Jacksfield

Agricultural Estate in/near West Hampstead, existed between 1387 and 1865

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Agricultural Estate · * · ·
APRIL
5
2015

Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.

It was a 'heritable copyhold' consisting of just eight acres and was first mentioned in 1387 as held by a Nicholas Fletcher.

Copyhold refers to the tenure of lands being parcel of a manor, 'at the will of the lord according to the custom of the manor', by copy of the manorial court roll.

Unlike freeholders, a copyholder could not just transfer their land to his heirs or a third party. If the copyholder died, their death would be entered in the manor court rolls. The heir(s) had to present to the manor court to seek admission as the new tenant and pay a sum of money known as a fine or relief. The admission was also noted in the court rolls.

Similarly if a copyhold tenant wished to transfer land to a third party, the surrender took place in court and was recorded with the admission of the new tenant. The new tenant was given a copy of the court roll entry to prove his title to the land - hence 'copyhold'.

Copyholders succeeding Fletcher were by William Hunt (died 1439), Edward Westby and by John Gilling (died 1475). Gilling was parish clerk of St. Sepulchre and left Jacksfield to his kinsman Thomas Gilling for life, then to be sold for charity.

It was held in 1646 by Martin Dawson, who owned three houses. In his will of 1662, Dawson left his copyhold property to his wife Susan, but he had incurred debts as a royalist and she apparently lost the property between 1664 and 1668 when it was held by Sir Geoffrey Palmer, Bt., Attorney-General.

Palmer left it to his daughter Frances, wife of John De La Fontayne, who conveyed it in 1686 to Anthony Keck. Anthony was succeeded in 1696 by Francis Keck, whose estate in 1704 consisted of an 8 acres close (Jacksfield), a house and 1¼ acres of orchard (Frognal Hall) and 4 acres of demesne land adjoining the churchyard, which he leased.

Francis was succeeded in 1730 by his seven sisters or their heirs, who in 1735 conveyed all the estate to Joseph Stanwix or Stanwick, on whose death in 1747 it passed by will to his widow Mary, with remainder to his daughters Mary, wife of James Battin, and Jane, wife of Robert Slaughter. Mary conveyed her share to Jane, who in 1765 conveyed Jacksfield to John Taylor, butcher, who in turn conveyed it in 1769 to Christopher Fowler. Thence it passed in 1771 to Thomas Boone and in 1775 to Thomas Wildman. Wildman left it in trust for Maria Beckford. It passed in 1800 to Richard Howard, earl of Effingham, as devisee of Maria Beckford and, on his death in 1818, by will to Samuel March Phillips, who was the owner in 1841. In 1858 it passed to one Walters, who enfranchised it.

The house associated with Jacksfield by 1646 was probably Frognal Hall. It was presumably one of two houses owned by Susan Dawson in 1664: she occupied one with 11 hearths and another with 10 hearths was empty. In 1668 Pepys visited Sir Geoffrey Palmer 'in the fields by his old route and house'. In 1761 Frognal Hall was detached from the Jacksfield estate, and during the 18th century became part of the West End House estate. Canterbury House was built on Jacksfield in the 1860s.


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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY


Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:30 GMT   

Kilburn Park - opened 1915
Kilburn Park station was opened at the height of the First World War

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Comment
The Underground Map   
Added: 8 Mar 2021 14:49 GMT   

A bit of a lift....
Kilburn Park was the first station to be designed around escalators, rather than lifts.

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James Preston   
Added: 28 Apr 2021 09:06 GMT   

School
Was this the location of Rosslyn House prep school? I have a photograph of the Rosslyn House cricket team dated 1910 which features my grandfather (Alan Westbury Preston). He would have been 12 years old at the time. All the boys on the photo have been named. If this is the location of the school then it appears that the date of demolition is incorrect.

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Comment
Graham Margetson   
Added: 9 Feb 2021 14:33 GMT   

I lived at 4 Arkwright Road before it was the school
My parents lived at 4 Arkwright Road. Mrs Goodwin actually owned the house and my parents rented rooms from her.


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Comment
GRaleigh   
Added: 23 Feb 2021 09:34 GMT   

Found a bug
Hi all! Thank you for your excellent site. I found an overlay bug on the junction of Glengall Road, NW6 and Hazelmere Road, NW6 on the 1950 map only. It appears when one zooms in at this junction and only on the zoom.

