The Polygon

Block in/near Somers Town, existed between 1784 and 1894.

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Block · * · NW1 ·
August
29
2021
The Polygon was an early housing estate, a Georgian building with 15 sides and three storeys that contained 32 houses.

In 1784, the first housing was built at the Polygon, Clarendon Square, amid fields, brick works and market gardens on the northern fringes of London. The area appears to have initially appealed to middle-class people fleeing the French Revolution.

Clarendon Square occupied the site formerly covered by the barracks of the Life Guards.

Two of the most famous residents of the Polygon were William Godwin and his wife Mary Wollstonecraft, who died giving birth to Mary Shelley, the author of Frankenstein. Another former Polygoner was Charles Dickens, who lived at No 17 in the 1820s shortly after his father, John Dickens, was released from debtors prison. Dickens later made the Polygon a home for his ’Bleak House’ character Harold Skimpole, and he in turn may well have been modelled on Godwin. As late as 1832, Somers Town was full of artists

The Polygon deteriorated socially as the surrounding land was subsequently sold off in smaller lots for cheaper housing, especially after the start of construction in the 1830s of the railway lines into Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross. In this period the area housed a large transient population of labourers and the population density of the area soared. By the late 19th century most of the houses were in multiple occupation, and overcrowding was severe with whole families sometimes living in one room, as confirmed by the social surveys of Charles Booth and Irene Barclay.

It was demolished in the 1890s, by which time Somers Town had become a cheap and run-down neighbourhood, almost entirely because of its location next to Euston station - built in the 1830s.

The site of the Polygon is now occupied by a block of council flats called Oakshott Court, which features a commemorative plaque for Wollstonecraft.




Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike Licence

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE LOCALITY

Comment
Wendy    
Added: 22 Mar 2024 15:33 GMT   

Polygon Buildings
Following the demolition of the Polygon, and prior to the construction of Oakshott Court in 1974, 4 tenement type blocks of flats were built on the site at Clarendon Sq/Phoenix Rd called Polygon Buildings. These were primarily for people working for the Midland Railway and subsequently British Rail. My family lived for 5 years in Block C in the 1950s. It seems that very few photos exist of these buildings.

Reply
Reply
Neil   
Added: 31 Mar 2024 19:23 GMT   

The Polygon
My mum Pauline Quinn lived in the polygon buildings from 1940 to 1960.
She went to st. Aloysius school.



Reply
Reply
Neil   
Added: 31 Mar 2024 22:37 GMT   

The Polygon
My mum Pauline Quinn lived in the polygon buildings from 1940 to 1960.
She went to st. Aloysius school.



Reply

Reg Carr   
Added: 10 Feb 2021 12:11 GMT   

Campbellite Meeting
In 1848 the Campbellites (Disciples of Christ) met in Elstree Street, where their congregation was presided over by a pastor named John Black. Their appointed evangelist at the time was called David King, who later became the Editor of the British Millennial Harbinger. The meeting room was visited in July 1848 by Dr John Thomas, who spoke there twice on his two-year ’mission’ to Britain.

Reply

BG   
Added: 20 Dec 2022 02:58 GMT   

Lancing Street, NW1
LANCING STREET

Reply

LATEST LONDON-WIDE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PROJECT

Comment
Wendy    
Added: 22 Mar 2024 15:33 GMT   

Polygon Buildings
Following the demolition of the Polygon, and prior to the construction of Oakshott Court in 1974, 4 tenement type blocks of flats were built on the site at Clarendon Sq/Phoenix Rd called Polygon Buildings. These were primarily for people working for the Midland Railway and subsequently British Rail. My family lived for 5 years in Block C in the 1950s. It seems that very few photos exist of these buildings.

Reply

Steve   
Added: 19 Mar 2024 08:42 GMT   

Road construction and houses completed
New Charleville Circus road layout shown on Stanford’s Library Map Of London And Its Suburbs 1879 with access via West Hill only.

Plans showing street numbering were recorded in 1888 so we can concluded the houses in Charleville Circus were built by this date.

Source: Charleville Circus, Sydenham, London

Reply
Comment
Steve   
Added: 19 Mar 2024 08:04 GMT   

Charleville Circus, Sydenham: One Place Study (OPS)
One Place Study’s (OPS) are a recent innovation to research and record historical facts/events/people focused on a single place �’ building, street, town etc.

