Barking

Underground station, existing between 1854 and now

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Barking

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Underground station · Barking · IG11 ·
November
12
2017

Historically an ancient parish in Essex, Barking’s economic history is characterised by a shift from fishing and farming to market gardening and industrial development.


In AD 735 the town was ’Berecingum’ and was known to mean "dwellers among the birch trees". By AD 1086, it had become ’Berchingae’ as evidenced by the town’s entry in the Domesday Book.

The manor of Barking was the site of Barking Abbey, a nunnery founded in 666 by Eorcenwald, Bishop of London, destroyed by the Danes and reconstructed in 970 by King Edgar. The celebrated writer Marie de France may have been abbess of the nunnery in the late 12th century. At the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1536, Barking Abbey was demolished; the parish church of St Margaret, some walling and foundations are all that remain.

A charter issued between 1175 and 1179 confirms the ancient market right. The market declined in the 18th century but has since been revived.

Fishing was the most important industry from the 14th century until the mid-19th. Salt water fishing began before 1320, when too fine nets were seized by City authorities, but expanded greatly from the 16th century. Fisher Street was named after the fishing community there. From about 1775 welled and dry smacks were used, mostly as cod boats, and rigged as gaff cutters. Fishermen sailed as far as Iceland in the summer. They served Billingsgate Fish Market in the City of London, and moored in Barking Pool.

The opening of rail links between the North Sea ports and London meant it was quicker to transport fish by train straight to the capital rather than waiting for ships to take the longer route down the east coast and up the River Thames. By the 1850s the Thames was so severely polluted that fish kept in chests quickly died. Consequently, the fishery slipped into decline in the second half of the nineteenth century.

As part of the suburban growth of London in the 20th century, Barking significantly expanded and increased in population, primarily due to the development of the London County Council estate at Becontree in the 1920s, and became a municipal borough in 1931, and part of Greater London in 1965.

Barking station was opened on 13 April 1854 by the London Tilbury and Southend Railway (LTSR) on their new line to Tilbury, which split from the Eastern Counties Railway (ECR) at Forest Gate. A shorter route from London between Little Ilford and Gas Factory Junction in Bow, and avoiding the ECR, opened in April 1858. A "Pitsea direct" branch was completed in June 1888 giving more direct access to Southend-on-Sea via Upminster, and avoiding Tilbury. The station was rebuilt in 1889. In 1894 the Tottenham and Hampstead Junction Railway was extended by means of the Tottenham and Forest Gate Railway to join the 1854 line from Forest Gate to Tilbury.

District line services initially operated over the tracks of the LTSR from 1902. In 1905 a pair of tracks was electrified as far as East Ham and the service was cut back there. It was extended back to Barking in 1908 and eastwards to Upminster, over a new set of tracks, from 1932. Hammersmith and City line, then known as the Metropolitan line, service began in 1936.


