Kenley Street, W11

Road in/near Notting Dale, existed between the 1860s and the 1960s

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Kenley Street, W11

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Notting Dale · W11 ·
December
8
2017

Kenley Street, W11 was originally William Street before it disappeared.

Avondale Park, directly to the north of William Street (Kenley Street) was opened in 1892 and known by the locals as the ‘Rec’. It housed a flower garden, a playground area for children and a bandstand with a public Mortuary Chapel.

In 1900, an act of the Kensington Borough Council purchased part of William Street. Houses for use as workmen’s flats and dwellings went up. District Nurses had a home erected in the same street for their use.

Five streets known as the ‘Special Area’ were Bangor Street, Crescent Street, St Clement’s Road, St Katherine’s Road and William Street. This area differed very little from the Potteries in terms of health and well being. But the ‘Special Area’ was especially overcrowded with a large number of pubs.

Lodging houses accommodated over 700 people, each paying about fourpence or sixpence a night. Houses for ‘ladies of the night’ were open from the evening till around mid morning, at a charge of roughly a shilling a night.

A few decades after World War 2, the area was completely redeveloped. A modern path follows the original line of Kenley Street.


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William Street (1900s)

William Street (1900s)
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Norland Place, W11 Norland Place began its life as Norland Stables.
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Olympia Way, W14 Olympia Way is a street in West Kensington.
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Penzance Place, W11 Penzance Place is a street in Notting Hill.
Porlock Street, W10 Bransford Street became Porlock Street before vanishing altogether.
Portland Gate, SW7 Portland Gate is a road in the SW7 postcode area
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Portobello Road, W11 Portobello Road is internationally famous for its market.
Pottery Lane, W11 Pottery Lane takes its name from the brickfields which were situated at the northern end of the street.
Prince’s Yard, W11 This is a small cul-de-sac off of Princes Road.
Princedale Road, W11 Princedale Road was formerly Princes Road.
Princes Place, W11 Princes Place is a street in Notting Hill.
Queensdale Crecent, W11 Queensdale Crecent is a street in Notting Hill.
Queensdale Crescent, W11 Queensdale Crescent is a street in Notting Hill.
Queensdale Place, W11 Queensdale Place is a cul-de-sac which runs just off Queensdale Road.
Queensdale Road, W11 Queensdale Road is a long road stretching from west to east, containing terraces of Victorian houses.
Queensdale Walk, W11 Queensdale Walk is a small cul-de-sac with 2-storey cottages running south off Queensdale Road.
Rackham Street, W10 Rackham Street is a road that disappeared from the streetscape of London W10 in 1951.
Raddington Road, W10 Raddington Road is a street in North Kensington, London W10
Railway Arches, W10 Railway Arches is a street in North Kensington, London W10
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Redan Street, W14 Redan Street is a street in West Kensington.
Richmond Way, W12 This is a street in the W12 postcode area
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Rifle Place, W11 Rifle Place is a road in the W11 postcode area
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Rosmead Road, W11 Rosmead Road, W11 was originally called Chichester Road.
Royal Crescent Mews, W11 Royal Crescent Mews is a street in Notting Hill.
Royal Crescent, W11 The Royal Crescent is a Grade II* listed street in Holland Park.
Runcorn Place, W11 Runcorn Place is a street in Notting Hill.
Russell Gardens Mews, W14 Russell Gardens Mews is a street in West Kensington.
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Russell Road, W14 Russell Road is a street in West Kensington.
Ruston Mews, W11 Ruston Mews, W11 was originally Crayford Mews.
Saint Anns Villas, W11 This is a street in the W11 postcode area
Saint Charles Place, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
Saint Charles Square, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
Saint Helens Gardens, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
Saint Josephs Close, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
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Saint Mark’s Road, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
Saint Marks Place, W11 This is a street in the W11 postcode area
Saint Marks Road, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
Saint Michaels Gardens, W10 This is a street in the W10 postcode area
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Shalfleet Drive, W10 Shalfleet Drive is a newer road in the Latimer Road area of W10
Silchester Mews, W10 Silchester Mews, shaped like an H, disappeared in 1969 under the Westway.
Silchester Road, W10 Silchester Road crosses the border between London W10 and London W11.
Silchester Terrace, W10 Silchester Terrace was lost to W10 in the 1960s.
Sinclair Gardens, W14 Sinclair Gardens is a street in West Kensington.
Sinclair Road, W14 Sinclair Road is a street in West Kensington.
Sirdar Road, W11 Sirdar Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Somerset Square, W14 Somerset Square is a street in West Kensington.
Souldern Road, W14 Souldern Road is a street in West Kensington.
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St Anns Villas, W11 St Ann’s Villas, leading into Royal Crescent, is a pleasant tree-lined if busy road.
St Charles Place, W10 St Charles Place is a street in North Kensington, London W10
St Charles Square, W10 St Charles Square is a street in North Kensington, London W10
St Ervans Road, W10 St Ervans Road is named after the home town of the Rev. Samuel Walker.
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St James’s Gardens, W11 St James’s Gardens is a road in the W11 postcode area
St James’s Gardens, W11 St James’s Gardens is an attractive garden square with St James Church in the middle of the communal garden.
St John’s Gardens, W11 St John’s Gardens runs around St John’s church.
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St Marks Close, SE10 St Marks Close is a road in the SE10 postcode area
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St Marks Road, W11 St Marks Road, W11 is the southern extention of the W10 street and in the Latimer Road area.
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St Mark’s Road, W10 St Mark’s Road is a road in the W10 postcode area
St. Anns Road, W11 St. Anns Road is a street in Notting Hill.
St. Mark’s Road, W10 St. Mark’s Road is a road in the W10 postcode area
St. Mark’s Road, W10 St. Mark’s Road is a road in the W10 postcode area
St. Mark’s Road, W11 St. Mark’s Road is a street in the Ladbroke conservation area.
Station Walk, SE6 Station Walk is a road in the SE6 postcode area
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Station Walk, W11 Station Walk is a street in Notting Hill.
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Stoneleigh Street, W11 Stoneleigh Street is a street in Notting Hill.
Swanscombe Road, W11 Swanscombe Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Tavistock Mews, W11 Tavistock Mews, W11 lies off of the Portobello Road.
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Treverton Street, W10 Treverton Street, a street which survived post war redevelopment.
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Wheatstone Road, W10 Wheatstone Road is one of the streets of London in the W10 postal area.
Whitchurch Road, W11 Whitchurch Road is a street in Notting Hill.
Wilsham Street, W11 Wilsham Street was formerly known as St Katherine’s Road.
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Notting Dale