Cheers,
Geoff Raleigh

Source: Glengall Road, NW6

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Reply
The Underground Map   
Added: 25 Feb 2021 13:11 GMT   

Glengall Road, NW6
Thanks Geoff!

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Lived here
Brenda Jackson   
Added: 13 Aug 2017 21:39 GMT   

83 Pembroke Road
My Gt Gt grandparents lived at 83 Pembroke Road before it became Granville Road, They were married in 1874, John Tarrant and Maryann Tarrant nee Williamson.

Her brother George Samuel Williamson lived at 95 Pembroke Road with his wife Emily and children in the 1881 Census

Apparently the extended family also lived for many years in Alpha Place, Canterbury Road, Peel Road,

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Comment
Fumblina   
Added: 27 Mar 2021 11:13 GMT   

St Jude’s Church, Lancefield Street
Saint Jude’s was constructed in 1878, while the parish was assigned in 1879 from the parish of Saint John, Kensal Green (P87/JNE2). The parish was united with the parishes of Saint Luke (P87/LUK1) and Saint Simon (P87/SIM) in 1952. The church was used as a chapel of ease for a few years, but in 1959 it was closed and later demolished.

The church is visible on the 1900 map for the street on the right hand side above the junction with Mozart Street.

Source: SAINT JUDE, KENSAL GREEN: LANCEFIELD STREET, WESTMINSTER | Londo

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Comment
Fumblina   
Added: 27 Mar 2021 11:08 GMT   

Wedding at St Jude’s Church
On 9th November 1884 Charles Selby and Johanna Hanlon got married in St Jude’s Church on Lancefield Street. They lived together close by at 103 Lancefield Street.
Charles was a Lather, so worked in construction. He was only 21 but was already a widower.
Johanna is not shown as having a profession but this is common in the records and elsewhere she is shown as being an Ironer or a Laundress. It is possible that she worked at the large laundry shown at the top of Lancefield Road on the 1900 map. She was also 21. She was not literate as her signature on the record is a cross.
The ceremony was carried out by William Hugh Wood and was witnessed by Charles H Hudson and Caroline Hudson.

Source: https://www.ancestry.co.uk/imageviewer/collections/1623/images/31280_197456-00100?pId=6694792

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Lived here
Cassandra Green   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 14:34 GMT   

Rudall Crescent, NW3 (- 1999)
I lived at 2 Rudall Crescent until myself and my family moved out in 1999. I once met a lady in a art fair up the road who was selling old photos of the area and was very knowledgeable about the area history, collecting photos over the years. She told me that before the current houses were built, there was a large manor house , enclosed by a large area of land. She told me there had been a fire there. Im trying to piece together the story and find out what was on the land before the crescent was built. This website is very interesting.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Lived here
Norman Norrington   
Added: 8 Jun 2021 08:08 GMT   

Blechynden Street, W10
Lived here #40 1942-1967

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Comment
Brenda Newton   
Added: 5 Jun 2021 07:17 GMT   

Hewer Street W10
John Nodes Undertakers Hewer Street W10

Reply

   
Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

All Bar One
The capitalisation is wrong

Reply

   
Added: 3 Jun 2021 15:50 GMT   

Abbeville Road (1940 street directory)
North west side
1A Clarke A S Ltd, motor engineers
15 Plumbers, Glaziers & Domestic Engineers Union
25 Dixey Edward, florist
27 Vicary Miss Doris J, newsagent
29 Stenning John Andrew, dining rooms
31 Clarke & Williams, builders
33 Hill Mrs Theodora, confectioner
35 Golding W & sons, corn dealers
... here is Shandon road ...
37 Pennington Mrs Eliz Harvie, wine & spirit merchant
39 Westminster Catering Co Ltd, ham, beef & tongue dealers
41 Masters A (Clapham) Ltd, butchers
43 Thomas Euan Ltd, grocers
45 Garrett C T & Co Ltd, undertakers
47 Mayle T & Sons, fishmongers
49 Mayles Ltd, fruiterers
51 & 73 Hardy Arthur Sydney, draper
53 United Dairies (London) Ltd
... here is Narbonne avenue ...
55 Norris William Lennox, baker
57 Silver Star Laundry Ltd
59 Thorp John, oilman
61 Bidgood Leonard George, boot makers
63 Wilkie Rt Miln, chemist
65 Gander George Albert Isaac, hairdresser
67 Harris Alfred William, greengrocer
69 & 71 Lambert Ernest & Son Ltd, grocers
... here is Hambolt road ...
73 & 51 Hardy Arthur Sydney, draper
75 Cambourn Frederick, butcher
77 Siggers Clement, chemist
77 Post, Money Order, Telephone Call & Telegraph Office & Savings Bank
79 Hemmings William, baker
... here is Elms road ...
85 Cornish Joseph
91 Bedding Mrs
151 Johnson Mrs H K
157 Robinson Albert Ernest, grainer
173 Yardleys London & Provincial Stores Ltd, wine & spirit merchants
175 Clark Alfred, butcher
175A Morley Douglas Frederick, confectioner
... here is Crescent lane ...
... her is St Alphonsus road ...