I have created an open access OPS of Charleville Circus on WikiTree that has over a million members across the globe working on a single family tree for everyone to enjoy, for free, forever.

Source: Charleville Circus, Sydenham, London

Reply
Comment
Charles   
Added: 8 Mar 2024 20:45 GMT   

My House
I want to know who lived in my house in the 1860’s.

Reply

NH   
Added: 7 Mar 2024 11:41 GMT   

Telephone House
Donald Hunter House, formerly Telephone House, was the BT Offices closed in 2000

Reply
Comment
Paul Cox   
Added: 5 Mar 2024 22:18 GMT   

War damage reinstatement plans of No’s 11 & 13 Aldine Street
Whilst clearing my elderly Mothers house of general detritus, I’ve come across original plans (one on acetate) of No’s 11 & 13 Aldine Street. Might they be of interest or should I just dispose of them? There are 4 copies seemingly from the one single acetate example. Seems a shame to just junk them as the level of detail is exquisite. No worries if of no interest, but thought I’d put it out there.

Reply
Comment
Diana   
Added: 28 Feb 2024 13:52 GMT   

New Inn Yard, E1
My great grandparents x 6 lived in New Inn Yard. On this date, their son was baptised in nearby St Leonard’s Church, Shoreditch

Source: BDM London, Cripplegate and Shoreditch registers written by church clerk.

Reply
Comment
Vic Stanley   
Added: 24 Feb 2024 17:38 GMT   

Postcose
The postcode is SE15, NOT SE1

Reply

NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
’Royal Blue’ horse omnibus outside 5 Euston Road The bus carries route information and an advert for Selfridge’s.
’Royal Blue’ horse omnibus outside 5 Euston Road
Old St Pancras Churchyard Old St Pancras churchyard, served not only as a burial place for the parishioners but also for Roman Catholics from all around London.
Old St Pancras Churchyard
Ossulston Estate The Ossulston Estate is a multi-storey council estate built by the London County Council in Somers Town between 1927 and 1931.
Ossulston Estate
Rhodes Farm Rhodes Farm was situated on Hampstead Road.
Rhodes Farm
Somers Town Somers Town is a district close to three main line rail termini - Euston, St Pancras and King’s Cross.
Somers Town
St James Gardens St James Gardens were used as a burial ground between 1790 and 1853.
St James Gardens