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THE STREETS OF BARKING
- 229 Gascoigne Road Barking, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
-7a, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Abbey Road, IG11 Abbey Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Alfred’s Gardens, IG11 Alfred’s Gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Alfred’s Way, IG11 Alfred’s Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Almanza Place, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Anne Mews, IG11 Anne Mews is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Arncroft Court, IG11 Arncroft Court is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Bamford Road, IG11 Bamford Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Barking And Dagenham, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Barking Enterprise Centre, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Barking Northern Relief Road, IG11 Barking Northern Relief Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Bastable Avenue, IG11 Bastable Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Bateman Close, IG11 Bateman Close is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Bath House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Blessing Way, IG11 Blessing Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Bobby Moore Way, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Boundary Road, IG11 Boundary Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Broadway, IG11 Broadway is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Cape Close, IG11 Cape Close is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Chelmer Crescent, IG11 Chelmer Crescent is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Church Road, IG11 Church Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Collins House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Cranborne Road, IG11 Cranborne Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Craven Gardens, IG11 Craven Gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Crispe House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Cromwell Business Centre, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Crouch Avenue, IG11 Crouch Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Crows Road, IG11 Crows Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Earlsdown House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Eastreet Street, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Essex Road, IG11 Essex Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Fairfield Road, IG1 Fairfield Road is a road in the IG1 postcode area
Fairfield Road, IG11 Fairfield Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Fanshawe Avenue, IG11 Fanshawe Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Farr Avenue, IG11 Farr Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Fn, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Fresh Wharf Road, IG11 Fresh Wharf Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Gascoigne Road, IG11 Gascoigne Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Glenmore Way, IG11 Glenmore Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Glenny Road, IG11 Glenny Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Gordon Road, IG11 Gordon Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Gower House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Great Fleete Way, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Greatfields Road, IG11 Greatfields Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Greats Centre, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Greenslade Road, IG11 Greenslade Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Gurney Close, IG11 Gurney Close is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Handtrough Way, IG11 Handtrough Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Havering Way, IG11 Havering Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Heenan Close, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Highbridge Road, IG11 Highbridge Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Ingley Works, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Jenkins Lane, E6 Jenkins Lane is a road in the E6 postcode area
Jenkins Lane, IG11 Jenkins Lane is a road in the IG11 postcode area
John Sayer Close, IG11 John Sayer Close is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Keith Road, IG11 Keith Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Kennedy Road, IG11 Kennedy Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
King Edwards Road, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Kingsbridge Road, IG11 Kingsbridge Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Kirkham Apartments, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Larks Grove, IG11 Larks Grove is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Laurence Calvert Close, IG11 Laurence Calvert Close is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Lemonade Building, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Linsdell Road, IG11 Linsdell Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Linton Road, IG11 Linton Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Maud gardens, IG11 Maud gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Morley Road, IG11 Morley Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
North Circular Road, E6 North Circular Road is a road in the E6 postcode area
North Circular Road, IG11 North Circular Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
North Street, IG11 North Street is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Park Avenue, IG11 Park Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Perryman House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Porter House Seawall Court, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Radford Way, IG11 Radford Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Radial House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Ray Gardens, IG11 Ray Gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Renwick Road, IG11 Renwick Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Roberts Close, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Rowe Gardens, IG11 Rowe Gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Roxwell Road, IG11 Roxwell Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Saxham Road, IG11 Saxham Road was the first road built on the Movers Lane Housing Estate.
Sherry Mews, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Sherwood Gardens, IG11 Sherwood Gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Sovereign Road, IG11 Sovereign Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Sparsholt Court, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Sparsholt Road, IG11 Sparsholt Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Spur Road, IG11 Spur Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
St Ann’s, IG11 St Ann’s is a road in the IG11 postcode area
St Paul’s Road, IG11 St Paul’s Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
St, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
St. Awdry’s Road, IG11 St. Awdry’s Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
St. Erkenwald Road, IG11 St. Erkenwald Road - Saint Erkenwald was Bishop of London, founding Barking Abbey to the west of the road.
St. Margarets, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
St. Thomas Gardens, IG1 A street within the IG1 postcode
Stapleford Way, IG11 Stapleford Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Stebbing Way, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Street, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Sugden Way, IG11 Sugden Way is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Sunningdale Avenue, IG11 Sunningdale Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Surrey Road, IG11 Surrey Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Sutton Road, IG11 Sutton Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Tanner Street, IG11 Tanner Street is a road in the IG11 postcode area
The Clarksons, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
The Coverdales, IG11 The Coverdales is a road in the IG11 postcode area
The Triangle, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Thorpe Road, IG11 Thorpe Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Tomlins Orchard, IG11 Tomlins Orchard is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Town Square, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Trocall House/Wakering Road, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Trocoll House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Vicarage Drive, IG11 Vicarage Drive is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Victoria Road, IG11 Victoria Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Waverley Gardens, IG11 Waverley Gardens is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Wedderburn Road, IG11 Wedderburn Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area
West Bank, IG11 West Bank is a road in the IG11 postcode area
West House, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
Wheelers Cross, IG11 Wheelers Cross is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Whiting Avenue, IG11 Whiting Avenue is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Wigham House/Wakering Road, IG11 A street within the IG11 postcode
William Street, IG11 William Street is a road in the IG11 postcode area
Wivenhoe Road, IG11 Wivenhoe Road is a road in the IG11 postcode area


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