South east side
... here is Trouville road ...
4 Bossy Miss, private school
... here are Bonneville gardens ...
24 Osborn Charles Edward, ladies hairdresser
24 Hall H Ltd, builders
24A Walton Lodge Laundry Ltd
... here are Shandon road & Abbeville mansions ...
28 Copley Fred Smith, chemist
30 Finch H G Ltd, laundry
32 Carter William Alfred, furniture dealer
34 Spriggs Charles & Co, wireless supplies dealer
36 Miles Frederick William, confectioner
38 Pitman Frederick, hairdresser
40 Rowe Frederick F, valeting service
42 Modridge Edward J, oilman
... here is Narbonne avenue ...
44 Southorn Albert, butcher
46 Brown Ernest, fruiterer
48 Stanley Mrs A A, confectioner
50 Fryatt Owen, delixatessen store
52 Benbrooks, domestic stores
54 Davis William Clifford, boot repairer
56 Blogg Alfred, newsagent
58 Rowlands Thomas & Sons, dairy
... here are Hambalt, Elms, Franconia, Caldervale & Leppoc roads ...
124 Clarke Frederick, decorator
... here are Crescent lane, Briarwood road & Park hill ...

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Comment
   
Added: 2 Jun 2021 16:58 GMT   

Parachute bomb 1941
Charles Thomas Bailey of 82 Morley Road was killed by the parachute bomb March 1941

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Comment
Boo Horton    
Added: 31 May 2021 13:39 GMT   

Angel & Trumpet, Stepney Green
The Angel & Trumpet Public House in Stepney Green was run by my ancestors in the 1930’s. Unfortunately, it was a victim on WWII and was badly damaged and subsequently demolished. I have one photograph that I believe to bethe pub, but it doesn’t show much more that my Great Aunt cleaning the steps.

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Comment
MCNALLY    
Added: 17 May 2021 09:42 GMT   

Blackfriars (1959 - 1965)
I lived in Upper Ground from 1959 to 1964 I was 6 years old my parents Vince and Kitty run the Pub The Angel on the corner of Upper Ground and Bodies Bridge. I remember the ceiling of the cellar was very low and almost stretched the length of Bodies Bridge. The underground trains run directly underneath the pub. If you were down in the cellar when a train was coming it was quite frightening

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Comment
PETER FAIRCLOUGH   
Added: 10 May 2021 14:46 GMT   

We once lived here
My family resided at number 53 Brindley Street Paddington.
My grandparents George and Elizabeth Jenkinson (ne Fowler) had four children with my Mother Olive Fairclough (ne Jenkinson) being born in the house on 30/09/1935.
She died on 29/04/2021 aged 85 being the last surviving of the four siblings

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Canterbury House In the last half of the nineteenth century, a white house called Canterbury was built on the then southern fringes of West End.
Cedars A local West Hampstead builder, Thomas Potter, constructed Cedars in 1878.
Decca Studios Decca Studios was a recording facility in Broadhurst Gardens.
Hampstead Cricket Club Hampstead Cricket Club moved to its Lymington Road site in 1877.
Hillfield By 1644 Hillfield was already mentioned in parish records.
Jacksfield Jacksfield was one of the smaller but well-documented copyhold estates in the West Hampstead area.
Lauriston Lodge Lauriston Lodge, now the site of Dene Mansions, was a large house in West Hampstead.
Poplar House Poplar House was occupied by one of the first developers of West Hampstead, Thomas Potter.
Potter’s Iron Foundry In the nineteenth century, many West Hampstead people had jobs in Potter’s Iron Foundry.
Ripley House Jeremy Jepson Ripley built a house and coach house after 1814, with a large garden north of Lauriston Lodge.
Sandwell House Sandwell House was owned by three generations of the Wachter family.
The Black Lion The Old Black Lion was established in 1751 as a beer house.
The Railway The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
Thorplands Thorplands was an estate south of Mill Lane.
Treherne House Treherne House was built in the mid eighteenth century,
West Cottages, NW6 Cottages in London NW6.
West End Hall West End Hall (once called New West End Hall) was one of the mansions of West End (West Hampstead).
West End House West End House, once in open countryside, became surrounded by railways.
West End Park West End Park was created from fields known as the 'Little Estate'.

