Forty Farm

Farm in/near Preston Road, existed between 1400 and 1931

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Forty Farm

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Farm · Preston Road · ·
September
17
2017

Forty Farm was situated where the Sudbury to Kingsbury road crossed the Lidding at Forty Bridge.

In the 14th or 15th centuries, people, including the Uxendon family from Uxendon Farm, moved south to form another small community at Forty Green.

This settlement was known as Uxendon Forty, Wembley Forty or Preston Forty. The farm at Forty Green was at first called Pargrave's, and later South Forty Farm.

Even as late as the 19th century, the area had not changed significantly. London's growing need for hay meant that Forty Farm had converted to hay farming by 1852 and indeed was noted for its horses. In the 1831 census, Forty Farm housed 10 people

The construction of the Metropolitan Railway in 1880 effectively destroyed Forty Green, although South Forty Farm continued into the 20th century. In 1928 the farm became the headquarters of the Century Sports Ground. The celebrated gunsmiths Holland & Holland had a shooting ground nearby. As Forty Farm Sports Ground the site of the farm remains green to this day.

The Holland & Holland grounds, however, were built over after 1931. Housing spread along Preston Road and Preston Hill in the three years that followed.


Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence


Postcard of Forty Farm

Postcard of Forty Farm
User unknown/public domain

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Forty Farm Forty Farm was situated where the Sudbury to Kingsbury road crossed the Lidding at Forty Bridge.
Wembley Park Wembley Park is a London Underground station, the nearest Underground station to the Wembley Stadium complex.

NEARBY STREETS
Ashley Gardens, HA9 Ashley Gardens is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Barn Way, HA9 Barn Way is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Basing Hill, HA9 Basing Hill is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Blenheim Gardens, HA9 Blenheim Gardens is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Bowling Green Court, HA9 Bowling Green Court is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Bridge Road, HA9 Bridge Road runs past Wembley Park station.
Brook Avenue, HA9 Brook Avenue is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Charlton Road, HA9 Charlton Road is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Corringham Road, HA9 Corringham Road is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Crown Walk, HA9 Crown Walk is a road in the HA9 postcode area
East Hill, HA9 East Hill is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Elliott Close, HA9 Elliott Close is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Elmside Road, HA9 Elmside Road is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Elmstead Avenue, HA9 Elmstead Avenue is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Eversley Avenue, HA9 Eversley Avenue is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Forty Avenue, HA9 Forty Avenue is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Forty Close, HA9 Forty Close is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Gabrielle Close, HA9 Gabrielle Close is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Grendon Gardens, HA9 Grendon Gardens is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Highfield Avenue, HA9 Highfield Avenue is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Hollycroft Avenue, HA9 Hollycroft Avenue is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Kingswood Road, HA9 Kingswood Road is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Mason Court, HA9 A street within the HA9 postcode
Mayfields Close, HA9 Mayfields Close is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Mayfields, HA9 Mayfields is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Newland Court, HA9 Newland Court is a road in the HA9 postcode area
Oakington Avenue, HA9 Oakington Avenue is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
Talisman Way, HA9 Talisman Way is a road in the HA9 postcode area
The Broadway, HA9 The Broadway is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
The Crossways, HA9 The Crossways is one of the streets in the Harrow postal district of Middlesex.
The Martins, HA9 A street within the HA9 postcode


Preston Road

Preston Road - originally just ’Preston’ - is situated west along the Metropolitan Line from Wembley Park.

Preston, meaning ’the farm belonging to the priest’, began as a small settlement at Preston Green, just south west of the Lidding or Wealdstone Brook, south of Kenton. It was first mentioned in 1220. The name may come from an estate given to Abbot Stidberht by King Offa of Mercia in 767, but any connection with Preston Road as a rural lanethe Church had been lost by 1086. Preston was a township by 1231.

By the mid-15th century Preston consisted of two farms and a few cottages. The northern farm belonged to the Lyon family from the late 14th century and is described as being a beautiful building in 1547. It was probably the birthplace of John Lyon (1534-92), a considerable local landowner who founded Harrow School in 1572. After his death the farm was given as an endowment for the upkeep of the school. It was rebuilt around 1700. The southern farm was originally known as Preston Dicket and later as Preston Farm.

By 1681 five buildings had been built on Preston Green, including a new farmhouse, Hillside Farm. In 1759 there were nine buildings at Preston, including the ’Horseshoe’ inn,
which was licensed in 1751.