NEARBY STREETS
Aldenham House, NW1 Aldenham House is located on Aldenham Street (Somers Town)
Aldenham House, NW1
Aldenham Mews, NW1 Aldenham Mews was situated off Aldenham Street (Somers Town)
Aldenham Mews, NW1
Aldenham Street, NW1 Aldenham Street – Richard Platt, 16th century brewer and local landowner, gave land for the endowment of Aldenham School, Hertfordshire (Somers Town)
Aldenham Street, NW1
Ampthill Square, NW1 Ampthill Square is a name which has existed in two different time periods (Somers Town)
Ampthill Square, NW1
Argyle Street, WC1H Argyle Street, originally Manchester Street, was named after the former Argyle House (Bloomsbury)
Argyle Street, WC1H
Argyle Walk, WC1H Argyle Walk is named for Argyll in Scotland (Bloomsbury)
Argyle Walk, WC1H
Bagley Walk, N1C Bagley Walk is a location in London (King’s Cross)
Bagley Walk, N1C
Barclay Street, NW1 Barclay Street led from Aldenham Street northwards to Medburn Street (Somers Town)
Barclay Street, NW1
Barnby Street, NW1 Barnby Street is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Barnby Street, NW1
Battle Bridge Place, N1C Battle Bridge Place is the traditional name for a newer area of King’s Cross (King’s Cross)
Battle Bridge Place, N1C
Battle Bridge Road, N1C Battle Bridge Road ran beside the gasholders of Kings Cross (King’s Cross)
Battle Bridge Road, N1C
Belgrove Street, WC1H Belgrove Street, formerly Belgrave Street, leads south from Euston Road (Bloomsbury)
Belgrove Street, WC1H
Bidborough Street, NW1 Bidborough Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Bidborough Street, NW1
Bridgeway Street, NW1 Bridgeway Street is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Bridgeway Street, NW1
Brill Place, NW1 Brill Place is named after the former Brill Row in the area (Somers Town)
Brill Place, NW1
Brill Row, NW1 Brill Row was one of many small streets which became the basis for a Somers Town market (St Pancras)
Brill Row, NW1
Cardington Street, NW1 Cardington Street is a rare London street in that it closed for good as late as 2017 (Euston)
Cardington Street, NW1
Cecil Rhodes House, NW1 Cecil Rhodes House can be found on Pancras Road (St Pancras)
Cecil Rhodes House, NW1
Chalton House, NW1 Chalton House is a block on Chalton Street (Somers Town)
Chalton House, NW1
Chalton Street, NW1 Chalton Street was formerly Charlton Street (Somers Town)
Chalton Street, NW1
Charlwood House, WC1H Charlwood House is a block on Midhope Street (Bloomsbury)
Charlwood House, WC1H
Charrington Street, NW1 Charrington Street runs south to north and is a continuation of Ossulston Street (Somers Town)
Charrington Street, NW1
Chenies Place, NW1 Chenies Place is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Somers Town)
Chenies Place, NW1
Chill Lane, N1C Chill Lane is a location in London (King’s Cross)
Chill Lane, N1C
Christopher Place, NW1 Christopher Place is a street in Camden Town (St Pancras)
Christopher Place, NW1
Church Way, NW1 Church Way is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Euston)
Church Way, NW1
Churchway, NW1 Churchway is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
Churchway, NW1
Clarendon Grove, NW1 Clarendon Grove ran south from Clarendon Square (Somers Town)
Clarendon Grove, NW1
Clarendon House, NW1 Clarendon House is a block on Werrington Street (Somers Town)
Clarendon House, NW1
Coach Road, N1C Coach Road is a road in the N1C postcode area (St Pancras)
Coach Road, N1C
Cobourg Street, NW1 Cobourg Street is a street in Camden Town (Euston Square)
Cobourg Street, NW1
Cooper’s Lane, NW1 Cooper’s Lane is a road in the NW1 postcode area (St Pancras)
Cooper’s Lane, NW1
Cranleigh Street, NW1 Cranleigh Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Somers Town)
Cranleigh Street, NW1
Crestfield Street, WC1H Crestfield Street was previously Chesterfield Street (Bloomsbury)
Crestfield Street, WC1H
Crowndale Road, NW1 Crowndale Road was at first called Fig Lane and then Gloucester Place (Somers Town)
Crowndale Road, NW1
Denton Street, N1C Denton Street disappeared under the construction of St Pancras station (St Pancras)
Denton Street, N1C
Doric Way, NW1 Doric Way is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Somers Town)
Doric Way, NW1
Drummond Crescent, NW1 Drummond Crescent is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Euston)
Drummond Crescent, NW1
Duke’s Road, WC1H This is a street in the WC1H postcode area (St Pancras)
Duke’s Road, WC1H
Elstree Street, N1C Elstree Street once laid off of St Pancras Road (St Pancras)
