Orange Street, WC1R

Road in/near Holborn, existing until 1908

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(51.51917 -0.12012) 

Orange Street, WC1R

MAP YEAR:1750180018301860190019502020Remove markers
Road · Holborn · WC1R ·
JANUARY
16
2015

Orange Street disappeared from the map to be replaced by St Martin’s College of Art (now Central Saint Martins).

It was in the south-east of Bloomsbury, originally leading diagonally from Red Lion Square to Vernon Place across Kingsgate Street The actor and author Francis Waldron died at his home here in 1818.

At 9 Orange Street (later renumbered 20 Orange Street) was a pub called The Three Kings. By 1900, a fire station had appeared on the Theobalds Road junction.

The creation of Kingsway in 1905 did for one half of Orange Street as Kingsgate Street disappeared under new buildings.

Andrew Johnstone’s London Commercial Guide, and Street Directory (Barnard & Farleg, 1818) lists Orange Street in its heydey:

ORANGE STREET—BLOOMSBURY
Length 110 yards —No. of Houses 10.
1 Deacon, Benj. Past. cook & confect.
2 M‘Crery, J. Carriage lamp manufactory
3 Ryley, Rowland, Fishmongers & sales.
4 George, Wm. Boot and shoe maker
5 Edwards, David, Writing desk maker
6 Denne, John, Watch & clock maker
7 Moon, Wm. Housier & glover
10 Aldridge, Wm. Silversmith & jeweller

The street was later and briefly known as Parton Street.




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NEARBY LOCATIONS OF NOTE
Horse Hospital Built as stabling for cabby’s sick horses, The Horse Hospital is now a unique Grade II listed arts venue in Bloomsbury WC1
Lisle’s Tennis Court Lisle’s Tennis Court was a building off Portugal Street in Lincoln’s Inn Fields in London.
The 1860s map of London "Stanford’s Library Map of London and its Suburbs" was published in 1862
Weston’s Music Hall Weston’s Music Hall was a music hall and theatre that opened in 1857. In 1906, the theatre became known as the Holborn Empire.