The district did not change significantly in the 19th century. The agricultural depression after the Napoleonic Wars led to an outbreak of violence in the area around 1828, when desperate agricultural labourers burnt haystacks and threatened local landowners, including the relatively benevolent Lord Northwick.

64 people lived in Preston in 1831 and 57 in 1851.

In 1851 the ’Rose & Crown’ beerhouse is mentioned at the top of Preston Hill (beerhouses flourished from 1830 to 1869 and were intended to discourage the sale of spirits). It appears to have been part of Hillside Farm, and is never mentioned again.

Preston House was leased to various professional men during the 19th century, including a surgeon, a cigar importer and a solicitor.

In 1864 two villas replaced the four nearby cottages. Around 1880 Preston House was acquired by George Timms, who turned the grounds into Preston Tea Gardens. The Tea Gardens flourished well into the next century.

The Metropolitan Railway had no effect on development, even after the opening of Wembley Park station in 1894. In 1896 the suggestion that a station should be built serving Preston was rejected because the local population was so small. Indeed even in the early 20th century the area was entirely rural, and the Wealdstone Brook could be described as "one of the most perfect little streams anywhere, abounding in dace and roach."

By 1900 Uxendon Farm had become a shooting ground (the Lancaster Shooting Club). When the Olympic Games were held in London in 1908 the ground was sufficiently important to be
used for Olympic clay pigeon shooting. Pressure from the shooting club, which was a two mile walk from the nearest station, played a part in the opening of Preston Road Halt on 21 May 1908.

The station was a halt (a request stop) and initially many trains failed to slow down enough to enable the driver to notice passengers waiting on the platform. Preston Road Halt triggered the first commuter development in the district. Some large Edwardian houses were built along Preston Road after 1910 and Harrow Golf Club opened near the station in 1912. Wembley Golf Club had already existed on the southern slopes of Barn Hill from about 1895. Both these golf courses would disappear under housing between the wars.

Further development in Preston came after the 1924-5 British Empire Exhibition. Roads in the area were prone to flooding, and the Exhibition led to significant and much needed improvements.

Many of the country lanes in the area were however not improved until 1931-2, under Wembley’s Town Planning Scheme. Preston Road indeed remained a country lane until the late 1930s, which may account for its considerable charm.Improved communications brought suburban development. Christ Church College, Oxford, and Harrow School sold their Preston
estates in the period 1921-33. Forty Green began being built over as early as 1923-4 and housing spread along Preston Road and Preston Hill in the three years that followed.

Shops appeared in 1927-8 and a pub, the ’Preston Park Hotel’ was opened in the late 1920s.

Preston Road was converted into a proper station in 1931-2. The line was electrified soon after and the station slightly re-sited. By now it was certain that the heart of Preston would be to the south of the old green. Many more shops appeared around the station in 1931-3 and 1936-8. Most housing developments occurred in the 1930s. By 1936 Preston was being described as "a high class and rapidly growing residential area with a population of between 6000 and 7000 people." A primary school was created to serve this population in 1932 and a secondary school in 1938.

In the 1930s many Jewish people, the majority members of the United Synagogue, moved into the Preston area. There is still a strong Jewish presence today.

By 1951 Preston’s population had risen to 12,408, although it declined somewhat thereafter. Post-war housing was built north and east of Preston Road and a number of prefabs, a temporary solution to homelessness, stood at Tenterden Close, Woodcock Hill, until the late 1960s. Proposals for an Anglican church at Preston had been published in 1936, but the war intervened and the Church of the Ascension was not consecrated until 1957.

By the early 1960s all of Preston’s old buildings had been lost. Lyon’s Farm was demolished in 1960, despite earlier plans to preserve it. Hillside farmhouse went in 1961 and Preston House was demolished in 1962-3. Both of these buildings were replaced by blocks of flats. Despite these losses Preston is a pleasant and prosperous-looking place that has retained its original atmosphere.



LOCAL PHOTOS
Brent Town Hall
TUM image id: 1106
Wembley Stadium, 1947
TUM image id: 1556882897
Postcard of Forty Farm
TUM image id: 1557227472
The Clarendon Gardens estate (1925)
TUM image id: 1574863417
Oakington Manor Farm
TUM image id: 1603469997
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