 140 Park Lane.
Speakers’ Corner Speakers’ Corner is in the northeast corner of Hyde Park.
Tyburn Tyburn was a village of Middlesex close to the current location of Marble Arch and the southern end of Edgware Road.

Albion Close, W2 Albion Close dates from around 1830.
Albion Mews, W2 Albion Mews is a cobbled cul-de-sac that is approached through an entrance under a building on Albion Street.
Albion Street, W2 Albion Street was laid out over the Pightle field in the late 1820s.
Avenfield House, W1K Avenfield House is a block on Park Lane.
Brook House, W1K Brook House is a block on Park Lane.
Clarendon Place, W2 Clarendon Place is a street in Paddington.
Connaught Close, W2 Connaught Close is a cul-de-sac off Connaught Street.
Connaught Place, W2 Connaught Place is a street near to Marble Arch.
Culross Street, W1K Culross Street is a road in the W1K postcode area
Cumberland Court, W1H Cumberland Court is a block on Great Cumberland Place.
Dudley House, W1K Dudley House is a block on Park Lane.
Dunraven Street, W1K Dunraven Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Eaton House, W1K Eaton House is a block on Upper Grosvenor Street.
Falmouth House, W2 Falmouth House is a block on Clarendon Place.
Fountain House, W1K Fountain House is a block on Aldford Street.
Frederick Close, W2 Frederick Close is a street in Paddington.
Green Street, E7 Green Street is a location in London.
Green Street, W1K Green Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Grosvenor Square, W1K Grosvenor Square was developed by Sir Richard Grosvenor from 1721 onwards.
Hampden House, W1K Hampden House is a building on Green Street.
Hampshire House, W2 Hampshire House is a block on Hyde Park Place Bayswater Road.
Hyde Park Place, W2 Hyde Park Place is a street in Paddington.
Hyde Park Street, W2 Hyde Park Street is a street in Paddington.
Hyde Park, W2 Hyde Park, as well as being a park, is an address for some park-located buildings
Jones Street, W1K Jones Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Lees Court, W1K Lees Court is a block on Lees Place.
Lees Place, W1K Lees Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Lovers’ Walk, W1K Lovers’ Walk is a road in the W1K postcode area
Marble Arch, W1H Marble Arch is a major road junction in the West End, surrounding the monument of the same name.
North Audley House, W1K North Audley House is a building on North Audley Street.
North Audley Street, W1K North Audley Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
North Carriage Drive, W2 North Carriage Drive is a road in the W2 postcode area
North Row, W1K North Row is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Park House, W1K Park House is a block on Park Street.
Park Lane, W1C A very small section of Park Lane next to Marble Arch, lies within the W1 postcode.
Park Lane, W1K Park Lane is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Park Lane, W1K Park Lane is a road in the W1J postcode area
Park Street, W1K Park Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Parliament House, W1C Parliament House is a block on North Row.
Policeman’s Walk, W2 Policeman’s Walk is a road in the W2 postcode area
Portman Street, W1K Portman Street is a road in the W1C postcode area
Red Place, W1K Red Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Reeves Mews, W1K Reeves Mews is a road in the W1K postcode area
Shepherds Place, W1K Shepherds Place is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Stanhope House, W2 Stanhope House is a block on Stanhope Place.
Stanhope Place, W2 Stanhope Place is a street in Paddington.
Upper Brook Street, W1K Upper Brook Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K Upper Grosvenor Street is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.
Woods Mews, W1K Woods Mews is one of the streets of London in the W1K postal area.


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We now have 643 completed street histories and 46857 partial histories


Mayfair (originally called The May Fair) is an area of central London, by the east edge of Hyde Park. Mayfair boasts some of the capital’s most exclusive property of all types.

Mayfair is named after the annual fortnight-long May Fair that took place on the site that is Shepherd Market today. In 1764, the May Fair was banned at Shepherd Market because the well-to-do residents of the area disliked the fair’s disorderliness, and it moved to Fair Field in Bow in the East End of London.

The district is now mainly commercial, with many former homes converted into offices for major corporations headquarters, embassies and also hedge funds and real estate businesses. There remains a substantial quantity of residential property as well as some exclusive shopping and London’s largest concentration of luxury hotels and many restaurants. Rents are among the highest in London and the world.

The freehold of a large section of Mayfair also belongs to the Crown Estate.

The renown and prestige of Mayfair could have grown in the popular mind because it is the most expensive property on the British Monopoly set. Victor Watson, the head of Waddingtons at the time, and his secretary Marjory Phillips, chose the London place names for the British version — Ms Phillips apparently went for a walk around London to choose suitable sites.

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Montagu House, Portman Square
TUM image id: 1510140427
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Edgware Road
TUM image id: 1683195989
Oxford Street, 1935
TUM image id: 1660583995
Portman Square, W1H
TUM image id: 1510141130
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Marble Arch, 2016
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Somerset House, Park Lane: house (right) and stables (centre) in 1912, from junction of Park Lane and Oxford Street.
Credit: British History Online

Speaker’s Corner, April 1987 Speakers here at this corner of Hyde Park nearest of Marble Arch may talk on any subject, as long as the police consider their speeches lawful. Contrary to popular belief, there is no immunity from the law, nor are any subjects proscribed, but in practice the police intervene only when they receive a complaint.
Credit: Wiki Commons/Michael E. Cumpston
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Montagu House, Portman Square
Licence: CC BY 2.0

A view of Tyburn (1750)
Credit: Old and New London: Volume 5. Edward Walford (1878)

Connaught Square, 2004
Credit: Andrew Dunn,
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Portman Square, W1H
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Part of Schmollinger’s 1833 map of Hyde Park. Rotten Row is marked as ’The King’s Private Road’. The map is the Hyde Park section of "Improved map of London for 1833, from Actual Survey. Engraved by W. Schmollinger, 27 Goswell Terrace".

Marble Arch
Old London postcard
Licence: CC BY 2.0

Conspiracy theorists at Speakers’ Corner (1950s)
Credit: Alisdair Macdonald

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