NEARBY STREETS
Africa House, WC2B Residential block
Atkin Building, WC1R Atkin Building is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Barbon Close, WC1N Barbon Close is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Barter Street, WC1A Barter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Bedford Place, WC1B Bedford Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bedford Row, SE1 A street within the WC1R postcode
Bedford Row, WC1R Bedford Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Bedford Way, WC1B Bedford Way is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B The name of Bloomsbury Place is derived from William Blemund.
Bloomsbury Place, WC1B Bloomsbury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Square, WC1A The 4th Earl of Southampton was granted a building license for the construction of Bloomsbury Square in 1661.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1A Bloomsbury Street runs from Gower Street in the north to the junction of New Oxford Street and Shaftesbury Avenue in the south.
Bloomsbury Street, WC1B Bloomsbury Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Bloomsbury Way, WC1A Bloomsbury Way is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1N Boswell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Boswell Street, WC1X Boswell Street is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Bristol House, WC1B Residential block
British Museum, WC1B British Museum is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Bucknall Street, WC2H Bucknall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Bury Place, WC1A Bury Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Castlewood House, WC1A Residential block
Catton Street, WC1R Catton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Cockpit Yard, WC1N Cockpit Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Colonnade, WC1N Colonnade is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Coptic Street, WC1A Coptic Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Cosmo Place, WC1B Cosmo Place is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Cosmo Place, WC1N Cosmo Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Dane Street, WC1R Dane Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Dombey Street, WC1N Dombey Street is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Dyott Street, WC1A Dyott Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Eagle Street, WC1R Eagle Street runs parallel to High Holborn, one block north.
Elm Street, WC1X Elm Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Emerald Street, WC1N Emerald Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Field Court, WC1R Field Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fisher Street, WC1R Fisher Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Fulwood Place, WC1V Fulwood Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Galen Place, WC1A Galen Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gate Street, WC2A Gate Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Gilbert Place, WC1A Gilbert Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Gloucester Road, WC1N Gloucester Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Grape Street, WC2H Grape Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Grays Inn Place, WC1R Grays Inn Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Square Chambers, WC1R Grays Inn Square Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Grays Inn Square, WC1R Grays Inn Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Great Court, WC1B Great Court is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Great James Street, WC1N Great James Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Ormond Street, WC1N Great Ormond Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Great Queen Street, WC2B Great Queen Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Great Russell Street, WC1A Great Russell Street commemorates the marriage of the daughter of the 4th Earl of Southampton to William Russell in 1669.
Great Russell Street, WC1B Great Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Great Turnstile, WC1V This is a street in the WC1V postcode area
Guilford Street, WC1B Guilford Street is a road in the WC1B postcode area
Hand Court, WC1V Hand Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Hardwicke Building, WC2A Hardwicke Building is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
High Holborn, WC1V High Holborn was part of the old road from Newgate and the Tower to the gallows at Tyburn.
High Holborn, WC2A High Holborn is a road in the WC2A postcode area
High Holborn, WC2B High Holborn is a road which is the highest point in the City of London - 22 metres above sea level.
Holsworthy Square, WC1X This is a street in the WC1X postcode area
Jockeys Fields, WC1R Jockeys Fields is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
John Street, WC1N John Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Johns Mews, WC1N Johns Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Kings Mews, WC1N Kings Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Kingsgate Est, N1 A street within the WC1B postcode
Kingsgate Street, WC1R Kingsgate Street ran from High Holborn to Theobald’s Road.
Kingsway, WC2B Kingsway is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Kirk Street, WC1N Kirk Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lamb’s Conduit Passage, WC1R This is a street in the WC1R postcode area
Lamb’s Conduit Street, WC1N This is a street in the WC1N postcode area
Lamb’s Mews, N1 Lamb’s Mews is a road in the N1 postcode area
Lambs Conduit Passage, WC1R Lambs Conduit Passage is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Lambs Conduit Street, WC1N Lambs Conduit Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Lincoln’s Inn Fields, WC2A Lincoln’s Inn Fields is the largest public square in London, laid out in the 1630s under the initiative of the speculative builder William Newton.
Lion Court, WC1V Lion Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Little Russel Street, WC1A Little Russel Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Russell Street, WC1A Little Russell Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Little Turnstile, WC1V Little Turnstile is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
London Silver Vaults, WC2A London Silver Vaults is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Long Yard, WC1N Long Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Macklin Street, WC2B Macklin Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Millman Street, WC1N Millman Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Montague Place, WC1E Montague Place was developed in the decade after 1800.
Montague Street, WC1B Montague Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Museum Street, WC1A Museum Street is so-named since it approaches the main entrance of the British Museum.
New North Street, WC1N New North Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
New Oxford Street, WC1A New Oxford Street was built in 1840 to ease congestion in St Giles High Street.
New Oxford Street, WC2H New Oxford Street is a road in the WC2H postcode area
New Square Passage, WC2A This is a street in the WC2A postcode area
New Square, WC2A New Square is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Newton Street, WC2B Newton Street is named for Isaac Newton, scientist and mathematician.
North Mews, WC1N North Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Northington Street, WC1N Northington Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Buildings, WC2A Old Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Old Glocester Street, WC1N Old Glocester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Gloucester Street, WC1N Old Gloucester Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Glouster Street, WC1N Old Glouster Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Old Square, WC2A Old Square is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Orde Hall Street, WC1N Orde Hall Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Ormond Close, WC1N Ormond Close is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Parker Mews, WC2B Parker Mews is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Parker Street, WC2B Parker Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Pied Bull Court, WC1A Pied Bull Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pied Bull Yard, WC1A Pied Bull Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Pooles Buildings, EC1R Pooles Buildings is a road in the EC1R postcode area
Powis Place, WC1N Powis Place is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Princeton Street, WC1R Princeton Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Procter Street, WC1V Procter Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Proctor Street, WC1V Proctor Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1V postal area.
Queen Annes Square, SE1 Queen Annes Square is a road in the SE1 postcode area
Queen Square, WC1N Queen Square was laid out by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Raymond Buildings, WC1R Raymond Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Red Lion Square, WC1R Red Lion Square was built from the late 1680s by speculator Nicholas Barbon.
Red Lion Street, WC1R Red Lion Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Regent Square, WC1N Regent Square is a road in the WC1N postcode area
Richbell Place, WC1N Richbell Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Roger Street, WC1N Roger Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Chambers, WC1N Rugby Chambers is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Rugby Street, WC1N Rugby Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1N postal area.
Russell Square House, WC1B Residential block
Russell Square, WC1B Russell Square was laid out from 1800 by James Burton following the demolition of Bedford House, which originally stood on the site surrounded by gardens and fields.
Russell Square, WC1H Russell Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1H postal area.
Saint Giles High Street, WC2H This is a street in the WC2H postcode area
Sandland Street, WC1R Sandland Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Sardinia House, WC2A Residential block
Sardinia Street, WC2A Sardinia Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Serle Street, WC2A Serle Street is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Sicilian Avenue, WC1A Sicilian Avenue is a shopping parade that diagonally runs in between Southampton Row and Bloomsbury Way.
Silver Vaults, WC2A Silver Vaults is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
South Square, WC1R South Square is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
South Square, WC1X South Square is a road in the WC1X postcode area
Southampton Buildings, WC2A Southampton Buildings marks the site of the house of the 4th Earl of Southampton, son of Shakespeare’s patron.
Southampton Place, WC1A Southampton Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1B Southampton Row is one of the streets of London in the WC1B postal area.
Southampton Row, WC1V Southampton Row is a road in the WC1V postcode area
St Giles High Street, WC2H St Giles High Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2H postal area.
Star Yard, WC2A Star Yard is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Stedham Place, WC1A Stedham Place is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Stone Buildings, WC2A Stone Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC2A postal area.
Streatham Street, WC1A Streatham Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Stukeley Street, WC2B Stukeley Street is one of the streets of London in the WC2B postal area.
Theobald’s Road, WC1R Theobald’s Road is a road in the WC1R postcode area
Theobalds Road, WC1X Theobalds Road is one of the streets of London in the WC1X postal area.
Verulam Buildings, WC1R Verulam Buildings is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
Victoria House, WC1A Residential block
Warwick Court, WC1R Warwick Court is one of the streets of London in the WC1R postal area.
West Central Street, WC1A West Central Street is one of the streets of London in the WC1A postal area.
Whetstone Park, WC2A Whetstone Park is a road in the WC2A postcode area
Wild Court, WC2B Wild Court leads west from the Kingsway.
Willoughby Street, WC1B Willoughby Street was formerly known as both Vine Street and Wooburn Street.
Yorkshire Grey Yard, WC1R Yorkshire Grey Yard lies off of Eagle Street, WC1


