College Crescent, NW3

Road in/near Swiss Cottage, existing between 1842 and now

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(51.54485 -0.17509) 

College Crescent, NW3

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Swiss Cottage · NW3 ·
October
17
2015

College Crescent was built by the Eyre family.

The Eyre family were local landowners and became keen to promote building. In 1794 a plan was drawn up on the model of Bath, with a crescent, circus and a square. The plan was never executed but from 1802 development on the Eyre estate was directed by John Shaw, a young architect inspired by the town-planning ideals of the late 18th century. In 1803-4 he exhibited views of a projected circus and in 1807 building began on the Marylebone portion.

In 1819 Col. Eyre began the first of several attempts to promote the construction of a public road through his estate, ultimately successful in the Finchley Road Act of 1826. Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, the southern part of which existed by 1824, went northward into the Hampstead portion of Eyre’s land and were built by 1829. The Swiss Cottage tavern was built at the apex of the two roads by 1841.

College Crescent was then laid out in the 1840s, and by 1852 the first thirteen houses had been built there. These houses were stuccoed terraces with iron balconies built by W. Wartnaby.

More buildings included the school for the blind, built in 1848 at the southern junction of College Crescent and Avenue Road and enlarged in 1864, 1878, and 1912; of brick with stone dressings, it had an Italianate central block with two wings.

The North Star pub opened in 1850 and, enclosed by the curve of College Crescent, the New College of Independent Dissenters, for training ministers, was opened in 1851 in a building designed in an early Tudor style by J. T. Emmett. He also designed the college’s Gothic chapel, opened soon afterwards to the south, at the junction of Avenue Road and Adelaide Road.

Immediately south of the blind school a large house, Sunnyside (later St. Columba’s hospital), with a Greek Doric porch, was built by 1862.

Samuel Palmer, of the biscuit firm, lived at no. 40 College Crescent, a large house called Northcourt built in 1881.

New College and much of College Crescent were pulled down in 1934 and replaced by Northways, two concrete blocks of flats and shops by London & City Real Estate.

Redevelopment of the site previously occupied by the school for the blind, St. Columba’s hospital, and the New College Chapel, was considered in 1957. A scheme for a civic centre was published in 1959 by the architect, Basil Spence, and part of it, the library and the adjoining swimming baths, was opened in 1964.

In 1962 Hampstead theatre opened on a site north of the library that had been intended for civic buildings.

Originally the street has three names along its length. From the North Star it was ’College Villas Road’. The following section was ’College Terrace’. Only the final section near to the Blind School was it ’College Crescent’.



Main source: A History of the County of Middlesex | British History Online
Further citations and sources



