White Conduit Street, N1

Road in/near Islington, existing between 1795 and now

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(51.53371 -0.10881, 51.533 -0.108) 
MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502021Remove markers
Road · Islington · N1 ·
MARCH
8
2017

White Conduit Street was laid out and built up with houses and tenements from the mid-1790s.

White Conduit Street was laid out and built up with houses and tenements from the mid-1790s.

It was subsequently extended north of the Penton Estate to link up with Cloudesley Road in Islington, but has now been reduced to a short dead-end.

White Conduit Street acquired a number of shops, but the London County Council refused for a time to allow the building line to be broken by the erection of projecting shops there, curbing its development as a shopping street.

The first three houses, of 1795–6, were at the south end on the west side.

The east side of the street was built up in the following decade, with a public house, the Spanish Patriots, at the north end. The rest of the west side followed in the 1820s, and No. 2 on the east side in the 1830s.

The forecourt shop addition to No. 2 was built by J. S. Campion in 1922 for Simon Cohen, a draper, whose facia specified his trade more grandly as ’costumier’ and ’furrier’. No. 1 (with No. 26a Chapel Market) was rebuilt in 1925 by A. Class & Son, a replacement that had long-since been intended. No. 23 was rebuilt in 1954, to designs by Eric S. Brown.

The northern parts of the street were cleared around 1980 for the Sainsbury’s development and its neighbouring car park in Liverpool Road and Tolpuddle Street.




Main source: Search | British History Online
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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY



Susan Cohen   

Wordpress comment (November 4, 2020)
My youth spent around chaple Market, I would walk down white conduit Street to get to demarcos, and meet up with mates.. Had a cream soda, ice cream drink, then off out to wherever we wanted to go.. In early 60s.. I lived in Thornhill crescent... Happy days
This comment was posted on The Underground Map blog. Clicking the link will take you to the blog page

Irene O’Brien   

Wordpress comment (November 3, 2020)
I think this is an image shown on t.v at the start of The Midwives series
This comment was posted on The Underground Map blog. Clicking the link will take you to the blog page
Comment
Lena    
Added: 18 Mar 2021 13:08 GMT   

White Conduit Street, N1
My mum, Rosina Wade of the Wade and Hannam family in the area of Chapel Street and Parkfield Street, bought her first “costume” at S Cohen’s in White Conduit Street. Would have probably been about 1936 or thereabouts. She said that he was a small man but an expert tailor. I hope that Islington Council preserve the shop front as it’s a piece of history of the area. Mum used to get her high heel shoes from an Italian shoe shop in Chapel Street. She had size 2 feet and they would let her know when a new consignment of size 2 shoes were in. I think she was a very good customer. She worked at Killingbacks artificial flower maker in Northampton Square and later at the Halifax bombers factory north of Edgware where she was a riveter.

Reply

Scott Hatton   
Added: 11 Sep 2020 19:47 GMT   

Millions Of Rats In Busy London
The Daily Mail on 14 April 1903 reported "MILLIONS OF RATS IN BUSY LONDON"

A rat plague, unprecedented in the annals of London, has broken out on the north side of the Strand. The streets principally infested are Catherine street, Drury lane, Blackmore street, Clare Market and Russell street. Something akin to a reign of terror prevails among the inhabitants after nightfall. Women refuse to pass along Blackmore street and the lower parts of Stanhope street after dusk, for droves of rats perambulate the roadways and pavements, and may be seen running along the window ledges of the empty houses awaiting demolition by the County Council in the Strand to Holborn improvement scheme.

The rats, indeed, have appeared in almost-incredible numbers. "There are millions of them," said one shopkeeper, and his statement was supported by other residents. The unwelcome visitors have been evicted from their old haunts by the County Council housebreakers, and are now busily in search of new homes. The Gaiety Restaurant has been the greatest sufferer. Rats have invaded the premises in such force that the managers have had to close the large dining room on the first floor and the grill rooms on the ground floor and in the basement. Those three spacious halls which have witnessed many as semblages of theatre-goers are now qui:e deserted. Behind the wainscot of the bandstand in the grillroom is a large mound of linen shreds. This represents 1728 serviettes carried theee by the rats.

In the bar the removal of a panel disclosed the astonishing fact that the rats have dragged for a distance of seven or eight yards some thirty or forty beer and wine bottles and stacked them in such a fashion as to make comfortable sleeping places. Mr Williams. the manager of the restaurant, estimates that the rats have destroyed L200 worth of linen. Formerly the Gaiety Restaurant dined 2000 persons daily; no business whatever is now done in this direction.

