Arnold Circus, E2

Road in/near Shoreditch, existing between the 1890s and now

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(51.52605 -0.07493) 

Arnold Circus, E2

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · * · E2 ·
November
1
2020

Arnold Circus lies to the north of Shoreditch.

The Boundary Estate was laid out with a central raised garden with a bandstand called Arnold Circus, after the chairman of the LCC’s Main Drainage committee Arthur Arnold, which was designed to break the monotony’ of the East End’s drab terraced housing.

The Boundary Estate was the result of a major slum clearance of the 1890s. This area, called Friars Mount, was part of an area parcelled out in building leases in the early 19th and may have been named after a farmer called Fryer. It had become an area of speculative building and absentee landlords. Housing, originally cottages for weavers, had been crammed and infilled with badly built and ruinous dwellings with little drainage or water supply and grossly overcrowded inhabited by those barely able to make a living. One in every four children born here died in childhood. Its poverty and desperation drew philanthropists from the late 18th and reformers attempted to improve health and housing. The London County Council was instrumental in bringing about a change more than any other. The Boundary Estate is a milestone. The 1890 Housing of the Working Classes Act enabled the London County Council to develop a comprehensive plan of clearance and redevelopment for rehousing of 5,300 people. The plan was developed from 1893 under a Housing of the Working Classes Branch of the LCC’s Architect’s Department had been set up under Owen Fleming. They planned the estate around a central circus with radiating tree-lined avenues. Two blocks were designed by Rowland Plumbe and the remaining nineteen buildings were undertaken by the council under their architect, W.E.Riley. Each block designed by a different architect while maintaining a unity through the use of common brick, and decoration. There were also 18 shops, a surgery, workshops, costermonger’s sheds, and a central laundry with bathrooms, two clubrooms, and two school sites. It was opened by the Prince of Wales in 1900.

Circular Garden. Streets radiate out from the central garden on the mound which is the focus of the estate. In the middle is a high terraced garden with a timber bandstand. The Site of the Mount has been said to be an ancient mound and ley line from St Martin in the Field. There is however no sign of a mound on older maps and the mound in fact consists of building rubble and domestic waste. The buildings around the circus set the tone and the building style for the estate. These gardens were built as the first where a social space, for public arts and cultural events was seen as a fundamental part of, and central to the design of a social housing. In the early 21st a Friends Group has overseen restoration and enhancement work. Iron Railings and overthrows with decorative panels.
Bandstand, this Forms a focal point visible from each of the radiating streets of the estate. It is Octagonal in Japanese style in wood with a tiled roof and a clapboard balustrade. It was erected in 1912.

Chertsey House. One of the five blocks around the circus. It was designed by R. Minton Taylor built 1895-6. It is in red brick with pink banding to brickwork on the 2nd and 3rd floors. On the Ground floor is a central round arched door.

Hurley House. Red brick glazed ground floor with stuccoed string course above
Sandford House. Smaller, charming, with three-bay fronts, wider bands of pink and orange brick and windows framed by projecting vertical strips. Designed by R Minton Taylor and completed in 1895-6.

Iffley House. Classically detailed and designed, 1896-8 by A.M. Phillips. The entrance is at the rear, leaving the facade free for a pair of broad windows to the ground floor in glazed brown brick.

Shiplake House. This flanks the opening to Arnold Circus. It was built in 1899 in red brick. The ground floor has contemporary shop fronts.




Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Hurley House from Arnold Circus, 2006

Hurley House from Arnold Circus, 2006
Rodney Burton for the geograph.org.uk project

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
34 Redchurch Street, E2 34 Redchurch St has existed since at least the late seventeenth century.
Shoreditch Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.
Virginia Primary School Virginia Primary School is a mixed school in Tower Hamlets, built in 1887.

