M4, UB3

Road maybe laid out between the wars- in this area, buildings are mainly post-war

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(51.49602 -0.44798) 

M4, UB3

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Fullscreen map
Road · Hayes (Middlesex) · UB3 ·
MARCH
17
2017

M4 is a road in the UB3 postcode area




NEARBY STREETS
Archie Close, UB7 A street within the UB7 postcode
Boltons Lane, UB3 Boltons Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Bourne Circus, UB3 Bourne Circus is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Briar Way, UB7 Briar Way is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Bridge Road, UB11 A street within the UB11 postcode
Browngraves Road, UB3 Browngraves Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Carnarvon Drive, UB3 Carnarvon Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Chambers Business Park, UB7 A street within the UB7 postcode
Chestnut Close, UB7 Chestnut Close is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Chiswick to Langley Special Road, UB3 Chiswick to Langley Special Road is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Conway Drive, UB3 Conway Drive is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Croft Close, UB3 Croft Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Denbigh Drive, UB3 Denbigh Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Doghurst Avenue, UB3 Doghurst Avenue is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Doghurst Drive, UB7 Doghurst Drive is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Eastwood Road, UB7 Eastwood Road is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Emden Close, UB7 Emden Close is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Fairbourne House, UB3 A street within the UB3 postcode
Field Close, UB3 Field Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Gloucester Parade, UB3 Gloucester Parade is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Harlington Close, UB3 A street within the UB3 postcode
Iron Bridge Road North, UB11 Iron Bridge Road North is a road in the UB11 postcode area
Iron Bridge Road South, UB11 Iron Bridge Road South is a road in the UB11 postcode area
Iron Bridge Road, UB11 A street within the UB11 postcode
Iron Bridge Road, UB7 Iron Bridge Road is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Ironbridge Road, UB7 Ironbridge Road is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Jasmine Terrace, UB7 A street within the UB7 postcode
Lavender Rise, UB7 Lavender Rise is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Longwalk Road, UB7 Longwalk Road is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Mondial Way, UB3 Mondial Way is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Mulberry Crescent, UB7 Mulberry Crescent is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Nine Acres Close, UB3 Nine Acres Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Nine Acres Close, UB7 Nine Acres Close is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Old Stockley Road , UB11 Old Stockley Road is a road in the UB11 postcode area
Pembroke Way, UB3 A street within the UB3 postcode
Prologis Distribution Park, UB7 A street within the UB7 postcode
Raywood Close, UB3 Raywood Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Rigby Lane, UB11 Rigby Lane is a road in the UB11 postcode area
Shepiston Lane, UB3 Shepiston Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Shepiston Lane, UB7 Shepiston Lane is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Sipson Lane, UB3 Sipson Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB3 postal area.
Sipson Lane, UB7 Sipson Lane is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Sipson Way, UB7 Sipson Way is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Skipton Drive, UB3 Skipton Drive is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Sovereign Court, UB7 Sovereign Court is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Stockley Close, UB7 Stockley Close is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Stockley Farm Road, UB7 Stockley Farm Road is a road in the UB7 postcode area
Stockley Park West, UB11 Stockley Park West is one of the streets of London in the UB11 postal area.
Stockley Road, UB7 Stockley Road is one of the streets of London in the UB7 postal area.
Tasker Close, UB3 Tasker Close is a road in the UB3 postcode area
Tenby House, UB3 A street within the UB3 postcode


Hayes (Middlesex)

Hayes is a suburban development situated 13 miles west of Charing Cross, developed in the late 19th and 20th centuries as an industrial locality to which residential districts were later added in order to house factory workers.

Until the end of the 19th century, Hayes was primarily an agricultural and brickmaking area. However, because of its location on the Grand Junction Canal (later called the Grand Union) and the Great Western Railway it had a number of advantages as an industrial location in the late 19th century. It was because of this proximity that the Hayes Development Company offered sites on the north side of the railway, adjacent to the canal.

Hayes has always been heavily involved with industry, both local and international, and is (or has been) the home of EMI, Nestlé and H. J. Heinz Company. Past companies include Fairey Aviation (later merged with Westland), and HMV.

During the First World War the EMI factories produced aircraft. Charles Richard Fairey was seconded there for a short time, before setting up his own company, Fairey Aviation, which relocated in 1918 to a large new factory across the railway in North Hyde Road. Over 4,500 aircraft were subsequently produced here but Fairey needed an airfield to test these aircraft and in 1928 secured a site in nearby Heathrow. This became the Great West Aerodrome, but was requisitioned by the Air Ministry in 1944, and initially developed as a heavy bomber base intended for Boeing B-29 Superfortresses but when Second World War ended in 1945, it was taken over by the Ministry of Aviation and became Heathrow Airport.
The Nestlé company located its major chocolate and instant coffee works on the canal, adjacent to the railway east of the station, and it was for many years the company's UK headquarters.

It was in Hayes in the Central Research Laboratories (generally known as "CRL") that Isaac Shoenberg developed (1934) the all-electronic 405-line television system (called the Marconi-EMI system, used by the BBC from 1936 until closedown of the Crystal Palace 405-line transmissions in 1985).

Alan Blumlein carried out his research into binaural sound and stereo gramophone recording here. Trains at Hayes Station (1935) and Walking & Talking are two notable films Blumlein shot in order to demonstrate stereo sound on film. These films are held at the Hayes EMI archive.

In 1939, working alongside the electrical firms A.C. Cossor and Pye, a 60 MHz radar was developed, and from 1941 to 1943 the H2S radar system.


From the early 1970s to 2003 McAlpine Helicopters Limited and Operational Support Services Limited (later renamed McAlpine Aviation Services Limited) operated from two purpose-built helicopter hangars in Swallowfield Way industrial estate, as the company operated on land already owned by the Sir Robert McAlpine. The land on the other side of the Grand Union Canal is called Stockley Park and its buildings were intentionally positioned to allow safe passage for helicopters into the heliport in case of an emergency. Fortunately, this was never used.

Since development, industry has been pre-eminent in Hayes. The provision of adequate housing did not begin until after World War I, with the creation of dwellings of the garden suburb type.

George Orwell, who adopted this pseudonym while living there, lived and worked in 1932-3 as a schoolmaster at The Hawthorns High School for Boys, situated on Church Road. The school has since closed. Despite returning several times, Orwell was characteristically acerbic about his time in Hayes.
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