College Crescent

College Crescent
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Jade Terrace, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
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Perrins Court, NW3 Perrins Court is a street in Hampstead.
Perrins Walk, NW3 Perrins Walk is a street in Hampstead.
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Pilgrims Lane, NW3 Pilgrims Lane is a street in Hampstead.
Pilgrims Place, NW3 Pilgrims Place is a street in Hampstead.
Plympton Place, NW8 Plympton Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Pond Street, NW3 Pond Street is a street in Hampstead.
Portman Gate, NW1 Portman Gate is a road in the NW1 postcode area
Prince Arthur Mews, NW3 Prince Arthur Mews is a street in Hampstead.
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Princess Mews, NW3 Princess Mews is a mews of Belsize Park.
Queen’s Grove, NW8 Queen’s Grove is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Queen’s Terrace, NW8 Queen’s Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Queensmead, NW8 Queensmead is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Radlett Place, NW8 Radlett Place was formerly called Regent Villa Mews.
Randolph Avenue, W9 Randolph Avenue is a street in Maida Vale.
Randolph Crescent, W9 Randolph Crescent is a street in Maida Vale.
Randolph Mews, W9 Randolph Mews is a road in the W9 postcode area
Regency Parade, NW3 Regency Parade is a street in Hampstead.
Regent’s Canal Towpath, NW8 Regent’s Canal Towpath is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Regents Court, W9 Regents Court is a street in Maida Vale.
Regents Mews, NW8 Regents Mews is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Rodney Court, W9 Rodney Court is a street in Maida Vale.
Rosemont Road, NW3 Rosemont Road is a street in Hampstead.
Rossetti Mews, NW8 Rossetti Mews is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Rosslyn Hill, NW3 Rosslyn Hill is a road connecting the south end of Hampstead High Street to the north end of Haverstock Hill.
Rosslyn Mansions, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Rosslyn Mews, NW3 Rosslyn Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Rossmore Road, NW1 Rossmore Road is a street in Camden Town.
Rowland Hill Street, NW3 Rowland Hill Street is a street in Hampstead.
Rowley Way, NW8 Rowley Way was named after Llewellyn Rowley, Camden’s Director of Housing.
Rudall Crescent, NW3 Rudall Crescent was laid out by a builder John Culverhouse in 1878.
Rudgwick Terrace, NW8 Rudgwick Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Ryder’s Terrace, NW8 Ryder’s Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Saint John’s Wood High Street, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Saint John’s Wood Road, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Saint John’s Wood Terrace, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Sandringham Court, W9 Sandringham Court is a street in Maida Vale.
Scott Ellis Gardens, NW8 Scott Ellis Gardens is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Shepherd’s Path, NW3 Shepherd’s Path is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Shepherd's Path, NW3 Shepherd?s Path is a street in Hampstead.
Shepherds Walk, NW3 Shepherds Walk is a street in Hampstead.
South End Road, NW3 South End Road is a street in Hampstead.
South Hill Park Gardens, NW3 South Hill Park Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
South Hill Park, NW3 South Hill Park is a road on the edge of Hampstead Heath.
Spedan Close, NW3 Spedan Close was the site of an innovative council housing scheme.
Spode Walk, NW6 Street/road in London NW6
Springfield Road, NW8 Springfield Road dates from the late 1850s.
St Crispins Close, NW3 St Crispins Close is a street in Hampstead.
St John’s Wood High Street, NW8 St John’s Wood High Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood Park, NW8 St John’s Wood Park is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood Road, NW8 St John’s Wood Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St John’s Wood Terrace, NW8 St John’s Wood Terrace is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St Johns Court, NW3 St Johns Court is a street in Hampstead.
St Stephen’s Close, NW8 St Stephen’s Close is a road in the NW8 postcode area
St. Crispin?s Close, NW3 St. Crispin?s Close is a street in Hampstead.
St. John’s Hall Flats, NW8 St. John’s Hall Flats is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Stone Well Road, CR0 A street within the NW3 postcode
Strathray Gardens, NW3 Strathray Gardens is a street in Hampstead.
Streatley Place, NW3 Streatley Place is a street in Hampstead.
Sumpter Close, NW3 Sumpter Close is a street in Hampstead.
Swain Street, NW8 Swain Street is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Swiss Terrace, NW3 Swiss Terrace connects Belsize Road with the Swiss Cottage junction.
Tatham Place, NW8 Tatham Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Gables, NW3 The Gables is a road in the NW3 postcode area
The Lane, NW8 The Lane is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Marlowes, NW8 The Marlowes is a road in the NW8 postcode area
The Mount, NW3 The Mount is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Thurlow Road, NW3 Thurlow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Townshend Estate, NW8 Townshend Estate is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Townshend Road, NW8 Townshend Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Tranley Mews, NW3 Tranley Mews is a street in Hampstead.
Tresham Crescent, NW8 Tresham Crescent is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Trinity Walk, NW3 Trinity Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Tudor Close, NW3 Tudor Close is a street in Hampstead.
Upper Terrace, NW3 Upper Terrace is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Vale Close, W9 Vale Close is a street in Maida Vale.
Vale of Health, NW3 Vale of Health is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Vane Close, NW3 Vane Close is a street in Hampstead.
Village Mount, NW3 Village Mount is a street in Hampstead.
Violet Hill, NW8 This is a street in the NW8 postcode area
Wadham Gardens, NW3 Wadham Gardens is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Wandsworth Place, NW3 Wandsworth Place is a street in Hampstead.
Warrington Crescent, W9 Warrington Crescent is a street in Maida Vale.
Waterhouse Close, NW3 Waterhouse Close is a street in Hampstead.
Waverley Place, NW8 Waverley Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wedderburn Road, NW3 Wedderburn Road is a street in Hampstead.
Well Road, NW3 Well Road is a street in Hampstead.
Well Walk, NW3 Well Walk is a street in Hampstead.
Wellesley Court, W9 Wellesley Court is a street in Maida Vale.
Wellington Place, NW8 Wellington Place is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Wellington Road, NW8 Wellington Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Whitestone Lane, NW3 Whitestone Lane is a road in the NW3 postcode area
Willoughby Road, NW3 Willoughby Road is a street in Hampstead.
Willow Road, NW3 Willow Road is a street in Hampstead.
Winchester Road, NW3 Winchester Road is named after the first Provost of Eton, William Waynflete Bishop of Winchester.
Windmill Hill, NW3 Windmill Hill is a street in Hampstead.
Woronzow Road, NW8 Woronzow Road is a road in the NW8 postcode area
Yorkshire Grey Place, NW3 Yorkshire Grey Place is a street in Hampstead.


Swiss Cottage

Swiss Cottage is named after an inn called The Swiss Tavern that was built in 1804 in the style of a Swiss chalet and on the site of a former tollgate keeper’s cottage.

The district formed part of the ancient parish of Hampstead. It developed following the Finchley Road Act 1826, which authorised construction of Finchley New Road and Avenue Road, with The Swiss Tavern located at the junction of the new roads. The neighbourhood around Finchley Road and Avenue Road was redeveloped in 1937 and 1938 with the opening of an Odeon cinema and the Regency Lodge flats. After World War II, local authority housing was constructed by the London County Council in the area.

Local amenities include an Odeon Cinema, Sir Basil Spence’s Grade II-listed Swiss Cottage Central Library and the Hampstead Theatre. Swiss Cottage is the location of the Royal Central School of Speech and Drama that occasionally performs at the Embassy Theatre. Swiss Cottage Leisure Centre reopened in early 2006 after redevelopment; it now has two swimming pools, a gym and a climbing wall. Many of the area’s cityscapes and London street scenes, particularly of Swiss Cottage, Adamson Rd, Eton Ave and Belsize Park were represented by the Camden Town Group painter Robert Bevan and his wife, the Polish painter Stanislawa de Karlowska. They lived at 14 Adamson Road.

Swiss Cottage station was opened in 1868 as the northern terminus of the Metropolitan and St. John’s Wood Railway, the first northward branch extension from Baker Street of the Metropolitan Railway (now the Metropolitan line). From here, starting in 1879, the line was subsequently extended further to Watford, Amersham, Chesham and Uxbridge.

The current station was opened on 20 November 1939 on a new section of deep-level tunnel constructed between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations when the Metropolitan line’s services on its Stanmore branch were transferred to the Bakerloo line.

The new station initially operated as part of a combined station with the Metropolitan line’s adjacent sub-surface Swiss Cottage station (platforms 1 and 2 were Metropolitan line and 3 and 4 were Bakerloo line), but the Metropolitan line station was closed on 17 August 1940. The Bakerloo line station was subsequently transferred along with the rest of the Stanmore branch to the Jubilee line when it opened on 1 May 1979.
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