NEARBY STREETS
7-, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Academy Buildings Fanshaw Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Academy Buildings, N1 Academy Buildings is a large block of brick warehouses.
Anning Street, EC2A Anning Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Ashford Street, N1 Ashford Street is a road in the N1 postcode area
Austin Street, E2 Austin Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Bacon Street, E1 Bacon Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Bacon Street, E2 Bacon Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Barnet Grove, E2 Barnet Grove is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Baroness Road, E2 Baroness Road is a road in the E2 postcode area
Basing House Yard, E2 Basing House Yard is a road in the E2 postcode area
Bateman’s Row, EC2A This is a street in the EC2A postcode area
Batemans Row, EC2A Batemans Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Bath Place, EC2A Bath Place leads off of Rivington Street.
Baxendale Street, E2 Baxendale Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Bethnal Green Rd/Bethnall Green, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Bethnal Green Road, E1 Bethnal Green Road is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Boundary Passage, E1 Boundary Passage is a road in the E1 postcode area
Boundary Street, E2 Boundary Street was at first called Cock Lane.
Bowl Court, E1 Bowl Court is a road in the E1 postcode area
Boxpark Retail Mall 2-10, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Braithwaite Street, E1 Braithwaite Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Brick Lane, E2 The northernmost section of Brick Lane lies within the E2 postcode.
Bull & Pump, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Calvert Avenue, E2 Calvert Avenue is one of the streets radiating from Arnold Circus.
Camlet Street, E2 Camlet Street is one of the Huguenot streetnames of the area.
Chambord Street, E2 Chambord Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Chance Street, E1 Chance Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Chapel Place, EC2A Chapel Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Charlotte Road, EC2A Charlotte Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Cheshire Street, E2 Cheshire Street is a street in the East End linking Brick Lane with Bethnal Green and Whitechapel.
Chilton Street, E2 Chilton Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Christina Street, EC2A Christina Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Cleeve Workshops, E2 Cleeve Workshops is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Club Row, E1 Club Row is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Club Row, E2 Club Row leaves Arnold Circus in a southerly direction.
Code Street, E1 Code Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Collingwood Street, E2 Collingwood Street was at the heart of the Old Nicol rookery.
Columbia Road, E2 Columbia Road is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Coronet Street, EC1V Coronet Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Coronet Street, N1 Coronet Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Cottons Gardens, E2 Cottons Gardens is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Curtain Place, EC2A Curtain Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtain Road, EC2 Curtain Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2 postal area.
Curtain Road, EC2A Curtain Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Curtan Road, EC2A Curtan Road is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Delta Street, E2 Delta Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Dereham Place, EC2A Dereham Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Diss Street, E2 Diss Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Drysdale Place, E2 Drysdale Place is a road in the E2 postcode area
Drysdale Place, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Drysdale Street, N1 Drysdale Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Ebor Street, E1 Ebor Street is a road in the E1 postcode area
Elwin Street, E2 Elwin Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Enfield Cloisters, N1 Enfield Cloisters is a road in the N1 postcode area
Ezra Street, E2 Ezra Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Fairchild Place, EC2A Fairchild Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Fairchild Street, EC2A Fairchild Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Fanshaw Street Academy Buildings, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Fanshaw Street, N1 Fanshaw Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Firstreet Floor, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
French Place Bottom Floor Flat, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
French Place, E1 French Place is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Garden Walk, EC2A Garden Walk is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Gascoigne Place, E2 Gascoigne Place is a road in the E2 postcode area
Gatesborough Street, EC2A Gatesborough Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Gibraltar Walk, E2 Gibraltar Walk is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Glassworks Studios, E2 Glassworks Studios is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Goldman Close, E2 Goldman Close is a road in the E2 postcode area
Gorsuch Place, E2 Gorsuch Place is a road in the E2 postcode area
Gosset Street, E2 Gosset Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Granby Street, E2 Granby Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Great Eastern Street, EC2A Great Eastern Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Grimsby Street, E2 Grimsby Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Hearn Street, EC2A Hearn Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Hewett Street, EC2A Hewett Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Hocker Street, E2 Hocker Street, like the other seven roads radiating from Arnold Circus commemorate the Huguenot connection with the area.
Holywell Centre, EC2A Holywell Centre is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Lane, EC2A Holywell Lane is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Holywell Row, EC2A Holywell Row is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Hoxton Market, N1 Hoxton Market is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Hoxton Square, N1 Hoxton Square is a garden square laid out in 1683
Karma Yoga House, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Kerbela Street, E2 Kerbela Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
King John Court, EC2A King John Court is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Kirton Gardens, E2 Kirton Gardens is a road in the E2 postcode area
Ligonier Street, E2 Ligonier Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Long Street, E2 Long Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Luke Street, EC2A Luke Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Marlow House, E2 Marlow House was built in 1899.