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Comment
Carol   
Added: 7 May 2021 18:44 GMT   

Nan
My nan lily,her sister Elizabeth and their parents Elizabeth and William lived here in1911

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Comment
Jeff Owen   
Added: 20 Mar 2021 16:18 GMT   

Owen’s School
Owen Street is the site of Owen’s Boys’ School. The last school was built in 1881 and was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for the development which stand there today. It was a “Direct Grant” grammar school and was founded in 1613 by Dame Alice Owen. What is now “Owen’s Fields” was the playground between the old school and the new girls’ school (known then as “Dames Alice Owen’s School” or simply “DAOS”). The boys’ school had the top two floors of that building for their science labs. The school moved to Potters Bar in Hertfordshire in 1971 and is now one of the top State comprehensive schools in the country. The old building remained in use as an accountancy college and taxi-drivers’ “knowledge” school until it was demolished. The new building is now part of City and Islington College. Owen’s was a fine school. I should know because I attended there from 1961 to 1968.

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Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

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LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

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old lady   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 11:58 GMT   

mis information
Cheltenham road was originally
Hall road not Hill rd
original street name printed on house still standing

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Comment
Patricia Bridges   
Added: 19 Jul 2021 10:57 GMT   

Lancefield Coachworks
My grandfather Tom Murray worked here

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Lived here
Former Philbeach Gardens Resident   
Added: 14 Jul 2021 00:44 GMT   

Philbeach Gardens Resident (Al Stewart)
Al Stewart, who had huts in the 70s with the sings ’Year of the Cat’ and ’On The Borders’, lived in Philbeach Gdns for a while and referenced Earl’s Court in a couple of his songs.
I lived in Philbeach Gardens from a child until my late teens. For a few years, on one evening in the midst of Summer, you could hear Al Stewart songs ringing out across Philbeach Gardens, particularly from his album ’Time Passages". I don’t think Al was living there at the time but perhaps he came back to see some pals. Or perhaps the broadcasters were just his fans,like me.
Either way, it was a wonderful treat to hear!

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Lived here
David James Bloomfield   
Added: 13 Jul 2021 11:54 GMT   

Hurstway Street, W10
Jimmy Bloomfield who played for Arsenal in the 1950s was brought up on this street. He was a QPR supporter as a child, as many locals would be at the time, as a teen he was rejected by them as being too small. They’d made a mistake

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Comment
Added: 6 Jul 2021 05:38 GMT   

Wren Road in the 1950s and 60s
Living in Grove Lane I knew Wren Road; my grandfather’s bank, Lloyds, was on the corner; the Scout District had their office in the Congregational Church and the entrance to the back of the Police station with the stables and horses was off it. Now very changed - smile.

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fariba   
Added: 28 Jun 2021 00:48 GMT   

Tower Bridge Business Complex, S
need for my coursework

Source: university

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Lived here
Kim Johnson   
Added: 24 Jun 2021 19:17 GMT   

Limehouse Causeway (1908)
My great grandparents were the first to live in 15 Tomlins Terrace, then my grandparents and parents after marriage. I spent the first two years of my life there. My nan and her family lived at number 13 Tomlins Terrace. My maternal grandmother lived in Maroon house, Blount Street with my uncle. Nan, my mum and her brothers were bombed out three times during the war.

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Comment
Peter H Davies   
Added: 17 Jun 2021 09:33 GMT   

Ethelburga Estate
The Ethelburga Estate - named after Ethelburga Road - was an LCC development dating between 1963–65. According to the Wikipedia, it has a "pleasant knitting together of a series of internal squares". I have to add that it’s extremely dull :)

Source: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Collins’ Music Hall Collins’ Music Hall was a notable Islington venue.
Islington Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.
Philharmonic Hall The Philharmonic Hall was a major music hall throughout the 1860s and early 1870s.
White Conduit Fields White Conduit Fields in Islington was an early venue for cricket and several major matches are known to have been played there in the 18th century.