NEARBY STREETS
Alvanley Gardens, NW6 Alvanley Gardens was named after a resident of Frognal Hall.
Arkwright Mansions, NW3 Arkwright Mansions is a location in London.
Banister Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Beswick Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Billy Fury Way, NW3 Billy Fury Way is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Blackburn Road, NW6 Blackburn Road is a cul-de-sac off of West End Lane.
Broadhurst Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Broadhurst Gardens, NW6 Broadhurst Gardens is in West Hampstead, NW6
Broadhurst. Gardens, NW6 Broadhurst. Gardens is a location in London.
Broadwell Parade, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Campagne Gardens, NW6 Campagne Gardens is a location in London.
Canfield Gardens, NW6 Canfield Gardens was first laid out in 1881.
Canfield Road, NW6 Canfield Road is a location in London.
Carlton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Compagne Gardens, NW6 Compagne Gardens is a location in London.
Compayne Gardens, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crediton Hill, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Crown Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dennington Park Road, NW6 About 1881 Dennington Park Road was constructed on the line of Sweetbriar Walk, the old path to Lauriston Lodge.
Doulton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Dresden Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Fawley Road, NW6 Fawley Road connects West End Lane with Crediton Hill.
Frognal Parade, NW3 Frognal Parade is a parade of shops lying beyond Finchley Road and Frognal station.
Gladys Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Glenbrook Road, NW6 Glenbrook Road lies to the west of West Hampstead.
Greencroft Gardens, NW6 Greencroft Gardens dates from 1884-5.
Harvard Court, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hemstal Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Heritage Lane, NW6 Heritage Lane is a location in London.
Highfield Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Hillside Court, NW3 Hillside Court is a location in London.
Hilltop Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Holmdale Road, NW6 Holmdale Road runs from Mill Lane to Dennington Park Road in West Hampstead.
Honeybourne Road, NW6 Honeybourne Road runs between West End Lane and Fawley Road.
Inglewood House, NW6 Inglewood House is on the corner of West End Lane and Inglewood Road.
Inglewood Road, NW6 Inglewood Road, NW6 was one of the last roads to be built in West End, West Hampstead.
Iverson Road, NW6 The first part of Iverson Road, NW6 was laid out in 1872.
Kingdon Road, NW6 Kingdon Road connects Sumatra Road and Dennington Park Road.
Kylemore Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Liddell Road, NW6 Liddell Road was named after an old West Hampstead estate.
Linstead Street, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Lithos Road, NW3 Lithos Road is a part of the NW3 postal area which lies west of the Finchley Road.
Lowfield Road, NW6 Lowfield Road is the northern extension of Kingsgate Road, NW6.
Lymington Road, NW6 Lymington Road is a street in London NW6
Maygrove Road, NW6 Maygrove Road runs between the Edgware Road and Iverson Road, NW6
Medley Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Mill Lane, NW6 Mill Lane forms the boundary between Fortune Green and West Hampstead.
Minton Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Narcissus Road, NW6 Narcissus Road lies in London NW6
Pandora Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Petros Gardens, NW3 Petros Gardens is a location in London.
Rosemont Road, NW3 Rosemont Road is a street in Hampstead.
Rowntree Close, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Salmon Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sandwell Crescent, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sheriff Road, NW6 Sheriff Road is a location in London.
Sherrif Road, NW6 Sherrif Road is a location in London.
Sherriff Road, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Solent Road, NW6 Solent Road is a street in West Hampstead.
Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Sumatra Road, NW6 Sumatra Road, NW6 dates from the 1870s.
Welbeck Mansions, NW6 Welbeck Mansions, flats notable for their ironwork balconies, were built north of Inglewood Road in 1897.
West Cottages, NW6 West Cottages is a road in the NW6 postcode area
West End Lane, NW6 West End Lane is the main road running through West Hampstead.
West Hampstead Mews, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Worcester Mews, NW3 Street/road in London NW6
Worcester Mews, NW6 Worcester Mews is a location in London.