Elstree Street, N1C
Euston House, NW1 Euston House is a block on Eversholt Street (Euston)
Euston House, NW1
Euston Road, N1C The easternmost section of the Euston Road lies in the N1 postcode and runs along the facade of Kings Cross Station (King’s Cross)
Euston Road, N1C
Euston Square, NW1 This is a street in the NW1 postcode area (St Pancras)
Euston Square, NW1
Evergreen House, NW1 Evergreen House is a block on Euston Road (St Pancras)
Evergreen House, NW1
Eversholt House, NW1 Eversholt House is a block on Eversholt Street (Somers Town)
Eversholt House, NW1
Eversholt Street, NW1 Eversholt Street connects Euston with Camden Town (Somers Town)
Eversholt Street, NW1
Flaxman Terrace, WC1H Flaxman Terrace connects Burton Street with Cartwright Gardens (Bloomsbury)
Flaxman Terrace, WC1H
Gladwin House, NW1 Gladwin House is a block on Cranleigh Street (Somers Town)
Gladwin House, NW1
Godwin Court, NW1 Godwin Court is a block on Crowndale Road (Somers Town)
Godwin Court, NW1
Goldington Street, NW1 Goldington Street is a street in Camden Town (St Pancras)
Goldington Street, NW1
Goods Way, N1C Goods Way runs from Pancras Road to York Way (King’s Cross)
Goods Way, N1C
Goodwin Court, NW1 Goodwin Court is located on Goodwin Court (Somers Town)
Goodwin Court, NW1
Grafton Place, NW1 Grafton Place is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Euston)
Grafton Place, NW1
Gridiron Building, N1C A street within the N1C postcode (King’s Cross)
Gridiron Building, N1C
Hamilton House, WC1H Residential block (Bloomsbury)
Hamilton House, WC1H
Hampden Close, NW1 Hampden Close is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Hampden Close, NW1
Hastings Street, WC1H Hastings Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Hastings Street, WC1H
Ian Hamilton House, NW1 Ian Hamilton House is a block on Doric Way (Euston)
Ian Hamilton House, NW1
Jessel House, WC1H Jessel House is a building on Judd Street (Bloomsbury)
Jessel House, WC1H
John Dodgson House, WC1H John Dodgson House is sited on Bidborough Street (Bloomsbury)
John Dodgson House, WC1H
Johnson House, NW1 Johnson House is a block on Cranleigh Street (Somers Town)
Johnson House, NW1
Judd Street, NW1 This is a street in the NW1 postcode area (Bloomsbury)
Judd Street, NW1
Judd Street, WC1H Judd Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Judd Street, WC1H
Kellet House, WC1H Kellet House is a block on Tankerton Street (Bloomsbury)
Kellet House, WC1H
Kelvin House, WC1H Kelvin House is a block on Judd Street (Bloomsbury)
Kelvin House, WC1H
King’s Boulevard, N1C King’s Boulevard is a road in the N1C postcode area (King’s Cross)
King’s Boulevard, N1C
King’s Cross Square, N1C King’s Cross Square is a road in the N1C postcode area (King’s Cross)
King’s Cross Square, N1C
Lancing Street, NW1 Lancing Street is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
Lancing Street, NW1
Lidlington Place, NW1 Lidlington Place, named after a village in Bedfordshire, connects Houghton Place and Eversholt Street (Somers Town)
Lidlington Place, NW1
Mabledon Place, WC1H After Mabledon in Kent - home county of local 16th-century landowner Andrew Judd (Bloomsbury)
Mabledon Place, WC1H
Mayford, NW1 Mayford is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Mayford, NW1
Medburn Street, NW1 Medburn Street is named after a farm between Elstree and Radlett in Hertfordshire (Somers Town)
Medburn Street, NW1
Midhope Street, WC1H Midhope Street was once known as Wood Street (Bloomsbury)
Midhope Street, WC1H
Midland Road, N1C Midland Road is a road in the N1C postcode area (St Pancras)
Midland Road, N1C
Noahs Yard, N1 A street within the N1 postcode (King’s Cross)
Noahs Yard, N1
Northam’s Buildings, NW1 Northam’s Buildings was swept away by the building of St Pancras station (St Pancras)
Northam’s Buildings, NW1
Oakley Square, NW1 Oakley Square is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Oakley Square, NW1
Oakshott Court, NW1 Oakshott Court was built in 1974 (Somers Town)
Oakshott Court, NW1
One Kings Cross, N1C A street within the N1C postcode (King’s Cross)
One Kings Cross, N1C
One Pancras Square, N1C A street within the N1C postcode (King’s Cross)
One Pancras Square, N1C
Ossulston Street, NW1 Ossulston Street is a street in Camden Town (St Pancras)
Ossulston Street, NW1
Pancras Road, N1C Pancras Road is a road in the N1C postcode area (King’s Cross)
Pancras Road, N1C
Pancras Road, NW1 Pancras Road is a street in Camden Town (St Pancras)
Pancras Road, NW1
Pancras Square, N1C This is a street in the N1C postcode area (King’s Cross)