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Affleck Street, N1 Affleck Street was built by a Mr A. Attneave in 1884.
Anderson Square, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Angel Arcade, N1 Angel Arcade is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Angel Gate, EC1V Angel Gate is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Angel House, N1 Angel House is a block on Pentonville Road.
Angel Mews, N1 Angel Mews is an ancient side street in Islington.
Angel Square, EC1V Angel Square is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Arlington Way, EC1R Arlington Way was called Arlington Street before 1936.
Aztec Row, N1 Aztec Row is part of Berners Street, Islington.
Barford Street, N1 Barford Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Barnsbury Road, N1 Barnsbury Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Baron Street, N1 Baron Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Batchelor Street, N1 Batchelor Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
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Bridel Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
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Bryan Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
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Caledonian Road, N1 Caledonian Road runs north from King’s Cross.
Camden Passage, N1 Camden Passage was built as Cumberland Row in 1767.
Camden Street, N1 Camden Street once laid at the northern end of Camden Passage.
Camden Walk, N1 Camden Walk is one of the streets of the N1 postal area.
Carnegie Street, N1 Carnegie Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chadwell Street, EC1R Chadwell Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1R postal area.
Chalbury Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Chapel Market, N1 Chapel Market is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Chapel Place, N1 Chapel Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Charles Street, N1 Charles Street in Islington disappeared under the Hilton hotel.
Charlotte Terrace, N1 Charlotte Terrace is a road in the N1 postcode area
Charlton Place, N1 Charlton Place runs east from Upper Street.
Claremont Close, EC1R Claremont Close is a road in the EC1R postcode area
Claremont Square, N1 Claremont Square is a square and reservoir on Pentonville Road.
Claremont Street, EC1R A street within the N1 postcode
Claremount Square, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Cloudesley Place, N1 Cloudesley Place is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Road, N1 Cloudesley Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Square, N1 Cloudesley Square is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cloudesley Street, N1 Cloudesley Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Colebrook Row, N1 Colebrooke Row is a street of late 18th and early 19th century terraced houses.
Collins Yard, N1 Collins Yard is so-named as it ran alongside the Collins’ Music Hall giving access to the rear of the hall.
Copenhagen Street, N1 Copenhagen Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Copenhagen Tunnel, N1 Copenhagen Tunnel is a road in the N7 postcode area
Cruikshank Street, WC1X Cruikshank Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Cumming Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Cynthia Street, N1 Cynthia Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Denmark Grove, N1 Denmark Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Dewey Road, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Dignum Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Donegal Street, N1 Donegal Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Doves Yard, N1 Doves Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Duncan Street, N1 Duncan Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Duncan Terrace, N1 Duncan Terrace is named after Admiral Duncan the commander of the Naval Fleet at the Battle of Camperdown against the Dutch in 1797.
Eckford Street, N1 Eckford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Elia Mews, EC1V Elia Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Elia Street, N1 Elia Street was named for local poet, Charles Lamb.
Elystan Walk, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Epstein Court 27a Road, N1 Epstein Court, within the N1 postcode
Everilda Street, N1 Everilda Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Ewen House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fife Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fisher House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Friend Street, EC1V Friend Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Gaskin Street, N1 Gaskin Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Gerrard Road, N1 Gerrard Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Godson Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Half Moon Crescent, N1 Half Moon Crescent is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hall Street, EC1V Hall Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Hermes Street, N1 Hermes Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hill House Apartments, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Holford Mews, WC1X Holford Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Holford Street, WC1X Holford Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Holford Yard, WC1X Holford Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Inglebert Street, EC1R Inglebert Street is a road in the EC1R postcode area
Islington Green, N1 Islington Green is both a small green and a series of roads which surround it.
Islington High Street, N1 Islington High Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Islington House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Jays Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Jocelin House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
John’s Place, N1 John’s Place lead through an archway to Charles Street.
Lambs Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Leirum Street, N1 Leirum Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Maygood Street, N1 Maygood Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Muriel Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Myddelton Square, EC1R Myddelton Square is named after Sir Hugh Myddelton (1560–1631), the founder of the New River Company, who developed the square.
Nelson Terrace, EC1V Nelson Terrace is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Noble Yard, N1 Noble Yard is a yard lying off Charlton Place.
Old Royal Free Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Old Royal Free Square, N1 Old Royal Free Square is a road in the N1 postcode area
Owen Street, EC1V Owen Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Owen’s Row, EC1V Owen’s Row is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Paget Street, EC1V Paget Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Parkfield Street, N1 Parkfield Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Penton Grove, N1 Penton Grove is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Penton Rise, WC1X Penton Rise is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Penton Street, N1 Penton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pentonville Road London, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Pentonville Road, N1 Pentonville Road connects Kings Cross and the Angel, Islington.
Pied Bull Yd, N1 This is a street in the N1 postcode area
Pierrepoint Arcade, N1 Pierrepoint Arcade is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pierrepoint Row, N1 Pierrepoint Row is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Pierrepont Arcade, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Pierrepont Row, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Prices Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Pride Court, N1 Pride Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Prince’s Yard, N1 Prince’s Yard is a road in the N1 postcode area
Priory Green, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Providence Court, N1 Providence Court is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Providence Place, N1P Providence Place lies beside the Screen On The Green.
Pultney Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Quick Street Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Quick Street, N1 Quick Street is named for the favourite comedian of King George III, John Quick.
Risinghill Street, N1 Risinghill Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ritchie Street, N1 Ritchie Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ritson House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Roding House, N1 Residential block
Rodney Street, N1 Rodney Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Seabrook Place, N1 Seabrook Place once connected Angel Mews and White Lion Street.
Shalford Court, N1 Shalford Court is a road in the N1 postcode area
Sidney Grove, EC1V Sidney Grove is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Southwood Smith Street, N1 Southwood Smith Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
St Albans Place, N1 St Albans Place was home to a famous Islington strong man.
The Mall, N1 The Mall is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Theberton Street, N1 Theberton Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Tolpuddle Street, N1 Tolpuddle Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Torrens Street, EC1V Torrens Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Torrens Street, EC1V Torrens Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Vernon Square, WC1X Vernon Square is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Vincent Terrace, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Wakley Street, EC1V Wakley Street is one of the streets of London in the EC1V postal area.
Water Tower Place, N1 Water Tower Place is a road in the N1 postcode area
Weston Rise, N1 Weston Rise is a road in the N1 postcode area
White Horse Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
White Lion Street, N1 White Lion Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Willow Walk, N1 Willow Walk is a small Islington side street.
Wynford Road, N1 Wynford Road is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.