NEARBY PUBS
Acol Bridge Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Alice House What is now the Alice House has been through a number of incarnations since it was built in the early 1900s.
Done Our Bit Club Ltd This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Hampstead Cricket Club This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Secrets This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Black Lion The Old Black Lion was established in 1751 as a beer house.
The Black Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Lower Ground Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Railway The Railway pub is a standard Victorian pub with a musical secret.
The Railway This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


West Hampstead

The name "West Hampstead" was a 19th century invention - the original name was West End.

Lacking its own supply of spring water and situated away from the main roads, medieval West End barely qualified as a hamlet until a few country houses were built here from the 17th century onwards. The tendency for West End Lane to become impassably muddy after heavy rain further enhanced the hamlet's isolation.

By 1815 West End was still excep­tionally quiet – so much so that its inhab­itants claimed to have heard the cannon fire at Waterloo. The construction of the Finchley Road in the 1830s brought few additions to a population that consisted of a handful of squires and some farm labourers, gardeners and craftsmen. By 1851 West End had one inn and two beershops.

Railways were the prime stimulus of growth in many country corners of modern London but few places were trans­formed as wholly as West End. With the arrival of the Hampstead Junction Railway in 1857, the Midland Railway in 1868 and the Metro­politan and St John’s Wood Railway in 1879, the new suburb of West Hampstead spread in all directions.

Rapid development in the 1880s and 1890s swept away the large houses and the streets were laid out in today's pattern. A local estate agent in Kilburn claimed that he coined the name ‘West Hampstead’, for one of the local railway stations. Public amenities such as street lighting, gas and electricity were provided and much of the frontage to West End Lane was developed as shops.

Some of the new estates were the work of big developers like the United Land Company, whose inclination was to build fairly densely, and during the latter decades of the 19th century parts of West Hampstead became increasingly working-class in character, with policeman, travelling salesmen and railwaymen mixing with clerks and artisans. Engin­eering workshops operated near the railway lines.

Twentieth-century building was limited mainly to interwar blocks of flats in the north of the district, often in place of Victorian houses that had already become run-down.

The West Hampstead ward now has relatively few families and a great number of young single people. A large proportion of homes are privately rented and fewer than a quarter of adults are married, compared with more than half for the country as a whole. This socio-economic profile is evident in the upmarket cafés that have lined West End Lane in recent years.

Famous West Hampstead residents have included the singers Dusty Springfield, Joan Armat­rading, Olivia Newton John and Jimmy Somerville, author Doris Lessing, actresses Imelda Staunton and Emma Thompson, and the playwright Joe Orton, who lived on West End Lane with his lover Kenneth Halliwell from 1951 to 1959. Stephen Fry has also lived here.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Victorian house under construction
TUM image id: 1483541885
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Wet Fish Cafe
Credit: Wet Fish Cafe
TUM image id: 1556889785
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Meadowland with buttercups and daisies
TUM image id: 1483540144
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Alice House
TUM image id: 1557142437
Licence: CC BY 2.0
The Black Lion (early 1900s)
TUM image id: 1557151939
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Victorian art work
TUM image id: 1557403841
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Fortune Green
TUM image id: 1557159356
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Eustace Hamilton Miles
TUM image id: 1557162230
Licence: CC BY 2.0
Kilburn Grange Park
TUM image id: 1453363351
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

Click an image below for a better view...
Extract from the London Gazette
Credit: The London Gazette
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Wet Fish Cafe
Credit: Wet Fish Cafe
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The Alice House
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The Black Lion (early 1900s)
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Victorian art work
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Eustace Hamilton Miles
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Parsifal Road, NW6 was approved in 1883. Between 1890 and 1897, thirteen large detached and semi-detached houses were built in the road in a distinctive Hampstead fin-de-siècle style.
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
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Cannon Hill is in the Fortune Green area of West Hampstead. EJ Cave, one of the district’s most prominent Victorian builders, built the Cannon Hill estate where Marlborough, Buckingham and Avenue Mansions were built in the triangle formed by Cannon Hill, Finchley Road, and West End Lane in 1896-1900.
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
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Houses in Dennington Park Road
Credit: GoArt/The Underground Map
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Honeybourne Road is a road in West Hampstead. It is known locally for its rare Edward VII postbox near its junction with West End Lane.
Credit: Geograph/Mike Quinn
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