Pancras Square, N1C
Penryn Street, NW1 Penryn Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area (St Pancras)
Penryn Street, NW1
Perry Street, N1C Perry Street was buried by St Pancras station (St Pancras)
Perry Street, N1C
Phoenix Road, NW1 Phoenix Road is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Phoenix Road, NW1
PO Box 4, N1C A street within the N1 postcode (King’s Cross)
PO Box 4, N1C
PO Box 4, NW1 Flaxman Terrace is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Bloomsbury)
PO Box 4, NW1
PO Box 4, WC1H A street within the N1C postcode (St Pancras)
PO Box 4, WC1H
Polygon Road, NW1 Polygon Road is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Polygon Road, NW1
Purchese Street, NW1 Purchese Street is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Somers Town)
Purchese Street, NW1
Ryedale House, NW1 Ryedale House is a block on Eversholt Street (Somers Town)
Ryedale House, NW1
Sandwich House, WC1H Sandwich House is a block on Sandwich Street (Bloomsbury)
Sandwich House, WC1H
Seymour House, NW1 Residential block (Euston)
Seymour House, NW1
Sinclair House, WC1H Residential block (Bloomsbury)
Sinclair House, WC1H
Smith Street, N1C Smith Street was buried under St Pancras station (St Pancras)
Smith Street, N1C
Somers Close, NW1 Somers Close is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Somers Town)
Somers Close, NW1
Speedy Place, WC1H Speedy Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Speedy Place, WC1H
St Margarets House, NW1 St Margarets House is a block on Polygon Road (Somers Town)
St Margarets House, NW1
St Martin’s House, NW1 St Martin’s House is a block on Polygon Road (Somers Town)
St Martin’s House, NW1
St Richard’s House, NW1 St Richard’s House is a block on Eversholt Street (Somers Town)
St Richard’s House, NW1
St. Chad’s Street, WC1H St. Chad’s Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area (Bloomsbury)
St. Chad’s Street, WC1H
St. Philip’s Way, N1C A street within the N1C postcode (St Pancras)
St. Philip’s Way, N1C
Stanley Building, N1C Stanley Building is a block on Pancras Square (King’s Cross)
Stanley Building, N1C
Starcross Street, NW1 Starcross Street is a street in Camden Town (Euston)
Starcross Street, NW1
Tankerton House, WC1H Tankerton House is a building on Tankerton Street (Bloomsbury)
Tankerton House, WC1H
Tankerton Street, WC1H Tankerton Street is a road in the WC1H postcode area (Bloomsbury)
Tankerton Street, WC1H
Thanet House, WC1H Thanet House is a block on Thanet Street (Bloomsbury)
Thanet House, WC1H
Thanet Street, WC1H Thanet Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Thanet Street, WC1H
The Circle, N1C The Circle is a road in the N1C postcode area (St Pancras)
The Circle, N1C
The Gridiron, N1C A street within the N1C postcode (King’s Cross)
The Gridiron, N1C
The Hub, N1 Block in Kings Cross (King’s Cross)
The Hub, N1
The Polygon The Polygon was an early housing estate, a Georgian building with 15 sides and three storeys that contained 32 houses. (Somers Town)
The Polygon
Tonbridge Street, WC1H Tonbridge Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Tonbridge Street, WC1H
Unity Mews, NW1 Unity Mews is a road in the NW1 postcode area (Somers Town)
Unity Mews, NW1
Walker House, NW1 Walker House is a building on Unnamed Road (Somers Town)
Walker House, NW1
Watford Street, NW1 Watford Street was cleared away in the 1860s to make way to St Pancras station (St Pancras)
Watford Street, NW1
Wellesley House, NW1 Wellesley House can be found on Wellesley Place (Euston)
Wellesley House, NW1
Werrington Street, NW1 Werrington Street is a street in Camden Town (Somers Town)
Werrington Street, NW1
Whidborne Street, WC1H Whidborne Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area (Bloomsbury)
Whidborne Street, WC1H
Whittlebury Street, NW1 Whittlebury Street once laid to the west of Euston station (Euston)
Whittlebury Street, NW1
Wilsted Street, NW1 Wilsted Street was the original name for the lower end of Ossulston Street (St Pancras)
Wilsted Street, NW1
Wolcot House, NW1 Wolcot House is a block on Werrington Street (Somers Town)
Wolcot House, NW1
York Road Curve, N1 York Road Curve is a road in the N1 postcode area (King’s Cross)
York Road Curve, N1
York Way, N1 York Way has been a thoroughfare since the twelfth century (King’s Cross)
York Way, N1

NEARBY PUBS
Cock Tavern The Cock Tavern is on the corner of Phoenix Road and Chalton Street.
Cock Tavern
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