From Pigs and bricks to Posh and Becks...

As houses were springing up all over the rest of northern Kensington, one corner of the borough was developing into a slum whose notoriety was probably unsurpassed throughout London

It lay at the foot of the hill on which the Ladbroke estate was laid out, directly north of Pottery Lane, on badly draining clay soil between the Norland Estate and Notting Barns Farm.

Its first occupants were to give it two infamous names: the brick makers, who seemed to have arrived in the late lath century, and the pig-keepers, who moved there in the early l9th century.

To make bricks and tiles involved large excavations, which soon filled with stagnant water. The keeping of pigs entailed collecting refuse and offal from the kitchens of hotels and private houses, feeding most of it to pigs and boiling down the fat.

The combination of both bricks and pigs spelt disaster for the area.

Samuel Lake of Tottenham Court Road, a scavenger and chimney sweep by occupation was the first to keep pigs here and he was soon joined by the pig keepers of the Marble Arch area who had been forced out of their area by building development. The colony was at first sufficiently isolated to be able to go about their business unfettered; and by the time streets were being built nearby, the piggeries were so well established that developers simply steered clear.

Shacks sprang up wherever convenient for there was no building control in London at that time, and inevitably they were jumbled together with the pigs and the ponds: indeed often the three were combined, with humans sharing their roofs with animals and living directly over stagnant water: the animals at one stage outnumbered people by three to one.

The area’s unsanitary conditions had become so notorious that Charles Dickens ran a special feature on it in the first edition issue of his magazine Household Words.

The Piggeries and Brickyards were far from the sight and concern of the Vestry and its duties were taken up by charities, both religious and secular. But it was Kensington’s first Medical Officer of Health, Dr Francis Goodrich, who was given the formidable task of cleaning up the area. Goodrich stated that it was one of the most deplorable
spots not only in Kensington but in the whole of the metropolis.

Rather than manufacturing bricks, locals started to concentrate more on the making of pottery, mostly drainpipes, tiles and flower pots to supply the local building boom. This trade, however, gradually declined and business ceased by 1863, the same time as when the stagnant ’Ocean’ was filled in.

As far as the Piggeries were concerned strong opposition to a clean up came from the pig keepers themselves, as that was their only livelihood. And perversely the Vestry did not want them to lose the pigs because the families then could become a charge on the poor rate.

By 1878 Goodrich’s successor Dr Dudfield managed, however, to gradually reduce the number of pigs but it was not until the 1890’s that the last pig was banished.

The area nevertheless remained notorious. Instead of pig keeping the men turned to living off what their women could earn as laundresses, initially at home (especially in
the Stoneleigh Street area) and later in small laundries. A local saying in this area declared that ’to marry an ironer is as good as a fortune’

But change was coming.

The 1860s at last witnessed the opening of schools, (such as one in Sirdar Road), the paving of streets and the construction of proper sewers. But it was not until 1888 were public baths and washhouses provided at the junction of Silchester and Lancaster Roads.

In 1889 the Rev C E Roberts of St Clements Church and the Rev Dr Thornton of St Johns appealed in a letter to the Times for an open space for the children of this area. As a result the old brickfield and the area of the ’Ocean’ became the start of Avondale Park opened in 1892 and named in memory of the recently deceased Duke of Clarence and Avondale.

But even then, a year after the park was opened that the Daily News described the area adjacent to the park as ’Avernus’ (the fabled gateway to hell!). The article identified Wilsham Street, Kenley Street, another two streets now replaced by Henry Dickens Court and part of Sirdar Road as ’hopelessly degraded and abandoned’.

The dense rows of artisan houses in these streets were massively over-occupied or else were the most primitive lodging houses in which a bed on the floor cost a few pennies per night. Local residents made a living as best they could but it was a close knit community who seemed to scrape together enough money to pay for visits to the music hall and for summer day trips.

By 1904 new low cost tenements were built and the Improved Tenements Association bought 64 year leases of four houses in Walmer Road in 1900, and these were modernised and divided into two room tenements to accommodate 13 families for rents of 5 shillings a week. Other housing associations followed such as the Wilsham Trust formed by Ladies- in-waiting at Kensington Palace.

The poverty and hardship of the Potteries and Piggeries is very much a thing of the past. Now the neighbourhood is an attractive, leafy, peaceful backwater made up of rows of well kept two and three storey Victorian brick terraced houses and cottages, in the shadow of the graceful golden weather vane and clock of St Clements Church.

The area has come a long way.

Sources:
The Notting Hill & Holland Park Book by Richard Tames
Kensington & Chelsea by Annabel Walker with Peter Jackson
Notting Hill and Holland Park Past by Barbara Denny
Survey of London: Northern Kensington: Vol:XXXVII for the Greater London Council
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