NEARBY PUBS
Camden Head The Camden Head is a grade II listed building with a circular bar, etched glass windows and original mirrors.
Chapel Bar This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Charles Lamb The Charles Lamb is a pub on Elia Street.
Cote Cote is a licenced premise on Islington Green.
DogEatDog This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Fox on the Green The Fox on the Green is one of Islington’s oldest pubs.
Old Red Lion This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Pig & Butcher This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Radicals & Victuallers This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Star Space This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Steam Passage This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Angel This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Angelic This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Bull This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Castle This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Craft Beer Co. Islington This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Crown This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Harlequin This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Joker of Penton Street pub only This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Lexington This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Nag’s Head This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
The Three Johns This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
Wenlock & Essex This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.
York This pub existed immediately prior to the 2020 global pandemic and may still do so.


Islington

Islington grew as a sprawling Middlesex village along the line of the Great North Road, and has provided the name of the modern borough.

Some roads on the edge of the area, including Essex Road, were known as streets by the medieval period, possibly indicating a Roman origin, but little physical evidence remains. What is known is that the Great North Road from Aldersgate came into use in the 14th century, connecting with a new turnpike up Highgate Hill. This was along the line of modern Upper Street, with a toll gate at The Angel defining the extent of the village. The Back Road - modern Liverpool Road - was primarily a drovers’ road where cattle would be rested before the final leg of their journey to Smithfield. Pens and sheds were erected along this road to accommodate the animals.

The first recorded church, St Mary’s, was erected in the twelfth century and was replaced in the fifteenth century. Islington lay on the estates of the Bishop of London and the Dean and Chapter of St Pauls. There were substantial medieval moated manor houses in the area, principally at Canonbury and Highbury. In 1548, there were 440 communicants listed and the rural atmosphere, with access to the City and Westminster, made it a popular residence for the rich and eminent. The local inns, however, harboured many fugitives and recusants.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the availability of water made Islington a good place for growing vegetables to feed London. The manor became a popular excursion destination for Londoners, attracted to the area by its rural feel. Many public houses were therefore built to serve the needs of both the excursionists and travellers on the turnpike. By 1716, there were 56 ale-house keepers in Upper Street, also offering pleasure and tea gardens, and activities such as archery, skittle alleys and bowling. By the 18th century, music and dancing were offered, together with billiards, firework displays and balloon ascents. The King’s Head Tavern, now a Victorian building with a theatre, has remained on the same site, opposite the parish church, since 1543. The founder of the theatre, Dan Crawford, who died in 2005, disagreed with the introduction of decimal coinage. For twenty-plus years after decimalisation (on 15 February 1971), the bar continued to show prices and charge for drinks in ’old money’.