Marlow Workshops, E2 Marlow Workshops is a Victorian block containing a mixture of residential and commercial use.
Mundy Street, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Navarre Street, E2 Navarre Street leads southwest from Arnold Circus towards Boundary Street.
New Inn Broadway, EC2A New Inn Broadway is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Inn Square, EC2A New Inn Square is a road in the EC2A postcode area
New Inn Street, EC2A New Inn Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New Inn Yard, EC2A New Inn Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
New North Place, EC2A New North Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Old Nichol Street, E2 Old Nichol Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Padbury Court, E2 Padbury Court is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Palissy Street, E2 Palissy Street runs northeast from Arnold Circus.
Pedley Street, E1 Pedley Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Pelter Street, E2 Pelter Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Perseverance Works, E2 Perseverance Works is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Phipp Street, EC2A Phipp Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Pimlico Walk, N1 Pimlico Walk was curtailed in length with the coming of the Arden Estate.
Plough Yard, EC2A Plough Yard is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Printing House Yard, E2 Printing House Yard is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Quaker Street, E1 Quaker Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Quilter Street, E2 Quilter Street is a road in the E2 postcode area
Railway Arches, EC2A Railway Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Ravenscroft Street, E2 Ravenscroft Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Ravey Street, EC2A Ravey Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Redchurch Street, E2 Redchurch Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Rhoda Street, E2 Rhoda Street was formerly Peter Street.
Rivington Place, EC2A Rivington Place is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Rivington Street, EC2A Rivington Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Rochelle Street, E2 Rochelle Street connects Swanfield Street with Arnold Circus.
Rufus Street, N1 Rufus Street is one of the streets of London in the N1 postal area.
Satchwell Rents, E2 Satchwell Rents owes its origins to a set of buildings dating from 1689.
Satchwell Road, E2 Satchwell Road dates from the 1950s.
Sclater Street, E1 Sclater Street connects Bethnal Green Road and Brick Lane.
Sclaterrace Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Scrutton Street, EC2A Scrutton Street is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Shacklewell Street, E2 Shacklewell Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Sheba Place, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Shorditch High Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Shoreditch High Street, E1 Shoreditch High Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Shoreditch High Street, E8 This is a street in the E8 postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC1V Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC1V postcode area
Shoreditch High Street, EC2A Shoreditch High Street is a road in the EC2A postcode area
Shoreeditch High Street, E1 A street within the E1 postcode
Silwex House, E1 Residential block
Square Studio, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
St Matthews Row, E2 St Matthews Row is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Streatley Buildings, E2 Streatley Buildings was the first block of the new Boundary Estate - completed in 1896.
Strouts Place, E2 Strouts Place is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Sunbury Workshops, E2 Sunbury Workshops is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Swanfield Street, E2 Swanfield Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Symister Mews, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Tea Building, E1 Tea Building is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
The Arches, EC2A The Arches is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.
Timber Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode
Turin Street, E2 Turin Street was originally known as ’Hope Town’.
Turville Street, E2 Turville Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Tyssen Street, E2 Tyssen Street, for long a separate street, was absorbed into Brick Lane during the late nineteenth century.
Union Central, E2 Union Central is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Union Walk, E2 Union Walk is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Virginia Road, E2 Virginia Road is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Waterson Street, E2 Waterson Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Wear Place, E2 Wear Place is a road in the E2 postcode area
Weaver Street, E1 Weaver Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wellington Row, E2 Wellington Row is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Wheler Street, E1 Wheler Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Whitby Street, E1 Whitby Street is one of the streets of London in the E1 postal area.
Wimbolt Street, E2 Wimbolt Street is one of the streets of London in the E2 postal area.
Worship Mews, EC2A Worship Mews is one of the streets of London in the EC2A postal area.


Shoreditch

Shoreditch is a place in the London Borough of Hackney. It is a built-up district located 2.3 miles (3.7 km) north east of Charing Cross.

An old form of the name is Soersditch, and the origin is lost, though early tradition connects it with Jane Shore, the mistress of Edward IV.

It was the site of an Augustinian priory in the 12th Century until its dissolution in 1539. In 1576 the first playhouse (theatre) in England was opened, and in 1577 The Curtain theatre was opened in the middle of what is Curtain Road today.

During the 17th Century, wealthy traders and Huguenot silk weavers moved to the area, establishing a textile industry centered to the south around Spitalfields Market. The area declined along with the textile industry and from the end of the 19th Century to the 1960s, Shoreditch was a by-word for crime, prostitution and poverty.

Today Shoreditch is a busy and popular district, noted for its large number of art galleries, bars, restaurants, media businesses and an urban golf club.

Shoreditch High Street station officially opened to the public on 27 April 2010 with services running between Dalston Junction and New Cross or New Cross Gate. The station replaced nearby Shoreditch, which closed on 9 June 2006. The next station to the south is Whitechapel and to the north is Hoxton.


LOCAL PHOTOS
The Crown public house.
TUM image id: 1483614712
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