Holborn

Hol^born is both an area and also the name of the area’s principal street, known as High Holborn between St. Giles’s High Street and Gray’s Inn Road and then Hol^born Viaduct between Hol^born Circus and Newgate Street.

The area’s first mention is in a charter of Westminster Abbey, by King Edgar, dated to 959. This mentions ’the old wooden church of St Andrew’ (St Andrew, Hol^born). The name Holborn may be derived from the Middle English hol for hollow, and bourne, a brook, referring to the River Fleet as it ran through a steep valley to the east.

It was at first outside the City’s jurisdiction and a part of Ossulstone Hundred in Middlesex. The original Bars were the boundary of the City of London from 1223, when the City’s jurisdiction was extended beyond the Walls, at Newgate, into the suburb here, as far as the point where the Bars where erected, until 1994 when the border moved to the junction of Chancery Lane. In 1394 the Ward of Farringdon Without was created, but only the south side of Holborn was under its jurisdiction with some minor properties, such as parts of Furnival’s Inn, on the northern side.

The Holborn District was created in 1855, consisting of the civil parishes and extra-parochial places of Glasshouse Yard, Saffron Hill, Hatton Garden, Ely Rents and Ely Place, St Andrew Holborn Above the Bars with St George the Martyr and St Sepulchre. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was created in 1900, consisting of the former area of the Holborn District and the St Giles District, excluding Glasshouse Yard and St Sepulchre, which went to the Metropolitan Borough of Finsbury. The Metropolitan Borough of Holborn was abolished in 1965 and its area now forms part of the London Borough of Camden.

In the 18th century, Holborn was the location of the infamous Mother Clap’s molly house but in the modern era High Holborn has become a centre for entertainment venues to suit more general tastes: 22 inns or taverns were recorded in the 1860s and the Holborn Empire, originally Weston’s Music Hall, stood between 1857 and 1960, when it was pulled down after structural damage sustained in the Blitz. The theatre premièred the first full-length feature film in 1914, The World, the Flesh and the Devil, a 50-minute melodrama filmed in Kinemacolour.

Charles Dickens took up residence in Furnival’s Inn, on the site of the former Prudential building designed by Alfred Waterhouse now named Holborn Bars. Dickens put his character Pip, in Great Expectations, in residence at Barnard’s Inn opposite, now occupied by Gresham College. Staple Inn, notable as the promotional image for Old Holborn tobacco, is nearby. The three of these were Inns of Chancery. The most northerly of the Inns of Court, Gray’s Inn, is in Holborn, as is Lincoln’s Inn: the area has been associated with the legal professions since mediaeval times, and the name of the local militia (now Territorial Army unit, the Inns of Court & City Yeomanry) still reflects that. Subsequently the area diversified and become recognisable as the modern street.

A plaque stands at number 120 commemorating Thomas Earnshaw’s invention of the Marine chronometer, which facilitated long-distance travel. At the corner of Hatton Garden was the old family department store of Gamages. Until 1992, the London Weather Centre was located in the street. The Prudential insurance company relocated in 2002. The Daily Mirror offices used to be directly opposite it, but the site is now occupied by Sainsbury’s head office.

Hatton Garden, the centre of the diamond trade, was leased to a favourite of Queen Elizabeth I, Sir Christopher Hatton at the insistence of the Queen to provide him with an income. Behind the Prudential Building lies the Anglo-Catholic church of St Alban the Martyr.

In the early 21st century, Holborn has become the site of new offices and hotels: for example, the old neoclassical Pearl Assurance building near the junction with Kingsway was converted into an hotel in 1999.

Holborn station is located at the junction of High Holborn and Kingsway. Situated on the Piccadilly and Central Lines, it is the only station common to the two lines, although the two lines also cross each other three times in West London.

The station was opened by the Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway (GNP&BR, now the Piccadilly Line) on 15 December 1906 with the name Holborn (Kingsway). Kingsway was a new road, cutting south from High Holborn through an area of cleared slums to Strand. The suffix was dropped from tube maps in the 1960s.


LOCAL PHOTOS
Horse Hospital
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Yorkshire Grey Yard street sign
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Gamages in the late 19th century
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