By the 19th century many music halls and theatres were established around Islington Green. One such was Collins’ Music Hall, the remains of which are now partly incorporated into a bookshop. The remainder of the Hall has been redeveloped into a new theatre, with its entrance at the bottom of Essex Road. It stood on the site of the Landsdowne Tavern, where the landlord had built an entertainment room for customers who wanted to sing (and later for professional entertainers). It was founded in 1862 by Samuel Thomas Collins Vagg and by 1897 had become a 1800-seat theatre with 10 bars. The theatre suffered damage in a fire in 1958 and has not reopened.

The Islington Literary and Scientific Society was established in 1833 and first met in Mr Edgeworth’s Academy on Upper Street. Its goal was to spread knowledge through lectures, discussions, and experiments - politics and theology being forbidden. A building, the Literary and Scientific Institution, was erected in 1837 in Wellington (later Almeida) Street, designed by Roumieu and Gough in a stuccoed Grecian style. It included a library (containing 3,300 volumes in 1839), reading room, museum, laboratory, and lecture theatre seating 500.

The Royal Agricultural Hall was built in 1862 on the Liverpool Road site of William Dixon’s Cattle Layers. It was built for the annual Smithfield Show in December of that year but was popular for other purposes, including recitals and the Royal Tournament. It was the primary exhibition site for London until the 20th century and the largest building of its kind, holding up to 50,000 people. It was requisitioned for use by the Mount Pleasant sorting office during World War II and never re-opened. The main hall has now been incorporated into the Business Design Centre.

The aerial bombing of World War II caused much damage to Islington’s housing stock, with 3,200 dwellings destroyed. Before the war a number of 1930s council housing blocks had been added to the stock. After the war, partly as a result of bomb site redevelopment, the council housing boom got into its stride, reaching its peak in the 1960s: several extensive estates were constructed, by both the Metropolitan Borough of Islington and the London County Council. Clearance of the worst terraced housing was undertaken, but Islington continued to be very densely populated, with a high level of overcrowding. The district has many council blocks, and the local authority has begun to replace some of them.

From the 1960s, the remaining Georgian terraces were rediscovered by middle-class families. Many of the houses were rehabilitated, and the area became newly fashionable. This displacement of the poor by the aspirational has become known as gentrification. Among the new residents were a number of figures who became central in the New Labour movement, including Tony Blair before his victory in the 1997 general election. According to The Guardian in 2006, "Islington is widely regarded as the spiritual home of Britain’s left-wing intelligentsia." The Granita Pact between Gordon Brown and Tony Blair is said to have been made at a now defunct restaurant on Upper Street.

The completion of the Victoria line and redevelopment of Angel tube station created the conditions for developers to renovate many of the early Victorian and Georgian townhouses. They also built new developments. Islington remains a district with diverse inhabitants, with its private houses and apartments not far from social housing in immediately neighbouring wards such as Finsbury and Clerkenwell to the south, Bloomsbury and King’s Cross to the west, and Highbury to the north west, and also the Hackney districts of De Beauvoir and Old Street to the north east.


LOCAL PHOTOS
The Angel, Islington (c.1890)
TUM image id: 1557162442
Licence: CC BY 2.0

In the neighbourhood...

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The exterior of the Agricultural Hall in Islington (1861).
Licence: CC BY 2.0
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The third Grand Theatre, Islington (1903). This was built on the site of the former Philharmonic Hall and two previous Grand Theatres
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Islington Horse and Cattle market at the turn of the twentieth century.
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A line of children hold hands as they walk along the middle of White Conduit Street towards the junction with Chapel Market in Islington.
Credit: John Gay/Historic England
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The Grand Theatre, Islington High Street (1903)
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The Angel, Islington (c.1890)
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White Conduit House, and the conduit head from which it was named, 1827
Credit: Robert Chambers (1832)
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The Camden Head, Islington This is a glorious old gin palace-style pub behind Upper Street, in existence since the 18th century.
Credit: Flickr/Ewan Munro
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The Royal Agricultural Hall, Islington (1861). View from Liverpool Road.
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Collins Theatre of Varieties (Collins’ Music Hall) existed in Islington between 1861 and 1958. Old-time ’greats’ who performed there were numerous: Charles Chaplin, Fred Karno, Kate Carney, Gus Elen, Sir George Robey, Marie Lloyd, Albert Chevalier, Nellie Wallace, Sir Harry Lauder, ’Wee’ Georgie Wood and more.
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